Thomas Henry MORAY
Radiant Energy Receiver
The Sea of Energy [ Excerpts ]
Sea of Energy
[ From the original The
of Energy in Which the Earth Floats -- 1978
Edition: Cosray Research Institute, Salt Lake City, UT ]
Chapter 1 ~
Chapter 2 ~
Energy in Earnest
Chapter 3 ~
Chapter 4 ~ Moray Products
Chapter 5 ~
Chapter 6 ~ Government Support
Chapter 7 ~ A
New Era of Energy
Chapter 8 ~
by Means of Electron Excitation
Chapter 9 ~ Dissociation of
Chapter 10 ~
Energy by Resonance
Chapter 11 ~ Conclusion
[ 4th Edition ]
RADIANT ENERGY --- The
Moray has used to describe that source of energy coming from the cosmos
to earth and radiating from the earth back from whence it came. This is
the energy the Moray device captures and could be described as those
of energy pervading all space. In the evolution of energy and the
of matter these particles of matter and energy (one and the same)
under certain conditions as pure energy and under others as pure
Radiant Energy from the cosmos, like radiant particles of matter, being
composed of an infinitesimal quantity whose behaviors are described by
mathematical equations similar to those used for describing electrical
waves, keeping in mind to differentiate between wavelength and
Radiant Energy is particles of energy, just as light is wavelengths and
particles are comparable to the electron and magneton: a ring of
electricity traveling in a vortex with the speed of light, streams of
quanta, each quantum having energy and momentum where the electron
around the proton at a distance equal to the electron radius.
To summarize: Radiant Energy as
used is that energy existing in the luminiferous medium of the
kinetic and exercised in wave transmission and rendered sensible by
of its energy into a detectable frequency. In the final analysis,
Energy is a means of using the energy released by the fissionable
taking place in the stellar crucibles of the universe.
[p. 20] "I started my
with the taking of electricity from the ground, as I termed it, during
the summer of 1909. By fall of 1910 I had sufficient power to operate a
small electrical device, and I made a demonstration of my idea to two
This demonstration in the early stages consisted of operating a
arc light... It soon became evident that the energy was not static and
that the static of the universe would be of no assistance to me in
the power I was seeking...
During the Christmas Holidays
1911, I began to fully realize that the energy I was working with was
of a static nature, but of an oscillating nature. Further I realized
the energy was not coming out of the earth, but instead was coming to
earth from some outside source. These electrical oscillations in the
of waves were not simple oscillations, but were surgings --- like the
of the sea --- coming to the earth continually, more in the daytime
at night, but always coming in vibrations from the reservoir of
energy out there in space. By this time I was able to obtain enough
to light the old 16-candlepower carbon lamp for about one half
and I did not seem to make any further improvement until the spring of
[p. 21] In 1912 he was called
go on a mission for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints,
under a visitor's visa was allowed to enter Sweden during the
of 1912 in Stockholm...
In his notebook, dated November
1913, Henry included a memo that he had obtained material from a
car at Abisco, Sweden the previous summer, and material from the side
a hill. He made electric tests of these materials, taking them home to
try each as a detector for his energy machine. Tests indicated that
soft, white stone-like substance might make a good "valve-like
[ * This "valve-like detector"
what led Henry to do research in semi-conductive materials, and
this soft white stone he developed his first Moray valve and the Moray
valve that was used in some of the early Radiant Energy devices]
[p. 22] "Silver wire used on
makes a rectifier."
[p. 31] Henry Moray
that energy was available by its actions on a resistive load, such as a
flat-iron or a space heater, and by lighting lights. A resistive load
directly proportional to the amount of energy delivered to it. In
a heater or lighting a light, the number of watts produced can be
as equal to the number of watts consumed. This energy is fed into a
to give either heat/light, or power. A motor can be operated but must
designed for high frequency. The Radiant Energy device operation is
in Figure 54, in which he used an antenna and a ground connected to his
solid state RE device...
He was able to show that none
the energy came from within his device. Internally the device was
dead when it had not been connected and tuned to the antenna. When his
device was set up, he could connect it to an antenna and ground, and by
priming it first and then tuning it as he primed it, the device would
electrical energy. This high frequency electrical energy produced up to
250,000 volts and it lighted a brighter light than witnesses had ever
seen. Heavy loads could be connected to the device without dimming the
lights that were already connected to it. This device worked many miles
from any known source of electrical energy. Such as transmission lines
or radio. The device produced up to 50,000 watts of power and worked
long periods of time....
He assumed at first that this
was electromagnetic in origin; however, he never claimed that it was
in nature. He assumed at first that this energy came from the earth.
later he believed it was from the universe. Finally he began to believe
that it was present throughout all space, intermolecular space as well
as terrestrial and celestial space. He did not necessarily understand
his detectors operated, only that if he very carefully built the device
according to his calculations, it worked. He was able to demonstrate
existence of an energy that today, though it has not been identified or
proven, has been theorized by many researchers...
[p. 32] As early as 1904,
Tesla, experimenting with AC currents of high potential and high
said: "Ere many generations pass, our machinery will be driven by a
obtainable at any point in the universe... Throughout space there is
Is this energy static or kinetic? If static, our hopes are in vain; if
kinetic --- and this we know it is for certain --- then it is a mere
of time when men will succeed in attaching their machinery to the very
wheelwork of nature."
[ p. 35] The following is
from] a booklet printed about 1932, entitled "Brief History of Moray
The largest instrument being
6 inches high and circular in shape and about 8 inches in diameter...
went out on the roof of the chicken coop carrying the device on a small
drafting board, erected an antenna upon the roof of the coop, the
being about 100 feet from the house. We pulled the main line switches
the house before going out upon the roof. Mr Judd had me move the
board from place to place and I also had him examine the inside of the
coop for hidden equipment. I then put the machine together in his
and the device was then started. Mr Judd timed me to see how long it
take to bring in the light. I was able to light-watt type CGE lamp to
capacity and also to heat to the sizzling point an old style Hotpoint
flat iron which consumed 655 watts. Mr Judd asked me to take off the
The light went out. It was connected again and the light reappeared. We
drove a new ground at a spot selected by Mr Judd, made a connection
to a new ground and the light burned dim but came brighter and brighter
as the new ground was driven deeper and deeper.....
[p. 36] Whenever the ground or
is left disconnected too long the device becomes electrically dead and
must be retuned in order to obtain the energy.....
[ p. 37] Dr Eyring found no
with the demonstration and the worst that he could say about it was
it might be induction, but that if I would take the device out in the
away from all power lines, a distance of 3 or 4 miles, and it would
operate he would then acknowledge that it could not be induction and
his theory was wrong and mine right...
At last they decided to go up
Canyon, as there are no power lines in that canyon... All three
were very well satisfied and pleased with what they saw...
[p. 40] "The antenna wire was
up without any aid or instructions whatever from Mr Moray, except that
he suggested that the wire be stretched tighter to prevent so much sag
at the center. This was done and the wire then appeared to clear the
by about 7 or 8 feet at its lowest point.
The ground pipe was of 1/2-inch
pipe consisting of two sections. The lower section was pointed at the
to make its driving into the creek bed easy. It was about 6 feet long
after being driven down about 5 feet the second section, which was
4 feet long, was screwed on with a wrench and the pipe further driven
until it struck a hard object... I judge about 7 feet of pipe was in
The antenna wire was insulated
the poles with two glass insulators about 6 inches long and having
in both ends. A piece of wire about 2 feet long connected each
with the pole. The lead-in wire was fastened to the antenna wire at a
about 10 or 15 feet from the east pole. I helped Mr Moray solder the
I stepped the distance between the two antenna poles and estimated it
be 87 feet...
Mr Moray's equipment, aside
the antenna and ground wires, consisted of a brown box about the size
a butter box, another unpainted box slightly smaller, a fiber board box
about 6" x 4" x 4", which Mr Moray referred to as containing the tubes.
And a metal baseboard about 14" x 4" x 1" containing what appeared to
a magnet at one end, a switch near the middle and a receptacle for an
light globe at the other end. There were also several posts for
wires on the baseboard...
When all of the wires
were made and everything was in readiness Mr Moray began tuning in...
tuning in he placed the key on the post: he said it would be in contact
with while the light burns but no light appeared. The tuning in
of stroking the end of a magnet across two metal projections protruding
from what I referred to above as being a magnet. After tuning in for
more than 10 minutes the key was put on the operating post and the
appeared immediately... Mr Moray put the key on the operating post two
or three times before during the tuning in operation but no light
We allowed the light to burn for 15 minutes..... The brilliancy of the
light, a 100-watt globe... was about 75% as bright as a 100-watt globe
connected to an ordinary house socket in my opinion. It was an even
without fluctuations of any kind.
While the light was burning Mr
disconnected the antenna lead-in wire from the apparatus and the light
went out. He connected it again and the light appeared. He also
the ground wire and the light went out. He then connected it and the
[p. 42] [In another
I [T. Moray] opened the device and let them see everything except one
part that I was able to place my hand over and hide in my fist. This
I cut off and put in my vest pocket. Everything else I let them examine
to their hearts' content. "If that part is able to make such power
it's some device and worth selling. Such a battery would be
were some of the remarks passed...
[p. 48] On several occasions Dr
would disconnect the antenna wire momentarily, but not long enough to
the light. In disconnecting and connecting the antenna wire a flash of
electricity could always be seen at the connecting point...
[p. 49] Salt Lake City, Utah,
10, 1928 ~ To Whom It May Concern:
Below is a report of my
of the Moray cosmic energy device.
The aerial used is about 200
long and is about 80 feet above the ground: the wire is a copper cable
approximately a fourth inch in diameter, and well insulated. The ground
is the water pipe in the basement of Dr Moray's home.
The device was assembled in a
through the sides of which were holes for the connections to ground and
to the antenna and for observation; the said holes were about one-half
inch in diameter. There were two boxes about 10 by 20 by 4 inches, one
on top of the other; both were closed and the covers fastened with
On the upper box was lying an insulating panel about an inch thick by
inches long and 3 inches wide; it is of slate or hard rubber or some
of similar appearance. On this were two binding posts that were
by means of a small switch; also mounted on this panel is a body about
2-1/2-inches square, wrapped in friction tape, from which protrude two
poles about 1/4-inch in diameter, apparently of sift iron. A double
for light globes was connected in the circuit. In one of which was a
globe, and in the other a 100 watt globe...
Dr Moray then took a magnet,
was a very broad, short limbed U, and began to stroke one pole of it on
the poles in the taped body: Mr Jensen placed his fingers on the
posts several times, and at last received a rather vigorous shock; Mr
then threw the switch and the globes lighted...
As a further proof that the
of the energy was due to the mechanism in the box, Dr Moray hit the
on which the trunk was standing, a moderate blow with a hammer
the light flickered and went off, due to the detector being shaken out
The boxes in which the
had been hosed during the test were opened and the contents examined;
were condensers, the detector, a transformer, and two tubes in them but
nothing else. Nothing that in the least resembled a battery.
It is to be noted that after a
run of 158 hours the device supplied 635 watts; inasmuch as a
is but 746 watts this equals 0.878 of a horsepower or slightly more
7/8 horsepower. This alone is sufficient to dispose of any suggestion
[p. 54] To All Whom It May
(June 25, 1929): It is now more than 2 years since I first became
with Dr T. H. Moray and the work he is carrying on, and in tat time he
has demonstrated inventive ability of an exceptional order.
Perhaps the most wonderful of
inventions is a device whereby he is able to draw electric power from
antenna. This energy is not derived by induction from power lines, as
been suggested by some, nor is it derived from radio stations, as has
demonstrated by taking the apparatus more than 26 miles from the
power line and over a hundred miles from the nearest radio station and
showing that it operates just as well as anywhere else. This device was
subjected to an endurance test in which it was operated continuously
a week, and at the end of that time a 100-watt lamp was lighted
with the heating of a 575 watt standard Hotpoint flat iron, making a
of 675 watts; it is very evident that no batteries could sustain such a
drain as this.
He has also invented a very
sound detector whereby it is possible to hear conversations carried on
in an ordinary tome of voice at a distance of several blocks.
He has also worked out numerous
hookups which eliminate many of the parts now considered necessary for
good reception, yet there is no diminution in quality or volume; in
there is a notable elimination of interference from static when some of
these are used.
He has devised a means by which
is able to measure with some degree of accuracy the energy evolved
mental activity; that is, he gets definite, variable deflections of the
needle of a sensitive galvanometer which appeared to be related to the
vigor of mental activity.
There are a great many other
remarkable things that he has done, such as reducing old rubber from
tires to the state of a viscous fluid which is readily vulcanizable
the addition of smoke sheet as is necessary with other processes; also
a high frequency therapeutic device, and numerous other devices which
Signed, Murray O. Hayes, PhD.
[p.55] You asked some questions
that time that I could not answer on account of my lack of knowledge,
of science and the detail construction of the machine of Dr Moray's
we were talking about. There was one thing in particular that you asked
about and that I know I did not make clear in my answer, and that was
regard to the setup of the six 100-watt lamps. You asked if they were
up in multiple or series, and this question was especially brought up
we were referring to the very small wire, which a N. 50, which I stated
was used in connection with the operation of said lamps. Since my
to Salt Lake, I have gone over this matter and find that the 6 lamps
set up in parallel and the small wire is used as the current enters the
tube prior to and connecting with the step-down transformer, this
the terrific high voltage to the transformer. In other words, I am
to say to you that this is a terrific high voltage, and we are using
word "terrific" because it has been demonstrated that this is an
high voltage because it will [jump] through an arc flash at least 6
and in excess.
Another thing that you asked me
was the measuring of the voltage or amperage, and I know I did not
to your satisfaction. However, I must now state that "the frequency is
so high that I have no instrument in my laboratory that is able to
the amperage or the voltage at this frequency"
Dr Murray Hayes has examined
carefully and knows the construction of Dr Moray's machine, knows the
in detail, has practically prepared the papers for patent
[p. 65] Dr Milton Marshall was
to identify the material that he called his "Swedish Stone". When he
the action of his germanium mixture to the two physicists [Carl Eyring
and Harvey Fletcher], they knew that the entire composition of the
Stone had no been properly identified...
[p. 66] Dr Moray... described
radio detector he had developed... He compared it to what was commonly
known as the crystal of a crystal set. However, his detector was
since it could drive a loudspeaker without the use of a battery...
He used the most easily
device, the germanium diode, that worked on the same principle as the
to illustrate how he thought the Radiant Energy Detector worked...
originally built the radio simply for that purpose --- to show how he
able to pick up signals with a solid-state device sufficiently strong
they would drive a loudspeaker, which was something unheard of in that
day... His circuit did not have batteries, as it was very similar to
old crystal-set circuitry. Figure 17, sub-figure 3, shows how the
germanium valve was used and how it worked in the radio circuit.
The earliest drawings and
of the Moray Valve are found in a sworn certificate dated November 14,
1927, where he describes a germanium compound using the words "pure
(Figure 14). [Re-purified 5 times]
In 1937, in order to protect
interest in the germanium valve, he wrote an affidavit and had this
witnessed (Figure 15). This affidavit refers to certain drawings and
found in patent application 550611... I have made copies of the patent
application that applied to the description found (Figure 8 & 9,
application 550611, enclosed) (Figure 16).
The Radiant Energy Detector,
today with the advanced state of the art of semi-conductors, is
by our research organization to be proprietary and still of great
Parts of the certificate (Figure 15) have been removed to protect these
interests. It must be noted that the detector described in Figure 15 is
also superior to most germanium semi-conductors known today because of
some of the doping material used. That this bipolar device is truly a
was verified by examination of the complete notes by Warren Simmonds,
of Salt Lake City.
[p. 106] The reader must
that I use the word "tubes" loosely. Basically my father's "tubes" were
[p. 111 ] The device was housed
a wooden box something like 12" by 18", with an antenna and a ground
into it. Wires leading out of the box led to a bank of some forty
light globes and to an electric iron. My uncle touched a switch at the
top of the box with a hand electrostatic plate and the globes all
brilliantly. We all noted that the bulbs burned cold except each had a
hot spot about the size of a dime on the top slightly off center. I
recall that I could turn the lights on and off by approaching and
to and from the device, either with my whole body or my hand. If my
is clear, the machine had to be tuned with a dial to be placed in this
condition. [Chester M. Todd, March 19, 1971]
[p. 114] David Gardner
The gentleman who had invited me to the demonstration mentioned a
that Dr Moray had also invented with which he could pick up sounds
them being broadcast from a radio sending station. He said that he had
heard a demonstration of this device. I asked if I might hear it also;
he called Dr Moray over and asked if I might see a demonstration of the
"sound pickup device", and I was granted the privilege.
There was an old radio box of
design with two headphones plugged into the box. Dr Moray tuned the
by turning the knob in front. He handed me one set of headphones and
set to my nephew Mr Clark Gardner; he then arranged for three people to
walk out of the house into the street and carry on a conversation to
we were tuned... I was sure I was listening to these three men. I
distinctly it was raining at the time and I could hear the patter of
rain on the pavement as they walked. I remember them saying they had
hurry back into the house lest they get wet.
In the course of their return,
wondered if I might hear other people talking, and despite the advice
Dr Moray not to fool around with the tuning device, I moved the knob
and heard very distinctly the sounds of a railroad station: the whistle
of a train, and a porter or the station master at his station saying,
aboard". The nearest station to the receiving set would have been a
of 5 miles...
I know that the people on the
had no transmitting device or any other instrument with them. They
not believe me when I told them what I had heard, but they said I was
[p. 122 ] Later, after he had
the transformer of the device, he stated that with the amount of
he had seen taken from the device was positive proof that the current
by or in the machine was different than in any in use today.
the transformer would have burned up with normal current, yet the
showed no signs of even ever having been warm. He was informed by Dr
that the transformer had been in use under the same type of strain for
many tests in the past...
It was Dr Knudsen's fault that
detector burned out because of the excessive inductive kickback he
the device to by throwing the main switch in and out so fast and often
that this continual breaking of the circuit built up an inductive
which would "blow" any electrical circuit...
[p. 126] Letter from E. G.
(March 21, 1938) ~
Number 1 condenser (Figure 52)
of two small sheets of about 30 gauge aluminum separated by but making
contact with a piece of one-quarter inch thick plate glass. The plate
was larger than the aluminum sheets and overlapped them. Number 2
had the capacity of 0.025 mfd. It was a commercial condenser...
by Igred Condenser & Mfg. Co.
With the 60 watt Mazda Lamp and
two condensers attached to the antenna and the antenna and ground
to the box containing your Radiant Energy equipment in the manner shown
in the sketch, the 100-watt Mazda Lamp on the secondary or output side
was lighted. Unscrewing the 60-watt Mazda lamp from its socket caused
100-watt amp to go out, but it immediately lighted when the 60-watt
was screwed in its socket. The 60-watt lamp did not light under any
or hookup. Shorting the antenna and ground by placing a wire across
caused the 100-watt lamp to go out. Similar shorting with the hands
caused the 100-watt lamp to go out. No electricity could be felt when
with the hands. If either the ground or the antenna wires were
from the box, the 100-watt lamp would go out. Neither of the condensers
or the 60-watt lamp on the primary side of the box were necessary but
simply put on to show that the high frequency power will jump or pass
[p. 161] The original patent
was first filed in 1931. This application was rejected on a number of
First (Figure 17), "Because no means was provided for causing the
cathode to emit an appreciable number of electrons, the current
in the cathode by the antenna will not heat the cathode to a
at which an appreciable number of electrons per second are
(In other words, according to Thomas E. Robinson, Commissioner of
a solid state device, a transistor, cannot possible work). Second,
"No natural source of electric wave energy is known to the Examiner and
proof of the existence of such a source is required". In other words,
was not enough for Moray to demonstrate the effect of the energy
he also had to identify it, which he could not do...
[p. 186] In 1942, shortly after
War II began for the United States, Henry moray attempted to rebuild a
Radiant Energy Device, using the remaining bit of what was known as the
"Swedish Stone". This material, which was the heart of his original RE
detector, he had never been able to duplicate, and the shortage of this
material limited the amount of power he could draw. Consequently, in
large unit, he developed a second detector that forced him into
research involving nuclear materials and radioactive reactions. He
deeply involved in the study of synthetic radioactivity as described by
Gustave LeBon in his book, The Evolution of Matter
[p. 188] The years slipped by
from time to time Henry and I would discuss his notes and go over the
He spent most of his time [ca. 1950] working on what he called the
to eliminate the need for an antenna...
[p. 190] In fact, we have
been informed that none of the original patent applications that Henry
made are any longer available at the US Patent Office. Although their
jackets are there, the contents and applications themselves are gone...
The Sea of
in Which the Earth Floats*
[* Nature of World & of
Chicago Inst. of Technology]
Dr T. Henry Moray. S. Sc.
[This was the original Chapter
in a book called Beyond the Light Rays, which is out-of -print
no longer available. The last known copy was stolen from Dr moray's
A New Era In Energy: Power
the Cosmos and the Earth.
Dr Nikola Tesla said over 60
ago: "Ere many generations pass, our machinery will be driven by a
obtainable at any point if the univers...… throughout space there is
Is this energy static or kinetic? If static our hopes are in vain; if
--- and this we know it is, for certain --- then it is a mere question
of time when men will succeed in attaching their machinery to the very
wheelwork of nature."**
[** Nikola Tesla: Experiments
with Alternating Currents of High Potential & High Frequency,
Nikola Tesla was not referring
atomic or nuclear energy, but to the energy which is continually
the earth from outer space.
Enough energy is coming to the
to light over 1.5 million (1,693,600) 100-watt lamps for every human
on the earth today. No fuel of any kind need be taken as a dead load as
this energy can be "picked-up" directly by ocean liners, railroads,
automobiles, or any form of transportation. Heat, light and power can
made available for use in all kinds of buildings and for all kinds of
An example would be to pump water onto the desert lands, the power
being only a fraction of the weight of any steam plant or any kind of
in use today and all this at a fraction of the current cost.
A wild dream? No! It's a proven
reality, as hundreds of people know who have witnessed the Moray
Energy invention --- powered from the cosmos. This is cosmic energy. ***
[*** Dr Moray was not referring
Cosmic Rays. One must read further and contemplate his hypothesis
energy from within the atom.]
The total energy involved in
radiations is very large. The mechanism of its generation involves a
relationship with the total structure and action of the universe. Today
it is believed that cosmic radiation consists primarily of protons and
some heavier nuclei. At times this cosmic energy packs a wallop of
100 quadrillion volts. Coming continuously with slight variations in
the radiations have a uniformly directional isotropy.
The earth is, therefore,
in an atmosphere of radiation with cosmic rays coming continually to
earth from all directions, although there may be a slight deflection of
the weaker rays by the earth's magnetic field. There is every
that our sun is not the source of any appreciable amount of this
The origin, therefore, is from the universe as a whole. The total
of cosmic radiation is more than the entire luminous output of all the
stars and nebulae of the universe combined. Unlimited power is being
to everyone's doorstep.
The Moray Radiant Energy
using radiations from the cosmos as its power source, gives the
amount of energy per pound of equipment of any system known to man.
power through an electric motor or an electric jet far exceeds any form
of energy in any engine in the delivery of power. There is no dead
of lost motion in an electric motor nor loss of push in an electric
Also, the starting torque is much higher in the electrically powered
than in the combustion engine.
Harnessing cosmic energy is the
practical method yet discovered by man. Furthermore, it is possible to
utilize this vast source of energy from the universe without a prime
at any point on the earth --- on the ground, in the air, on the water,
under the water, or even underground. If one considers that an
generator is not in the true sense a generator --- as electricity is
made by the generator --- but is merely an electrical pump, the Moray
Energy device may then be referred to as a cosmic ray pump: that is, a
high speed electron oscillator serving as a detector of cosmic
which causes a pumping action or surging within its circuitry.
To account for the propagation
heat and light --- two of the forms of Radiant Energy --- man has
the existence of a medium filling all space. But, the transference of
energy of radiant heat and light is not the only evidence in favor of
existence of such a medium. Electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic
and gravitation itself point in the same direction.
Attractions and repulsion take
between electrified bodies, magnets, and circuits conveying electric
Large masses may be set in motion in this manner, acquiring kinetic
If an electric current is started in any circuit, corresponding induced
currents spring up in all very closely neighboring conductors. To
a current in any conductor requires the expenditure of energy. How,
is the energy propagated from the circuit to the conductors? If we
in the continuity of the propagation of energy --- that is, is we
that when it disappears at one place and reappears at another it must
passed through the intervening space and, therefore, have existed there
somehow in the meantime --- we are forced to postulate a vehicle for
conveyance form place to place.
When a particle is electrified,
one must first observe is that a certain amount of energy has been
work has been done. The result is an electrified state of the particle.
The process of electrifying a conductor is, therefore, the storing of
in some way in or around the conductor in some medium. The work is
in altering the state of the medium, and when the particle is
the medium returns to its original state, and the store of energy is
Similarly, a supply of energy is required to maintain an electric
and the phenomenon arising from the current are manifestations of the
of this energy in the medium around the circuit. It used to be that an
electrified particle or body was supposed to have something called
residing upon it which caused electrical phenomena. An electric current
was regarded as a flow of electricity traveling along a wire (for
and the energy which appeared at any part of a circuit (if considered
all) was supposed to have been conveyed along the wire by the current.
But, the existence of induction and electromagnetic interactions
bodies situated at a distance from each other leads one to look upon
medium around the conductors as playing a very important part in the
of these electrical phenomena. In fact, it is the storehouse of the
It is upon this basis that
founded his theory of electricity and magnetism, and determined the
of the energy in the various parts of an electric field in terms of
and magnetic forces*. The medium around an electrified body is charged
with energy and not of an imaginary electric fluid distributed over the
electrified body or conductor. When we speak of the charge of an
conductor we are referring to the charge of energy in the medium around
it, and when we talk of the electric flow or current in the circuit we
are referring to the only flow we know of, namely, the flow of energy
the electric field within the wire.
[* Atomic Physics,
Staff University of Pittsburgh, 2nd Edition, Ch. VIII, John Wiley &
The work in producing the
of a conductor is spent on the medium and stored there, probably as
of motion. To denote this we shall say that the medium around the
is polarized, this word being employed to denote that its state or some
of its properties have been altered in some manner and to a certain
depending on the intensity of the charge. If the charge is negative the
polarization is in the opposite sense, the two being related, perhaps,
like right-handed and left-handed twists or rotations.
Now consider the case of a body
alternately, positively and negatively in rapid succession. The
charge means a positive polarization of the medium, which begins at the
conductor and travels out through space. When the body is discharged
medium is once more set free and resumes its former condition. The
charge now induces a modification of the medium or polarization in the
opposite sense. The result of alternate charges of opposite sign is
the medium at any point becomes polarized alternately in opposite
while waves of opposite polarizations are propagated through space,
carrying energy derived from the source or agent supplying the
Here, then, we have a periodic disturbance of some king occurring at
point, accompanied by waves of energy traveling outwards from the
The phenomenon of interference
to the conclusion that light is the result of periodic disturbances or
vibrations of the medium, but as to the nature of these vibrations, as
to the exact nature of the periodic changes or what it is that changes
them, we possess no knowledge. We know that alternating electric
are accompanied by corresponding changes of state or vibrations of the
medium, and if the charge is varied periodically and with sufficient
we have a vibration at each point analogous to, perhaps identical with,
that which occurs in the propagation of light --- a combination of wave
and particle properties. This then is the electromagnetic theory of the
In the older elastic-solid
the light vibrations were supposed to be actual oscillations of the
or molecules of the medium about their positions of rest, such as takes
place when waves of transverse disturbance are propagated through an
solid. Such limitation is unwarranted to some extent, but one cannot
to entirely disregard the particle theory of light either. A
of the theories has merit. We know that the change, disturbance,
polarization, or whatever we wish to term it, is periodic and
to the direction of propagation. The electromagnetic theory teaches us
nothing further as to its nature, but rather asserts that whatever the
charge may be, it is the same in kind as that which occurs in the
when the charge of an electrified body is altered or reversed. It
light and heat waves to the same category as waves of electrical
The only quality of the later required to constitute the former is
rapidity of alteration. These speculations were given the strongest
by experiments of Prof. Hertz many years ago.
When a resilient substance is
to strain and then set free, one of two things may happen. The
may slowly recover from the strain and gradually attain its natural
or the elastic recoil may carry it past its position of equilibrium and
cause it to execute a series of oscillations. Something of the same
may also occur when an electrified capacitor is discharged. In ordinary
language, there may be a continuous flow of electricity in one
until the discharge is completed, or an oscillating discharge may
That is, the first flow may be succeeded by a backrush, as if the first
discharge had overrun itself and something like recoil had set in. The
capacitor thus becomes more or less charged again in the opposite
and a second discharge occurs, accompanied by a second backrush, the
going on until all the energy is either completely radiated or used up
in heating the conductors or performing other work.
When capacitors are filled with
captured by the Moray Radiant Energy device and then discharged through
a circuit of proper impedance, reactance and inductance, thereby
the oscillation of the device with those of the universe*, electrical
is set up. In the reversal of the current, the capacitors are charged,
discharged and recharged slowly until the energy stored in them is
in kinetic energy through the device, and this energy can be kept alive
indefinitely by establishing resonance with the oscillations of the
[ * Very often Dr Moray
the word universe with matter. ]
Considering oscillations from a
electrical and mathematical point of view, we find that electrical
is the same as mechanical friction and current is comparable to
velocity. Inertia and inductance may then be considered analogous
In mechanics the greater the inertia of a body, the longer it will stay
in motion. In the Radiant Energy device's
(REC or RLC) circuit, the greater the electrical inductance, the longer
the current continues to flow once it is established by synchronization
with cosmic surges.
Expressed mathematically, the
are the same for electrical or mechanical phenomena. That is, R<
root 4L / C, where R is the resistance in ohms, L is the inductance in
henries, and C is the capacitance in farads. When this is true, an
discharge will occur and a very powerful inductance inertia will assert
itself. For low values of R, the frequency of the oscillations can be
by f = 1/2 pi square root CL. The rapidity of the oscillations'
are governed by the capacitance and inductance.
In the vibrational forces of
universe, we find the key to the source of all energy. How we can
this energy for modern industry without being limited to mechanical
movers is the question. And, the answer may in an energy generator,
so as to oscillate in synchronization with the oscillations of the
Dr Ross Gunn, a civilian
for the US Navy, stated years ago that the earth is a huge generator,
over 200 million amperes of electric current continuously. For example,
the aurora borealis is considered to be a very large definite
phenomenon produced by the passage of electric charges through the
gases of the higher atmosphere. The earth has since been shown, by Dr
and others, to have a negative charge amounting to 400,00 coulombs.
six feet above the ground the air is charged with more than 200 volts
positive with respect to the ground.
It is known that air conducts
away from charged objects. This being true, how does the earth, a
object and exposed as it is to the surrounding atmosphere, maintain its
charge? If the air conducts electricity, the earth's charge must be
passing into the atmosphere. And it has been calculated that the earth
has a continuous discharge into the atmosphere of 1800 amperes. At this
rate, the earth would lose 90% of its charge into the air in one hour,
yet the earth's charge does not diminish. Where does the earth's source
of energy come from?
The conversion of matter to
in the stars is accepted, and, reasoning from what occurs in
disintegration during which energy wave are radiated, one may conclude
that energy waves of very high frequency are sent out from the stars
of which is our sun). Now, of course, the conversion of energy into
must equally be accepted.
It has been found that
which could be the medium for the flow of energy, increases with
instead of decreasing. Since the source of energy is the universe, the
generation of energy by rotary action and by all prime movers is an
and not a cause. Oscillatory energy action, be it in a Leyden jar or
man-made capacitor, or in what we may call natural capacitors, behaves
the same. The oscillations will continue until they have reach their
of height and then there will be a backrush returning to where the
originated. Every oscillation, whether large or small, is completed
the same interval of time. These oscillations all prove the same great
fact, that they are governed by the same cycle of time, completed
the same interval of time. Waves of energy have a regular beat note,
and going as the waves of the sea, but in a very definite mathematical
order --- coming to the earth from every direction with a definite
Energy has a definite elastic
resilient rigidity and density, which is subject to displacement and
When strain is removed, the medium will spring back to its old position
and beyond, surging back and forth, and will continue to oscillate
the original pressure is used up. If the internal impedance is too
there will be no oscillations, but it will merely slide back in a dead
beat to its unrestrained state.
By cutting down resistance to a
and synchronizing the resilient ionic actions of the Moray device with
the wave actions of the universe, periods of oscillation can be made to
come quicker and quicker until inertia asserts itself, thus lengthening
out the time of final recovery. This is done by carrying the recoil
the natural oscillations and prolonging the vibrations by capturing the
in oscillatory action. When the recovery becomes distinctly
a harmonic pattern is initiated and the oscillations continue,
thereby being established with the universe.
In the universe we see the same
being obeyed as in our laboratories. As one traces down to the almost
constituents of the atom, one finds that matter does not exist at all
the realistic substance which we have supposed it to be. There at the
foundation, it consists of nothing more than energy charges emitted at
various wavelengths or frequencies. It is becoming more and more
that the apparent complexity of nature is due to our lack of knowledge.
And, as the picture unfolds, it promises a marvelous simplicity.
One of the most marvelous
that has ever been revealed in the entire science of physics is that
light and electricity and the existence of electronics in atoms of
Knowing what we do at the present time with regard to the structure of
atoms, this relationship is not quite so surprising. However,
the total absence of this knowledge about a half century ago, the
that light, and radiation in general, are vibratory phenomena was
Speaking of radiation, Radiant
means proceeding from a center in straight lines in every direction.
is internal and inherent. "Energy is defined as a condition of matter
virtue of which any definite portion may affect changes in any other
portion". This was written in 1892, and discoveries since confirm it.
then is a state of matter, or rather, the result of a particular state
or condition in which matter may be when any observed phase of energy
In addition to possessing
energy, the atom is capable of absorbing energy internally. This
energy is associated with the configuration of the particles of which
atom is composed. Under ordinary conditions an atom is in what is known
as a state of equilibrium in which there is neither a giving off nor
of energy. But, the internal energy of the atom can be altered. When
internal energy of the atom exceeds that of its normal state it is said
to be excited. Excitations may be caused in several ways, e.g., the
of an atom with rapidly moving positive or negative particles or the
of lines of force in an electromagnetic generator. Kinetic energy is
when excitation causes a particle to give up some or all of its kinetic
energy to the atom during collisions. This is taking place in the
all the time.
The electric motor and
would never have been discovered if a dielectric (insulation) had not
discovered. If one discovers a dielectric valve for the energy of the
one has the answer to harnessing the energy of the universe! A limiting
case of excitation is ionization, wherein energy is absorbed by the
sufficiently to allow a loosely bound electron to leave the atom,
the electrostatic forces which tend to hold it within the atom. An atom
which has given up one or more electrons is said to be ionized. It is
that ionization, i.e., excitation, may take place in successive steps
absorption of quanta energy. The return of an ionized atom to a state
lower energy is associated with electromagnetic radiation. Also, from
process of ionization, electrical energy may become associated with the
vibrational forces of the universe coming into the earth as cosmic
The higher the frequency, the greater the ionization or excitation, a
of energy which is kinetic in nature. There are tremendous energies
to the earth from outer space. These energies are only different
of the energies we see in operation all around us. In most cases we are
not even aware of their existence. "They penetrate everything including
our own bodies. Every one of us is alive by virtue of these energies.
part and particle of the universe is alive with them. The generators
now furnish our electric power do not create or originate any power or
electricity; they merely direct, pump, the existing energy or
[* Advances of Science,
As in musical notes of high and
"C", the vibrational rates (frequencies) are different, but all "C"
are essentially the same (harmonically related). This is the foundation
upon which much of my investigation of vibratory phenomena is based.
It has been agreed that all
of matter are vibrating at a particular rate of frequency. And, so it
with the various forms of energy ---heat and light, magnetism and
These are but forms of vibratory motion connected with and being
from the same source, the universe. Matter vibrates at a particular
according to its character, and may be transmitted into other substance
by lowering or raising its rate of frequency. If the frequency is
high enough, the molecules will separate and the atoms become free.
the frequency still higher, the atoms resolve themselves into their
components. Matter then becomes a form of energy. Frequencies may be
which will balance the force of gravity to a point of neutralization.
can then go beyond the force of gravitation. Understanding the
of vibration is truly understanding energy.
In gamma rays, we find
which are equivalent to as much as 1,000,000 volts, yet their wave
are not the shortest known. In octaves still higher lie rays which are
known as cosmic rays. Who can draw a definite line and say how much
other octaves exist than those knows as the cosmic rays? Our starting
from the discovery of these different waves was electrical conductivity
of the air, and it has been found that this conductivity is just as
by night as by day. Radiations emitted by the sun can scarcely be the
cause of this energy. All space is saturated with vibration, energies,
which are no doubt electrical in character. The relation of matte to
and energy to matter then becomes the potential of the universe --- one
continuous series of oscillations.
Atoms maintain an equilibrium
oscillations, rotations, attractions and repulsions, but this does not
interfere with a transformation of equilibrium, which, when the
of equilibrium are rapid enough, become energy, i.e., matter is turning
into energy and energy into matter.
There can be no generation of
current and no kinetic energy if there is no disturbance of
i.e., change of potential or change of energy levels. When one thinks
the oxygen and nitrogen molecules of the air all about us moving with
speed of bullets and striking us and everything else at this speed, one
can form some idea of the agitation taking place here and in the
The oscillations from outer
are emitting electromagnetic waves of many wavelengths and frequencies.
The Moray device is so constructed that the frequency is very much
on the secondary side than on the primary side, and almost complete
is established. I am convinced that the energies from the universe are
active radiations produced by the evolution of matter into energy and
[* At this point Dr Moray
the discoveries of the early agents to be paralleling some of his own
Then he went on to quote several past releases of the day (1960)]
Dr Anderson's cloud chamber at
Institute of Technology in which the positron was discovered has
much information about cosmic ray energies. He found that some
are born of cosmic rays smashing into matter. The cosmic ray energies
from the tracks left in the Anderson cloud chamber range from 100 volts
to 3 billion volts. The Lemaitre-Vallarts theory together with Dr
asymmetry measurements, give definite values for the energy of half of
the cosmic radiation, and shows it continuously distributed between 5
and 50 billion volts.
The figure of 100 billion volts
a result of Dr W. Kolhorster's measurement of penetrating radiation in
the depths of the Strassfurt salt mines. He found that the minimum
of these rays had a penetration which was greater than ever before
Dr Axel Corlin of Sweden's Lund Observatory found radiation that still
had energy after passing through somewhat greater depths and,
the voltage figures can be made even higher. Energies of 100 billion
or more are indicated by the great bursts set off by cosmic ray
called the stosse, which have been observed particularly in Germany.
Moray RE devices have worked equally well in deep mines, under water or
high in the mountains and in an airplane.
It is about 100 years since
began to consider light, heat, magnetism, galvanism, and electricity as
natural forces. In the early part of the 19th century school books
these things "imponderable substances". The corpuscle theory of light
taught, the sun was supposed to provide an endless supply of those
After the corpuscle theory faded, scientists turned to the wave theory,
but even that was based on a crude concept of movement of the ultimate
principles or atoms, of matter. The electron theory has superceded the
earlier ones now, and while the electron theory explains the observed
theoretical "facts" better than the previous concepts did, could it be
that, as the greater light of knowledge leads us on, the electron
in turn will fall short of providing "absolute" knowledge? The Einstein
Theory may stand in need of revision or amendment; or, in time, it may
join the theories of corpuscles and waves on the back shelf.
Of Electron Excitation
[p. 209] A specific case in
the electric field performs the double function of molecular excitation
and the creation of intermolecular and atomic ions is being given by
system used by the inventor.
It is a system utilizing the
of the wire corona with a concentric cylinder at different pressures.
system is modified in conformity to the concept that chemical reactions
must take place when the oppositely charged molecular ions from an
activated catalyst are accelerated against one another in the wire
It consists of a cylinder made of a suitable catalyst from which
ions are emitted. The reactants (gases) streaming through the chamber
to the length of the wire attain the polarity of the negative molecular
ions by the high electric field close to the wire. As these negative
ions are accelerated at the right angles to the wire in the direction
the electric field toward the positively charged catalyst cylinder,
are met by an avalanche of onrushing atomic ions from the catalyst. A
amount of reaction takes place in that instant, 10-8 seconds. However,
some of the negative molecular ions outside the mean free path of the
atomic ions are free to rush headlong toward the positive cylindrical
where they are neutralized, and instantly given a positive charge by
avalanche of outrushing positive ions. These positive molecular ions
accelerated back into the field and collide against the negative
ions coming from the direction of the negative electrode corona. This
continues until the reaction has come to a point where the individual
are either all gone or the mixture is outside of the electric field:
The Moray apparatus combined
other equipment, consists of a combination of specially constructed
which we will refer to as valves, "pressure transmitters", interceptors
and oscillators. The valves are not rectifiers in the sense that they
as radio valves in changing AC or HF to DC. They have an actual valve
in stopping the "flow" of energy which may be thought of as oscillatory
action similar to the waves of the sea, without rectification, from
to the outer circuit, much as a retaining wall could stop the waves of
the sea from returning. The other modalities and "tubes" of the device
are equally unique in their performance. Although no new laws of energy
are being advanced or claimed as having been discovered, the
in the method of utilization of the energy throughout space is unique
that "generation" is accomplished by oscillatory utilization rather
by the conventional prime mover. These detector tubes have a
pull with the specially developed oscillators of high faradic capacity
and provide a means through which oscillating energy may pass to
constructed valve oscillators whose relation to the first stage valve
such as to permit oscillations to come in from but not return to the
circuit with an automatic variable relation to the oscillations from
universe, and capable of setting up within their circuits initial
which coincide with the oscillations of the universe.
Special provision is provided
stop RE tubes from becoming blocked in their dissipation of the charges
created by the oscillations that continually accumulate based on the
capacity backrush effect common to capacitors an herein applied in
tubes. This action of these devices has the effect of enlarging and
the time of charge and discharge of the capacitors and the capacity
in the circuit to an appreciable interval in perfect harmony with the
energy wave through the interceptor's valves and oscillators in the
which set up in the circuit electrical pulsations corresponding to the
energy waves captured by the interceptor and again kept from returning
to the second outer circuit by "multi-walled" valves. The final tubes
as energy pressure transmitters with a means to prevent "shunting"
by a special form of "getter". This stops condensation accumulating at
the base of the tubes which would block their ionic action.
One must "split" the energy
band into lines of variation (call this what you will), lines of energy
or lines of light beyond the "light rays". The oscillations, therefore,
do not become simple oscillations but through the action of the
set up an energy flow which might be referred to as the assertion of
When inertia sets in, the action will continue because of the
of the cosmos, otherwise one would have a complete dissipation of
and no oscillations. The oscillation will vibrate during the same
of time regardless of the potential, but the rate of vibration of the
depends on the "capacity" of its modalities, i.e., condensers, etc...
[p. 212] Put together in pure
resonance certain energy responding apparatus which synchronize with
resonance of certain vibrations in the universe, and what do you have?
Useable energy from the universe. This energy may come to the planets
oscillations similar to the oscillations and tides of the sea. The RE
received this energy in surges which may last only a few microseconds
the pressure and current in those surges are so strong that sufficient
energy is delivered to the equipment in resonance to be useable in
of flashes and in a magnitude which competes with the light of day.
resonance and pressure can do a lot to amplify energy. Also remember
the vibrations going out from the sources in the universe must also
to their sources. Nothing is lost. There is only a lowering of
like water over the wheel.
The RE tubes present no new
of physics. They simply expand the application of known laws thereby
results not at first deemed possible. This is the history of science.
tubes possess greater ability to obtain "saturation" and thus charge
accompanying capacitors or condensers at a more steady rate. When a
voltage is reached, ionization occurs in the gases of the discharged
ad causes the condensers of the valve circuit to discharge into other
of the valve circuit to discharge into other condensers of the
and the other modalities of the circuit.
When ionization in the
tubes is no longer possible because of the reduced voltage, the process
starts all over again. The first valve passes vibrations of energy into
an oscillatory circuit; ionization sets in, a discharge occurs, and
passes through another valve into other oscillators. The process is
from the first stage on to the second stage, on to the third and so on,
much like a bucket brigade. That is why I asked years ago, "Cannot a
flow of water be obtained from the waves of the sea or energy from the
vibrations of the cosmos?"...
When a vibration of any kind
a boundary between two media of different vibratory impedances at an
of less than 90 degrees, a transformation of the vibratory rate may be
changed into another vibratory rate. The RE device therefore will
to capture energy by resonance, or call it what you will, as long as
"keep alive" vibration of the cosmos continues to oscillate the various
stages of the valves and oscillators in the circuit. Simple, is it not?
Just a case of the trapping of energy which is everywhere present in
primary circuit and causing it to oscillate through the secondary
through a blocked circuit of no return.
Our experiments have proved
there is an energy which exists in the universe which, by proper
of equipment, can be made available for commercial use...
[p. 241] Such an energy
or converter has been built. It has been operated, at full load
with no expenditure of fuels of any type, without a mechanical prime
kept alive by the oscillations of the energies from the cosmos; an
converter, or transformer, which would be capable of converting the
frequency, high level energy of the cosmic radiation into current of
frequency and voltage.
Basically the theory of
is as follows: Oscillations are started in the first stage or circuit
the device by exciting it with an external energy source. The circuit
"tuned" until the oscillations are sustained by harmonic coupling to
cosmic wave frequencies. The reinforcing action of the harmonic
increases the amplitude of the oscillations until the peak pulses
over into the next stage through a special detector or valve which
the return or feedback of energy from succeeding circuits. These
drive this stage, which oscillates at a lower frequency and is again
by harmonic coupling with the ever present cosmic waves. The second
drives a third stage, and additional stages are coupled until a
power level at a useable frequency and voltage is obtained by means of
special transformers (See schematic drawing of RE device).
[ The handwriting at the top of
drawing states: "More than one Moray valve may be used. They may be
as rectifiers or oscillators. The stone of this valve or stones are
of purified germanium mixed with various substances as explained
Care must be used in alloying germanium with other substances as too
other matter added increases conductivity and germanium looses its
"Have used "Moray lead"... as
valve at slightly raised temperature..."
The other notes concern
electronics (amplifiers, &c). The second page of these notes
the following details: "The Moray Valve and circuit (shown in the
figures 1, 2, and 3) were there decribed in more detail. The valve was
a metal envelope 135 to which bismuth was attached at 136 by fusing...
[Molybdenum ?] sulfide being separated from case 135 at point 132.
of Germanium were used at point 130 [?] between 136, 137 and 138".
elements and compounds are discernable in the otherwise nearly
handwriting: Germanium, Iron Sulfide (FeS), Molybdenum Sulfide (MoS),
The reference to "Moray lead"
connected with Moray's US Patent #
2,460,707 ("Electrotherapeutic Apparatus"), which states:
"The invention has been
in the foregoing with sole reference to its use for therapeutic
It should be noted, however, that inorganic matter may also be treated
to advantage pursuant to the method and with the apparatus of the
It has been found that metals, for example lead, have changed physical
properties after treatment in accordance with the above..." ]
[ The text that accompanies
drawing states: "The Moray germanium mixture gives certain unique
in functioning as a valve and as a booster (amplifier). Made in form of
rounded stones or pellets compressed under high pressure adn fused.
contains bismuth, iron sulfide,pure germanium metal, [...],
[...] fastened to envelope with pure tin in place of solder (Bismuth
fused to side). Germanium mostly [...] float between other pellets but
making firm but needlepoint -like contact. hvae used silver too, which
has some of the properties of germanium. Germanium works best when
are introduced..." ]
Once the machine is in
and delivering power, it does not require any continuance of the
forces necessary to start it. The oscillations are sustained as long as
it remains properly tuned and the external circuit is completed through
a suitable load.
The special tubes which appear
be the key to the success of this device are ionic cold cathode tubes
require no external power sources..
[p. 244] The following
delineate what one must do to duplicate Dr Moray's Radiant Energy
(1) When the primary side of
device is disconnected, a spark equivalent to 225,000 volts must be
between the two disconnected terminals.
(2) By disconnecting the
and re-connecting immediately, the lights must stay on. If the lights
allowed to die, however, re-connecting the antenna will not reestablish
the connection and the unit becomes completely electrically dead.
(3) The energy produced must be
(4) The device must be operable
a distance of more than 50 miles from power lines or radio stations.
(5) The light of a 100 watt
must be whiter and brighter than the ordinary 100 watt lamp without
out after 157 hours of operation.
(6) When a heavy load is
to the device while in operation, after already draining as much as 4
the present load must not decrease nor the lights flicker.
(7) A duplicate shunt test,
that made by Lovesy, with number 50 wire must be successful.
(8) Small number 30 wire should
used for all circuits.
(9) At least 10,000 watts and
to 50,000 watts of power must be produced in a box not weighing more
(10) As the ground wire is
deeper, the amount of power must increase.
(11) None of the components of
device must heat.
(12) No moving parts may be
(13) The device must be
(14) By tuning the circuit by
use of variable capacitors, the lights must come on.
(15) A resistive load of 600
must be brought to full heat in less than 2-1/2 minutes.
(16) After 158 hours of
the unit must still be running and no parts of the device be heated.
(17) The test performed by Dr
must be duplicated.
(18) Smell of zone should be
during the operation.
(19) No heated cathodes or bias
supply must appear.
(20) All of the above must be
at the same time.
The fact remains that Henry
demonstrated under the above conditions on numerous occasions, up to
watts of power. The device always sat on a table where it was easily
by anyone coming into the room, so that it could be seen that the only
wires entering the device were the antenna and the ground...
Early Model RER:
(Photo Credit: Bruce
One of Moray's High Power
(Photo Credit: Bruce Perrault:
One of Moray's many
Excerpts from Moray's Patent Application Drawings (from Bruce
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