Alchemy Index

A Lexicon of Alchemy



A ~ B ~ C ~ D ~ E ~ F ~ G ~ H ~ I ~ J ~ K ~ L ~ M ~ N ~ O ~ P ~ Q ~ R ~ S ~ T ~ U ~ V ~ W ~ X ~ Y ~ Z ~ Supplement


TABAISIR --- i.e., Ashes, Orpine; an Arabic term.


TABELLAE --- Crossed Boards.

TABERGETA --- i.e., Bleaching.

TABULA --- A Screen.

TABULA FERREA --- is a Hemispheric Instrument with Furrows or Cavities for receiving the Overflow in Testing and Assaying.

TABULATA FOLLIUM --- The Boards of the Bellows.

TAL --- Peacocks' Slime, Alkali.

TALCUM or TALC --- A Transparent Material, Brilliant; similar to those Pearls called Unio, or to the Onion, as it is composed of many layers, and is of flaky nature. There are four species-white, yellow, black, and red.

TALC --- Cocted Wine.

TALK --- is White like Gypsum, and is therefore called Spar-plaster, Mortar, Magnesian Limestone, etc.

TALPA or TULAXIS --- A Mole, Rat.

TARITH or RUSCIA --- is Mercury.

TARO --- i.e., the Resin or Oil called Lentiscum.

TARGAR --- i.e., Oil of Juniper.

TAIN --- Armenian Bolus, which see.

TARTAR --- i.e., Tartarum.

TARTARUS --- is Calculus of Wine, called Wine-stone by similitude, the stone, or deposit, which cleaves to the sides of vessels. Paracelsus uses it for stone in the bladder or kidneys, or the albuminous deposit in the other members which causes gout.

TALCUM --- is believed to be a word of Arabic origin, signifying little sparkling Stars, and it is given by metallurgists to the stone which is composed of layers or flakes, and which is always impervious to fire. Some of these stones are white, dense, and fragile, like Selenite or Moonstone; some have a green light, and are flexible, though very dense. Such are found in the mines of Misnia. There are other species which seem to consist of sparkling Scales, and can be dissolved in water. These are Catsilver or Talc.

TASSUS --- i.e., A Worm in the Entrails.

TEFRA or KONIS --- Ash.

TEGULA --- A Mufle [chemical term].

TEGULA FORNICATA --- is an Earthen Vessel; vessel of oblong shape, designed as a cover for other vessels to protect the matter, and through which ventilation is also secured. There are several variations in the details of its construction.

TELON --- As it were, a Dart of Fire.


TEMPERATURA PRIMA --- The First Degree of Heat.

TEMPERATURA SECUNDA --- The Second Degree of Heat.

TEMPERATURA TERTIA --- The Third Degree of Heat.

TEMPERAMENTUM --- is anything which softens the inherent nature of a substance, and puts a curb thereon, by admitting another nature, as Burnt Wine, Ardent Water, etc.

TENACITAS GLUTINIS --- A Mineral Resin or Balsam, as that of the Terebinth is a Tree Resin.

TENTA --- A Plug of Lint that is put into wounds; a small Spiral Cylinder of Scraped Linen, Rags for Moistening, a Cylinder of Split Lint.

TENUM --- A Substance used by Cobblers. ? Cobblers' Wax.

TERAGOLINIEM --- i.e., Composed by the Hand:

1. White, Slimy Earth, which contains Petrified Shells.

2. White, Soapy Earth, Fuller's Earth.

3. Very White Earth of Milos, celebrated by the ancients.

4. White Lemnian Earth or Stamped Earth. Ours is adulterated. The genuine is from Lemnos.

5. Grey, Slimy Earth.

6. Greasy, Soft, Ash-like Julian Earth.

7. Ashy Ultramarine Earth of Eretria, used in Medicine.

8. Earth of Patavina, containing Lazuli; clods of it are found in fields. When broken, there is a very white, soft, crumbling earth in the centre, which soon changes colour under the influence of the air, and turns blue.

9. Grey Spanish Earth, out of which Melting Vessels are made.

10. Grey Irish, avoided by all venomous animals. There is said to be a specimen in Suevia.

11. Very rare Giselan, Grey, of which Vessels are made, which exude new Wine and other liquids.

12. Thick, Greyish Waldenberg, of which they made Vases, which do not absorb moisture, and are used to hold Aquafortis.

13. Grey, Hard, and Crustaceous, of which they make Kettles, etc., in Italy.

14. Grey Anneberg, mixed with Potters' Rubrica.

15. Crumbling, Violet-brown, Juliacensis.

16. Manufactured Saponaceous, used for Washing Clothes.

17. Green Saponaceous of Thuringia, near Biehlingum.

18. Yellow, Slatey Earth.

19. Like Ochre, from which Lead is smelted, at Ilmena.

20. Tripoli Earth.

21. Alana, from the country of the Alani, now called Valachi.

22. Red, Sandy, Metallic, in Aldenberg; the slightest touch stains the hands.

23. Hard, Red, in the Copper Mines of Islebia, and called Red, etc.

24. The same, Red and Crumbling.

25. Red, Soft, Scissile, Waldenberg, not unlike a vein of minium.

26. Red, Stony, Rodicensian, with which Marl is cut out.

27. Earth in which a species of Mined Cadmia is found.

28. Soft, Greasy, Dull red Juliacensian, with which Bolus is dug out.

29. Black Bituminous Earth.

30. Terra Ampelitis, used by doctors and vine dressers.

31. Pacodian Earth, also medicinal.

32. Crumbling, similar to Scales, and out of which Iron is Smelted.

33. Lemnian or Stamped, the most medically celebrated of all Earths.

34. Earth from which Tiles are made.

35. Nitrous Thuringian Earth, which in many places occurs on the surface of the land.

36. Aluminous Misnensian, of various colours, but chiefly Ochrine and Ferruginous.

37. Grey Aluminous Misnensian, which shines like Pyrites in a few instances.

38. Atramental or Cuprine Earth.

39. Sulphureous Earth.

40. Carbonaceous from the Belgian and Misnensian Turfs, which are used in place of Coal. In Antwerp it is called Durff; in Misnensia, Dorpte; it is useful in places where wood is scarce, and in some operations of smelting.

TEREHINTHIA --- i.e., Resin.

TERENIABIN --- The Fat of Manna, Wild Honey, approaching black, a deposit from the Air, and not from bees; it is found upon grass, trees, and herbs, and it is as sweet as true honey. It is found largely during the summer months-June, July, August. The ancients call it Threr.

TERDINE --- The Herb Angelica.

TERRA MELIA --- This is the Terra Melina of Pliny, a kind of natural white colour, of which the best quality was found at Melos. Because at the present day it is brought from Tripoli of Syria, it is called the Stone of Tripoli. There is also an oil, an unguent, a species of quince, and an herb, called Apiastrum, to which the term Melinus is applied. It is found at Hildesheim in Saxony, and gives forth a smoke or vapour when touched. It has little of the quality of a stone, for it is soft, crumbling, and easily dissolved.

TERRA AMPELITUS --- A kind of Resinous Earth, found at Seleucia in Syria, and very similar to Bitumen. Pliny (1. 35, c. 16) tells us that it was the custom to cover vines with it for the destruction of vermin, and hence its name. It has affinity with coal, and uniform brilliance, is dissolved by oil, and has a cooling and dispersing quality in medicine. The black is commended by Pliny and Dioscorides, who disparage the grey and white varieties, which do not dissolve in moisture. It is called by the Germans Black Chalk.

TERRAE --- There are certain earths which are found in mines, which from their colour seem a species of clay, but are distinguished therefrom by their dryness. Some qualities are white, some black, some are like Pnigitis, others like a slime, others again are ochrine in colour, others reddish, purple, or like Sandarac. There are green, grey, and blue varieties. White Earth bears various names, according to its specific nature and the place where it is found. It seldom occurs in metallic mines, but is found in mines of its own. There is, however, as it were, a marrow, or pith, of rock which is found in mines, and is of white colour. It is called by the Germans Lithomarge, and is like the marrow in the bones of animals. It is not so moist as clay, nor of such a stick fatness or greasiness. It is sometimes found hard and dry. It is found at Jena in Thuringia, and Hercynia ; there it is white, crumbly, and hardened. It is used as a powder by boys to dry blots in writing. There is a variety in Saxony which is similar to Alabaster.

TERRA LEMNIA--- Under the heading of Rubrics, we have already made extended reference to this earth, which in fact is a species of Rubrica, in colour similar to Minium. It is also the Sigillated Earth of Avicenna, which was stamped by the priests of Diana with the image of Diana, and was sacred to her. It was stamped also with the image of a goat, as we have already said, and was sprinkled with goats' blood. Thus sprinkled, as we may learn from Galen, it was supposed to possess the highest medicinal qualities. Scarcely any true Lemnian Earth now reaches us because of the jealousy of the Turks, to whom Lemnia is now subject. Cretan Earth is used largely as a substitute. There is also an adulterated material from Italy which is sold as an antidote to poison. The Emperor of the Turks holds the mines of Lemnos, and sends some of it by his ambassadors with great ceremony to our own Emperor as a protection against poison and plague. It is supposed to abound especially at the base of that mountain in Lemnos where Vulcan was said to have his forge. Nicander informs us that it is a special antidote to lethal poisons. Galenus, Pliny, Serapion, Paulus and Avicenna may all be consulted as to its nature and virtues. Platearius calls it Aromatic Calx, Argent Earth, and Saracenic Earth. He also warns his readers that it can be easily sophisticated. But every kind of pastille which I have beheld is of a pallid quality because of its combination with earth, and I have not seen any that correspond in appearance to Minium, as Pliny affirms. It is a fitting thing that man, who was created by God out of a red earth, should find in a red earth his best antidote for poison.

There is also the white and red Sigillated Earth of His Majesty the Emperor, which is stamped with the impression of a scorpion, and is composed by our own Lord, but must yield in the matter of its virtues to the Turkish Lemnian Earth.

TERRA ERE TRIADES --- Dioscorides enumerates two species, White and Grey. It is Earth of Eretria in the island of Eubcea, and was used in medicines and painting. The grey was considered to be the finer quality. Its species, its qualities, its appearance, and the methods of its preparation are described by Pliny (l. 35, c. 16). It is found in the potteries of Saxony, and on the banks of such rivers as the Elbe.

TERRA SAMIA --- was also duplex according to Dioscorides. It is an Earth of that island of the Ionian Sea, which is very near Ionia, and opposite Ephesus. This earth was very good, and very celebrated. It had the highest healing qualities, and was equally excellent for the manufacture of vases, which were made in great numbers at Samos. They were so hard that they could be used for cutting other substances. The two species of Saurian Earth were:

1. White, Light, adhering like a gluten to the tongue when touched by it. Soft, Sappy, and Crumbling. Some call it Collyrion.

2. Hard, Crustaceous, very dense and close. We ourselves have a species of Samian Earth which is obtained from potteries in the neighbourhood of Hierichunt, not far from the Elbe.

TERRA CHIA --- is White and Crustaceous; it is like Samian Earth, both in appearance and quality, as Dioscorides and Pliny inform us. It is exceedingly good for the skin, and may be used as a detergent substitute for Nitre in baths. Women are supposed to be especially benefited by it. This earth is found in many parts of Saxony, particularly in the mines near the town of Belzick.

TERRA SELINUSIA --- has the same nature as the two preceding earths, especially the Brilliant, White, or Milky, and Crumbling species. This is on the authority of Pliny and Dioscorides. It is used as a plaster or whitewash for walls.

TERRA CIMOLIA --- Of this there are two species, according to Dioscorides --- one white, the other approaching transparency. The best has an inherent greasiness, and is cold to the touch. It has a cooling, restraining, and expelling quality. This earth was formerly well known not only to doctors but to basketmakers and silver smelters. It is called Argent Earth. Celsus praises it, and says it is of subcerulean colour. Consult Serapion. Under the name of Tenchi rrzolea there seem to have been several varieties of earths included, and the opinions concerning them have varied. There is a Spanish variety which is black ; there is also one of greenish colour, and some suppose it to have been that sandstone on which swords were sharpened. But here, as elsewhere, when we have no actual knowledge, we presume to speak nothing that is definite.

TERRA RUBEA --- Armenian Bolus.

TERRA AURI --- Gold Litharge.

TERRA ARGENTI --- Silver Litharge.


TERRA HISPANICA --- i.e., Vitriol.

TERRA FOETIDA --- i.e., Sulphur.

TERRA CLIVULI --- i.e., Step cut in the Rock.

TERRA FERRUGINEA --- Earth containing Iron.

TERRA FERE LUTEA --- Slimy Earth.

TERRA SIGILLATA --- Red-coloured Earth.

TERRA FIGULA --- Potters' Earth.

TERRA RUBEA --- i.e., Orpiment.

TERRA FOLIATA --- Leaves, Mecurial Water, wherein Gold is sown. Mirerius says that it is Mercury which collects in the Aludel, in order that water may be again poured upon it. Therefore, says Hermes, sow thy Gold in Terra Foliata. It is the spiritual water. The white Terra Foliata is the crown of victory spiritual water extracted from ashes of other bodies.

TESTA --- Bloom (metallurgic term).

TESTA --- any Baked Earthen Vessel.

TESTUDO --- Sea Spume, Meerschaum.

TESTUDO --- A Slug or Snail.

THAMATICA --- An Art by which those Machines are Invented which are driven by Air or Water-power.

THAPHNEUS --- A Cleansed and Purged Medicine, a Preparation of Arsenic (?).

THEBAYCO --- Copper.


THERIACA --- Poison, Ferment, Matter of the Stone.

THIMIA --- The Vessel by which we make a Descending Distillation.

THISMIA --- The Bearing or Direction of the Vein.

THRACIAS --- North-west.

THUCIA --- Calamine.

THUCIOSI --- Living Sulphur.

THYITES --- A Stone which takes its name from mortars, now unknown. Dioscorides says that it is of semi-green colour, and comes from Ethiopia. He cites little from other authors about it. Some say that it is the Stone Lyncis, which see.

TIFACOUM --- Quicksilver.


TIGILLA --- Lining Timbering.

TIGILLA TERETIA --- Stakes over props of platforms.

TIGILLA TRANSVERSARIA --- Grain of the Wood.


TIGILLA ALLIIS TIGILLIS IN TERRA DEFOSSIS IMMISSA --- Pile-driving, Stakes set one over the other in the Earth.

TIGNA --- A Drawing Cage [mining term].

TIGNA IN FRONTE ET TERGO PUTEI COLLOCATA --- A Windlass Tree, used for Wells.

TIGNA IN TERRA DEFOSSA --- Seats for Workmen.

TIGNA LONGISSIMA --- A Stringing Plank.

TIGNA OBLIQUE DESCENDENTIA --- Tiebands, Stripe, Hoop.

TIGNA STATUTA --- Baluster.


TIGNUM --- A Column.


TIGNUM MOBILE --- A movable Column.

TIGNA PER INTERVALLA LOCATA --- Props for supporting the perpendicular beams in mines.

TIGNA HUMI STRATA --- Stakes Set in the Ground.

TIGNUM BREVE --- A kind of Wedge.

TIN, TIFATUM --- Sulphur.

TINCKAR --- i.e., Band of Gold, i.e., Borax.

TINGERE --- To Tinge is to Change the Nature.

TINGIREN --- Tinging and Transmuting.

TINKAR --- is the Green of the Ore, or Water made out of Salt.

TILETTEN --- Iron Plates.

TINCTURA --- That which Penetrates and Permeates Bodies with its Colour, as Saffron does Water.

TINCTURA --- Tincture is a Specific Arcanum, having a certain essence, qualities, and forms, and also a colour, which it can impart, and so, as it were, infuse its own appearance into a substance. If this Tincture be properly developed, it will have the consistency and perspicuity of a most tenuous nature, just as the air is perspicuous, pure, and coloured in a certain way, transparency not interfering with the possession of colour. So also it can exist a long time without depositing a sediment. When so developed, it will impart an unchanging and persisting quality to a thing in proportion to its capacity for receiving it. And so in medicine, it conduces, above all, to the restoration of health, and the confirmation and strengthening thereof. By its high potency, it may be fitly said to be a renovator, acting upon every member, the blood, the spirit, and the vital heat.

Tincture is of two kinds --- open and brought out. The first spontaneously manifests on the surface, and frequently takes place in metals.

That which is brought out is produced from the centre to the surface, and is extracted. There is in many substances a latent virtue or colour, which is called potential, and is to be developed by processes of exaltation, before it is extracted. Most noble are the tinctures of metals, and there are those also which are found in the investigation of vegetable natures.

TIPSARIA --- i.e., Water of Barley.

TITAR --- Unknown.

TITANOS --- i.e., Calx from Gypsum.


1. Topaz.

2. A Dark Topaz.

TOPAZION --- A Gem, first found in the Arabian Island of Chitus, when certain pirates, pressed by hunger and driven by tempest, dug up herbs and roots therein. Or it is named after the cloudy island of the Red Sea, which navigators gators sought so often, and which they therefore called Topazion, which signifies to seek in the tongue of the Troglodytes. From this island, on the testimony of Pliny, was the Topaz first brought by the Egyptian queen, Berenice. But some say that it was found originally in the Thebaid. A pallid species exists in Hungary. There are also certain fluors in our mines, of a mud-colour, which are not unlike Topaz. Pliny distinguishes two species of Topaz: the Prazoin and the Chrysepteron, like to the Chrysopras. Albertus, Evax, and others, speak of a Golden variety, which even exceeds Gold in the depth of its colour. It is said to check lust, and to make men chaste and full of life.


1. Grey-white Pumice Stone.

2. Theophus, which is rarer.

3. Thuringian, which is found in the Helba, and is thrown up abundantly on the banks. It is used as a cement for walls, and is of grey colour.

4. Stones which are found in the beds of thermal springs, similar to Thophis (unknown).

5. Stones found in channels of aqueducts, more solid than Thophis.

6. A kind of Stalactite Stone.

7. White Misnian Rabschicius, from which calx is burnt.

8. White, fistulous Stone of Misenus.

9. The same, but like grapes on the surface.

10. White Crustaceous Misenian.

11. White Misenian, full of shells.

12. White Misenian, with impressions of oak and alder leaves.

13. Very hard, chestnut-coloured, from the warm springs of the Carolines.

14. Yellow, also from the channels of warm springs.

15. The same, but found pendent like stalactite.

16. A deposit on everything that is left in water.

17. Yellow-coloured, pallid, globular Stones from the thermal springs of the Carolines.

18. Smooth, yellow, and so perfectly round that they would seem to have been made by art.

19. Orange.

20. Purple.

21. Chestnut brown.

22. Green.

23. Yellow, with a smooth surface.

24. Like pulse in size, shape, and colour; found in the springs of the Carolines.

25. Very like Coriander Seed.

TORREFACTOR --- A Roaster.

TORUSCULA --- is an Erudition of Resin from the Pine Tree.

TRACHSAR --- is every Metal in its own Ore.



TRANSUDATIO --- If in descending distillation an essence drawn forth should sweat out, it is received by drops into a proper vessel. The focus is above, round the ergastulum, whence it is said to be acted on by a circular fire. It is performed in a descending furnace, with a descending bath, etc.

TRANSVERSUM --- Cross-wise.

TRARARMES --- The Acts of Shades and Spectres who are invisible, but can nevertheless be heard.

TRICA or TICA --- Good.

TRICOR --- Gold.

TRIFERTES --- Spirits Inhabiting the Element of Fire.

TRIGIAS --- i.e., Tartarum Trigia, i.e., Refuse.

TRIGONUM --- is the Fourfold Transmutation of Astral Spirits, according to the number of the four elements ; each reigns for two hundred years. When an igneous trigonum begins for a superior planet its conjunction takes place in a fiery sign, so long as this igneous trigonum endures, and so for the rest.

TRIPES --- An Iron Vessel for the reception of a Matter when Heated.

TRIPUS --- A Three-legged Stool.

TRITORIUM --- The ordinary Funnel, a Transmitting Vessel, broad at the top, and having a handle attached to it.

TROCHLEA --- A Pulley.

TRONUS and TRONOSIA --- Celestial Dew, born of Air, very sweet, thick, tenacious, good smelling, generated in whiteness out of the Mercury of a middle region, separated from all Salt and Sulphur; it falls in spring and summer, and is found sticking to the leaves of trees.

TRULLA --- A Trowel.

TRUPHAT --- That Mineral Virtue which brings every Metal to its own stage of development.

TUBEL --- is the Scale or part given off in hammering from any metal on the anvil.

TUBULI --- Little Tubes.

TUMBABA, TIMPABAR, CAPAPIUM, THION --- Names of Living Sulphur.

TUMBALUM --- i.e., Rubel. ? Red, or a kind of Vine.

TUMBIL --- i.e., Earth.

TURBA MAGNA --- is the Innumerable Multitude of the Stars of the Firmament of Heaven; a Presage of all those things which are done in the worlds of the four elements.

TURBITH MINERALS --- is Mercury without any Corrosive, precipitated in a sweet state.

TURPETHUM --- is a Specific Fixed Coagulate, whence all impurities have been extracted; also whatever is endowed with an unconquerable volatility; it is found separated in the bottom of the vessel, and is obtained chiefly from minerals. The term appears to be of Arabic origin, and signified either the Cortex or Bark of the herb Fennel-green or Southern-wood, or else the Root thereof. It was afterwards applied to Medicine prepared from herbs of the genus Tithymalus, which includes Spurge or Sea-lettuce. But in the present connection, the term is applied not in things vegetable, but in the mineral kingdom.

TURSIET --- Armenian Salt.

TUTIA --- Calamine, Katimia.

TYMPANUM --- A Basket.

TYMPANUM QUOD EX FUSIS CONSTAT --- Machine-work, Motive-power, Gear.


ULCUS AESTIOMENUM --- A Cancerous Abscess.

ULPHI, UFFI, INSI --- A Specimen of the Stone. See Morien, fol. 34.

ULPHA, LAPSATURA --- Ore left unbaked by the Furnace.

ULRACH --- Dragon's Blood.

ULYSSIPONA --- The Herb Serpentaria; most serviceable in Colic.

UMBILICUS VENERIS --- is a Stone or Gem, sometimes of a dull-red, sometimes white or purple. It is called the Navel of Venus, being flat on one side, while the other is rounded after the manner of the belly of a beautiful girl, and has lines like the snail-shell encircling it. The Germans, having regard to its shape, which is like that of the horse-bean, and to the place whence it comes, denominate it Sea-bean, for it is found among shells on the sea-shore. It is said to conciliate the favour of girls; it improves their figure, increases their beauty, wins love for them, and is serviceable in their special complaints.

UMBRA --- Shadow, Red Earth.

UMBRAGINES --- Pygmies.

UMBRATILES, or UMBRATILIA CORPORA --- Phantasmal Apparitions which appear to men under a changing guise, by means of the hidden stellar potencies. Such are the lemures, etc. Phantoms of this kind are the production of magical power.

UNCAM --- Quicksilver.

UNCIA --- An Ounce.

UNDAE --- Aerial or Terrene Spirits.

UNGOSA --- The Excrements of Men and Cattle.


UNGULA --- A Disease of the Eye.

UNITAS TRITHEMII --- The Reduction of the Triad into the Monad by the Subtraction of the Duad. It is supernatural and spagyrical, the foundation of the search into abstruse things. From this ultimate division of philosophy transition is accomplished to the primal division by the mediation of moral philosophy.

UNTERRAUCHSTEIN --- A Species of Rock.

UNTERSCHWELLEN --- Another Species of Rock.

URINA --- Resolved Salt, generated in the liver, and expelled through its proper outlet; the superfluous Saline Excrement naturally expelled.


URINA TEXI --- Tartar Water.

URINA VINI --- Vinegar, but the term is also applied to the Urine of persons who are incessant wine-drinkers.

URITUR --- Cinnabar.

USFIDA --- Scoria of Gold.

USIFUR --- Cinnabar from Sulphur and Mercury.

USIFUR or VAFUR --- Some say that it is Minium.

USRUB, URSUB, UZURUP --- Saturn, i.e., Lead.

USURAT --- Tin

UTRES --- Leathern Bottles.

UVA QUERCINA --- A Substance of much importance, yet unknown to the ancients. It is a certain concretion, in the form of a bunch of grapes, which forms in spring under the earth at the roots of oak-trees, originating perchance from a superfluous moisture of the roots. It has a stiptic taste, is outwardly of purple colour, but is white inwardly, and, as it were, milky. In the winter it becomes wood; it should be collected in spring, dried in the shade, and then pulverised. The powder is most efficacious in dysentery; the most desperate cases have I cured with one of these Uva.

UVAE HERMETIS --- Philosophical Water, Distillation, Solution, Sublimation, Calcination, Fixation.

UZIFUR or UZUFAR --- Cinnabar.


VALRAT or ULCAT --- A Leaf.

VAMAS --- The Vinegar of the Philosophers.

VAPOR --- Smoke, Smoke of Mercury.

VAS CRUDUM --- A New Vessel.

VAS FICTILE --- A Potter's Vessel.

VAS METALLICUM --- A Metallic Vessel used in Sublimation ; a Bronze Vessel or Vesica, i.e., Bladder.

VAS MINUS --- A Kobel in which Mined Substances are Extracted.

VASA FUSORIA --- Fusing Vessels, those which contain the matter itself, by the aid of which minerals are melted --- as, for example, a cupel or a crucible.

VECTARII --- Men Working on the Windlass.

VECTES RECTI --- Lines laid for the Truck to travel on.

VECTIS --- A Handle.

VECTIS --- Hooked Handle.

VECTIS --- A Sleeper for a Rail.

VECTORES --- Truck Boys who stand upon the Lines for the Truck.

VEHICULUM --- A Small Wagon.

VENA --- A Seam. A Vein of Metal, or Horizontal Stratum.

VENA CUMULATA --- Mixed Gangues. A Flat Bed.

VENA CONTINUA COHERENS --- An Uninterrupted Vein.

VENA TRANSVERSA --- A Cross-way. A Crossing Vein

VENA USTA --- Roasted Ore.

VENA VENERIS --- Vervain.

VENA PRINCIPALIS --- Champion Lode, Main Lode.

VENA SOLIDA --- A Pure Vein.

VENAE CAPUT --- The Beginning of the Vein.


VENAE DURISSIMAE NONUS --- A Knot of very hard Ore, Mispickel, possibly also Arsenical Pyrites.

VENAE TECTUM --- The Bed over a Horizontal Stratum.

VENAE URERE --- To Roast the Ore.

VENAM, QUA PARTS ABUNDAT METALLO, LUTO OBLINTRE --- The Concealment of the rich part of the Vein with mud, earth or stones.

VENAM TECTI VEL FUNDAMENTI SAXIS ABRUMPERE --- The Separation of the Vein from the Rocks which surround it.

VENARUM FRAGMENTA --- Large Pieces of Ore.

VENENUM --- Venom, Mercurial Stone; the soul kills the king, but because she rises again it is also called Theriaca. Mercury is the poison of all metals; it alters and changes.

VENER --- Mercury, St. Jacob's Pecten.

VENTER EQUI --- Horse Dung.

VENTI --- Spirit.

VENTUS ALBUS --- Mercury.


VENTUS RUBEUS --- Red Orpiment.

VENULA --- A Small Vein, or Fissure, which may be empty or filled with deads.

VENULA FIBRA --- Fissures.

VENUS, or MURPUR --- Copper.

VENUS --- The Impure Stone, the Matter.

VERMICULUM --- Elixir, Tincture.

VERMILION --- Cinnabar, Minium; it may also denote any red colour.

VERNICE --- Dry Varnish.

VERTO --- The Fourth Part of a Pound.

VESICA ---A Metallic Vessel, generally of Copper, having the form of a bladder or egg; it is two or three feet in height, and of corresponding breadth; it has an opening at the top for the reception of an alembic corresponding to its capacity, for the alembic must so exactly fit the orifice of the vessel as to completely close it up, preventing any escape of air. There must be a cover on the top, and from the said cover a tube must project to the height of two or three feet, over which there must be another covering in connection with an ahenum containing cold water, whereby the spirits in the alembic may be elevated, congealed, and condensed. From this cover there must be another tube carried to send down the condensed vapours into a vessel beneath. The use of this bladder in operations upon vegetable substances is by no means to be neglected.

VIA RECREMENTORUM --- Operation upon Refuse.

VICARIUS DOMINI --- The Representative of the Master of the Mine.

VINUM CORRECTUM --- Rectified Wine, Alcohol of Wine.

VINUM ESSATUM --- That which Attracts the Essences of Herbs, and other Substances, upon which it is poured.

VILTRUM PHILOSOPHORUM --- The Alembic; it is entirely covered up in a woollen sleeve, like that of Hippocrates, or like the lingula through which liquids are clarified.

VIRIDE AERIS --- Greek, or Spanish, Green, i.e., Verdigris.

VIRIDITAS SALIS --- Liquor, or Oil of Salt.

VIRGULA FURCATA --- A Forked Stick, a Divining Rod, by which some imagine that they can discover where a vein exists.

VISCALEUS, or VISCUS ARBORIS --- Mistletoe, Corylinus.

VISCUS --- Properly Pitch, decocted from the Exuditions of Fissures in Trees.

VISCUS SECUNDIE GENERATIONIS --- A Kind of Blood derived from Salts. Visio-This term is applied to the Supernatural Apparition of Spirits, in some manner or other made visible to human eyes.

VISMAT --- Rude Leprous, Intractible Tin.


VITRI SEL --- Glass Gall.

VITRIFICATIO --- The Burning of Lime and Cinders into Transparent Glass.


VITRIOLUM LIQUEFACTUM or VITRIOLATUM --- Melted Vitriol, is either Liquid Chalcanthum derived from Minera, and needing no further coagulation, or Chalcanthum derived from the Minera of Copper.

VITRIOLUM NOVUM --- White Vitriol; White Galitzen Stone.

VITRIOLUM ROMANUM --- Roman Vitriol, Green Atrament.

VITRUM --- Glass, Sieve, Riddle for Distillation, Grave, Churchyard, because the Stone lies hidden therein, and is driven up and down; also a Prison, because the Bride and Bridegroom are shut in there by force. Therefore it is called the Old Green Lion, because he uses violence.


1. Among European Glass, the best is that of Murana, called Venetian, and compared to Crystal.

2. The most costly Glass of Asia was that of Sareptana, called Sidonian, and compared to Amber by Lucian.

3. Green Recrement of Glass on a White Ground.

4. Red Recrement of Glass.

5. Glass for the Colouring of Metals, Enamel.

VITRUM NIGRUM --- Black Glass, Black Enamel.

VOLANS, or UNQUASI --- Quicksilver.

VOLATILE --- In general, any substance that is very light and ascends easily, like Ash, Dust, etc.

VOMITIVUM --- Any Medicament which purges by means of sickness; an Emetic.

VULCANII or VULCANICI --- The name given to the men who are at work continually by the fire, engaged upon smelting and liquefaction.

VULSELLA --- Fire.

VULTURNUS --- South-East.


XENECHTUM --- is a preservative against pestilence, fastened to the neck, as, for example, Quicksilver Enclosed in a Nut, and the like; another authority regards it as the first Menstrua of a Virgin.

XENECHDON --- According to Paracelsus, is a Tablet of Arsenic, or Arsenic prepared as a Preservative against the Pestilence. Although this composition not only contains Arsenic, but also Toads, Ditany, and other Substances.

XENI NEPHIDEI --- are Spirits who delight to reveal to men the hidden properties of nature.

XISSUM --- is Vinegar.

XISTON --- That is Scraped off Rust.


YARIN, MARIA, or IARIA --- The Flower of Copper.

YDRARGYROS --- that is, Quicksilver.


YELION, YALOS --- Glass.

YC, or YO --- that is, Good.

YGROPISSOS --- that is, Bitumen, or Liquid Pitch, Thin Pitch.

YOMO, YOS, or YN --- that is, Verdigris.

YRIDIS, or PRIDE --- that is, Orpiment.

YRIS --- Iron.

YRIUS, LAGIDES, DASYPUS, GEORICHUS, LEBERIS --- Male Pigmy. If he be fed on diaphoretic diet, his blood will soften or melt glass and flint. The unlearned ascribe this property to the goat. .

YSOPUS --- Theophrastus in his work, Concerning Nature, states: They formerly designated it Ysopus and Ysopaica, an art of smelting and fusing, with which the world cannot easily dispense, since hence proceed all good medicine, art, handicraft, etc.

YSIR --- Every Colour.

YSPAR --- The Same.

YXIR --- Good Medicine.

YSIR --- Powder, the Dry Stone, to be drunk with the Mercurial Water. It is the blackness on the floor.

YCAR --- is Medicine.


ZAFRAN --- that is, the Garden Crocus.

ZAFFABEN --- Puttea Putta.

ZAFFRAN --- that is, Yellow Ochre.

ZAOCEL --- Yew Tree.


ZAIBAR ---Mercury.

ZAIDIR --- Venus, or Verdigris.

ZAUHIRON --- that is, the Oriental Crocus.

ZARAS --- that is, Gold.

ZARFA --- that is, Tin.

ZANDICK --- Foliated Water.

ZARNEC ---Eggs with Fire, Sulphur.

ZARNICH --- that is, Orpiment, called also Zarnec, Zarneck, and Zarne.

ZATANEA --- that is, the Flower of the Pure Lamb, called also Zuccar and Zuccaiar.

ZAUN ---A species of Hedge.

ZEBEB, or CHARA --- that is, Dung.

ZEBD --- Butter.

ZEC --- that is, Draganthum.

ZEFR --- that is, Pitch.

ZEGI, ZET, ZEZI --- that is, Vitriol.

ZEHERECH ALCKAS --- Flower of Copper.

ZEITRABRA --- Fluxional.

ZEMECH ---Lapis Lazuli.

ZERCI --- Vitriol.

ZERTUCK --- The White.

ZENGIFUR, or ZEMASARUM --- that is, Cinnabar.

ZINGAR --- that is, Verdigris, or Flower of Copper.

ZEO --- that is, I Boil.

ZENIUM, ZENII --- Pestles, might also be Hairs, Javelins.

ZEPHENI --- are Small Circles about the extremities of the ears and lips and other parts.

ZECHSTEIN --- A kind of Stone, Limestone.

ZERICUM --- that is, a kind of Arsenic.

ZERIFARI --- that is, Curdled Milk.

ZONCO --- A Cord, Snare, Spring.

ZONNETTI --- Are the Phantastic Bodies of Gnomes.

ZORABA --- that is, Vitriol.

ZERNA --- is an Ulcerated Complaint of the Skin called Impetigo.

ZINIAR --- is Verdigris.

ZINIAT --- is Dough.

ZINC --- is a Metallic Marcasite, a certain composition from four imperfect metals, in which copper predominates.

ZIMAR PHILOSOPHICUM --- Philosophic Zimar, made from Copper.

ZIMEX --- Vitriol from Copper Ore.

ZUITTER, or ZITTER --- From Marcasite.

ZUB, or ZUSN --- that is, Crude Butter.

ZWITTER --- Ore that has been roasted once.

ZYMAR --- that is, Verdigris.

ZYNSER --- The same as Zymar.

A ~ B ~ C ~ D ~ E ~ F ~ G ~ H ~ I ~ J ~ K ~ L ~ M ~ N ~ O ~ P ~ Q ~ R ~ S ~ T ~ U ~ V ~ W ~ X ~ Y ~ Z ~ Supplement

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