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The Lockridge Device

https://www.plasmashop.at/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/ElectricMotorSecrets2-Lindemann.pdf

Electric Motor Secrets -- The Lockridge Device

This interpretation of the mechanical setup of the Lockridge device and other similar devices is based on deductions made from the information John Bedini has shared over the years

https://www.pinterest.com/pin/lockridge-device-and-bedini-energizer--434456695318407318/

Lockridge Device and Bedini Energizer

https://odysee.com/@EnergiFromTheVacuum:d/Energy-From-The-Vacuum-14---Lockridge-Device---Tom-Bearden-John-Bedini:8

Energy From The Vacuum 14 - Lockridge Device - Tom Bearden John Bedini

https://archive.org/details/energy-from-the-vacuum

Energy From The Vacuum 14 - Lockridge Device - Tom Bearden John Bedini

https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x3l3x3j

My Lockridge Device Build

https://www.tapatalk.com/groups/imhotepslabs/the-lockridge-device-t204.html/1000

Imhotep's Lab Interactive FAQ> The Lockridge device

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RQUhN0J-TJs

OTG- Lockridge animation 2 - DMR10.wmv

Videos

This is the 14th DVD in the Energy from the Vacuum series. It is being uploaded for historic preservation. In DVD 14 Johns tells a story of an American GI who came home with a secret German device from WWII that ran and powered up to 350W loads. The soldier later remade the device and would sell them all over America. John then shows replication attempts made by various people.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1BIqRLBTRTg

Bedini's Secrets - The Lockridge Device

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zzPmGqiFZYI

Energy from the Vacuum - 14 - Lockridge Device - Part 2

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AczrpXsjuf8

THE LOCKRIDGE DEVICE

This is how I think the Lockridge device works.

https://www.teslagenx.com/dvds/eftv_14.html?category=eftv

Energy From The Vacuum DVDs #14 -- The Lockridge Devicehttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mdzUO9SgA88

The Lockridge Device

Mārcis Gulbis Channel

YT machine transcript :

During clean up operations after the end of World War 2, US soldiers were doing house to house searches throughout Germany, to make sure there were no more enemy combatants left. Germany had operated under “blackout” conditions at night for months, so the cities would not be easy bombing targets. Likewise, most utility services had been completely disrupted and fuel was also scarce. This situation provided the inspiration for a brilliant engineer to provide himself a little bit of light in his own basement, with the windows totally shaded. When the US soldiers reached this house, the machine was operating in the basement, running itself and lighting about 300 watts worth of light bulbs. The machine was based on a Bosch Automotive Generator, most probably taken from the limited production Volkswagen of the era. The stator windings were modified and their positions in the housing were altered. Slots were machined in the housing to separate the magnetics into two halves. One part was re-dedicated to the motor operations and the other half was left as the generator. The windings on the armature were not modified. The commutator brush assembly was also modified to adjust for the new coil positions and the new motor functions. The US soldier who found the machine was named Lockridge. Instead of turning the machine over to his superior officers, he crated it up and sent it home to himself. Once home, in Boise, Idaho, Lockridge back engineered the machine, built operational replicas throughout the 1950s, and sold them to weekend campers, to light there campsites. No working models survive today....

In 1980 another Resident of Boise and friend of John Bedini started trying to piece all of the surviving information together this notebook is what this person who wishes to remain anonymous gathered in his years of work. The notebook represents an exhaustive search for facts contacts and eyewitness reports of the functions and appearance of the working machines he never saw a working model although he did find people who were known to have had working units at one point but would not discuss their experiences with him. 30 years later the trail of evidence is cold and most of the eyewitnesses have passed on. The remnants of the project were given to John in 2008 so here is what we know:

The Lockridge device includes a motor section a generator section a flywheel section, a capacitor, a three winding inductor, a bank of light bulbs, 300 WTS load, a modified commutator, an on-off switch, a pull cord to start the machine.

So what is the problem? We are missing a few important pieces, no working model to back engineer, no pictures of a working model, no explanation why it worked no theory of operation, no schematic diagram, no speculations on a schematic. Other details: the original unit was built from Bosch 6vt generator probably from early Volkswagen. Replicated units were built from a modified Delo Remy 12vt Automotive DC generator from the early 1950s used in Chevys from 1937 to 1954. TYhe case was machined to produce a slot that isolated the magnetic field s between the two sides of the machine motor and generator functions. a framework was built up around the case to hold the triller winding 230 turns of number 21 gauge wire a handmade capacitor was wound on top of the coil in the same frame made from two sheets of copper 30 ft long with waxed butcher paper in between final details the stator consisted of four wound coils two large and two smaller and were not configured symmetrically at 90° positions as seen in the earlier photos the rotor was not rewound the commutator was modified to allow the motor to pulse once per Revolution while still allowing the generator section to operate all the time the motor brushes were modified to touch only one commutator section at a time the light bulbs seemed to be a part of the circuit and could not be replaced by any other load Lockridge device components pull cord start DC motor commutator Mass DC generator trifer coil onoff switch capacitor light bulbs so here again is the list of components for the Lockridge device but this time in graphical form we can see that the mechanical parts are all connected but what we don't know is the rest of the circuit so this is where our journey of Discovery begins theory of operation if the machine works and we assume that it does it must be getting its excess energy from somewhere since capacitors coils commutators light bulb and wire are poor candidates for this energy source we must look at the motor and Generator components normally Motors and generators based on Faraday's direct induction principles are not considered capable of overunity operation in my educational film electric motor motor Secrets produced in 2007 I showed that the efficiency of electric motors could be increased by modifying their back electromagnetic field Behavior so the most promising of operation from my point of view is to explore the possibility of a lowback electromagnetic field motor operation in the Lockridge device if we can prove out that possibility then we are well on the way to understanding how and why the machine did what was reported DC motor cuta away view there are more than a few people on the discussion threads who purport to understand what I mean when I say lower the back EMF of a motor but from their posts I know they haven't got the first clue of what I mean in order to avoid any confusion I would like to review the exact motor topology that we are dealing with here the image here is a cutaway view of a DC motor it has a wound Armature a brush commutator and a permanent magnet field this this is the specific structure of machine we will be discussing for the entire lecture the only variation we will also discuss is replacing the permanent magnets in the Stater field with coils of wire to produce the Stater field with electromagnets this is the universal electromechanical machine because if you apply electricity to it it rotates as a motor and if you rotate it mechanically it generates electricity counter electromagnetic field explained in a DC motor as the Armature rotates the Armature coils cut the magnetic field inducing a voltage of electromotive force in these coils since this induced voltage opposes the applied terminal voltage it is called the counter electromotive force or counter EMF this counter EMF depends on the same factors as the generated EMF in the generator the speed and direction of rotation and the field strength the stronger the field and the faster the rotating speed the larger will be the counter EMF however the counter EMF will always be less than the applied voltage because of the internal voltage drop due to the resistance of the Armature coils the illustration represents the counter EMF as a battery opposing the applied voltage with the total Armature resistance shown symbolically as a single resistor what actually moves the Armature current through the Armature coils is the difference between the voltage applied to the motor minus the counter EMF thus EA minus EC is the actual voltage effective in the Armature and it is this effective voltage which determines the value of the Armature current the first thing I would like to point out is that in these old books what I am calling back EMF was referred to as counter EMF for the purposes of this lecture you should consider these two terms to be identical and that they both refer to the same phenomena second I would like to explain that I use these old books because I find their explanation of things to be much more insightful in fact the newer editions of this same book are significantly Rewritten and I do not recommend any addition other than the first so let's begin definition of counter EMF direct current Motors in a DC motor as the Armature rotates the Armature coils cut the magnetic field inducing a voltage or electromotive force in these coils since this induced voltage opposes the applied terminal voltage it is called the counter electromotive force or counter EMF this counter EMF depends on the same factors as the generated EMF in the generator the speed and direction of rotation and the field strength the stronger the field and faster the rotating speed the larger will be the counter EMF however the counter EMF will always be less than the applied voltage because of the internal voltage drop due to the resistance of the Armature coils the illustration represents the counter EMF as a battery opposing the applied voltage with the total Armature resistance shown symbolically as a single resistor so here is the symbolic diagram of the structure just described we see the Stater field on each side designated as the North and South Pole pieces n and S we see the voltage source here leading to the brushes we see the commutator sections connected to the Armature windings shown as a single Loop and we see the resistance of the Armature windings and brushes represented as resistor R subba we see the counter EMF depicted as a battery that develops a voltage in opposition to the external Supply and we see the current circulating in the Armature winding referred to as I sub does everyone understand this this is standard motor operation Theory okay when the motor is just starting and and the counter EMF is too small to limit the current effectively a temporary resistance called the starting resistance must be put in series with the Armature to keep the current flow within safe limits as the motor speeds up the counter EMF increases and the resistance can be gradually reduced allowing a further increase in speed and counter EMF at normal speed the starting resistance is completely shorted out of the circuit Armature resistance is low the internal resistance of the Armature of a DC motor is very low usually less than 1 ohm if this resistance were all that limited the Armature current this current would be very high for example if the Armature resistance is 1 ohm and the applied line voltage is 230 volts the resulting Armature current according to Ohm's law would be 230 amps this excessive current would completely burn out the Armature however the counter EMF is in opposition to the applied voltage and limits the value of Armature current that can flow if the counter EMF is 220 volts then the effective voltage acting on the Armature is in the difference between the terminal voltage and the counter EMF the Armature current is then only 10 amps so here is a graph that depicts what we just read all units on the sides of the graph are shown as percentages of generalized maximum values ignoring loss mechanisms we are just looking at functions and relationships here with a steady applied voltage light blue line across the top the current is the highest when the speed is the lowest as speed increases the back EMF starts rising and the current starts dropping at the maximum speed the back EMF is the highest and the current drawn by the motor is the lowest here is the graph that depicts the torque produced by the machine with a steady applied voltage the torque produced follows the same characteristics as the current so torque begins at maximum and drops as speed increases until the torque produced is insufficient to cause any further acceleration this point then defines the top speed for that applied voltage the echanical energy produced by the machine is seen as the red bell curve since power is the cross product of both speed and torque we can see that the power Peaks when the speed is 1/ half of the unloaded idle speed and the torque is equal to the value produced when 1/ half of the maximum current is drawn this is also the point at which the back EMF is reduced to a half of its maximum value as seen on the previous graph this power Peak is also referred to as the 100% rated speed for the 100% rated torque we can also see that any further loading of the machine past this point reduces the power output and the motor's performance rapidly decays towards stall maximum current draw overheating and destruction of the motor if it is not saved by some fuse blowing or other circuit breaker we are told that the best way to determine the efficiency of the machine is just to connect it to an instrumented dynamometer and run the test by comparing the electrical input measured in watts as the cross-product of volts and amps to the mechanical output measured in Horsepower as the cross-product of the torque and speed we can determine the efficiency by correct measurement efficiency by the book where 1 horsepower equals 550 ft lbs perss equals 746 Watts mechanical energy output divided by electrical energy input equals efficiency example 634 wats / 746 wats * 100 = 85% efficiency losses by the book electrical power losses incl include resistance of the primary rotor and secondary stator windings generally referred to as the copper loss and calculated as current squared times resistance magnetic power losses include energy dissipated as heat in the iron core of the motor and field strength losses as the magnetic field crosses the air gap between the stator and the rotor mechanical Power losses include bearing friction air resistance as the rotor turns brush friction against the commutator and more air resistance if the motor turns its own cooling fan stray losses include harmonic Distortion of the power flow through the motor under load flux croing in the core material and other magnetic leakages so this is what we were all taught and not surprisingly it's all true none of this is the problem the problem is that we have all been subjected to a sort of mass hypnosis characterized by a selective omission of information this is what I call the New York Times version of how the motor works in other words we have only been told the equivalent of all the News That's fit to print while this version of the understanding of how electric motors work has satisfied the vast majority of Engineers for the last 180 years it has also forced many brilliant people to accept some remarkably stupid answers for otherwise insightful questions so today we must ask how do we wake up from this intellectual ually deadened State of Consciousness illustration of counter electromotive Force as a battery voltage source brushes commutator resistance of Armature coil wire and brushes counter electro magnetic field so now that we have cleared our minds let's take a closer look at the nature of back EMF and try to understand what it really is in this slide which I showed you before the count EMF is depicted as a battery whose voltage is applied in opposition to the external Supply this reverse voltage is generated by the machine as it rotates and is presented as a normal function of the machine how counter electromagnetic field lowers current however the counter EMF is in opposition to the applied voltage and limits the value of Armature current that can flow if the counter EMF is 220 voltes then the effective voltage acting on the Armature is the difference between the terminal voltage and the counter EMF 230 - 220 = 10 volts the Armature current is then only 10 amps in this slide which I also showed you previously we can clearly see that the back EMF is the primary function of the motor that limits the flow of current the implication here is that the back EMF is nothing more than a mathematical abstraction used to calculate the effective voltage which in turn allows us to calculate the current flow value in relation to ohms law from the way the book teaches it the back EMF has no other characteristics worth mentioning in other words the back EMF is not involved in the calculations of the efficiency of the motor and since it is only a voltage it is not involved in any real power dissipation the question is are these assumptions true back EMF analogy three batteries running a load with one battery reversed applied voltage 6 volts effective voltage running our load 6 volts back EMF let's look at a real circuit put together like the back EMF example and see what actually occurs here we have a 12vt power supply on the left that will act as our applied voltage and we have another EMF we also have a load resistor R sub L symbolized as a little light bulb and a current meter if the resistance of R subel is 1 ohm and the back EMF is 6 volts then we can calculate the current flow in the circuit at 6 amps according to Ohm's law with that calculation made we can see that with an applied voltageof 12 volts and a current flow of 6 amps 36 Watts will be dissipated at the light bulb and another 36 Watts will be dissipated charging the 6vt battery for a total of 72 Watts dissipated from the supply so this is the first indication that the back EMF may not be merely a mathematical abstraction or just a voltage but may represent a location in the circuit where real power is dissipated or stored back EMF reality applied voltage powering Armature winding 12 volts applied minus 6 volts back EMF both forward and backward emfs are distributed evenly throughout inductor 6 volts effective is proved by current drop ohms law this is the same example again but this time I have drawn it more like the motor structure if we assume that the total resistance from brush to brush through the Armature winding here is 1 ohm and the speed of the motor is sufficient to produce 6 volts of back EMF then we can see that the system will draw 6 amps of current like our previous example but now we have a problem we can see that the external power supply is providing 12 volts at 6 amps or 72 Watts but the dissipation of power in the motor winding can only account for 36 Watts measured as the effective voltage times the current the question has to be asked what happened to the other 36 Watts we are told that the effective voltage is just a mathematical abstraction and to ignore it the problem is that the machine behaves as if these conditions are very real so this is the first anomaly we encounter we know we must apply 72 watts to run the motor but it is vitally important to understand if it only takes 36 watts to produce the motor torqus while the other 36 wat simply disappears into the machine and produces no other beneficial effects kirkhoff Second Law the sum of the voltage drops around any closed circuit must equal the sum of the applied voltages applied voltage minus back EMF equals effective voltage applied voltage equals back EMF plus Armature current times the Armature resistance so let's review Kirk Hoff's second law again if we follow the formula given in the book then the applied voltage minus the back EMF equals the effective voltage what is interesting is that the book describes this in words but never actually introduces the mathematical term for the effective voltage e sub here shown in blue in the second equation we know from M's law that e equal IR so the IR symbol is in fact the effective voltage the question is why does the book refuse to introduce a symbol for the effective voltage in the equations now I'm no math Wiz but I can do arithmetic and simple algebra so what's the problem here kirkhoff Second Law simplified voltage rise number one equals voltage Dr drop number one plus voltage drop number two applied voltage equals back EMF plus effective voltage voltage rise number one equals voltage drop number 1 plus voltage drop number two voltage rise number one equals voltage rise number 2 plus voltage drop number two so let's simplify this a little if we just think of the source voltage as a place where the voltage Rises and the load as a place where the voltage drops we might be able to understand and this maybe for Kirk Hoff's Second Law to remain true then the applied voltage must equal the back EMF plus the effective voltage as stated the problem is in the actual machine the back EMF is not a place where the voltage drops but a place where the voltage Rises to counter the applied voltage so if we subtract a yellow M and M from both sides of the equation we get this kirkhoff second law simplified voltage rise from the external Supply minus voltage rise from the internally generated voltage equals voltage drop across the Armature applied voltage minus back EMF equals effective voltage so Kirk Hoff's Second Law is correct it's just that the back EMF is a voltage rise originating on the opposite side of the equation from the applied voltage from our previous analogy with the battery and the light bulb we saw evidence that the back EMF acted as a location in the circuit where a portion of our applied power was dissipated and therefore it was not available to light the light bulb or in our real case produce mechanical energy in the motor I believe this hypothesis is also supported by the equations we have just reviewed physical analogy two jet engines on a sled 100 lbs 50 lbs rolon force is 50 lbs resultant force of 50 lbs moves through the 100 foot displacement so let's look at One More Physical analogy to try to sort this out once and for all so if the 100 lb thrust jet represents our externally applied voltage and the 50 lb thrust jet represents our internally generated back EMF then the resultant Force represents our effective voltage now we can see that to move the sled 100 ft forward our big jet has to supply 10,000 ft lbs of work to accomplish 5,000 ft ft lbs of results because our little jet has negated the other 5,000 ft lbs of work right on the sled apparently this analogy also supports our hypothesis and suggests that 1 half of the power supplied to the motor produces all of the mechanical effects and the other half of the power is negated by the back EMF DC motor back EMF profile amount of Applied voltage destroyed by the back EMF so just to review here is a diagram of of the back EMF profile of one of our permanent magnet field DC motors as we have seen before for any given applied voltage the back EMF Rises as the speed increases the back EMF is the least at start up and maximum at the full unloaded speed maximum power is produced when the speed and the current draw are at 50% values and this is also where the back EMF is approximately 50% of the applied voltage DC motor effective voltage profile amount of Applied voltage left to run the motor conversely this is the diagram that depicts the effective voltage profile it is what is left when the back EMF is subtracted from the applied voltage so we can see that Kirk Hoff's Second Law is correct at any speed a vertical line may be drawn down from the applied voltage value and we can see how much of the energy is available to run the motor and how much of the energy is ipated by the back EMF efficiency reconsidered efficiency equals mechanical energy output divided by effective energy input at this point we know we can't operate the machine to get this kind of performance out of it but it is important to understand the possibility that the machine has always behaved this way and that the back EMF has always been the largest loss mechanism in the machine and that it is the actual function of the back EMF that masks this energy economy if this is all true there must be other evidence of it to consider and there is summary of motor operations if all real loss mechanisms are ignored for the moment the motor appears to be 200% efficient that is if electricity is applied to the motor it produces both mechanical force and electricity in inverse amounts the overall economy of the machine is one and two out in varying proportions DC motor operation that is the real meaning if this graph the machine is always a motor and always a generator regardless of which of these functions may be defined as our preferred output at any given moment when the machine is run in the middle of its operational window the motor function maximizes its mechanical energy production when the generator function is only negating 50% of the applied electrical input power but even this analysis leads to the erroneous conclusion that the machine is converting electrical energy into mechanical energy at some known rate summary of generator operations the generator efficiency example is easier to understand a mechanical input produces both a positive electrical output and a negative mechanical output again 1 and equals 2 out generator operations applied mechanical speed reverse motor torque external electrical load current here is a graph showing the generator operations at any given applied mechanical speed the production of current to power external loads is in direct proportion to the activation of the reverse motor torque which makes the generator harder to turn summary of generator operations in the generator example it is easier to see because the reverse torque on the shaft activation of the function demonstrates that mechanical energy is being produced in the machine in addition to the electrical energy output running the external load real machine operations so the efficiency of the machine is always 200% efficient minus the real losses the operator puts one amount of energy into the machine either electricity or mechanical energy and the Machine produces two outputs one electrical and one mechanical and both of these outputs are of proportional magnitude in the generator mode they are directly proportional and in the motor mode they are inversely proportional how is this possible the machine produces motor operations when the magnetic field of the stator pushes against the magnetic field of the rotor gnetic fields can be measured in either Gau or in ampere turns in other words torque in the machine is produced only by the movement of currents irrespective of potentials where the law is broken we were all taught that the machine conver converts electrical energy into mechanical energy and that this mechanical energy production can only happen in a circuit location where current is moving through a voltage drop this is apparently not true The Telltale behavior is most easily seen when the machine is operated as a generator when a current flow is established through an external load it still energizes the reverse torque production inside the generator in the windings where the voltage is rising this clearly establishes the two for one benefit of the machine the flow of current can not only Power external loads like light bulbs and heaters but it also activates the reverse motoring functions of the generator and produces mechanical energy directed against the driving force what it really takes this means that mechanical energy production in the machine does not require the dissipation of electrical energy or the consumption of Watts it simply requires a movement of currents this is not a a mathematical abstraction this discovery opens up the possibility of using these machines in totally new ways with here to4 unheard of efficiencies this is why regenerative electric motors can produce mechanical energy and recover most of their lectrical energy inputs John bini has been showing Motors like this for years but Ed gray and Bob teal were showing Motors that behaved this way as early as the 1970s torque charts for DC Motors charts from motor manufacturer balder electric company here finally is my last piece of evidence for your consideration these are the standard published torque charts for three styles of DC motors published by balder Electric Company the red dots are the points where the graphs cross at the 100% rated speed and torque which represent the peak of the power bell curve now notice the torque values as the motor slow down at startup the permanent magnet field motor produces 650 of its rated torque the series field motor produces 800% of its rated torque and even the shunt field motor produces 275% of its maximum rated torque so the books say the motors produce significantly higher torqu as the back EMF drops so here is our boring little drawing again and now we can see what it really means the machine is always both a motor and a generator the Orange Line represents the motor functions of the machine and the red line represents the generator functions of the machine the motor functions follow the current while the generator functions follow the speed remarkably we are always told to avoid operating the machine where the motor functions predominate and run it as a motor where the generator functions predominate it's no wonder that they behave poorly so now we can see where we want to run this machine as a motor over here on the left side of the graph where the back EMF is low counter EMF at start up when the motor is just starting and the counter EMF is too small to limit the current effectively a temporary resistance called the starting resistance must be put in series with the Armature to keep the current flow within safe limits as the motor speeds up the counter EMF increases and the resistance can be gradually reduced allowing a further increase in speed and counter EMF at normal speed the starting resistance is completely shorted out of the circuit so here is the book again telling us to keep the currents low when the back EMF is low they recommend using a resistor to perform this function the more interesting question is how can we run the motor in this low back EMF Zone safely at high speed the answer is simple we discharge a high volt voltage capacitor into the motor periodically such as once per Revolution and we store the momentum with a flywheel Tesla's method of conversion not surprisingly this process was developed by none other than Nicola Tesla and is the one of the many applications of his method of conversion we can see the process in example number one where the generator charges a capacitor which is then discharged through a circuit controller and into a motor little box with an m in it pulse DC motor operations in a motor designed to run on one capacitor discharge per Revolution the average current consumption goes up with speed as does the torque production as long as the capacitor is charged to a voltage that exceeds the back EMF by at least a factor of 10 you will always be able to put 90% of your applied currents through the machine to produce torque the faster the motor turns the more power it produces finally we see a way to operate the machine that allows the motor functions to be fully expressed without the generator functions getting in the way Lockridge schematic now that we understand the theory of why an ordinary electric motor may be able to produce excess mechanical energy we can get back to the lckage device here is my proposed circuit pull cord start 12vt DC motor commutator Mass 24 40 volt DC generator light bulb 300 WTS capacitor 208 microfarads onoff switch trifer coil all of these conditions can be met by operating a motor designed for low voltage High current operations on high voltage capacitor discharges at one discharge per Revolution the currents are high but limited in duration so the machine will not overheat while producing high torque pulses the input voltage is always 10 to 20 times higher than the back EMF so the output is biased toward mechanical energy production and away from internal electrical energy losses motor operations issues Armature must be low impedance capable of passing hundreds of ampi field winding must be high impedance in order not to dissipate too much current capacitor discharge should not oversaturate core material with magnetic flux options primary candidate for this motor is a DC shunt motor like an automotive starter from the 1960s field windings can be rewound for higher voltage operation or fitted with a series resistor solenoid and engine engaging mechanism would need to be removed Automotive starter for a 1965 Chevy 283 O'Reilly's Auto Parts part number 03 302 36x this replacement starter motor costs $40 at O'Reilly's Auto Parts stores Automotive starter interior view low impedance rotor wound stator coils 1960s vintage this is the construction of such a motor notice the very large wire in the Armature the large commutator section and wound field coils commutator operations issues the function of commutator is to run the motor on one capacitor discharge per Revolution the commutator must be protected from unnecessary wear and from arcing during capacitor discharges options external commutator can be fitted with two brushes and a single contact point on the wheel internal commutator inside the motor can be modified to perform this function creative options include disconnecting all but two windings on the Armature and triggering the capacitor discharge within silicon and controlled rectifier after the brushes are safely engaged generator operations issues since there is no battery in the system the generator must b able to produce electricity just from rotation to charge the capacitor upon discharge of the capacitor the extremely high back EMF of the generator must be reduced to manageable levels options the elf-starting function of the generator suggests the presence of permanent magnet field or a partially magnetized core material and a self- excited field winding the current limitation necessary o reduce the braking effect of charging the capacitor can be supplied by a resistor or an inductor 1/2 horsepower 180 volt DC generator 2500 rotations per minute General Electric Model 5 BPA 56 k10b permanent magnet motor if this machine is spun faster than the 25 500 RPM rating it will produce higher than rated voltages capacitor operations issues the capacitor is the primary device that stores the energy from the generator and supplies it to the motor when the original Lockridge device capacitor was handwound around the generator this feature is not required for the system to operate the capacitor is the total load for the generator so it must be rated above the maximum voltage the generator will prod do options capacitor should be placed close to the motor and the commutator elements and connected with wire capable of carrying High currents the capacitor must be capable of Rapid discharge similar to a photo flash type capacitor calculations assumptions machine will turn at 3,000 rotations per minute generator will produce 240 volts DC at speed light bulbs need 300 watts 3,000 rotations per minute equals 50 rotations per second capacitor discharges once per Revolution or in this case 50 times per second 300 watts equals 300 J per second 300 / 50 equal 6 each capacitor discharge must deliver six JS capacitor calculations continued formula for energy stored in a capacitor energy equals 1/2 capacitance time voltage squared energy in JS equals 1/2 capacitance in farads times voltage squared capacitance equals 208 microfarads so this is an example of how to determine the capacitor values example of capacitor malerie 2025 microfarads 250 volts direct current capacitor is one in diameter and three long light bulb operations the light bulbs serve the function of limiting the initial current Surge from the generator immediately after the capacitor discharges they run on a Sawtooth wave whose true RMS voltage should not exceed their rated maximum options filament style light bulbs can be run directly in this position CFLs probably won't work in the original Lockridge device the light bulbs probably ran from one of the trifer windings while one of the other windings was in the circuit between the generator and the capacitor A Step Down Transformer could be in this position to run a large quantity of light emitting diodes onoff switch operations issues onoff switch allows the unit to be turned off when it is running placement of switch in the circuit can control other starting features as well starting the machine requires rotating the motor generator while the switch is on options placement of the switch before the capacitor prevents the capacitor from charging when off placement of the switch after the capacitor prevents the capacitor from discharging when off trifer coil operations issues the trifer coil functioned as an impedance matching omponent between the generator motor and load in the original Lockridge device it allowed the use of the Delco Remy generator while while making the least modifications possible its construction was three strands of number 21 wire Twisted together and wrapped around a generator housing 230 times options choose components that are matched well a nd ignore it use it to match components you have Lockridge schematic this is the most likely schematic for the Lockridge device think of this more as a block diagram showing the relation ship of the component parts but I prefer this simplified version now some of you may be saying this looks familiar and it is here is the drawing from John bini's booklet published in 1984 titled free energy generator here we see an electric motor a flywheel a Magneto style generator a capacitor a battery and a special commutator the battery puls the motor once per Evolution and the capacitor discharged into the battery once per Revolution comparison Lockridge bedini as you can see the machines are extremely similar the Lockridge machine used a torque enhanced motor driving an ordinary generator to run itself and light some light bulbs the bedini machine used an ordinary motor driving a drag reduced generator to run itself and produce excess charge in the battery for those of you who are finally catching on there are obviously dozens of of Arrangements that work any design that allows for a torque enhancement in the motor or a drag reduction in the generator or both will allow for a working combination regenerative attraction motor and a flux gate generator 1983 here are two machines built in Santa Barbara California in 1983 they are designed by me and built by Michael Knox for our company unified Dynamics Inc the machine on the left was a regenerative magnetic attraction motor and the one on the right was a mechanical magnetic gating Transformer these machines were built from our own resources but when the company failed to raise more Capital the project collapsed before a fully self-running combination could be demonstrated of all of the machine combinations that can perform this magic trick the Lockridge or Bedini type device is the easiest to make...