Louis [ Luigi ] ROTA
Aero Radio Balistique

http://www.wikirota.org/en/Aero_Radio_Balistique  "Le Matin" ( November 15th, 1915 )

Aero Radio Balistique
Jules Verne In Action

Marseille, 13 September. From the special correspondent of “Matin”.

Currently residing in our town an Italian Engineer has made an astounding discovery and that has resolved the problem of holding, absolutely immobile, a body in space.

Professor Louis Rota --- that is his name --- has invented an apparatus which triumphs over the law of gravitation and is able to hold immobile in the air at a height of five hundred, six hundred, indeed 1000 metres, a considerable weight.

It is possible to move this apparatus at a prodigious velocity in any direction and it may be stopped at any point all that, it is understood, without a mechanical motor of any sort, simply by using Hertzian waves.

The principle of this invention rests on the special partitioning of electrostatic and magnetic forces enabling forces of attraction and repulsion sufficient to maintain the apparatus suspended , immobile at a variable height of 400 to 1000 metres for many hours, forty or more. If the wind speed is less than 14 Km/second, the apparatus remains at the same point. In the case that the wind is stronger, the apparatus can rise higher above the wind and remain immobile.

Experiments have already been made which have already given results. The other has been made at Marseille with an apparatus in the form of a cigar 4 metres long and 75 cm diameter weighing 95 kilos. It can lift 45 Kilos and remain 24 hours in the air. It moved 200 Kilometres from its point of departure, and could go from Marseille to Paris (653 kilometres in a direct line) in 3 hours and Paris to Turin (585 Kilometres) in two and a quarter hours.


Rota’s Note on the Construction “The Aero Radio Ballistique Type C”

Rota’s Note on the Construction “The Aero Radio Ballistique Type C” -- Translation :

In a previous note I have indicated that metals enclose a latent energy which can, with the aid of certain natural forces, be awakened and utilized.

I make it known furthermore, that the attraction of the earth is due to the action of a certain natural force which it has been possible equally to control and utilize.

This is the force that keeps in equilibrium the molecules of different bodies. Its action along with that of many other natural forces assures their cohesion.

If therefore a metallic mass is treated in a suitable manner with the aid of the natural force which we will call “attraction of the earth”, it is possible to neutralize the above mentioned action which the metallic mass experiences, in such a manner that the mass rests in equilibrium in the air. If one applies to said mass a force greater than the attraction of the earth in the opposite direction, the mass will rise in the air. If by means of a special apparatus one diminishes the intensity of said force, the mass will descend more or less rapidly.

Such are the principles which allow the realization of a flying device insensible to the action of the earth and also presents certain number of other advantages.

The apparatus is composed essentially of a closed metallic capsule containing a motor and passengers. The capsule can have any convenient shape, according to the use for which it is required. The form does not have to be aerodynamic, this is of no importance. This capsule is neutral, that is to say the metallic parts of it are not subject to particular treatment. It rests on the ground by means of four wheels and has on the lower part a type of multi-metallic platform carrying four feet which can enter into the ground. The platform is made of metallic strips, specially treated. The capsule is equipped, at its lower part with a treated multi-metallic block B, which has connections to the pilot’s controls which can be made or broken as required. Similarly in the upper part of the capsule is placed another block B’, which has a different composition to the other, but is treated with the same energies. It is connected to the pilot’s controls which can be made or broken as required. The conjugate action of the platform connected to earth and the block B in contact with the capsule cause the apparatus to lift-off . This operation is assisted by rolling a few metres along the ground. It is slow or rapid depending on the choice of the pilot.

When the apparatus has risen some metres the platform is pulled up against the capsule, the contact with the block B is cut and remade to block B’. From this moment the apparatus rises vertically rapidly or not depending on the pilot balancing the action of block B against block B’ because the action of B’ makes the apparatus rise while that of B brakes the descent as well as the speed of the apparatus.

The capsule can rise or fall, but it still requires a means of producing forward motion. This is done by a motor. A petrol engine and airscrew as in an ordinary aircraft can be used. In this case the aircraft will be weightless but the risk of fire is the same as in ordinary aircraft.

Nevertheless the energy liberated by blocks B and B’ create about the apparatus a zone in which the air is rarefied, such that the apparatus will not have to act against air resistance. It will be equally insensitive to wind or storms so that the petrol engine used can be of very much reduced power.

It is equally possible to utilize a special motor, which is without combustion, and does not use known energy. Its principle is extremely simple and is applied in the establishment of the apparatus which at the Station (at Mt St. Aignan) serves to control the currents.

If in a cylinder of copper treated in a special way and enclosing another cylinder of zinc, treated in a special way and mounted on the same axis, the latter cylinder will be caused to revolve more or less rapidly depending on the depth of penetration of one cylinder within the other. The rotation movement furthermore will serve to assure the movement of the apparatus by means of ……….. [this part is missing from the originals text]

The treatment of the metallic pieces of the motor is renewed in proportion to the travel of the apparatus, the speed could be as much as 1000 Km per hour.

Rota and electrogravitation

This page presents the main historical documents attesting to the efforts of Louis Rota in his research concerning electrogravitation.

1. Electrogravitation according to Rota, in 1913

In 1913, Rota filed a patent application for a "Method and apparatus for maintaining a body suspended in the atmosphere, based on electric and magnetic forces."

This patent application does not in fact contain any element allowing us to understand or reproduce the desired effect, namely keeping a body levitating or "slowing down its fall". Rota claims to power his device with “an electric current”.

A few years later, he built prototypes using "electrical energy not to be confused with the calorific ampere or eddy currents" to overcome gravity.

2. Electrogravitation in 1914

In 1914, electrogravitation was a reality, as evidenced by the photo of Wilson Churchill attending a demonstration of inventor Emile Bachelet's prototype. (Patent US1020942 “LEVITATING TRANSMITTING APPARATUS).

The speed reached by the vehicle was around 480 km/h (300 miles/h). Scientists and railway operators then flock from all over the world to see this demonstrator. The press speaks of a “flying train”

However, it was necessary to wait a century before the first commercial application could be achieved: the MAGLEV (Magnetically Levitating train).

At the beginning of the 20th century, it is therefore understandable that the article below on the front page of Le Matin of September 13, 1915 went around the world, even if the principle of the invention proposed by Louis Rota was in fact of a very different and more like science fiction.

The Morning Front Page  ( September 13, 1915 )

On the front page of this daily, an article on a sensational discovery by Louis Rota. Unfortunately, the article does not give any details regarding the "experiments carried out which have already given results". The archives of French newspapers from this period do not contain any other source of information.

Marseille, September 13. - From the private correspondent of “Matin” - Currently living in our city is an Italian engineer who is said to have made an astonishing discovery by solving the problem of the absolute immobility of a body in space.

Professor Louis Rota - that's his name - is said to have invented a device which, triumphing over the law of gravitation, could remain motionless in the air at a height of five hundred, six hundred, or even a thousand meters, and would be capable of supporting considerable weight.

We could give this device prodigious speed in any direction and stop it at any point. All this, of course, without any mechanical motor of any kind, simply by using radio waves.

The principle of this invention would be based on a special distribution of electric and magnetic forces, making it possible to obtain reactions of repulsion and attraction sufficient to keep the device suspended, immobile at a height varying from 400 to 1,000 meters for several hours, forty at most. In the event of winds not exceeding fourteen meters per second, the device remains at the same point. In stronger winds, it moves in a vertical direction, rises above the air current and resumes its immobility.

Jacques Martial, editorial secretary of Le Petit Marseillais, met Louis Rota in his workshop and published an article in "Le Petit Marseillais" on September 12, 1915.

This experienced journalist faithfully reports his meeting with Louis Rota in his laboratory, but did not attend a demonstration of the device...

5. Aero Radio Ballistics in England

What happened after September 13, 1914? According to Layman's articles, reported by Mike Watson:

"During the war of 1914-18, the Paris laboratory was invaded and vandalized by people apparently wanting 'its secret'. Rota himself was injured. He was then invited to London."

We do not know the exact details, but Rota left France to work for the British Admiralty, notably on the military application of electric waves. Patent applications confirm that in 1917 Rota lived in Teddington, a suburb of London.

The archives of the English press also contain several articles mentioning Rota's work and the creation of a company to develop his inventions.

The Daily Herald ( January 11, 1922 )

A company is about to be launched to work on the invention of a very great but little-known scientist, whose discovery, if it lives up to his claims, will literally revolutionize the world. This fact was revealed to me yesterday (writes a DAILY HERALD correspondent) by two financiers in their office in the City of London. This invention, I am told, can cause battleships, submarines, planes and cannons to crumble into dust as soon as a government gives the order to move them.

This was only the beginning of the wonder. The mysterious force about to be placed at the service of man would immensely accelerate travel, transportation and communications, whether by land, water or air, reduce the cost of all kinds of manufacturing and improve all domestic and social amenities.

For example, a shipment of mail or goods could be sent across the Atlantic by upper air, without a human aboard the craft, at speeds of 10 to 400 miles per hour. The ship would rise vertically to the prescribed height, move horizontally in a predetermined direction, and fall gently and punctually to its destination.

The wireless message, sent from inexpensive or elaborate stations, would travel any distance, free from any danger of dissipation or confusion, and with absolute confidentiality between sender and recipient.

The nature of all mineral and oil deposits in any part of the world and their depth and volume will be accurately determined without digging so many wells.

The current rushing through the air will provide the owner with cheaper, safer, and brighter lighting than he ever ventured to desire.

New power for every industry will first make coal, steam, oil, and electricity more efficient, and then eliminate them altogether.

Within 18 months, I was told, and with undertones of conviction, the enterprise will be up and running and a spectacular demonstration will convince the world that all these wonders, and more, can be accomplished.

The secret is "telluric currents", and the discoverer is a young scientist, Professor L. V. Rota. The existence of these currents, which emanate from the earth (hence their name) has been suspected by other scientists. Lord Kelvin, shortly before his death, declared their reality. Professor Rota claims to be the first to discover and record them.

We can also describe them as "molecular force", force", and they should not be confused, says the professor, with Ampère's thermoelectric currents or with Eddy currents.

It is the study of these telluric currents, in their nature, their intensity and their direction, which is supposed to open up possibilities of such great importance for the future of humanity.

As a preliminary demonstration, Professor Rota, then living in Marseille, constructed a 17-foot-long cigar-shaped device with a diameter of 30 inches and convinced some newspaper correspondents that this device could remain suspended motionless in the air for 24 hours, carrying considerable weight and propelled or stopped without the aid of any mechanical motor.

The Daily Mirror ( 20 September 1921 )


La Patrie Creole #4447 ( October 30, 2015 )

A Sensational Discovery

From the Little Marseillais:
A friend said to me recently: "There is in Marseille, at the moment, an Italian engineer who is perfecting a truly sensational discovery, an invention that is almost marvelous.

And as I smiled – you always remain skeptical when you are told about an extraordinary Invention – he added:

"Here is his address, go see him, he will receive you with the greatest pleasure. I would like to tell you first that it does not solicit capital, advertising or advertising. He has unlimited credits at his disposal, the source of which I cannot tell you; the experiences already made are convincing and, before long, all the press will be talking about him without him taking any action. Go to his house, you will thank me."

And he gave me the inventor's card: Professor Louis Rota, 35, cours Lieutard. It was a bit of a forced card. But, really, I didn't regret my visit. So what did Mr. Rota invent? A device which has overcome the law of gravitation, which can first be held motionless in the air, at a height of 500, 600 or 1,000 meters, capable of carrying with it a weight of 10 kilos, at which we can then produce a prodigious speed in the direction we want, and stop it at the point we want. All this, of course, without a mechanical motor of any kind, simply through the use of electricity and electric waves. Isn't it quite wonderful?

On what was the principle of this invention established? we ask Mr. Rota.

"The principle of the invention is based on an apparatus allowing, by means of a special distribution of electric and magnetic forces, to obtain reactions of repulsion and attraction on the magnetic and electric forces of the earth and the atmosphere, which reactions allow. to keep the device suspended and motionless in the air at a height of four hundred to a thousand meters. It can remain like this for several hours in proportion to its volume and weight, and up to forty hours. In case of current not exceeding fourteen meters per second, it remains at the same point. In case of stronger current, it moves,  but in a vertical direction and up to the top of the current.

"The device is built for the use you want to make of it, depending on the duration of action you want to obtain. The first was a cylinder one meter high, with a total weight of ten kilos; the second, two meters high, weighing thirty kilos, began to give some satisfaction, during experiments which took place in Flapies.

"The current device is shaped like a cigar 4 meters long, 75 centimeters in diameter and weighing 95 kilos. It will be able to remove a weight of 45 kilos and remain consecutively twenty-four hours in the air, with a movement of 200 kilometers from the starting point. On the central casing are the regulators which drive the device in the desired direction without any current being able to deviate it from its route. We could go from Marseille to Paris (635 kilometers, in a direct line) in three hours; from Paris to Turin (585 kilometers), in two hours and forty hours. In thirty hours, we can go from England to North America. We will easily obtain a speed of 250 kilometers per hour."

In a few words, Mr. Rota has solved the difficult and incredible problem of the absolute immobility of a body in space, the suppression of currents, parasitic or wandering waves; he discovered a special and new materialization of the wave that he can direct at his will and in all its intensity.

We repeat, the discovery will have a considerable impact and we hope that the experiments that Mr. Rota plans to carry out shortly, in Marseille, will be definitive.

It should be added that this invention can have consequences of extreme importance applied to the transport of letters or small packages, or other materials via. Berlin?
-- Jacques MARTIAL.

Procede et Appareil pour Maintrnir un Corps en Suspension dans l'Atmosphere...

Method and apparatus for maintaining a body suspended in the atmosphere, based on electric and magnetic forces.

MM. Louis ROTA and Georges MILIENNE
Published October 13, 1920

In principle, the invention has for its object an apparatus in which the electric and magnetic forces are distributed under conditions that respond to electrical and magnetic forces of the atmosphere and the earth and the effect of these reactions (repulsions) maintains the unit suspended in the atmosphere or ensures the apparatus falls very slowly.

In the construction of the apparatus, the active or active part is performed through metal conductors good of electricity such as silver, copper, iron soft, and so on, while the other pieces are made of wood, aluminum or other lightweight materials.

Drawings in the annex, gave the apparatus cylindrical shape, but it might give any other suitable shape with the purpose of the apparatus.

Fig. 1 shows a elevation of the device with parties cutting and
Fig. 2 shows a plan of the aircraft cut by X-X in Fig. 1.

The body of the apparatus consists of a vertical closed cylinder with two [ funds ] 1, with bells  overhead, each of which holds a central rod 2.

The cylinder, at his height, is divided into three sections 3, 4, 5, isolated from one another by insulating rings 6, 7, tip to follow the ends of Part 4, Parts 3 and 5 being similar and arranged symmetrically around the other of Part 4.

The cylinder is constituted by amounts 8, variable number following the magnitude of the device, which support envelopes metallic circles 9, 10, 11 constituted by thin sheet metal disks. These discs are represented in 12, 13, 14.

Concentrically in parts 3 and 5 of the central cylinder and discs 12 and 14, are metallic envelopes 15, 16 in thin sheets of metal maintained by reinforcements 17, 18 linked by 19 to central tie rods 2. Led armatures 17, 18 ties and 19 are led by the son of rolled copper manner has constituent solenoids, which are powered by a current source of electricity 20, battery or other generators inside the central part 4 of the central cylinder. The current could also come by electrical waves on a wire.

The frames 17 and 18 and central pole 2 are external magnetic masses 21 forming electro-magnets.

In operation, the disc 13 will be the seat of a positive field and discs 12 and 14 will be the seat of a negative field.

Since the electric state of the atmosphere is not stable and can vary, a possibility of change led connections solenoids inducers 17, 18, 19 if necessary, the legal 12 and 14 can be the seat of fields and contrary polarities so that the camera always tells magnetic fields that it is still subject to an attraction from the forces of the electric atmosphere and has a repulsion from the terrestrial magnetism.

2nd Translation :

 ...Three parts 3, 5, insulated from each other by insulating rings 6, 7, stamped to fit the ends of the part, parts 3 and 5 being similar and arranged symmetrically on either side of the part. The cylinder is constituted by uprights 8, in variable number depending on the size of the device, which support circular metal envelopes 9, 10, 11 constituted by thin sheets of a good conductive metal.

These metal envelopes are each attached to a thin metal disc. These discs are represented in 12, 10, Concentrically in parts 3 and 5 in the construction of the device, the active or acting part is made by means of metals which are good conductors of electricity such as silver, copper, soft iron, etc., while the other parts are made of wood, aluminum or any other light materials.

In the attached drawing, we have given the device the cylindrical shape, but we could give it any other shape that suits the purpose of the device.

Fig. 1 shows an elevation of the apparatus with sections in section and Fig. 2 shows a plan view of the apparatus cut by X-X of fFg. 1.

The body of the device consists of a vertical cylinder closed and provided with two bottoms , with projecting edges, which each hold a central rod 2.

The cylinder, on its height, is divided into central cylinder, and. integral with the discs 12 and are mounted metal envelopes 15, 16 made of thin sheets of good conductive metal and these envelopes are held by frames 17, 18 connected by crosspieces 19 to the central rods a.

The armatures 17, 18 and the crosspieces 19 are wound with copper wires so as to constitute solenoids, which are supplied with current by a source of electricity 20, battery or other generator, placed inside the central part 55 of the central cylinder. 

 The armatures 17 and 18 as well as the central rods 2 externally carry magnetic masses 5 2 forming electromagnets. In operation, disk i3 will be the seat of a positive field and disks 12 and 1 the seat of a negative field.

Given that the electrical state of the atmosphere is not stable and can vary, a device has been provided on the device allowing the connections of the inductor solenoids 17, 18, 19 to be changed so as to so that, if necessary, the disks 12 and 1 can be the seat of fields of opposite polarities and so that the device always presents magnetic fields such that it is always subject to an attraction of the part of the electrical forces of the atmosphere and a method and apparatus for maintaining a body in suspension in the atmosphere and which consists of producing, in thin and good conductive sheets and suitably arranged magnets which the apparatus carries, magnetic fields , reversible at will, and of directions such that they are subject to an attraction on the part of the atmosphere and a repulsion on the part of the earth.

The necessary current will be supplied by a battery or other generator mounted in the device or even by a conductive wire or electric waves.