There are three conventional ways to transfer heat: Conduction,
Convection, and Radiation. Now there is a fourth way,
Electrostatic Cooling (ESC), that has been discovered and
patented by Oscar C. Blomgren (Sr. & Jr.) and others.
Negative ion probes are placed near a heated object, which is
grounded. When high voltage is applied, there is a dramatic drop
in temperature. This extremely simple system reduces or
eliminates the need for other methods, and it uses very low
power and is very efficient. It also facilitates heating when
applied in reverse!
by Electrostatic Spray"
Inter-Probe of North Chicago
has patented an electrostatic cooling system that can cause
red-hot metal to cool perceptibly. The system uses negative
terminal probes placed near the heated object, the positive or
ground terminal being attached to the nozzle of the burner.
When high voltage is applied, a stream of ions flows from the
probes towards the heated object and reduces its temperature.
The electrostatic cooling
phenomena has not yet been fully understood. One speculation
for this sudden high rate of heat transfer is that the
resulting ion flow causes surface turbulence, which in turn
breaks down the insulating surface layer between the heated
object and the surrounding air. Another theory is that, since
energy is required to extract electrons from the heated
material, there should be cooling when thermions are emitted.
Voltage Current Extinguishes Flame"
Popular Science Monthly
Fire in a mine is always a
deadly peril. Explosions and cave-ins may block the work of
fire-fighting brigades equipped with ordinary apparatus.
Therefore mine officials watched with unusual interest the
experiments of Bernard Lewis, physical chemist at the
Pittsburgh, PA station of the US Bureau of Mines, who recently
demonstrated that he could put out a flame with electricity.
Lewis lit a gas flame in a
glass tube. The he brought near it, from each side, a piece of
wire gauze charged with high voltage electricity. The flame
vibrated convulsively, dwindled, and went out. Burning carbon
monoxide gas, and gaseous carbon-and-hydrogen compounds like
the dreaded "fire-damp" of miners, were successfully
pieces of gauze, Lewis told Popular Science Monthly, literally
tear the flame to pieces. When an inflammable gas burns, the
hot flame throws off particles of negative electricity,
leaving the products of combustion charged with positive
electricity. His high voltage electric field draws negatively
charged electrons to one electrode and positively charged
particles to the other, breaking up the flame. Whether the
same thing may be done outside the laboratory, and if so on
how large a scale, remains to be seen.
Fact or Fiction?"
In an attempt to describe my
technical work in the context of my criminal case I have met
with a lot of criticism. At times the criticism has turned to
outright ridicule. I have been accused of everything from
making wild claims to not knowing my physics.
My work in heat transfer has
many significant uses in military, industrial, and
communications applications. A point that I had made to the
science editor of Der Speigel magazine during a
interview was that the F-111 plane built by General Dynamics
was in service because of technology that I was attempting to
describe as part of the basis for some of my work. The science
editor and his researchers claimed that they had never heard
of any of these concepts, and could not locate the references
that I claimed existed.
Finally, in September of
1998 I received a partial copy of the Design News
article on the wing pin cooling and the Popular Science
article on electrostatic cooling that review the heat transfer
technology that I had been attempting to describe.
What is significant in these
articles is that:
(1) the electrical power
used to cool the wing pin is an extremely low amount. So much
so that there appears to be a Second Law violation;
(2) the determination that
an "electric wind" is responsible for the instantaneous
electrostatic cooling fails to account for the speed and the
amount of the observed heat flow in the wing pin welding
process and other demonstrations;
(3) the article on the wing
pin understates the importance of the electrostatic cooling
process in the production of the F-111 wing pins. The early
versions of the F-111 were grounded because of a series of
crashes attributed to the structural failure of conventional
methods using clamp cooling bars and periodic shutdowns to
cool the pins during the welding process.
General Dynamics had
explored every possible manufacturing technique for
fabricating the wing pins in an effort to save the F-111
project. In desperation, as a last resort, General Dynamics
allowed the electrostatic cooling to be demonstrated on a
actual wing pin. General Dynamic scientists, engineers, and
executives were astounded by the structural tests on the
sample wing pin.
(4) The Popular Science
article does not go into any detail on the capability of the
electrostatic cooling process to thermally stabilize high
power laser components.
The PS article only makes a
vague reference to "infrared optics". Neither of these
articles make any mention of the capability of electrostatic
cooling to control heat in "all" types of explosives, or the
control of heat in electrical power fuses. Electrostatic
cooling has enabled a whole new class of tactical explosive
systems and high energy electric power systems.
The claims made for
electrostatic cooling appear to be lifted from the pages of a
science fiction story. I am using the F-111 project as a
concrete, real world example of the capabilities of
electrostatic cooling since the project would have more than
likely been scrapped had it not been for the application of
electrostatic cooling to the wing pin welding process.
Similar dramatic successes
have been realized in the MIRACL, COIL, TEXS, and ETC weapons
programs. None of these programs could be a workable reality
without the application of proprietary electrostatic cooling
techniques. The practical application of the underlying
thermodynamic concepts of electrostatic cooling to ergodicity
and entropy in high performance data communications systems
has only recently become apparent to the computer industry.
The thermodynamic concepts
behind electrostatic cooling have a impact on the "transport
properties" of the message entropy of data signals over large
The analysis and
understanding of the electrostatic cooling effect was
accomplished by starting with a series of obvious experimental
measurements in order to lead to the complex mathematical
physics principles that were anything but obvious.
The initial analysis of the
numbers for the operation of the wing pin welding process
(less the 20 watts power to the electrostatic probes) would
lead one to suspect a violation of the second law of
thermodynamics is being claimed here. The control of such a
large amount of thermal energy in and around the weld zone and
throughout the bulk of the wing pin, with less than 20 watts
of electrical power, is a very fantastic claim. However, it is
no less fantastic than the postulated explanation given by Dr.
Kibler, the senior scientist for General Dynamics, attributing
this phenomenal rate of heat transfer to a "electric wind".
Some experiments were
conducted using a Schlieren optical system and an infrared
thermograph. A Schlieren optical system is capable of
detecting regions or streaks in a transparent medium that have
density and a refractive index differing from that of the bulk
of the surrounding medium. This enables pressure and/or
temperature gradients to be detected by photographing a beam
of light propagating transversely through the medium. The
Schlieren optical system displayed the thermal boundary layer
present at the surface of the heated wing pin.
The Infrared thermograph
displayed the overall thermal profile of the wing pin during
the entire welding process. Application of the low power
electrostatic field was clearly seen to instantaneously break
up the thermal boundary layer that was present over the heated
wing pin surface area.
The wing pin could be made
to attain a new thermal equilibrium anywhere in a temperature
range of a few degrees lower than initial conditions to over
500 degrees F lower, just outside the weld zone throughout the
surrounding area. This new equilibrium was attained in a
matter of mere seconds throughout the entire bulk of the wing
The application of external
chill bars and/or an "electric wind" is a surface phenomenon.
Careful experimental analysis of the boundary layer thermal
transfer effect confirmed that heat transfer was indeed
substantially enhanced when the electrostatic field disrupted
the boundary layer. The boundary layer was found to act as an
effective thermal impedance to both radiative and convective
thermal transfer from the surface of the wing pin.
The disruption of the
thermal boundary layer by the electrostatic field yielded
approximately a 4:1 increase in the rate of thermal transfer
from the surface of the wing pin. I conducted an experiment on
a batch of wing pins welded with chill bars. In this series of
experiments I applied a film of electronic grade heat transfer
compound to the wing pin surface/chill bar interface. This had
the effect of inhibiting the thermal impedance presented by
the thermal boundary layer.
The results in this series
of experiments were nearly a 4:1 increase in total thermal
transfer from the surface of the wing pin to the chill bars
during the welding process. This comparable to the rate
increase in surface heat flow found when the wing pins were
welded in the presence of the electrostatic field, but without
the bulk cooling effect and nearly instantaneous thermal
re-equilibration properties of electrostatic cooling.
There was a major DOD/DARPA
interest in the capability to athermalize the materials in
high power laser optical components. This is the reason that
most of my proof of principle research was conducted with
laser grade optical materials.
One of the first thoughts
that struck me when experimenting with the wing pin welding
process was that the bulk thermal transport effects appeared
to violate Joule's law of heat flow. This prompted me to
obtain a large slab of IR-TRAN-2 laser glass. For experimental
purposes I had numerous thermocouples imbedded throughout the
bulk of the glass slab. I placed this slab of glass on the
surface of a laboratory type hot plate. The heating top of
this hot plate was only one inch thick.
I had it drilled out to
place numerous thermocouples throughout its' bulk. I also took
the heating coil element from a kitchen type hot plate and
mounted it in a custom case. This case had provisions for the
use of both contact thermocouples and a view port on the
underside for the thermograph. Both of the hot plates were
powered through an isolation transformer, and the temperature
regulated by a Variac.
A series of experiments were
conducted with different electrode configurations and
grounding arrangements. It was determined experimentally that
by "appropriate modulation" of the high voltage field that the
electrostatic heat transfer effect could be enhanced by
several orders of magnitude. The voltage and current inputs to
the hot plate and the voltage and current supplied to the
electrostatic cooling probes were monitored during all the
The uniformity of the bulk
cooling effect was immediately confirmed by repeated
Measurements of radiated and
convected heat flow away from the glass slab did not come
anywhere near accounting for the BTU loss required for the
temperature drop of the slab. The total heat dissipation
actually measured in the experimental set-ups could not be
immediately reconciled with the Second Law of thermodynamics,
Joule's Law and Fourier's theorems on heat flow, and the
Conservation laws of physics.
Additional theoretical work
had to be performed.
Admiral Al Renkin (Retired),
and myself demonstrated this heat transfer phenomenon to
scientists from the various national laboratories. As amazed
as they were, none of the scientists or engineers could
accurately characterize the underlying physics of the
experimentally observed phenomenon in our demonstrations. At
this point the Office of Naval Research proposed that the
experimental set-up be changed.
Oscar Blomgren Jr. had
succeeded in cooling spots on the filament of a long display
case type lightbulb. I was asked if it were possible to cool
the entire length of the filament simultaneously, to the same
degree as the sections of the filament had been. The answer
Then ONR wanted to see the
numbers on probe energy versus the electrical energy input and
thermal and convective heat flow around the filament.
Vacuum and inert gas
backfilled lightbulbs were used for this set of experiments.
The experimental results were immediately classified and all
hell broke out around our project. I suddenly had immense
resources in money and personnel made available to our project
through DARPA, ONR, and USAF PRAM Project Office.
This R&D continued for 3
years until it was disrupted by the murder of Paul Morasca.
When I realized that Paul Morasca was terminated by the US
Government, I folded up the project at Hercules, Cabazon, and
The research data and
equipment from the entire project went into storage. I have
effectively been on the run since I shelved the project in
My work on this project
started with a heat transfer phenomenon that had been
accidentally discovered by Oscar Blomgren Jr. I succeeded in
completely reconciling the observed experimental results with
the apparent violations of the laws of physics. The work that
I completed can be summarized as mathematical modeling and
numerical simulation with application of the boundary value
problems of thermodynamics based on second order partial
differential equations derived from elliptic functions. The
mathematical principles and physical laws that cover this work
are as follows:
(1) the laws of
(2) the boundary value
problems: 1st) the Dirichlet problem, 2nd) the Neumann
problem, 3rd) Ronbin's problem;
(3) the equations of
(4) Maxwell's relations in
thermodynamics. The Maxwell relations in thermodynamics are
based on Maxwell's cross-partial derivatives and lead to the
Helmholtz function and the Gibbs function.
My work succeeded in
clarifying the physics of the observed heat transfer effects
demonstrated by the use of electrostatic cooling. The
discoveries that I made have been classified and improperly
expropriated by agencies of the US government.
Michael Riconosciuto is a
federal prisoner, being held on a multitude of apparently
trumped up charges intended to suppress him. He was involved
in the PROMIS software scandal and other secret governmental
projects that have brought him to this sad pass. His address
21309-086 Box 4000
U.S. Medical Center
Joseph Ellsworth <[email protected]>
Nov 15, 2006 2:28 AM
Results of my First Electrostatic Cooling Test
I tried the basic approach mentioned in the welding patent
which was to attach only the positive high voltage electrode.
This was mostly because my ionizer only has a positive output.
It is a 7kV constant DC voltage which is effectively what the
circuit accomplishes with the diodes aver the coil. My device is
capable of running on 9V to 14V I was running it on 9V which
means it was generating about +4KV.
My control bar set was two bars of aluminum 1/2" thick X 12"
long X 1.5" wide. Each one weighs about 1 pound. They where
heated in an oven to 160F and then placed on an insulated nylon
surface. The temperature probes where taped to the surface of
the electrode. The +HV source was taped to on bar while the
other was untreated. The charge level was sufficient to give
noticeable not particularly painful shocks when any part of the
bar was touched. Ambient was 65F @ 43% RH.
I took several measurements over a time series but exactly 1
hour after they where removed from oven the bar with the
electrode had cooled to 71.3 while the control bar was only at
100.1. Both started at 160F so there is definitely a cooling
effect going on but it is not as extreme as shown in the
I left both bars in place for another hour and at the end of
that hour both bars had cooled to ambient and the temperatures
had stabilized. I suspect that the bar with the High voltage
would not go below ambient even if left connected for several
My next test series will use the high voltage source running at
13V input which should increase the available voltage and
increase the cooling ratio. The one after that will be to ground
one end and put high voltage into the other end. If I have time
I will hook up an oscillator to turn on the high voltage source
for 1/10 second and off for 9/10 of second to see how it affects
Note: If I can find a strong negative voltage
source I will use it to generate a stream of negative ions
directed over the surface of positively charged bar. I suspect
that this will give dramatically better performance since it
would give us a larger number of ions impacting the surface.
USP # 3,224,497
( PDF Format )
& Apparatus for Lowering the Temperature of a Heated
Blomgren, et al.
21 December 1965
Abstract --- This invention relates in general to a
method and apparatus for controlling energy level in matter, and
more particularly to a method and apparatus capable of lowering
the temperature of an electrically or flame heated body. Still
more particularly, the present invention involves the use of a
high voltage, low amperage, direct current source directed
towards heated matter for controlling its temperature and energy
USP # 3,872,917
Apparatus & Method for Heat Exchangers
Blomgren, et al.
25 March 1975
Abstract --- To improve the coefficient of heat transfer
between trhe surfaces and the heat exchange media of heat
exchangers, such as automobile radiators, steam condensers, and
steam boilers. Conductive probes or conductors are energized
with a low power, low current high DC potential and spaced from
the surfaces a distance slightly greater than the distance at
which arcing occurs while the surfaces are grounded to generate
an electrostatic field.
USP # 4,377,839
Blomgen, et al.
22 March 1983
Abstact --- Apparatus and method for efficiently
transferring energy through a medium between a source and a
target which in one form includes a rigid frame supporting a
plurality of electrically conductive probe strips having probe
tips or points spaced therealong and a plurality of conencted
grid wires or rods in spaced relation to the probe tips or
points and electrically insulated therefrom. The grid wires are
arranged in at least a pair configuration with respect to each
of the probe strips. The probe points are disposed in facing
relation toward the target and each grid wire pair is equally
disposed in relation to the axis of the probe strip that it
serves. A high voltage low amperage direct current source is
connected to the probe strips. In another form the apparatus
includes a single probe tip or point in combination with a pair
of electrically connected grid wires.
USP # 4924937
Beal, et al.
15 May 1990
Abstract --- Electrostatic cooling apparatus with a
needle emitter insulated along the shank thereof except for a
sharp needle tip. The insulated needle emitter is supported
along the axis of a funnel tube so as to augment the velocity of
the ionic wid generated by the needle emeitter. The needle
emitter is axially adjusted within the funnel tube to tune the
resonant cavity formed by the needle emitter and funnel tube to
just below the space charge oscillation frequency.
( James B. Beal : P.O.
Box 2112, Wimberley, Texas 78676-7012; Ph. (512) 847-3076