Some Remarks on Current Flow in the Mini-MRA
( 12-10-2005 )
There has been much debate on the true measurement of the input power levels in the original MRA and also the Mini-MRA. This will be an effort to clarify the situation, primarily with regard to the Mini-MRA system.
B. The Mini-MRA Circuit Simplified
C. Circuit Operation Remarks
1. While the reactances C1 and L1 are 180° out of phase and thus cancel out, their reactive currents are in phase and form the circulating current, iRe as shown above.
2. Reactive current may be determined by the voltage developed across small sensing resistors, about 3.3 ohms, shown as RS1 and RS2 above. Ohm’s Law is used to determine the circulating current, iRe.
3. Reactive circulating current also flows across the generator input resistance, RG, where it “bucks” VG and depresses it to very low values. The reactive voltage across the winding, L1, in the pulse transformer T-1, is transferred to winding, L1, in the pulse transformer T-1, is transferred to winding, L2, where it now develops real power in the load resistor, RL.
4. The very high reactive circulating current, iRe, is due mainly to the interaction of the special reactances with the Universal G-fields of the Universe, resulting in the “extraction” of energy in the process (see my many reports on this!).
D. Test Results (Scope Measurements)
1. Relatively large circulating currents, iRe, were measured using the voltages developed across the 3.3 ohm resistors at sensing points A and B. These are not line currents being provided by the source generator! At resonance (at an optimum frequency needed by the inductive coil core ferrite properties), the source generator needs to supply only a very small voltage “kick”, which can maintain oscillation at resonance by overcoming smallr esistive losses in the LC elements! This is automatically achieved here in the generator source resistance, RG, where the circulating current, iRe, phases generate “large” voltage drops which “buck” the generator voltage to very low levels of VG. The lower the VG, is a sign that the Mini-MRA is operating at an effective frequency, fo, for optimum power efficiency.
2. The tube generator source and the special IC oscillator circuits used with the Mini-MRA develop an AC signal (as referenced to negative ground levels) as an AC variation in the DC levels of the source output. The generator thus has a dissipative line current level as measured by the reduced VG levels divided by the generator input resistance, RG. This is the real input current drive level, iG, in this type of circuit! The input power is thus VG x iG !
3. A few tests of input drive current levels were made using the Fluke 87 (well outside its guaranteed range) using its lowest AC current range inserted at point X in the simplified circuit shown. These seemed to be about in the same order of magnitude as those as measured with the scope as seen in (2) above! This could have been due to the fact that the sensing resistor (1.5 ohms) in the Fluke 87 tests was essentially at the system ground level, or perhaps the error in the Fluke 87 (well beyond its guaranteed accuracy of but 2 KHz) was not as severe as most would expect? Normally, I did not use the Fluke 87 in Mini-MRA current determinations.
1. It is concluded that the test methods used with the Mini-MRA were valid and true measurements, This was confirmed in part in the many so-called “self-sustaining” modes of operation of the Mini-MRA. Here, a portion of the DC output power was “fed back” to rechargeable batteries powering the IC oscillator driving the Mini-MRA. These tests maintained continuous full operation of the Mini-MRA for 500-1000 hours! When there was no such feedback, the system operated for only 50 or so hours, when the system started to fail due to lack of charge in the batteries!
2. Orthodox testers are claiming only 50% efficiency because they are in error in using high reactive circulating currents measured in sensor RS2 as the generator line current driving the series LC circuit! The question of true input powers will become even more mute when “stand alone” operation is shown to be possible (in the near future?).
3. Finally, a word of caution in the use of magnetized ferrite in MRAs. The Mini-MRA uses only un-magnetized ferrites. Here, the domains may be “flipping”, or at least vibrating in an optimum resonance with a G-field resonance, in a process of “easy” magnetization and demagnetization. In the case of magnetized ferrites, there is a possibility that a massive “demagnetization” may occur, releasing a very large pulse of energy, which may not terminate in the system load, but may reflect back to the system source where it could be very damaging, especially with solid state equipment. Perhaps, this is what McClain and Wootan experienced?