G. Patrick FLANAGAN
G. Harry StineAnalog Magazine (Feb
1980): "Bio Cybernetics Revisited"
G. H. Stine: Analog Magazine (July
1979): "Bio Cybernetics II"
Sheldon C. Deal: Meridian Balancing by Use of
G. Patrick Flanagan: "Operation of the
Neurophone on the Nervous System"
G. P. Flanagan: The Neurophone Mark XI
G. P. Flanagan: "History of the Neurowave
William Moeser: Life Magazine (14
September 1962) ~ "Whiz Kid, Hands Down"
The Neurophone Model 50 ~ The Thinkman
Anonymous: "The Pacinian Corpuscle"
Anon.: "Neurophone Breakthrough"
T.E. Bearden: Excalibur Briefing (Excerpt)
G. P. Flanagan: Pyramid Power (Excerpt,
Eddy Taylor: "Patrick Flanagan's Neurophone
--- Hope for the Deaf and Superlearning for All"
G. P. Flanagan: US Patent # 3,393,279 ~
"Nervous System Excitation Device"
G.P. Flanagan: US Patent # 3,647,970 ~
"Method & Apparatus for Simplifying Speech Waveforms"
Tools for Wellness Ad
Rick Andersen: "Another Look at the
Analog Magazine (Feb 1980) ~
Bio Cybernetics Revisited
G. Harry Stine
When Jerry Pournelli and I started to write these columns as a
vis-a-vis experiment, we hoped that sooner or later one of us
would write something that the other could tee off on and thus
get a good controversy going that would present "alternate
views." It hasent worked out that way because Jerry and I have
discovered that we think very much alike on most matters. We
have not been able to stir up controversy between one another.
But we did stir up controversy among the readers.
When I wrote the columns on biocybernetics in the May and July
1979 issues, my objective was more or less than science
reporting with some synthesis included. I wanted to point out
that a true interface between human brains and electronic
computers was not only possible but that the basic experiments
have been done and the foundation technologies already existed,
albeit in the case of the Flanagan neurophone the data had been
generally unknown for 16 years. I reported on the basis of what
I knew at that time. I requested that no one write for
additional data because I didnt have any additional data at that
time. I do now.
These two columns have resulted in an inordinate amount of mail
from readers which makes the editor happy because he knows
people are reading this. Some of the letters were anticipated,
some were not. Some were from people who were deaf and wanted
the Flanagan neurophone at any price. Others wanted the
neurophone to use in attempts to contact loved family members in
a coma. There were the usual letters from Ph.Ds who should know
better than to make some of the statements they did. And I got
letters with real up to date information...
You may obtain copies of his two neurophone patents by writing
to the U.S. Patent Office and ordering Patent No. 3,393,279
granted July 16, 1968 and Patent No. 3,647,970 granted March 7,
The rights to Patent No. 3,393,279 are owned by Intelectron,
Inc. of New York City. The FDA will not permit it to be marketed
because it uses a low frequency r-f carrier, and they are very
sensitive these days about the biological effects of r-f
But Pat Flanagan is an inventor. With his original patent
rights in the hands of another company and with an FDA ban on
its production, Flanagan developed the second neurophone device
covered by Patent No. 3,647,970 which does not use an r-f
carrier and does not involve high voltages. At the behest of the
Department of Defense, the Department of Commerce placed
Flanagan's new device under secrecy order No. 756,124 dated
August 28, 1968. Flanagan was able to get this secrecy order
rescinded in 1972 to permit the patent to be issued.
I sat in Flanagan's study and listened to the new neurophone on
July 26, 1979. It works even better than the original one. It
operates from eight Type AA alkaline penlight cells. The audio
signal is double differentiated and converted to a 60 volt
square wave which is then run through a zero crossing detector.
The sensor electrodes are one inch diameter plates made from
lead zirconium titanate insulated on one side with epoxy that
also seals the attachment of the lead from the neurophone.
With one electrode placed on the soft skin of my calf and the
other on my chest, I heard the audio information from the tape
recorder input in my head. I listened to both speech and music,
and the fidelity was outstanding. I had a cassette tape recorder
running two feet from me while this was going on; there is no
evidence of the audio information recorded on the cassette by
the recorder; I was the only entity hearing the neurophone, and
it was therefore not producing and sound waves that the
microphone of the recorder could pick up.
As I knew 17 years ago, the Flanagan neurophone works. I dont
give a doodly damn what all you bloody experts out there have
presumptuously stated in your outraged fan letters to me. I am
forced to repeat the immortal words of Dr. J. C. Warren voiced
after performing the first surgery with a patient under ether
anesthetic administrated by Dr. William Thomas Green Morton in
Boston on October 16, 1846:
"Gentlemen, this is no humbug!"
For the benefit of all you who wrote me, I gave your letters to
Flanagan. There is no need for me to be in the loop. There is no
need for Flanagan to defend himself nor does he need help in
doing so; he has a device that works. In the eyes of some sober,
respected academicians, Flanagan is perhaps flamboyant and
different, but that must not be allowed to detract from the fact
that he is a successful inventor and, in common with many others
of his unconventional and freewheeling nature in the history of
science and technology, working on the fringes of scientific
research in areas that others can't or won't touch.
The most fascinating aspect of this whole affair has been the
confirmation and terrible realization that the human race
apparently has not progressed beyond the state of affairs a
century ago when "legitimate" scientist dug in to defend their
sacred turf....and made damned fools of themselves in the
process. They also retarded the development of technology that
would have relieved human suffering and generally improved the
human condition. These scientific brahmins still exist; they are
no different from the predecessors of a hundred years ago; and
they exhibit an appalling lack of knowledge and understanding of
the history of their own field of expertise!
Arthur C. Clarke's law is still very much in force.
Jerry Pournelle was 100% correct in his June 1979 "The
I would like to extend my profound thanks and grateful
appreciation to those scientific brahmnis who wrote to me and to
the editor about the neurophone and the human computer
interface. You have greatly contributed to the contents of my
"Utter Bilge" file. This is my collection of presumptuous
statements from people who should know better than to make such
statements in the first place. The file title derived from in
infamous statement of Sir Richard Van Der Riet Wolley: "Space
travel is utter bilge!"
Scientific research and technical progress is not and has never
has been the exclusive turf of any select group of people. There
has always been a role for the amateur investigator, and still
exists today. Before the "official" establishment of any new
area of scientific endeavor, everyone who works in that area
must, by definition, be an amateur. Even in the established
fields of scientific endeavor, important discoveries have been
made by amateur investigators. Good scientists and I have the
pleasure of knowing many would never reject out of hand any
amateur findings and will react with enthusiasm and interest to
such findings. It is only poor scientists who are insecure that
will react negatively. Would there were more good scientists!
Bioelectronics today is about the same situation as electricity
about a century ago. The field is ripe for experimentation.
Certainly there is danger; there always is. But that is no
reason for suppressing information, as one PhD. correspondent
demanded be done, for fear of someone electrocuting himself by
building a neurophone in his basement shop. People still get
hurt in steam boiler explosions. As a matter of fact, people
still get burned handling the ancient technology of a campfire.
These accidents merely strengthen the statement of Herbert
George Wells, "History is a race between education and
catastrophe," but down on the personal level.
To paraphrase Harold Laski, science by experts means, after a
time, science in the interest of experts.....
Analog Magazine (July 1979) ~
Bio Cybernetics II
G. Harry Stine
Last time around, two issues ago, I reported on the process
made by DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency)
concerning computer recognition of human EEG patterns. I stated
that this was a major breakthrough in the development of the
true intelligence amplifier wherein the human nervous system was
linked directly with the electronic circuitry of a large general
purpose computer. Soon, the crystalline circuitry of the
computer will be able to "understand" the colloidal circuitry of
the human nervous system by direct linkage through
And I left you hanging by your fingernails on a figurative
cliff overhanging an ammonia sea swarming with methane monsters,
so to speak.
I stated that seventeen years ago the breakthrough had been
made that would permit the colloidal circuitry of the nervous
system to "understand" the crystalline circuitry of the
electronic computer. In other words, if the computer signal was
in the proper form, the human nervous system could pick up and
decipher the electronic computer signal through an
In early 1962, I was working as assistant director of research
for the Huyck Corporation in Milford, Connecticut. Dr. William
O. Davis was the director of research, and he had been charged
by the company to look for new products to insure that Huyck
would be in business twenty five years hence. There were no
caveats placed on us at that time. We could look at or for
anything....and we did. Then as now I have all sorts of
pipelines into the back rooms of various research and
development organizations here and abroad; a science fact or
science fiction writer really cant function properly without
these contacts. My most valuable Little Black Spy was the former
editor of this magazine. John W. Campbell, who in turn had an
incredible network of Little Black Spies.
Campbell told me of an 18 year old boy in Texas who had
invented a spectacular new hearing aid. I made a telephone call,
talked to the boy, and was on a plane to Houston within days.
G. Patrick Flanagan of Ballaire Texas was a boy genius. In
addition to being an outstanding gymnast and a pilot, this high
school graduate had stumbled upon a technique of introducing
audio information directly into the human nervous system without
loudspeakers or earphones, and without direct electrical
connection between his gadget and the nervous system.
On July 24, 1962 in Bellaire, Texas in Flanagan's shop in the
attic of his parents home, I personally witnessed
proof-of-principle demonstration of a direct linkage between a
crystalline electronic circuit and the colloidal system of the
human nervous system.
The device called the "neurophone" by Flanagan, was a very
simple gadget. It used those ancient devices known as vacuum
tubes. It used a 6L6G tube running as a 35 Kilohertz oscillator;
the output of the oscillator was amplitude-modulated by the
output of ant single channel hi-fi system through suitable
impedance matching transformers, etc. This amplitude modulated
35 kilohertz signal then went through a cheapie stepup
transformer so that the output was very high voltage (about 4
kilovolts, as I remember) but at very high impedance. Flanagan
fed this signal through a length of ordinary TV antenna twin
lead to a pair of rubber pads about six inches in diameter that
he had filched from a "relaxicisor" muscle relaxing device. Each
pad consisted of a 1/16 inch thick rubber sheet, a piece of
copper window screen to which was soldered one of the wires of
the twin lead, and the rubber covering of the relaxicisor pad.
The rubber insulation kept one from getting zapped, although the
shock wasnt painful....just annoying.
Put a signal into the neurophone input, peak the frequency,
peak the modulation to 100%, and then hold the two pads to your
And you heard music playing in your head!
Although the pads worked better and you got a louder signal
with the pads on your bare skin, it would work through a layer
And it worked regardless of where you put the two pads! You
could put one on your shoulder and the other on the sole of your
foot...and you would still hear whatever program material was
being played into the neurophone form the hi-fi system.
I can freely describe this today because (a) I dont think
Flanagan's patent application ever got accepted and I dont
believe the patent ever issued. (b) Huyck Corporation is off
doing its classic thing of making paper machine parts and isnt
interested in the slightest, and (c) I think the time is just
about right to get going on this little gadget again.
Flanagan had succeeded where others had failed. Dr Henry
Puharich had succeeded in developing a similar device, but the
pads were one inch copper plates that had to be rubbed along the
skin to achieve the "fricative effect" to permit Puharich's
gadget to work.
In a series of long and complex experiments conducted under my
supervision at Huyck and by Dr Wayne Batteau at Tuffs, it was
conclusively shown that the neurophone effect not the result of
(a) the pads acting as electrostatic loudspeakers, (b) the pads
exciting bone conduction of the sound, or (c) the pads
activating the eighth cranial nerve. Although I tried the
neurophone an a nerve deaf medical doctor at Columbia University
in 1965, I kept the experiment running for only about ten
minutes. Dr Wayne Batteau tried it at Tufts and succeed because
the brain of his nerve deaf subject had "forgotten how to hear"
and needed something over an hour of application of the
neurophone signal in order to begin to hear in his brain again!
We know now that the Flanagan neurophone operated by direct
linkage of the electronic circuitry with the nervous system
through electromagnetic fields. We know now that the nervous
system will pick up any signal and send it to the brain where
the brain recognizes the signal according to the sensory data it
represents, then switches the signal to the proper sector of the
brain responsible for processing such signals. But we dont know
how Flanagan accidentally happened to crack the neural code for
I can assure you that the Flanagan neurophone is no hoax. Many
responsible people experienced it. Just before his death, Dr
William O. Davis gave me one of the neurophones we had built at
Huyck; I still have it, but a two hour search through my
uncatalogued archives of scientific memorabilia and trivia
failed to locate it this morning. Im going to dig it out and try
it again for fun. And because it does represent a breakthrough
that will permit electronic computers to communicate directly to
our nervous systems...by putting on a beanie, and not plugging a
cable into a socket implanted on the top of our heads!
The DARPA work with computers deciphering human EEG signals,
plus the Flanagan neurophone capable of permitting a computer to
communicate directly with a human, both make inevitable the
final computer; the use of the computer as a extension to the
human brain as an intelligence amplifier for the human being.
Now, what happened with the Flanagan neurophone, and why havent
you heard more about it? I am not sure that it is because of the
reaction of Big Science as discussed by Jerry Pournelle last
month. There were several factors involved.
First of all, it didnt look like Huyck could get a patent
position, so they wanted out. They also discovered that the
Huyck Corporate Research Laboratories were producing more
inventions, patents, and potential new products than the company
could possibly absorb. Huyck also got into production trouble
with several products that have come along before Corporate
Research entered the picture. So Huyck dropped the entire
corporate research program, writing off about 2.5 million spent
over a five year period. They also convinced themselves that
they could not afford to develop the marketing know-how for any
of the new products we were coming up with. They succumbed, as
have so many other small companies, to the "Harvard Business
School Syndrome": Dont develop new technology and products
yourself, but wait until somebody else does and then buy the
whole schmear, product, production, and marketing know-how in a
big package. My employment agreement was written in a way that I
wasnt sure what I could talk about....then.
Dr. Wayne Batteau suffered a fatal heart attack in Hawaii while
diving with dolphins. He had also done considerable work in that
I dont know where Flanagan is. He worked for NASA in Houston
for a time in computer programming. The last I knew, he was
somewhere in California as one of the top experts pyramidology.
I suspect I will hear from him as a result of this, and Ill
Big Science did not kill the neurophone. It was complacent, and
it really didnt know anything about the device. Academia was not
really consulted. The neurophone has been dormant for fourteen
years now because of the failure of nerve and imagination in the
sales and marketing department.
But, now, there appears to be a need for the neurophone to take
the final step toward direct communication between ourselves and
our crystalline symbiotes/servants, the electronic computers.
Yes, I am still interested in this area. I am interested in
anything and everything. But do not-repeat, repeat do not write
to me or telephone me and ask for free information. I am a
writer and a consultant, and my business is information...and
the only thing of real value that you or I have in this world is
time. I didnt write this soliciting business; I wrote it to
report to you that the intelligence amplifier is just around the
corner and awaiting you bright people out there to put it
together right so that humans stay in control of intelligence
Now, what can we do in the future to integrate the creative
process of "invention" more fully into the process of research,
development, production, and marketing? Hang in there......
Huyck Research Center
209 Greenwich Ave., Stamford, CT
28 Jun 1963
Operation of the Neurophone on the
G. Patrick Flanagan
Definitions: CRT = Critical Reaction Time
In a purely rate of onset pulse information system, the pulse
rate of the system and the pulse amplitude of the system would
remain the same. The things which will be varied, are the slope
of the leading edge of the pulse, and inversely the width.
In this system, the amplitude,(e) of the pulse remains the
same; so does the repeition rate of the signal. The only things
to be changed are the slope and thus the width of the top of the
pulse. From now on, the slope in degrees will be represented by
(à), and the width at the top will be represented by (T). We can
then formulate an empirical formula for the relationship of à to
T. (T measured in usec). T = K/à as à = 45 degrees, T = 0 or T =
max time, à = 0 degrees. K = conversion factor.
Therefore T also equals I (instantaneous audio information).
The width of the entering pulse with no information must be
equal to the CRT of the nervous system at any given instance.
Then the slope of the pulse and thus the width at the top are
varied, so is the response of the system. A pulse of the same
amplitude but of the wrong width for the CRT of the neuron will
only partially load the neuron. The amount or amplitude of the
loaded signal in the neuron will be proportional to the width of
the pulse as it is varied.
Now, if a sine wave is loaded into the system, the frequency of
the wave must be varied so that the width of the wave will
coincide with the varying CRT of the loaded system, otherwise
the sine wave will have no effect on the neuron, i.e., very
It has been shown by my experimentation with the effects of
adrenergia and cholinergia on the nervous system, that as the
body goes into the state of adrenergia, the frequency of the
carrier must be increased to meet the smaller CRT of the nerves
introduced by the addition of adrenaline and acetylcholine into
the system. And, as the body goes into a state of colinergia,
the opposite is true, the frequency must be lowered, due to the
increased CRT. Otherwise no information can be transmitted into
In adrenergia, the excited state, the K ion mobility is
increased and the CRT is smaller....thus requiring a higher
frequency. In the case of cholinergia, the opposite is true.
Lets now analyze a 30 KHZ sine wave as applied to the nervous
system and see what the nervous system sees. The sine wave is
clipped at e and the width of the top of the clipped wave is
< 15 usec. Now, if the nervous system at this instant has a
CRT of approx 15 usec perfect loading will occur.
Now, if the CRT of the nervous system at this moment should
change to 20 usec, the carrier would have to be shifted to 25
KHz to obtain the same response. This increase in CRT would
indicate that the person had gone into a state of colinergia.
The new CRT of the neuron would now cause the neuron to be
improperly loaded at 30 KHZ, but properly loaded at 25 KHz.
Now we will look and see what the effects of modulated and
unmodulated carrier have on the system at the neurons CRT.
According to the Encylopedia Britannica, the output frequency
generated by a neuron is proportional to the amplitude of the
stimulus, until the stimulus reaches a certain level and the
frequency then remains the same is.. the clipping level of the
system. The completely loaded neuron will then be receiving
maximum stimulus and will then be generating a frequency of its
own in proportion to the loaded voltage. At this loading in the
unmodulated carrier, a series of meaningless pulses are being
generated and sent to the brain where they are probably rejected
and passed off as random noise.
Now let us look at a tone modulated carrier (AM Signal) and see
what happens with some information input. The pulse width at the
top (clipping) now varies with change in carrier amplitude at
the audio tone modulation frequency. The loading voltage of the
neuron will now vary with the audio rate....the varying width of
the top of the pulse now follows a pattern of widths in time
with the audio tone.
The overall process: (Audio) I = varies T and which vary e
loading in neuron which generates freq to the brain. We now have
a system that detects and interprets rate of change into the
neuron's own coding system. Or, as applied to a purely rate of
onset modulation system with a pulse input instead of a sine
wave input. We now have a coded conversion system for
introducing information into the nervous system.
KeelyNet BBS (15 October 1993) Neuroph11.ASC ~
The Neurophone Mark XI Manual
This File is shared with Keelynet courtesy of Terry Bastian
G. Patrick Flanagan, Ph.D.
This year the neurophone concept has now reached maturity. It
was developed 21 years ago this year (1979). The entire history
of the neurophone reads like a James Bond mystery novel. We are
currently writing a full length book on the neurophone story,
and expect to publish this next year. For the present, we will
give you a synopsis of the neurophone story, and bring the
reader up to date on the current development of the neurophone
Mk XI, the eleventh model in a long chain of discovery.
following the basic history of the neurophone, we will give
instructions for the set up and use of the neurophone.
The first neurophone was developed when I was 14 years old. A
brief description of the original device is given in the book
PYRAMID POWER. The original neurophone patent #3,393,279,
describes a high voltage, high frequency, amplitude modulated
radio oscillator. This device made the listener into a radio
receiver. It transmitted sound information to the user by means
of small insulated electrodes. The 3000 volt signal produced an
electric field of extremely low power density. As the carrier
frequency was in the vicinity of 50 Khz, and the capacitance of
the electrodes was therefore extremely low. The above electrical
conditions of low power density indicate that the original
device was safe for use. However, if the electrode surfaces were
scratched, the user would experience a mild, but annoying mild
When I originally received the idea for the first neurophone, I
was a child of 14, and did not have funds to hire a patent
attorney. One of my fathers friends was a patent attorney for
Shell Development Corporation, and agreed to help me write my
own application. Over the years, I became very familiar with
patent law, as the patent examiner in Washington said the
neurophone could not possibly work, as it defied ALL present
laws of neurophysiology. The patent fight over the neurophone
went on for many years, finally resulting in complete rejection
by the examiner, closing the file forever with no recourse.
In a brilliant move, my patent attorney (I could afford one by
now) suggested that we go to Washington and demonstrate the
neurophone to the examiner in a final attempt to gain approval.
When we arrived at the patent office, the examiner had a real
surprise waiting for us, he had arranged for a deaf employee of
the patent office to be present for the demonstration! The deaf
gentleman was nerve deaf in one ear, and almost totally deaf in
the other ear. When the deaf employee heard high frequency
sounds for the first time in 15 years, he wept for joy. The
examiner then reopened the neurophone file, and issued the
patent giving the original filing date.
By the time the patent was actually issued, a company in New
York owned by Joseph Lawrence, and Andreja Puharich was
infringing on my patent. It seems that they had applied for a
similar patent several months after I had applied for mine. As I
was the first to file, and had pursued the patent, I won the
device. The small New York company bought the patent, and by
means of legal maneuvers, succeeded in causing me to lose a
small fortune in the process. This was due to their issuance of
lettered stock which tumbled to a fraction of its original value
by the time the SEC allowed me to sell it.
We have actually gone far ahead of our story, so we will
backtrack a little. during the years in which I battled the
patent office for the original patent many events took place.
When I was 17 years old, LIFE magazine called and wanted to do
an article on the device. When I was 14, I had received national
publicity on the front pages of 300 newspapers. After the LIFE
article came out, I was offered up to $8,000,000 for the patent
rights. The press coverage was unbelievable. The Ive Got a
Secret show(Gary Moore) invited me to New York, and millions of
people saw the neurophone demonstrated on Bess Meyerson. It was
during this show, when I first met Puharich and Lawrence.
Puharich invited me to lunch at the Twenty One club, along with
G. Harry Stine, a scientist under the employ of a firm in
Connecticut known as Huyck Corporation. Stine's company was
interested in the rights to the neurophone.
When all the offers were in, my parents and my Houston attorney
agreed that the neurophone should be given to Huyck. After
examining the device for two years, Huyck said the device could
not be patented, and dropped it into my hands once again. By
this time, I was under extreme pressure, as I was once again
given the task of pursuing the patent on my own limited funds.
At the same time, Puharich and Lawrence kept urging me to give
up, saying that they had me beat in the patent office.
In 1964, I was offered a position at Tufts University near
Boston. Dr. Dwight Wayne Batteau, a professor at Tufts had an
intense interest in the neurophone as it might play a role in
man dolphin communications. Dr. Batteau had a small company
known as Listening Inc., along with a brilliant electronics man:
Steve Moshier. Listening had extensive contracts with the ONR
(Office of Naval Research), and was subcontracting Tufts in some
of its research and development work.
Our first task was to establish the limits and parameters of
the neurophone as it would apply to dolphins. Our secondary task
was to determine the physiological mechanism by which the device
Dolphins have extremely large brains, and communicate on many
levels. We considered that the neurophone would open a channel
to the dolphin which was not previously accessible.
In our initial testing, we found that the neurophone produced a
minute mechanical vibration in the skin under the electrodes.
When one person was listening to the device, other people
standing near the electrodes could hear the sounds coming from
the skin. If a stethoscope was placed in contact with the users
skin, the vibration could be heard loudly, and clearly. Our
initial effort was to determine if this vibration was producing
bone conduction, or was the skin vibration merely an artifact?
Doctor Batteau came up with an ingenious experiment to
determine if the skin vibration was actually leading to bone
conduction: If the neurophone were a separate acoustic channel
into the brain, we should be able to play two discordant sounds
into the brain of an ordinary person, one by neurophone, and one
by earphones through the ears. If bone conduction were involved,
the sounds would mix or beat in the bone structures of the inner
ear, producing a discord. In the process of bone conduction,
sounds are transmitted through bony skeletal structures to the
inner ear, where the small bones normally vibrated by the ear
drum are activated by skeletal vibration. This vibration is then
encoded by the inner ear, and transmitted to the brain by means
of the 8th cranial nerve. We are sure that the neurophone did
make use of another channel, due to the fact that people with
8th cranial nerve damage had heard with the device.
In our experiment, we played one frequency of sound into the
neurophone, and another frequency into the headphones through
the ears. If bone conduction were involved, the sounds would mix
as predicted in the inner ear, and a discord would be perceived
by the test subjects (Tufts psychology students). If the channel
to the brain were a separate one, the signals would be heard
simultaneously with no discord. At low volume levels, the
students were able to perceive the separate sounds with no
mixing. At higher volume levels, a mixing could be heard.
We then ran the same experiment by playing the sounds through
stereo headphones, with each signal going into separate ears.
The results were exactly the same as the neurophone experiment.
At low volume levels, the signals were indeed perceived apart
from each other. At higher volume levels, the discord could be
The higher volume discordant mixing can be explained by neural
intermodulation possibly taking place in the corpus collosum,
the small nerve bundle which connects the left and right
hemispheres of the brain together. We tested a number of Tufts
students, and they all had identical results. Wayne Batteau was
so excited, that he suggested we write a letter to Science, for
publication. Our letter is duplicated in the appendix.
As the neurophone was now proven to be a separate brain
communication channel, Doctor Batteau made an offer for rights
to the device. He offered to give me a 1/3 interest in
Listening, a 5% royalty, and position of Vice President in
charge of research. The idea was to develop the neurophones
potential in many areas, including its potential as an interface
(electronic corpus collosum) between man and dolphin, and play
EEG signals from a human brain into the dolphin; and to reverse
Our work was progressing at a satisfactory rate, when tragedy
struck Listening. Wayne Batteau died of a heart attack in
shallow water while swimming near our dolphin facility on Oahu,
Hawaii. When he died, the Navy canceled our contracts and
Listening began to fold. Shortly after that, we demonstrated the
neurophone to the patent examiner, and the rest is history.
While investigating man dolphin communications, we succeeded in
developing a language translator, a device that translated human
speech into dolphin language, and vic versa. This development
required a thorough understanding of the nature of speech, and
information theory. We made many efforts to model the nervous
system, and succeeded in demonstrating that the nervous system
uses time ratios as major sources of intelligent information. We
then began to investigate timing ratios in speech patterns of
humans and dolphins. During that period, we found that speech
intelligibility was contained in time dominant ratios in the
speech waveform. We found that speech quality was contained in
dominant frequency ratios. So, the nervous system is designed to
recognize two distinct parameters: the time domain, and the
As a result of the knowledge gained in this area, I designed a
circuit which suppressed the frequency domain, while amplifying
the time domain. This device, was so radical in approach, that I
applied for a patent on it as a specialized speech processor.
Six months after the patent was applied for, the National
Security Agency placed the patent application under a top
secrecy order #756,124. The order said that my invention was
being suppressed in the interest of National Security. It
further stated that I could be tried for treason and shot by
firing squad if I revealed its working nature to anyone other
than an authorized government representative. In other words
they stole it! Needless to say I was very disappointed in the
system. It took four year, and three law firms to sue for
release of my invention. We won the battle, and the secrecy
order was rescinded. Patent #3,647,970 was issued on the 7th of
In 1974, two years after I wrote Pyramid Power, we spent the
night in the Great Pyramid. A full description of that event
will have to wait for the publication of our full length book on
the neurophone.(see also "Gods of Aquarius" by Brad Stieger a
starseed book) I can say that I had an experience of
enlightenment, including a full blown Kundalini Release. After
that experience, I became a trance medium. During one of my
trances, the message came through that the speech processing
patent which was under secrecy so long was in actuality the
perfect neurophone circuit. Well, this was a surprise, as I had
never tried the circuit in that way. I must admit, I really did
not believe it could work as a neurophone. The message to try
the speech processor as a neurophone kept coming and coming
until I finally decided to try it out. When I tried it, I was in
the suprise of my life! It worked! The result was the
development of the present neurophone Mk XI, the finest
neurophone to date, and it does not require the use of a radio
frequency carrier wave.
The clue as to how the neurophone actually works, is contained
in the skin vibration artifact which we discovered at Tufts
University. The original neurophone used a high voltage
amplitude modulated carrier wave to create a molecular vibration
in the skin itself. The skin became the diaphragm of a
biological electrostatic vibrator. The skin is piezo electric
and opto-electric. That is, when the skin is stimulated by an
electric field, or by a photon field, it will contract and
vibrate with modulation of the field. If it is mechanically
stimulated, it will generate its own electric field. In Russia,
blind people have been trained to see with their fingertips; and
in Czechoslavakia, deaf people have been trained to hear with
The skin is the largest most complex organ of the living
system. As we develop in the womb, all organs of sense evolve
from the skin. The skin involutes and convolutes to form eyes,
ears, etc. Our research indicates that the skin itself has the
latent potential of performing all functions of perception.
The neurophone stimulates and develops this latent ability. The
skin is the organ which receives the signal from the neurophone,
and converts the incoming signal into a modulated molecular
vibration which is then interpreted as sound. We could
theoretically stimulate the sense of sight in a similar way. As
all acupuncture meridians are present on the surface of the
skin, we have found that the neurophone stimulation balances all
the acupuncture meridians by activating the skin!
The neurophone Mk XI converts incoming non-linear acoustic
information into a time domain amplified signal. This signal is
then transmitted to a pair of high dielectric constant ceramic
electrodes which are placed in contact with the skin of the
head. The electric field (approx 20 Volts RMS) interacts with
the skin ceramic electrode combination to create a molecular
vibration in the skin. This is then interpreted by the brain.
The result is a new modality for coupling information to the
brain, using the skin itself as the receptor. Bone conduction
vibrators will not work as a neurophone, as the vibratory signal
is to gross, the skin itself must vibrate in a synchronous mode
in accordance with the time encoded information.
Doctor Christopher Hills, in his book Nuclear Evolution states
that the skin is a second brain, and is the basic organ of
spiritual and psychic evolution. He states that the skin can be
trained to develop powers of perception such as telepathy,
The neural information processing system of the human body is
apparently extremely sensitive to time domain information.
Doctor Batteau postulated that the nervous system incorporates
delay line correlation technology to detect time varied
information ratios. The neurophone Mk XI processing circuit
processes the incoming complex non linear signal waveform, and
amplifies the non linearities thus increasing the timing
recognition pattern of the signal. In the process, the frequency
domain is suppressed. The time rate of change of the incoming
signal is thus amplified. This signal is so time dominant, that
it can be hard clipped or run through a zero crossing detector
without losing any intelligibility.
This time processed signal is then fed to the pair of high
dielectric ceramic electrodes. The 20 volt average RMS signal
does not require a radio carrier to work. As stated earlier, the
original neurophone design had to actually work by brute force,
due to the fact that the modulation signal was not processed to
increase the time domain signal properties. As previously
stated, the original neurophone produced typical voltages on the
order of 3000 at a carrier frequency of 50000 hertz. As the skin
is piezoelectric, and has a dielectric constant in the range of
12000, the neurophone electrodes are made of a ceramic material
designed to provide a maximum impedance match to the skin
itself. The entire skin electrode system is a piezoelectric
resonator. Note: The ceramic electrodes are fragile and could
break if dropped on a hard surface. Be very careful, they are
expensive to replace.
To obtain the best results from your neurophone experience, you
should spend at least 1/2 hour per day listening to a broad
spectrum frequency source in a quiet, relaxing environment. It
is best to listen with an increased blood flow to the brain. The
preferred position is an inclined plane of 11 degrees with the
head down. Testing has shown that most people go into deep alpha
within 30 seconds when placed in this position. This state is
the most receptive state to listen to the neurophone. The
neurophone listener can build his own incline plane from a board
six feet long, and at least 18 inches wide. The raised end of
the board should be supported at a level of 14 inches above the
The electrodes should be placed on the temples, directly behind
and slightly above the eyes. Do not place on the hair. Although
the electrodes will work perfectly well without electrode jelly,
we suggest the use of EEG type electrode jelly, or KY jelly, as
this improves impedance matching to the skin. If you use KY
jelly as an electrode cream, smear an even coating over the
black ceramic of each electrode, and place the electrodes in
contact with the skin. The electrodes may be held in place by
means of an EEG type rubber strap, or an ordinary 2 inch ACE
bandage may be used.
After the electrode strap is in position on the head, insert
the KY coated ceramic electrodes under the strap so the
electrodes are held securely in contact with the temples. Later,
you may desire to move the electrodes around to experience
different sensations. Many neurophone listeners prefer to place
one electrode in the center of the forehead, on the 3rd eye
area, and to place the other one on the back of the neck, or on
the hand or wrist.
The sound source for neurophone listening can be a cassette
player, a radio, or a stereo HI Fi system. The neurophone should
be driven from a headphone or a speaker output jack. Your
neurophone is provided with an audio connector cable with a mini
plug on the cassette end, and a 1/4 inch phone plug on the other
end. This will fit most cassette players. If you want to drive
the neurophone from another source you may have to obtain a
different wire. Your local Radio Shack store will probably have
the right one.
In using the neurophone, I generally adjust the sound level of
the cassette machine to a comfortable listening level as heard
through the built in loudspeaker of the machine. I then plug the
mini plug into the earphone jack of the player, and plug the
standard phone plug into the input jack on the neurophone. Plug
the electrode phone plug into the neurophone output jack. Rotate
the neurophone volume control slowly clockwise. The switch on
the control will turn the unit on. The small LED panel lamp
should glow at this time. Slowly turn the control up until you
begin to hear the tape from your cassette player through the
neurophone electrodes. Depending on the program material to
which you are listening, the sound which you first hear through
the neurophone will not sound like Hi Fi. This is due to two
things: The sound you hear is time domain dominant. 2. As this
is a new listening channel, the brain actually has missing
processing capability. If we run a frequency sweep of the
neurophone while listening, we will find that all of us have
certain spectra which are entirely missing from our perceptual
ability. That is, in the beginning we may hear a complex sound
wave of one millisecond duration (1KHz), but miss entirely a
sound of another domain. As we listen through the neurophone,
the missing ranges are programmed into the brain. After
listening for as little as 30 minutes, the sound begins to take
on new qualities. The sound appears to move around in the head,
and take on new dimension as we program our psychic brain
centers to receive the new signal input. The more the neurophone
is used, the clearer it gets. I recommend electronic music tapes
in the beginning, such as the astral sound tape.
As the neurophone channel is but one channel into the brain, we
have found that supplementing the neurophone channel with the
frequency domain input by means of quality headphones is
desirable. The reintroduction of the frequency domain through
the headphones adds a new dimension of sound to the brain mind
input system. The combination of neurophone plus headphone
signals provides the best listening combination. For this
purpose, the neurophone contains a headphone output jack which
will accept monaural or stereo headphones. The second volume
control from the left is used to control sound to the
headphones. As the headphones are driven by the cassette
recorder, the neurophone must be plugged into a speaker or
headphone output jack. The neurophone plus headphone adjustment
should be made as follows: 1. First adjust the sound level to
the electrodes with the headphone control in the off position.
2. With the headphones in place, slowly adjust the level of the
headphones to supplement the electrode signal. Sit back, or lay
back close your eyes and let the signals carry you away.
In the near future: Source of Innergy will begin to produce
cassette tapes designed to be used only with the neurophone. The
tapes will cover many different categories from: Psychic Center
Stimulation; to Subliminal Habit Modification Programs. We will
notify neurophone owners as these tapes become available for
In the beginning, it is not necessary to use special tapes, as
the object is to develop the latent channel through which the
neurophone works. This may be done by listening to white noise
(waterfalls) or your favorite music tapes. Neurophone stimulated
perceptual enhancement occurs with increasing frequency as you
use your neurophone. This experience is similar to the
meditation experience of transcending. These periods of
extremely clarity become more and more pronounced as you put
hours on your neurophone. All changes in awareness are not
gradual. All progress is in the form of discrete steps. What may
appear to be a gradual altering of consciousness is actually a
series of graduations. We may plod along thinking we are making
no forward progress, and at the point in time where we feel we
want to give up we experience quantum leap in awareness. One of
the most common awareness changes with the neurophone effect is
an increase in telepathic awareness. Although this cannot be
turned on at will, instances of its occurrence will increase in
frequency as time goes on. Please keep a diary of neurophone
hours of listening, and make note of any change in awareness,
dreaming, or unusual perception changes.
We would like all neurophone owners to send us a monthly
research report or diary of experiences. This is important data
which will enable us to share with you all experiences, and tune
the neurophone experience. Keep note of your actual listening
time, and listening material. If you experience any change in
consciousness or awareness record this down. Others would like
to share your experience.
Retired Lt. Col. Thomas Bearden is a nuclear physicist from
George Washington University. He is one of the foremost experts
in warfare strategy, and is an expert in the field of Soviet
Psychotronics Research. Tom Bearden and I have made two mind
links by means of the neurophone. Details of the brain mind link
will be given in a later edition of the Innergy News, or the
neurophone research journal. Col Bearden has developed a
mathematical formula that indicates that the combined mind power
of a group of people will multiply exponentially if these people
are linked in a unitary consciousness. A small group of people
could actually alter the entire course of mankind in an instant
of time, if they were perfectly linked in a unified field of
consciousness. Col Bearden believes that the neurophone is the
key to linking consciousness. He believes it may hold the answer
to solving all the problems of mankind.
This linking could be done in a number of ways. The Soviets
have established that an EEG machine of only 16 channels could
pick up the entire consciousness of an individual. All that is
then necessary, is to feed the data into the mind of another by
means of a multi channel neurophone. The neurophone would then
become an electronic corpus collosum between the minds of two or
At a given time in the near future, we will notify all
neurophone owners to all try to listen to the neurophone at an
exact time period everyday. This will be a simple attempt to
unify the consciousness of the group. This type of experiment
has been somewhat successful in the past, when used with group
meditation. It may be that this experiment will speed up the
increased awareness brought about by the use of the neurophone.
History of the Neurowave Signal Development
1. A step up audio transformer was attached to a hi-fi
amplifier. The output voltage of the audio transformer was about
1,500 volts peak to peak. The perceived sound quality was very
poor,highly distorted and very weak. The signal was perceived as
being loudest and clearest when the amplifier was over driven
and clipped square waves were being generated. The O'scope
signal had ringing spikes or oscillations of a dampened wave at
frequencies of 40 to 50kHz. (Flanagan, Life Magazine 14
2. An amplitude-modulated signal was then fed into a high
frequency transformer that was flat in frequency response for an
adjustable frequency in the 20-100kHz range. The output was a
2,000 volt peak to peak amplitude modulated carrier wave.
(Flanagan Patent No. 3,393,279 (1968)
3. The audio signal is pulse width modulated on to a 50KHZ
square wave carrier. Output is stepped up to a 50 volt square
wave. This signal is applied to the body by means of piezo
ceramic disks.(lead zirconium titanate) (Flanagan Patent No.
4. The audio signal is pulse width modulated on to a 45KHZ
square wave carrier then double differentiated(processed thru 2
differentiator circuits). Output is stepped up to a 60 volts
RMS. This signal is applied to the body by means of piezo
ceramic disks (Radio Shack Type)(Brass side to skin, red leads
connected to circuit).(Info obtained from various researchers)
5. The audio signal is differentiated and passed into a section
that clips everything into a series of square waves and then
converted to 40 volt pulses which is then run through a zero
crossing detector (comparator).The sensor electrodes are one
inch diameter plates made from lead zirconium titanate
(piezoelectric discs). (Extrema, US Patent No. 4,545,065)
6. Audio signal is modulated on to a 100KHZ carrier and power
amplified then sent to an antenna. Those near the antenna
percieves the sound if like thru earphones while those further
away hear nothing, no contact with the antenna is made.(approx
1970's)Laser Sound System, Inc., 438 W. Cypress, Glendale, Ca
91204.....also Intelectron Corp., 432 W 57th St., New York, NY,
7. Another unit is based upon a miniaturized hi-power
amplifier amplifying the audio information directly, no square
waves or carrirers are used. The sensors are piezo-electric
transducers on ceramic bases. Good quality sound (not quite high
fidelity headphone sound) is experenced coming from the middle
of your brain, more or less.(www.throne.com)(GROC BOX(R))
How to use nuro devices:
1. Connect the brass electrode plates (or bare ceramic) ideally
to a point above the shoulders. The sides of the neck or about
1-2 cm out on the face from the center line of the ears are good
2. Adjust the sound input device (stereo tape player or CD
player) volume to its lowest setting and then increase the
volume until it reaches the maximum volume possible without
creating any sensation at the point of electrode contact. You
should hear an external sound emanating from the location of the
electrodes. This is normal.
3. Using ear plugs, close off the exterior ears during the
first week of use. This gives you time to turn your brains
attention to the interior sound.
4. For the initial week of use it is advised to use music with
a wide band of frequency. Classical string instruments with the
full range of orchestal sounds work well. Use the device one or
more hours a day.
5. After the first week of use switch to whatever learning
tapes you wish to use. It is recommended that you use an auto
reversing tape player and use it one or more hours per day.
Life Magazine (14 September 1962) ~
Whiz Kid, Hands Down
by William Moeser
The very young man above is standing on his head because he
says it helps him think. It evidently does. Pat Flanagan, a 17
year old inventor from Bellaire, Texas, is already nipping at
the heels of the venerable 30 and 40 year old scientist and
inventors who built the remarkable structures seen on pages 54
to 65. Pat has just perfected a remarkable machine of his own
which one day may help deaf people hear and blind people see. It
may also earn him a million dollars. Pat treats his imminent
collision with success with equanimity, for he reckons and who
is to gain say him nowadays that the generation which will take
over from the take over generation will find nothing is
Pat Flanagan is a unique and self spurred teenage boy who has
forged his mind and body into the model of a mature and
inquisitive scientist. At the same time he reflects the more
standard teenage model; he is the twist champion of Bellaire a
suburb of Houston a moderate party goer and girl chaiser, the
holder of a private pilots licence, and a spectacular gymnast.
espite his ability to function in two worlds, Pat leaves no
doubt which one he favors. There are far too many kids my age
who are willing to just get along. Pat is confident in his
ability to do alot more than just get along.
His single minded belief in his abilities began with a
compelling dream he had when he was 8 years old. In the dream I
was told I had to learn all about physics and electronics, he
says. And it told me I should help people. Already an athletic
boy able to do 300 pushups a day, he thereupon set out to
improve his mind. By the time he was 13 he was repairing
television sets during summer vacations, trying to earn money to
build an electronic laboratory in his attic.
Pat's restless imagination drove him to tireless sessions in
his laboratory. To abet them he solicited a rare favor from his
parents and his older brother Mike the privilage to experiment
there undisturbed. One weekend last October, Pat started the
experiment which led to the development of his particular
fantastic machine. Starting with a radio transmitter he had
designed himself, he tried modulating its waves to see if he
could induce hearing in his nervous systemwithout going through
the normal channels of hearing. He hooked his radio to a small
transmitter which looked like an earmuff. After 34 hours of
work, he stopped up his ears, put the earmuff to his head and
found he still could hear.
I ran downstairs to tell somebody anybody. I woke my mom. She
just rolled over and said to me, thats nice, Pat, but Ill listen
to it in the morning. She did listen in the morning and alot of
very important people have been listening to Pat ever since.
Pat calls his device the neurophone and the process it operates
by neuroception. Essentially what it does, he thinks, is
transmit electrical messages identical to those sounds generate
through the bodys nervous system direct to the brain. Hence he
can place the neurophones earmuff on someone's spine or solar
plexus, plug up his subjects ears, and the person will still
hear. Obviously if the neurophone in fact does what it seems to
do, Pat has come a long way twoard short circuiting the bodys
ordinary sensory processes and giving man, unprecedented access
to his brain. Other inventors many with a lot more experience
and facilities than Pat have been seeking such a device for
years, and Pat explains his success verses their failure as a
product of his own vigorous one man approach to science. I
believe research in the problem of electronic hearing has been
limited because inventors havent been able to use human subjets
as guinea pigs. An animal cant tell you just what 'he heard or
how clearly he heard it. But I was my own gunea pig and I wasnt
restricted by the possibile bad effects, and I got the secret.
There is some question as to just what Pat has got even he has
no firm knowledge of why his neurophone works but no question
whatever that somehow he has onto something valuable. Several
comanies have expressed interest in buying the rights to the
neurophone and one Corpus Cristi firm has tentatively offered
him a million dollars if the machine can be adapted to send
visual images into the brains of blind people. Dr. William O.
Davis of Stamford, Conn Hyuck Corporation, a research and
development company which is also fascinated by the neurophone
says, The ability to detect radio signals in the brain is a
remarkable phenomenon. If we never learn more about Pat's
invention, even if we never learn why it works, it certainly is
a utilitarian breakthru which could help a number of people.
Davis, who used to run the Air Forces basic research program,
adds, its important to realize that young Flanagan had the
necessary intuition to invent his neurophone. You make
discoveries intuitively, in the same manner you would paint a
picture or write a symphony.
Pat wants to go on to college, but he is worried about
fettering his talent: I seek the knowledge college will provide,
but I never want to be just satisfied with what someone else has
written and done. He hopes, as his skills increase, to probe
other recesses of mens mind. I believe someday the entire
concept of medical pratice will be changed by electronics, he
says. People will be treated electronically rather than with
medicine. If God can make the earth and sky and the force that
people and trees live, then inventing anything less than this
should be relatively simple.
Statements like this one tend to prove a bit abrasive to Pat's
classmates. Pats a wise guy, plenty cocky, and sure of himself,
one says, but the bad part of it is hes just that much better at
anything he sets his mind to do.
Pat claims this reaction does not bother him I want to be
accepted, sure, but some people were cutout to go full tilt.
Pats hands and mind are always going full tilt of late. The
books strewn across his cluttred attic laboratory range from Zen
to Karate to electronic jurnals to the Hidden Persuaders. Lights
glow from a wave testing machine and he is working on a new way
of tuning TV sets.
People think Ive accomplished so much in life, he says. They
say what else can you do , and all that stuff. But I know where
Im going and I know what I have to do. When I die I want to
leave behind something which will greatly affect and help
KeelyNet (15 October 1993) Neurop50.ASC ~
The Neurophone Model 50 ~ The Thinkman
This File is shared with Keelynet courtesy of Terry Bastian
Principles of Operation
The Thinkman is the latest development in the series of
neurophone devices first invented by Patrick Flanagan in 1959
when he was a prolific young inventor of 14. Since that time,
considerable progress has been made in the development of
improved neurophone devices, and the thinkman is the fiftieth
neurophone system developed by Dr. Flanagan. A full and complete
theory of the neurological, physiological and psychological
operation of the neurophone is still being pieced together.
How does it work? How is it possible to hear without using ones
ears? The current hypothesis is based upon the fact that the
skin is embrionically the source of all our human sense organs.
In fact, the skin itself contains more sensors, for heat, touch,
pain, etc., than any other part of the human anatomy. The human
ear evolves embryonically out of the convolutions of the skin of
an embryo in the mothers womb. Basically, the skin is the oldest
evolutionary nervous system sensor. Since it is the precursor of
the ears, the skin should also be capable of hearing and, as the
neurophone proves, the skin does indeed have this capability.
Neurologically, the human skin is both piezoelectric and
optoelectric. This means that it produces minute electrical
currents when vibrated or rubbed. Soviet and Czechoslovakian
neurological research has also shown that the skin produces an
electric current when stimulated by light.
As long ago as 1785, Charles Augustin DeCoulomb, a french
physicist and an early experimenter with electricity, proved
that an electrostatic field produces a measurable physical
force. The neurophone processes audio information to produce a
very weak 20 volt RMS electric field at each of its two
transducer disks. This alternating electric field is changed as
a function of the time rate of change of the audio signal coming
into the neurophone. This minute electrical field actually
causes microscopic vibrations of the skin under the transducer
disks. Maximum coupling of the electric field to the skin is
ensured by fabricating the transducer disks from Zirconium
Titanate which possess the same dielectric constant as human
skin. If you were to put an ordinary medical stethoscope on the
skin next to one of the transducer disks while the neurophone is
being used, you would be able to detect the vibrations of the
skin created by the tiny electric field of the transducer disk.
Work done by Dr's Patrick Flanagan and Dwight Wayne Batteau at
Tufts University during the years of 1964-1968 is the basis of
the current theory regarding how the neurophone works. They
discovered that the frequency content of the human voice had
little to do with the brain's ability to recognize intelligence
in human speech. For example, people who have had their larynx
removed can use an artificial larynx, a buzz generator or low
frequency vibrator held against the side of the throat. Words
are formed totally by the action of the jaw, the tongue, the
teeth, the glottis, and the nasal cavities. These cavities form
a highly variable time delay encoding chamber. They found that
the basic audio information which our brains evolved to
decipher, the human voice, is dependent not upon frequency but
upon the time rate of change nature of a sound caused by time
delays imposed by the mouth and nasal passages. The neurophone
makes use of these time delay codes by processing the incoming
audio signal to remove the frequency component and leave only
the time domain, the time rate of change information. This is
one reason why the neurophone sounds so scratchy when one first
begins to listen to it. Thus, the electronic circuitry presents
audio information to the skin in the manner that the skin was
originally designed to receive and decode such information eons
But is it certain that the neurophone is not operating by bone
conduction as are some other devices available today for
listening experiments and enjoyment? A definitive experiment
proving that bone conduction is not a cause of neurophonic
hearing can be duplicated by anyone with the required simple
equipment. This procedure is called the Batteau test, honoring
the late hearing researcher, Dr Dwight Wayne Batteau, who
developed the test during neurophone evaluation at Tufts
University. Two separate channels of audio information are
required. One channel goes through a set of ordinary headphones,
the other goes through the neurophone. One specific frequency is
played through the headphone channel. Another slightly different
is played through the neurophone circuitry to the transducer
disks. If the neurophone were producing hearing by bone
conduction, the two slightly different frequencies would mix in
the bone structure of the inner ear producing a discernible beat
frequency. With the nerophone, this beat frequency is heard only
at very high volume levels in both channels, levels at which the
neurophone probably producing bone conduction by the strong
vibration of the skin under each transducer disk. However the
beat frequency should theoretically be heard at all volume
levels and yet it is not heard at normal neurophonic listening
levels. The neurophonic experience is therefore probably a new
way to hear, using a new channel into the brain: the skin.
The neurophone is an electronic audio information processor
designed and sold for experimental and entertainment purposes.
The electronic circuitry of the neurophone accepts an input from
any audio or Hi Fi system. It converts the audio signal into a
digital like low voltage electrical signal that activates two
small transducer disks. These two disks or electrodes may be
placed anywhere on the bare skin of the listener. When the
transducers are in contact with the skin, the audio signal will
then be perceived in the persons head. There are no hazardous
voltages or currents between the two sensor disks. There are no
radio frequency carriers involved in the action of the
neurophone. The neurophone thinkman operates from a 9 volt
transistor radio type battery which is enclosed in its case.
The audio signal source for the neurophone may be a portable
cassette tape player, a radio, or a stereo Hi Fi system. Most
modern cassette tape machines and Hi Fi stereo systems have a
headphone or external speaker output jack. The neurophone output
goes through two 1 inch diameter transducer disks fabricated of
Zirconium Titinate which are imbedded in acrylic plastic tiles
to protect the brittle disks against breakage. The transducer
disks are, nevertheless, still fragile and should be treated
carefully because hard physical shocks will break them. If a
transducer disk is broken by rough handling, a new set of
transducer disks may be obtained from us. Insert the plug at the
end of the transducer lead into the jack labeled electrode on
the end of the thinkman.
Connect your neurophone to an audio source such as a cassette
machine by means of an audio connecting cable. The small plug on
your connecting cable will usually fit into the headphone output
or external speaker jack on your machine, the other plug on your
connecting cable will plug into the audio jack on the
neurophone. Before plugging the cable into your cassette jack,
adjust the output volume control on your machine to a 50% or
higher level to ensure that the signal processor on your
neurophone is receiving an adequate signal level. Turn on the
neurophone by rotating the volume control in a clockwise
direction. The red LED indicator light will glow, indicating the
neurophone is on. Place the two transducer disks on the bare
skin on either side of the forehead; They may be held in place
by the elastic headband supplied with the unit. Turn the volume
control clockwise to about mid way. Turn on your audio source so
that the signal will now play through the neurophone. Place the
electrode disks on the skin of your temples, plug up your ears,
and the audio signal should be heard, appearing to exist in the
middle of your head. If necessary, adjust the neurophone volume
control until the signal is heard.
As you become more experienced in neurophone listening, you
will find that you will be able to place the two transducer
disks on the bare skin in spots other than the forehead. One
neurophone listener reports excellent neurophone listening with
one transducer disk on the soft flesh of one leg and the other
transducer on the soft skin of the stomach. However, the
neurophone must be operated at a higher volume setting to obtain
the same level of neurophone hearing under such remote
transducer locations. The ability of the transducer disks to
function at a location of the skin remote from the head is
partially explained by the current operating hypothesis.
If your neurophone begins to sound weak and the red LED
indicator on the front panel begins to glow very dimly, replace
the battery in the unit. Unfasten the four phillips head screws
holding the bottom on the case and remove the bottom plate.
Inside, you will find a battery clip and a 9 volt transistor
battery. Replace the battery with a fresh one. For best results,
use an alkaline battery which will provide more than 10 hours of
neurophone use under normal conditions.
The neurophone processes audio information in such a way that
the frequency domain is eliminated but the time domain is
preserved. Studies with earlier versions of the neurophone by
Tufts University for the US Navy as long ago as 1966 indicated
that the brain initially may have difficulty in recognizing the
neurophone signals due to gaps in perception. The user may not
be able to perceive certain frequencies and time domains in
portions of the audio spectrum. As you use your neurophone,
these holes in your neurophone hearing process will disappear,
as your brain learns to recognize these energies, and you will
begin to hear neurophonic sound with full frequency and wide
The neurophone is an experimental listening device that may by
continuous use stimulate and enhance dormant perceptive
abilities in the user. For example, since the device is
apparently stimulating pathways to the brain that are not used
normally, it may increase intelligence, telepathic ability, and
neural efficiency. Dr. Flanagan has used the neurophone longer
than anyone in existence, and has developed extremely high
neural efficiency scores. He believes this increase in brain
efficiency is directly related to the use of the neurophone
device. Many long term neurophone users report increased
awareness, telepathic ability, out of body experiences, better
memory, and increased auditory frequency range. A commercial
pilot from Saudi Arabia reported a recovery of hearing damage
due to aural trauma resulting from the loud aircraft engine
noise as a result of his job. Please note however, that the
neurophone is an experimental device, and has many uses that
have been untapped. The neurophone owner will have to experiment
and discover his own uses for the device. Dr Flanagan used his
own neurophone to learn the Arabic language; actress Susan
Strasberg found that she could learn her stage lines easier by
playing them through the device. A recent book by G. Harry
Stine, titled THE SILICON GODS by Dell, discusses the
possibility of using the neurophone as a part of a mind computer
link in which the power of the human mind could be amplified by
millions of times. Stine says that the entire process if
feasible right now, with the help of the neurophone and state of
the art brain scan technology. Tom Bearden, in his book
EXCALIBER BRIEFING says that the neurophone may eventually be
used to successfully enable one or more people to do a perfect
mind link in which the power of multiple minds may solve all
We hope that neurophone owners will join us in the task of
discovering and using the potential of the device. The field of
neurophone research is wide open, in the future we will see the
development of neurophone software and hardware as well as
neurophone user's league, our own neurophone magazine, and a
host of other neurophone support devices. We invite all
neurophone owners to share their experiences with us, so that we
may share them with others.
TECH DATA: Model 50 ~ US Patent # 3,647,970
Input impedance: 5000 ohms
Max output voltage at disks: 20 volt RMS>
Battery: 9 volt
Battery life: 10 hours Alkaline cell
Output: Up to 12 pairs of disks
Control: Transducer volume
Operating temp: -40 to +120 F
Dimensions: 4 3/4"x 2 1/2"x 1 1/2"
KeelyNet (15 October 1993) Pacinian.ASC ~ The Pacinian Corpuscle
This File is shared with Keelynet courtesy of Terry Bastian
The skin contains many energy sensing mechanism, one such
mechanism is known as the Pacinian Corpuscle. The PC is a
special nerve ending that transforms mechanical vibrations or
pressures into nerve impulses. Until this year, (1980) very
little was known about thie transducer, and it was thought that
the device could only work at low frequencies of stimulation.
Recent research by Fernando Grandori and Antonio Pedotti of
Milan, Italy has shed a whole new light on this mechanism. (IEEE
Transaction on Biomedical Engineering,, Vol BME-27, #10,
Oct 1980) It now seems that the PC can react to very high
frequencies, and responds best to a square wave stimulus.
The PC consists of a sensitive nerve ending surrounded by a
cylindrical-like core structre consisting of closely packed
membranes called lamellae. The core is surrounded by a second
set of lamellae, in which the distance between each one
increases from the innermost lamella toward the periphery of the
corpuscle. The space between all the lameae is filled with a
liquid whos mechanical properties can be considered similar to
that of water. When a displacement of the outermost lamella is
caused by exerting an appropriate pressure, this stimulus is
transmitted to the core, and in turn, causes a compression of
the innermost lamella. This system acts as a differentiating
What is significant here, is that the PC responds best to a
Squarewave. The above paper reveals that rate of change is more
important than the
amplitude of the pressure applied to the corpuscule. This
indicates that this highly refined receptor is designed to
detect time significance first, and pressure significance
If we take the Neurophone electrode disks and feed a 50 volt
sine wave audio signal into them while placing them on the
temples, the signal will be percieved weakly. If we feed the
same signal as a square wave, the percieved is 10 times as loud
as the sine wave. This tends to substantiate Dr Flanagan's
theory reguarding the Neurophone perceptual mechanism as being
timerate of change encoded.
PC are located over the entire skins surface, with greater
concentrations on the fingertips and sexual organs. In 1981 Dr
Flanagan intends to develop research projects which will be able
to evaluate the PC theory.
KeelyNet BBS (15 October 1993) Theory.ASC ~
This File is shared with Keelynet courtesy of Terry Bastian
A Possible Mechanism for Neurophonic Action
The Neurophone is a new electronic invention that may enable us
to hear by a completely new information channel to the brain.
Ordinary hearing is the result of the stimulation of bones in
the inner ear by means of vibration. Sound waves may reach these
bones through ear canal via the ear drum, or by bone conduction
in which sound waves are conducted to the inner ear vibrations
in the crainial bones.
When the sound waves reach the inner ear, a vibration is set up
in the cochlea which then converts the waves into nerve inpulses
that travel up the 8th Crainial Nerve to the sound recognition
centers of the brain.
In 1958, Dr Flanagan, then a child of 14 developed a radio
transmitter that made the brain into a radio reciever. This
device transmits acoustic information to the brain by means of
radio waves into the skin, bypassing the 8th Crainial Nerve.
When he applied for a patent on the device, the patent examiner
rejected the whole thing saying that such a device would go
against all known laws of science. ver the following years, Dr
Flanagan fought against insurmontable odds to prove that the
device did indeed work. In the meantime, LIFE magazine ran a
major article on Flanagan and the Neurophone, naming him as one
of the top ten scientists in the US at the age of 17! In a final
desperate move Flanagan flew to the patent office with a model
of his invention and successfully demonstrated the device on a
deaf employee in the patent examiner's office. The deaf man
heard music for the first time in 15 years and broke down into
tears. The examiner declared that the Nurophone was indeed a
basic patentable device and approved the patent for release.
Patent # 3,393,279 dated 16 July 1968..........
In the years that Dr Flanagan fought to recieve deserved
recognition by the patent office, he grew into manhood and was
working on Man-Dolphin Communications for the US Navy when the
patent was finally issued. While involved in Man-Dolphin
research, he became interested in nerve signal information
encoding, and began to develop electronic circuits that
duplicated the process of pattern recognityion observed in the
human nervous system. This work led to research in Cryptography.
During that period he developed a top secret sound scrambler
that was virtually impossible to decode. Part of the scrambler
was based on his research into nerve encoding.
Dr Flanagan believed that the pattern of nerve encoding used in
the human speech recognition system could be used to make a
better Neurophone. He succeeded in perfecting an electronic
curcuit that he believes duplicates the precise encoding of the
Cochlea and 8th Crainial Nerve. When he applied for a patent on
the new circuit, the patent aplication was immediately placed
under top secrecy by the National Security Agency. The only
explnation given at the time was that the circuit had potential
uses in the defense of the country. Dr Flanagan was happy that
the government considered that his device could be used in his
country's defense. The only problem was that the government
wanted the devise free, and he spent 14 years on it.
He hired attorneys and challenged the secrecy order for over
five years. At the end of that period, the patent was released
from secrecy and was approved for issue by the patent office.
Patent # 3,647,970 dated 7 Mar 1972.
Dr Flanagan then perfected the circuit for another five years.
This circuit recognizes time-relationships in the signal
waveform, and generates a square wave that is time encoded. Dr
Flanagan believes that the nervous system uses a complex deley
line time recognition computational system that recognises time
information. (50KHZ square wave pulse width audio modulation
with double differentiator output)
In July of 1978, he successfully applied the Time Recognition
Processor to his Neurophone. When an audio signal is processed
through his circuit, it is converted into a form which he
believes is an electronic analog of the nerve signal released
from the human cochlea, but with one major difference; in the
cochlea hundreds of nerves carry the time-encoded signal to the
brain. In the case of the Neurophone, the full signal processing
is complete and may be carried to the brain by alternate
pathways. Through the skin itself.
In the original Neurophone, a 3000 volt amplitude modulated
radio wave carried the signal to a pair of insulated electrodes
that were placed on the head of the subject. In the present
Neurophone, the voltage has been reduced to a 50 volt (maximum)
square wave. This signal is applied to the body by means of
ceramic disks.(zirconium titanate) The ceramic disks allow the
energy field to affect the skin without a current flow. The
small electric field causes the skin to vibrate internally in
rhythim with the stimulation. The intea-dermal vibration can be
heard by others if they place there own ears near the point of
electrode skin contact. The vibration is not powerful enough
however, to vibrate the bone below the skin surface.
For the past year, Dr Flanagan has been developing a theory
which would explain how the Neurophone actually works in the
body. Some mechanism must exist that transmits the information
from skin to the brain.
The Neurophone has been out now for nearly five months, and we
are starting to get reports back from layman and professional
users. The inital results are exciting. Several people have
reported that their ability to remember data is increasing.
People who could not remember telephone numbers are becoming
walking phone books!
The first professional research report has been written by Dr
Sheldon Deal, D.C., N.D.; of Tucson, Az. Dr Deal is director of
the Swan Clinic, and is current President of the International
College of Applied Kinesiology.
Dr Deal's preliminary Neurophone research paper was recently
presented at the I.C.A.K. convention in Detroit. With Dr Deal's
permission, we are publishing his entire paper in INNERGY NEWS.
KeelyNet (15 October 1993) Bearden.ASC ~
This File is shared with Keelynet courtesy of Terry Bastian
Neurophone Extract from T.E. Bearden's
Book Excalibur Briefing
Another device that uses the new hyperspatial, virtual state,
nested modulation technology (and has done so for 17 or 18
years) is Dr. Pat Flanagan's neurophone. With brilliant insight
and intuition far beyond that of science at the time, Pat
invented and patented the instrument by the time he was
seventeen years old. The neurophone is a device that, contrary
to all present theory and knowledge, will directly pump the
brain and reproduce sound and information directly in the brain
and mind system, without going through the auditory system at
all. A simplified diagram of Pat's improved neurophone is shown
in the figure.
Briefly, the device takes a complex signal, such as the sound
of an orchestra playing a musical interlude, and electrically
processes it as shown in the figure. First the signal is passed
into a section that clips everything into a series of square
waves, remarkably analogous to the sort of clipped waves
Lisitsyn confirms are the information carriers of the human
brain. Next the square waves are differentiated, ielding a
series of sharp spikes (note that these spikes retain the pulse
time content of the clipped signal). These spikes are again
differentiated, and since these are finite
spikes with real nonzero rize times and decay times rather than
theoretical constructs, a series of noisy spikes results from
the second differentiator section. From here, the noisy spikes
are introduced to special contact electrodes, one of which is
normally placed on the forehead, while the other may be placed
almost anywhere, including on the foot. Nowhere are any sound
waves introduced to the head.
The square wave clipper section reduces the complex signals,
their overtones, and their complex modulations to square waves,
temporal content of the wave mix but not the waves themselves.
The first and second differentiators highten or filter through
the temporal content of the higher order differentiations, that
is, they serve as a band pass filter unit to accent the time
keying of the neutrinic and mind field portions or aspects of
the signal. When these time spikes are then introduced across
the body as pulsed voltages, they are modulated directly on the
dendrite firings of the brain and nervous system, providing
direct and pulsed modulation of the neutrnic and mind field
component channels of the mind brain consciousness life loop
itself. Thus the neurophone directly inputs information into the
brain and nervous system, bypassing all the normal sensory
systems that lie between the mind brain loop and outside
KeelyNet (15 October 1993) History.ASC ~
This File is shared with Keelynet courtesy of Terry Bastian
Excerpt from Flanagan's book Pyramid
(8th Edition, 1980)
Authors Background, The Neurophone
In 1958, when I was fourteen years old, a close friend of mine,
Lou Macko, a television repairman in Houston, Texas told me of a
most unusual phenomenon. He told me of a device that would
transmit sound to the brain without using the ears.
The description of the device had been given to him by a
complete stranger when he had visited Chicago. The device
consisted of two copper mesh scrub pads with wires attached to
them. The pads were placed in a pair of plastic bags to act as
insulators. The wires were then connected to the high voltage
side of an audio output transformer which was connected back to
back with the output of an ordinary record player.
The result is shown in the figure.
The voltage from the Hi Fi was stepped up a bit and applied to
the pads. If the pads were placed on the skin of the head in the
vicinity of the temples, one would "hear" the sound from the Hi
Fi as if it were coming from within the head itself.
The item at that time had no practical advantage as it was
extremely distorted. A good deal of the sound seemed to be
missing as if it were cut off.
I researched at the library and discovered the phenomenon was
known as far back as 1800 and was discovered by Volta. It was
called electrophonic hearing. It was believed that the
phenomenon was merely the action of the muscles being
electrically stimulated and affecting the bones in the ear by
means of minute muscle vibration.
I examined the signal from the device by oscilloscope and
discovered the sound came through in a blast when the
transformer was overloaded and produced a sharp spike or ringing
on the wave form. I soon discovered that the real information
was coming through only when this effect occurred. This
explained why only parts of the music and voice came through.
I reasoned that the true carrier of information was a radio
signal due to the oscillation produced by shock excitation of
the combined circuit of the transformer and the parallel tuned
circuit formed by the electrodes and the human body. I started
experimenting with the unit using a high frequency oscillator of
my own design and discovered a resonance in the circuit around
40,000 cycles per second. I soon found that the resonant
frequency would change abruptly with emotions and general body
changes. The capacitance of the electrodes, therefore the
dielectric constant of the skin, changed abruptly from the
slightest outside stimulus. The dielectric constant of the skin
would change by several orders of magnitude in a fraction of a
second! After preliminary measurement of parameters, I designed
the original Neurophone which is illustrated in my patent on the
The device was essentially a high voltage frequency modulated
radio transmitter of low power. Its frequency was adjustable to
correct for changes of resonance. The original unit was hand
adjustable. Later units were automatically tuned for maximum
The addition of the resonant radio carrier wave made the
difference. The sound from the device was fantastic, like sound
from another world. The normal frequency response of the ear was
extended beyond normal boundaries and there was no distortion.
I began experimenting with a number of people who were
considered to be totally nerve deaf, that is, they were unable
to hear anything, even with what is known as bone conduction.
The results were spectacular. People who had not heard in years
were now hearing sounds they only dreamed of ever recapturing. A
patent was applied for, and my research continued.
The press learned of my discovery and articles appeared on the
front pages of 300 newspapers, and it was picked up by news
syndicates and international magazines around the world. LIFE
did an article in Sept 14, 1962 page 69, 72. The results were as
spectacular as the discovery. We received hundreds of thousands
of letters from all over the world. Letters came from as far
away as Tasmania addressed only to Pat Flanagan, Inventor,
Texas, U.S.A. The U.S. Postal service did a spectacular job in
getting the mail to the right party.
There were many Neurophone discoveries not made public. On
occasions the device stimulated perfect telepathic contact
between one or more persons, often with startling results. These
telepathic incidents were kept under wraps for fear of ridicule.
KeleyNet BBS (15 October 1993) Meditate.ASC ~
This File is shared with Keelynet courtesy of Terry Bastian
As a result of his research, Dr Flanagan has designed the ideal
meditation environment. This environment is a special room
shielded from electromagnetic pollution. In this room are
placed: an ERG (earth resonance generator), Ion Generator
(caution-some ion gen produce pollution as well), an 8HZ
pulsating high voltage field (sync to the ERG), and a
Patrick Flanagan's Neurophone --- Hope for
the Deaf and Superlearning for All
In 1958, Dr. Patrick Flanagan invented the Neurophone in
Bellaire, Texas when he was 14 years old. This electronic device
transmits sound through the skin, by-passing normal hearing. A
family friend who was a patent attorney for Shell Oil, helped
Patrick submit a patent application. The patent examiners
thought that this was just sound transfer through bone
conduction and refused to issue a patent for 12 years. In a rare
meeting in 1970, the patent office agreed to examine the
Neurophone for themselves and meet Patrick and his attorney.
They both encountered a surprise. The examiner had a deaf
employee attend the meeting to test the device. The man was
totally nerve deaf in one ear and almost totally deaf in the
other. Patrick showed him how to use the Neurophone and played a
record of the famous Maria Callas singing an opera. As he was
able to hear the undistorted beauty of her voice, the tears of
joy streamed down his face.
For the first time in history the Patent Office reopened a file
after it was officially closed and Patrick Flanagan received
United States Patent Number 3,393,279. Prior to this, scientists
thought that sound could only be perceived by the inner ear to
A Houston Post reporter had a relative who was nerve deaf from
spinal meningitis. A test was arranged and when the device
worked, an explosion of news coverage resulted in the story
being carried on the international wire services.
How the genie was lost ~
In an agonizing infringement, a Defense Intelligence Agency
sealed the patent and a national security order forbade Patrick
from working on, or even talking about this invention. After
many years and nearly 300 inventions later, Patrick received the
Neurophone for public use. In a triumphant court case, the
secrecy and the seizure of the device, by the Government Agency,
was overruled and the genie was out of the bottle!
Electronic hearing and telepathy ~
To quote Patrick's Neurophone article in Nexus
Magazine-Feb/March 1994, "All hearing aids stimulate tiny bones
in the ear. In order for bone conduction to work, the cochlea or
inner ear that connects to the 8th cranial nerve must function.
People who are nerve deaf cannot hear through bone conduction
because the nerves in the inner ear are not functional. A number
of nerve deaf people who have had the entire inner ear removed
by surgery have been able to hear with the Neurophone.
The Neurophone is really an electronic telepathy machine.
Several tests prove that it bypasses the 8th cranial nerve or
hearing nerve and transmits sound directly to the brain. This
means that the Neurophone stimulates perception through a 7th or
The Texas home of the Neurophone ~
The Neurophone became publicly available on a broad scale for
the first time in July, 1996. An international Health Products
company is now distributing the Neurophone. This corporation is
based in Dallas, Texas and was established in 1976. A digitally
computerized model is now being developed by Patrick and his
wife Gael Crystal in their laboratory in Sedona, Arizona.
Turning on our neurophysiological potential for health,
knowledge and awareness ~
One of the last statements by Nikola Tesla, inventor of
alternating current, the radio and holder of well over 1,000
patents, was that he regretted not having done more in the
science of electromedicine. In 1962, Patrick predicted that
electromedicine would revolutionize conventional health care.
One of the relatively unknown, silent revolutions has already
taken place in the form of blood and lymph cleansing devices.
These simple, yet powerful, electronic devices have been
popularized by Bob Beck, physicist and bio electronic researcher
and Hulda Clark, N.D.
In 1990, a remarkable discovery was made by Steven Kaali, MD
and William Lyman, associate Professor of Pathology at Einstein
College of Medicine in N.Y.C. It was shown that a minute current
(50-100 micro amperes) can alter outer protein layers of the HIV
virus and prevent it's attachment to receptor sites. (Science
News March 30, 1991, pg. 207). The viruses loose the ability to
make an enzyme crucial to their reproduction. This process may
also reverse Epstein Barr (Chronic Fatigue Syndrome), Hepatitis
and Herpes B. Responsible users of this technology who are HIV
positive, may expect a Negative P24 surface antigen or PCR test
(no more HIV detectable in blood) after 30 days. A simplified
version of this unit now makes self help feasible. The potential
to clean and potentize the blood banks of the world with this
instrument is truly staggering. Bob Beck's Sept. 96 Explore
Magazine Article notes a study on the life span of blood cells
sealed under cover slips on microscope slides. While the average
life of "normal" blood is about 4 days; blood cells treated with
a mild microcurrent live for well over a month!
This very mild charging of the blood does not harm blood cells.
Furthermore, the applied physics of Eddy Current (Lenz's law)
demonstrates the neutralization of a myriad of parasites,
viruses, microbes and fungi. It is important to realize that
these organisms are critical co-factors, if not actual carriers,
regarding the multitude of new deadly contagious diseases
appearing throughout the world.
These blood cleansing devices are safe, with intelligent use,
have been around for decades, and seem to have a variety of
other benefits. You can do your own research on the scientific
evidence by scanning
Be aware that there are now customized, blood and lymph
cleansing units far better than Mr. Beck, Dr. Clark, and most
others, describe and or advertise.
The big turn off ~
By contrast, the HAARP Project, a giant array of microwave
towers in Anchorage Alaska, may not exactly raise awareness and
improve human health. It's billion plus watts of power can
impact an entire nation or even a complete hemisphere of the
world. You may find the rest of the story through the writings
of Nick Begich and other investigators. This brings new meaning
to that old expression used in T.V. and Radio, "Don't touch that
dial!" Nick is a life long educator, native of Alaska, and has
been featured on thousands of radio programs in the last 4
years. He also is perhaps the most informed writer on the
Patrick Flanagan story and the benefits of the Neurophone.
Education Automation Vacation ~
Scientific experiments indicate that effects of the Neurophone
range from super learning, long term memory speed learning,
relaxation, pain control and enhanced psychic abilities. The
Neurophone's ability to transfer large amounts of information
into long term memory may, alone, make the current model of
education obsolete. We could advance beyond the problem of
information overload and actually emphasize values, goals,
strategy and a profound interdisciplinary approach to world
problems. Positive solutions in an ever more complex world may
themselves depend on the solution offered by the responsible use
of the Neurophone.
Ma Bell ~
Studies on a special "head start" program, with pregnant women
using the Neurophone have promising news. These women describe
children with marked intelligence. This neuro-networking seems
actually to nurture neuropathways for the fetus.
Extra sensory perceptions ~
All organs of perceptions evolve from the skin of the child
within the womb. Theoretically, the skin could perform all sense
perception. In Russia blind people have been taught 'to see'
with their fingertips. Deaf people in Czechoslovakia have been
instructed 'to hear' with their fingertips.
Details on the Neurophone, super learning and
The intricacies of how the Neurophone is constructed, along
with it's bio-physical- interactivity, is provided in the book,
Towards A New Alchemy, by Nick Begich. For a broader
background see Super-Memory: The Revolution, by Sheila
Ostrander and Lynn Schroeder. The Explore More Magazine's
March/April 1996 article, 'The Skin, Our Fifth Sense' is a real
eye opener. For a historical view of related research read Psychic
Discoveries Behind The Iron Curtain by Sheila Ostrander
and Lynn Schroeder. A technical understanding of the
bio-electronics of organisms in health and disease, will be
found in the book, The Body Electric- Electromagnetism and
the Foundation of Life, by Robert O. Becker, M.D. and Gary
Selden, (Quill Publisher).
Dolphin speak ~
In a curious parallel to Roxanne Kremer's work on interspecies
communication with the Pink Amazon River Dolphins, Dr. Flanagan
has made impressive technical contributions. In February, 1968,
he applied for a patent on a device for translating human speech
into dolphin language and vice/versa. This was a result of
studies with dolphins in the lagoon of a small island off the
coast of Oahu, Hawaii. A vocabulary of 30 words was discovered
before a startling intervention. Six months after applying for
the patent, it was placed under secrecy order #756, 124 by a
U.S.Government surveillance agency. Five years later, another
hard-fought legal battle rescinded the suppression and patent
#3,647,970 was granted on March 7th 1972. This speech processing
patent is actually used as the circuit in the present version of
The sound of the new millennium ~
"The Music of the Spheres and the Hemispheres", heard with the
assist of the Neurophone, opens new doors for musicians and
composers, as well as educators and students of life in general.
In what may be seen as another motif on Sonic
Bloom-like-phenomena, some theories hold that it has the
potential for developing super plants and healing animals as
well as people.
Mind meld ~
Experiments with a Neurophone mind link between two or more
people seemingly makes possible learning directly from the mind
of another. And I thought this was only in the SCI FI domain of
Star Trek's Mr. Spock and certainly beyond the ken of Dr. Spock.
Nick Begich describes the phenomenon as an electronic 'corpus
collosum' between the minds of 2 people. The corpus collosum is
the semi-permeable bridge between the 2 hemispheres of an
The Neurophone and other gems ~
The Neurophone also causes both sides of the brain to pulse in
harmony creating an environment which may be ideal for learning.
Use of the Neurophone tends to balance all the acupuncture
meridians. In the near future the Flanagans will produce
cassette tapes and CD's designed to be used only with the
Neurophone. The tapes will cover categories as varied as Psychic
Center Stimulation to Subliminal Learning Programs.
Other Flanagan products include Crystal Energy, (ultra
colloidals --- each only 12 atoms wide --- of silica, magnesium,
zinc, gold, silver, and titanium which have duplicated the
structure and improved upon the health benefits of Hunza Water).
The people of Hunza claim that their longevity, often living up
to 130, stems primarily from their consumption of Hunza water,
also known as 'glacial milk'. This technology has also been used
to create what is truly the most unique spirulina, and other
supplements, presently known.
A word to the wise: Winston Churchill said, "Most people
occasionally stumble over the truth, but most pick themselves up
and continue on as if nothing had ever happened". If you sense
you've encountered some truths in this article don't use them as
stumbling blocks. They may be stepping stones to far higher
truths, if you dare to care and share. Data in this article can
be legally offered only as "theoretical"; and no medical claims
can be made or implied. See your health professional...
US Patent # 3,393,279
US Cl. 179/107 (16 July 1968)
Nervous System Excitation Device
Gillis Patrick Flanagan
This invention relates to electromagnetic excitation of the
nervous system of a mammal and pertains more particularly to a
method and apparatus for exciting the nervous system of a person
with electromagnetic waves that are capable of causing that
person to become conscious of information conveyed by the
It is an object of the present invention to provide a means of
initiating controllable responses of the neuro senses without
applying pressure waves or stress waves to the ears or bones.
Another object of this invention is to provide a means of
causing a person to receive an aural perception of the sound
corresponding to the audio modulation of radio frequency
electromagnetic waves that are coupled with the nervous system
of the person. These and other objects of this invention will be
understood from the following drawings and description of the
Figure 1 is a schematic illustration of one form of the
present nervous system excitation device.
Figure 2 is a circuit diagram of one form of the present
nervous system excitation device.
Figure 3 is a diagrammatic view illustrating one form of
field generator adapted to be used with the device of Figure 1.
Figure 4 is a diagrammatic view illustrating another
form of field generator adapted to be used with the device of
The present invention involves the discovery that certain
electromagnetic waves induce responses in the nervous systems of
mammals. In human beings a response is produced when some or all
of a person’s nervous system is placed within a field of
electromagnetic carrier waves of such a frequency, the nervous
system is responsive to the modulation of the carrier waves.
Each individual nervous system is at least somewhat selective in
respect to the frequencies to which it is most responsive. A
frequency to which the nervous system of a person is
demonstratively responsive can be determined by varying the
frequency of carrier waves that are modulated by an information
signal, such as speech or music, and measuring the frequency of
such waves that produce the sensation of hearing the sounds
corresponding to the modulating signal.
In the method of the present invention, a response is initiated
in the nervous system of a mammal by disposing at least a
portion of that nervous system within a field of electromagnetic
waves of a frequency above the aural range. In a preferred
embodiment of this invention, at least a portion of the nervous
system of a person is exposed to audio modulated electromagnetic
waves having a radio frequency such that the person experiences
the sensation of hearing, substantially free of distortion, the
information which is conveyed by the audio modulation.
The present invention may be used as a hearing aid, as an aid
to teaching speech to a person who was born deaf, as a means of
communicating with persons in locations in which the noise level
is high, as a device by which a person can listen to an audio
signal that cannot be heard by others, etc.
As shown in Figure 1 of the drawing, in a preferred form of the
invention, a field of electromagnetic waves is generated by a
field generating means, such as a pair of electrodes 1. The
electrodes 1 are preferably electrically insulated, for example
by surrounding them with a suitable electrical insulating
material 2, and are arranged to generate a field coupled with at
least a portion of the nervous system of a person, for example
by being placed near or along opposite sides of a person’s head.
The electrodes 1 can be placed in direct contact with the skin
and the electrodes can be placed on or near various portions of
the body, such portions preferably being near the spinal cord.
The electrodes 1 are electrically connected to a source of
modulated electromagnetic waves inclusive of a radio frequency
power amplifier and variable frequency oscillator, indicated in
box 4, a source of audio signal, indicated in box 5, and a power
supply for the signal source, modulator and amplifier, indicated
by box 6. The variable frequency oscillator 3 is preferably
provided with a manual radio frequency control means, indicated
by box 3a. Numerous forms of the components, indicated in boxes
3 to 6, that provide suitable power and a source of modulated
electromagnetic waves are presently known and the known devices
can be suitably used as long as they are arranged to produce a
relatively high voltage output that has a radio frequency above
the audio range and is capable of being modulated by an audio
signal or other signal adapted to be conveyed by the modulation
of electromagnetic waves of such a frequency.
The modulation can suitably be effected by means of either an
amplitude or frequency modulation of such electromagnetic waves.
These waves preferably have a frequency in the range of about 20
kilocycles per second to about 200 kilocycles per second. The
output of the source of modulated electromagnetic waves is
preferably at least about 1 watt where the field generator
comprises a pair of insulated electrodes placed on the head of a
person. The extent to which a person is aurally perceptive to
the output supplied at a given wattage is materially increased
when at least one of the electrodes is placed in electrical
contact with the body of the person.
In a preferred mode of operating the apparatus shown in Figure
1, the electrodes 1 are placed on the sides of the head of a
person. The source 5 of audio signal is actuated to produce an
audio signal corresponding to sounds recognizable by that
person, and source 3 of modulated electromagnetic waves is
actuated to couple the waves with the nervous system of that
person. When control 3A is adjusted so that the frequency of the
modulated waves is a frequency to which his nervous system is
particularly responsive, the person to whom the field of such
waves is applied has the sensation of hearing the sounds
corresponding to the audio signal substantially free of
In the circuit shown in Figure 2, a phase shift type of carrier
oscillation, generally designated by dotted rectangle 7, with a
frequency control, generally designated by rectangle 8, is
arranged to produce electromagnetic waves, shown at A, a
frequency ranging from about 20 to 200 kilocycles per second.
The oscillator output is coupled through capacitor 9 to a radio
frequency power amplifier, generally designated by a dotted
rectangle 10. Potentiometer 11, which is connected between
capacitor 9 and ground, provides a means of adjusting the input
to the amplifier. Switch 12, which is connected to the cathode
of tube 13 of the amplifier, provides a means of switching
between resistors 14 and 15 to vary the operating power
characteristics of the tube.
The output of amplifier 10 is connected to transformer 16 which
is coupled back-to-back with transformer 17. This arrangement of
transformers provides an inductive load such that the amplifier
yields a high voltage output is isolated from other components
of the circuit. Resistor 18 connected across the output side of
transformer 17 serves to reduce any dangerous voltage spikes
which might be produced. The output side of transformer 17 is
connected to a suitable field generator, which may comprise the
electrodes 1 surrounded by insulating material 2.
The output of amplifier 10 is amplitude modulated by means of
the modulator generally designated by dotted rectangle 19. A
fluctuating electrical signal B, preferably of audio frequency,
is applied to the modulator by means of input jack 20 and
transformer 21. The output of the modulator varies the screen
voltage of tube 13 of the amplifier so that the modulation
envelope of the current oscillations C produced across the load
of tube 13 correspond to the fluctuating signal B applied to the
Potentiometer 22 is connected to the cathode of tube 23 as the
cathode resistor of tube 23. Potentiometer 22 is preferably
adjusted so that the plate current of tube 13 of the amplifier
so that the modulation envelope of the current oscillation C
produced across the load of tube 13 correspond to the
fluctuating signal B applied to the modulator.
Potentiometer 22 is connected to the cathode of tube 23 as the
cathode resistor of tube 23. Potentiometer 22 is preferable
adjusted so that the plate current of tube 13 is about half its
normal maximum value. The fluctuating signal applied to
modulator 19 is then adjusted to cause the plate current of tube
13 to vary between the maximum and minimum values so that a
large current variation occurs in the load 16 of tube 13.
The apparatus shown in Figure 2 has been used to communicate
speech and music to numerous persons including registered
physicians. In these uses the electrodes 1, in the form of
circular disc covered by a plastic insulation 2, were placed
against the sides of the heads of the persons. When the
electromagnetic waves were adjusted to a frequency to which
persons having normal hearing were selectively responsive, none
of these persons perceived any sensations of hearing or
experienced any discomfort when no audio modulation was applied
to the waves. When the waves were audio modulated with a speech
or music signal, none of these persons experienced any
discomfort, but they each had the sensation of listening to the
transmitted information and hearing it at least as clearly as
they would hear such information from an audible transmitter.
When the same apparatus was similarly employed on a person whose
hearing had been damaged to an extent requiring a hearing aid to
hear normal conversation, that person heard the audio signal
(with this hearing aid disconnected) and heard music with a
better fidelity than that obtainable with this hearing aid.
Figure 3 shows an arrangement for mounting the field generating
means in a position such that a portion of a person’s nervous
system may be moved into and out of coupling with the field at
the will of the person. In this arrangement, electrodes 1
surrounded by insulation 2 are mounted in vertical alignment
along the back of a seating device, such as chair 24. When a
person is seated and leaning back in the chair, portions of his
nervous system are brought into coupling relationship with the
field produced by electrodes 1.
Figure 4 shows an alternative arrangement of the field
generating means. In this arrangement, inductive coil 25 is
connected to the output of a suitable source of modulated
electromagnetic waves and serves as a field generating means
which is adapted to be placed around the head of a person.
It is to be understood that the above embodiments and examples
have been presented for descriptive purposes and that, within
the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced
otherwise than specifically illustrated and described.
US Patent # 3,647,970
US Cl. 179/1/5 (5 March 1972)
Method and Apparatus for Simplifying
Gillis P. Flanagan
A speech waveform is converted to a constant amplitude square
wave in which the transitions between the amplitude extremes are
spaced so as to carry the speech information. The system
includes a pair of tuned amplifier circuits which act as
high-pass filters having a 6 decibel per octave slope from 0 to
15,ooo cycles followed by two stages, each comprised of an
amplifier and clipper circuit. For converting the filtered
waveform to a square wave. A radio transmitter and receiver
having a plurality of separate channels within a conventional
single side band transmitter bandwidth and a system for
transmitting secure speech information are also disclosed.
Background of Invention ~
This invention relates generally to electronic processing of
speech, and more particularly relates to a method and system for
simplifying the speech waveform to facilitate transmission of
the speech throughout various media without materially degrading
In the process of producing human speech, the voice box creates
a series of sound pulses which reverberate within and are shaped
by the upper throat and mouth cavity. The frequency of the
pulses produced by the voice box primarily determines the
frequency or pitch of the sound, while the shape of the mouth
cavity reverberates and shapes the sound pulses to produce the
speech information. The resulting speech waveform is very
complex and highly redundant. If such a waveform is passed
through a band-pass filter having a bandwidth significantly less
than 3000 cycles per second, the speech becomes unintelligible.
Thus, even the simplest voice communication channels require a
substantial bandwidth. Heretofore it has been commonly believed
that the speech information was contained in the amplitude as
well as the frequency modulation of the speech waveform, When
voice sounds are induced in a body of water or the earth, the
many reverberations caused by the various velocity
discontinuities make speech unintelligible over relatively short
transmission lengths. Also, the complex speech waveform has made
encoding or scrambling for secure transmissions, either by
electromagnetic, electrical, or pressure waves, so impractical
as to be very seldom used.
Summary of Invention Claimed ~
This invention is concerned with a method and system for
simplifying a complex speech waveform so that it can be used for
a multitude of applications. The simplified speech waveform may
be passed through a narrow band-pass filter, thus permitting a
greater number of communication channels within a given
frequency band. The simplified speech waveform can be
transmitted directly through the earth or water as a pressure
wave and understand, either directly from the medium, or after
simple amplification. The simplified waveform can be easily
encoded by scrambling to provide secure voice communications.
The simplified may be sued to operate machinery, produces more
efficient public address systems and transmitters with greater
range peak power for a given average power, and thus longer
In accordance with the present invention, the speech waveform
is converted to a signal having substantially constant upper and
lower levels with abrupt transitions from one level to the
other, the abrupt transitions being in time correspondence to
amplitude changes in the speech waveform that exceed a
predetermined rate of change. This is accomplished by a system
including a high-pass filter and means for converting the
filtered waveform to a constant amplitude, substantially square
More specifically, optimum results have been achieved by using
a filter having a 12 decibel per octave slope from 0 to 15,000
cycles per second. In one specific embodiment, this filter is
formed by a pair of tuned amplifier circuits each having a 6
decibel per octave slope within the frequency range of interest.
In this embodiment, the speech waveform is preferably combined
with a high frequency noise masking signal of lower amplitude
prior to processing.
In accordance with another specific aspect of the invention,
means for converting the filtered signal to a square wave
comprises at least one amplifier followed by a clipper circuit.
The invention also contemplates a voice communication system
having a plurality of separate channels within a bandwidth
normally allotted for a single frequency, for example four
channels within a bandwidth of 1500 cycles per second. In this
system the processes speech is selectively passed through one of
a plurality of narrow band-pass filters to a transmitter. The
receiver has similar narrow band-pass filters so as to be
selectively sensitive to transmissions in that pass band.
In accordance with another specific aspect of the invention,
each transition of the square wave is converted to a pulse of
predetermined amplitude and width, which is then converted into
a plurality of pulses with predetermined time spacing. These
pulses are then transmitted to a receiver where the plurality of
spaced pulses are recombined as one pulse. The square wave is
then reproduced from the combined pulses.
Brief Description of the Drawings ~
The novel features believed characteristic of this invnetion
are ste forth in the appended claims. The invention itself,
however, as well as other objects and advantages thereof, may
bes be understood by reference to the following detailed
description of illustrative embodiments, when read in
conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is a schematic block diagram of a system for
processing a simplified speech waveform in accordance with the
Figure 2 is a detailed schematic circuit diagram of the
system in Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a schematic block diagram of a multichannel
transmitter in accordance with the present invention.
Figure 4 is a schematic block diagram of a system for
transmitting and receiving scrambled speech waveforms in
accordance with the present invention.
Description of Preferred Embodiments ~
Referring now to the drawings, and in particular to Figure 1, a
speech processor in accordance with the present invention is
indicated generally by the reference numeral 10. The speech
waveform is applied to the input 12 as a voltage signal derived
from a microphone (not illustrated) or other suitable
transducer. The speech waveform is summed with a much higher
frequency, for example 50 KHz, masking signal produced by the
signal generator 14. This signal is passed through a pair of
tuned amplifier circuits 16 and 18. Each of the circuits 16 and
18 is a high-pass filter having a 6 decibel per octave slope
from 0 to 15,000 cycles per second, thus providing a combined
slope of 12 decibels per octave.
The filtered waveform is then passed through a circuit means
for converting the filtered waveform to a square wave which is
converting the filtered waveform to a square wave which is
comprised of a first high gain amplifier 20, a first clipper
circuit 22, a second high gain amplifier 24, and a second
clipper circuit 26. The square wave is then passed through power
amplifier 28 to the output in a form to drive a loudspeaker,
transducer, radio transmitter or the like. When ultimately
passed through a speaker, or other suitable transducer, the
square wave is fairly intelligible. The square wave so produced
has constant upper and lower levels, with very abrupt
transitions between the upper and lower levels as a result of
the two stages of amplification and clipping. The transitions
occur in time correspondence to amplitude changes in the
original speech waveform applied to the input 12 that exceed a
predetermined rate of change so as to be passed through the
high-pass filters 16 and 18.
A detailed circuit diagram of the system 1o us shown in Figure
2 wherein corresponding components are designated by
corresponding reference numerals. Each of the components is of
conventional design. The signal generator 14 has a variable load
resistor 30 in the output stage which permits the amplitude of
the masking signal to be adjusted to eliminate oscillations
caused by noise. The amplitude of the masking signal should not
be any greater than is required to prevent oscillation to
minimize interference with the processing of the speech
waveform. The tuned amplifier circuits 16 and 18 are of
identical construction. Each is comprised of an amplifier having
a differential input state 32 and a single output stage 34 which
drives a tuned filter circuit 36. The tuned amplifier circuits
16 and 18 are coupled by capacitor 38, which of course also
comprises an element of the filter. The amplifier 20 is
identical to the amplifier portions of the tuned amplifiers 16
and 18, and is coupled to the output of tuned amplifiers 16 and
18, and is coupled to the output of tuned amplifier 18 by
capacitor 40. The clipper circuit 22 is merely a diode bridge to
the output of tuned amplifier 18 by capacitor 40. The clipper
circuit 22 is merely a diode bridge coupled to the output of
amplifier 20 by capacitor 42, followed by a filter comprised of
capacitor 44 and resistor 46. The output of the clipper circuit
22 is coupled to the input of amplifier 24 by capacitor 50.
Amplifier 28 is identical to amplifiers 20 and 24 and is coupled
to the output of the clipper circuit 26 by capacitor 52.
In a typical embodiment of the circuit of Figure 2, the PNP
transistors may be MPS3640 transistors, and the diodes may be
IN914 diodes. The resistors have the following values in kilohms
as referenced in circuits 16 and 22: a = 33, b = 33, c = 10, d =
33, c = 0.33, f = 33, g = 10, h = 10, I = 10, j = 100, k = 100,
and m = 1.0. The capacitors are 10 microfarads, except for the
capacitors in the LC tuned circuits which are 0.001 microfarads,
All coils are 10 millihenrys.
The high-pas filters 16 and 18 may be of any suitable
conventional circuit design, and may be a resistor-capacitor
filter, a shortened delay line filter, or an inductor-capacitor
filter, for example. The means for converting the filtered
waveform to a square wave may also be any suitable conventional
circuit such as a Schmidt trigger, or a very high gain amplifier
which quickly saturates.
A multichannel speech transmission system in accordance with
the present invention is indicated generally by the reference
numeral 60 in the schematic block diagram of Figure 3. In the
system 60, the speech processor 10 is selectively connectable to
any one of four filters 62-65 by a selector switch 66. The
outputs of the filters 62-65 are connected to the input of a
conventional single side-band transmitter 68.
The filters 62-65 are narrow band-pass filters of any suitable
conventional design having mutually exclusive pass bands of
about 300 cycles centered at frequencies f1, f2, f3 and f4, and
are grouped within a total bandwidth of about 1500 cycles, for
example. Since 3000 cycles is a typical bandwidth for single
side band transmitters operated for simple speech transmission,
eight filters can be used if desired. The square wave produced
by the speech processor10 may be selectively passed through any
one of the narrow band-pass filters 62-65 without materially
reducing its intelligibility.
The filtered square wave is transmitted by the
conventionaltrnamitter68 to a conventional single side band
receiver 70.The output of the receiver 70 is selectively
connectable through filters 72-75 to a power amplifier 78 by a
selector switch 76.The filters 72-75 have corresponding
passbands centered at frequencies f1, f2, f3, and f4. The
amplifier 78 may drive a speaker 80. Therefore, if the selector
switch 76 of a particular receiving set 70 is set to the filter
corresponding in frequency to the filter selected by switch 66
in the transmitter, the filtered square wave will be reproduced
by the speaker 80 and will be sufficiently intelligible for
nearly all voice communication purposes. However, if the
selector switch 76 of a particular receiver is set to another
frequency filter, no sound is produced by the speaker 80. Thus,
the transmission system of Figure 3 provides four separate voice
channels within the frequency band of 1500 cycles, or eight
channels in the 3000 cycle bandwidth conventionally allotted for
single side band operation. Of course,itisto be understood that
the particular radio frequency is merely illustrative of the
broader concept of the invention and that the same principles
can be applied to transmissions through any media by electrical
or electromagnetic waves.
A secure system for transmitting scrambled voice communications
is indicated generally by the reference numeral 100 in Figure 4.
Again the speech processor 10 is used to generate the square
wave as heretofore described., The square wave is then passed
through a differentiator 102 which produces a sharp spike pulse
in time correspondence to each transition of the square wave.
The sharp spike pulses have a polarity determined by the
polarity of the transition and are therefore passed through a
fullwave rectifier 104 which converts all of the spike pulses to
the same polarity. The spike pulses are then used to trigger a
single shot multivibrator 106 which produces a pulse of
predetermined amplitude and time width in response to each spike
pulse. The uniform pulses from the single shot multivibrator 106
are then passed through an encoder 108 which produces a
plurality of pulses of corresponding width in a predetermined
timed sequence in response to each input pulse. This may easily
be accomplished by a plurality of parallel delay lines d0, d1,
and d2 for transferring the pulses to point 110 at predetermined
time intervals. The pulses are then amplified by an amplifier
112 which drives a transducer 114. The transducer 114 may induce
the pulses in water, in the earth, or in any other propagating
medium. Or, if desired, the transducer 114 can be replaced by a
radio or other electromagnetic wave transmitter.
The transmitted pulses are received by an appropriate receiving
transducer 116, which reproduces electrical pulses of
corresponding width and amplitude. The received pulses are
amplified by amplifier 118 and applied to a decoder 120. The
decoder 120 is comprised of an identical number of delay lines
of identical time relationship so that the three pulses are
recombined as a single pulse summation point 122. Each time that
the three pulses occur at the same point in time, the sum of the
pulses exceeds the threshold of a detector 124 which triggers a
flip-flop 126. The output of the flip-flop is then a
reproduction of the square wave originally produced by the
speech processor 10. This square wave is then amplified by
amplifier 128 to drive a speaker 130 and produce the voice
communication. Reproduction of the voice communication can be
accomplished only if the receiving decoder matches the
transmitting encoder. The encoders and decoders can be easily
interchanged in order to maintain secure transmissions.
Although preferred embodiments of the invention have been
described in detail, it is to be understood that various
changes, substitutions and alterations can be made therein
without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as
defined by the appended claims.
[Claims not included here].
This fascinating technology was developed in
1958 by Patrick Flanagan. It was thought that sound was
only heard by the inner ear; Flanagan, however, was able
to demonstrate that the brain also hears sounds that vibrate on
To use this technology, you place the sensors on the forehead
under a headband. Then plug the unit into your sound source,
such as a CD player. The sensors cause your skin, the largest
organ of the body, to vibrate to the music you’ve selected, much
like a speaker vibrates.
By bypassing the ear, you are using a completely different part
of the brain to process the sound creating new neural pathways.
This technology is great for concentration while studying,
learning languages, assisting in “new sound perception" great
for listening to music in a whole new way, helping with
meditation, relaxation, and healing.
When you first put the sensors on your skin, you feel a
vibration and can actually hear the sound of the music you’ve
selected. You can put the sensors on any part of your body, not
just the forehead.
Just by wearing the sensors, you will notice a dramatic mood
shift making you more positive, and also a change in your brain
power, producing unwavering focus! The ultrasound it produces
sends high frequency sound waves and their harmonics beyond the
hearing threshold to the brain. It is these high frequency
sounds that actually energize the brain, giving you more energy
and focus. For music lovers, the clarity of the sound will
There are two products using this technology available, the Neurophone
and the Echofone. Here are the differences:
Portability makes it useful for: Listening to lectures in the
classroom ~ Using at work for powerful focusing ~ Focusing at
Stereo Transducers makes it useful for: Serious musicians
learning music ~ Music afficianados to experience incredible
listening pleasure Sound therapy utilizing binaural beat
The Neurophone operates on an internal rechargeable
battery making it completely portable, not requiring a plug. The
internal pink sound generator makes it easy to use on-the-go
because you don’t need to plug it into a CD player.
The Echofone works in a similar manner, however is not
portable. It is ideal however for music appreciation having a
convenient control panel allowing you to easily mix the
vibration intensity of the sensors with the volume intensity of
The New Neurophone GPF-1011 DSP
Dr. Patrick Flanagan's revolutionary ultrasonic neural
stimulation instrument for brain entrainment, aiding in
learning, relaxation and meditation
The NEW Neurophone® Golden Ratio Series is here!
The Neurophone® marks a culmination of innovation and
engineering spanning 45 years. The GPF-1011 DSP offers a refined
aesthetic design and advanced microprocessor control to create
the finest experience in ultrasonic neuropathic stimulation. The
Neurophone® is a precision scientific instrument with an
extensive digital signal processor that encodes sound and
modulates it into ultrasonic signals. The GPF-1011DSP offers the
first, all digital Neurophone®. This profound digital
engineering offers a quality of ultrasonic transmission that is
more accurate and rich in harmonics than an analog
representation, offering a more enriching and stimulating
experience. Exciting new University studies are underway
evaluating the Neurophone's® profound role in accelerated
learning and memory retention. This instrument represents my
life's work and I am greatly pleased to offer the new
Neurophone® Model GPF-1011 DSP.
Contact us with your questions and comments!
Another Look at the Neurophone
( 6/21/97 ) Freely distributed for informational purposes
Dr. Pat Flanagan's Neurophone, in its several versions, has
been the subject of intense interest to many experimenters.
Later embodiments of his device appear to be based on the
observation that our neural systems are set up to receive and
decode external stimuli as sharp, transient spikes which
represent a conversion of smoothly-varying analog sound pressure
waves into time-coded "digital" nerve impulses. The associated
propagation delays most likely do with sound what our TV screens
do with serially-sequenced video waveforms: Convert them into a
spatial distribution across the TV screen as a picture (sound
waves encoded spatially across the brain cortex as a
spatio-temporal pattern). The Neurophone is a first attempt at
performing this complex conversion from frequency- to
The idea of reducing full-fidelity speech/music into a
differentiated, time-ratio coded version has many potential
applications such as:
* Compression of audio or other analog signals
* Artifical cochlea for "androids"
* Alternative sensory stimulus ("hearing" through the skin) a la
* Induction of information to the brain without contact (e.g.,
sharply-pulsed magnetic fields around the head such as
After reading the many files available on the Neurophone's
history and many embodiments, as well as building a few
experimental circuits myself, I've come to the conclusion that
the simple "clipper/double-differentiator"-type circuit, as
described by Tom Bearden in his book "Excalibur Briefing", is
lacking as an effective way to convert sound to time-coded
pulses, for the following reasons:
All sound waveforms (other than pure sine waves) are complex
superpositions of several frequencies -- fundamentals and their
harmonics, if they're periodic (pitched) sounds. The "tone
color" is heavily dependent upon the relative amplitudes
of the harmonics vs. the fundamental frequency.
Vowels, or diphthongs, in spoken language, are essentially very
specific bandpass-filtered spectra. The vocal cords produce a
harmonic-rich, raspy buzz, analogous to a sawtooth or pulse wave
as seen on an oscilloscope. The mouth and nasal cavities act as
resonators to selectively filter the buzz from the voice box
into recognizable vowel sounds. "Fricatives" such as the "ssss"
sound are unpitched bursts of air, "filtered" through the teeth,
lips, etc. Fricatives contain many high frequencies clustered
around 6-9 KHz, whereas a male voice is usually pitched
(fundamental) around 200 Hz.
To run such a waveform into a clipper or squaring amplifier
(comparator, Schmitt trigger) would be to take a very crude
zero-crossing detection; the frequency with the largest
amplitude is the fundamental... the higher harmonics "ride" upon
it... so the fundamental is the frequency that gets to "call the
shots" with the zero-crossing detector. So out comes a square
wave, switching up or down through zero only at the grossest
points of change along the waveform. We've already "hacked off"
most of the "details"-- the information contained in the upper
Now if we differentiate, and then "double-differentiate" this
clipped wave, we will get narrow pulses which "track" the edges
of the original complex sound wave ONLY WHERE IT CROSSED THROUGH
ZERO on the scope. The problem is, we've clipped all the good
stuff -- the harmonics -- off, and lost much of the information
in the process. The speech now sounds like a person talking
through a "kazoo" -- amusing, but not very useful.
How do we make square waves, and then narrow pulses
(differentiated), out of a complex wave in such a way as to
preserve DETAILED variations (upper harmonics)?
INTEGRATE, COMPARE, DIFFERENTIATE, and SUM
The method I am outlining here is a result of my own
brainstorming on the problem; if I have stepped on anyone's feet
by re-inventing your ideas, my apologies, but rest assured that
I'm not looking for patent rights, just circuit functionality.
Maybe I've discovered Flanagan's REAL method???...
First, we need to appreciate the fact that there are millions
of neurons doing their thing in our auditory system, not just a
few. Accordingly, I'm going to outline a simple circuit that
will produce time-coded spikes, but I'm recommending that
several of the circuit modules be built and chained together
SEQUENTIALLY (analog sections), with their differentiated SPIKE
outputs all SUMMED together and perhaps clipped as a group so
that there is one amplitude for them all, but varying repetition
rates -- sort of like Pulse-Position Modulation but more
complex. This is the output that will connect to the piezo skin
transducers after suitable amplification.
The cochlea has many, many neurons working on a serial sound
"stream" at the same time. Some are positioned "up front" where
the sound enters from the outside, some are down the trough a
ways, and some are located at the far end. As such, there is a
built-in time delay, or acoustic propagation delay, from one end
of the membrane to the other. Carver Mead at Cal-Tech has
attempted to model this by means of a series of transconductance
amplifiers wired as simple delays with carefully-calibrated
frequency "damping" per section.
My version models this with a simple R-C lowpass filter
(integrator) and an op amp (buffer) per module. The first stage
or module will have the highest cutoff frequency, approximately
5 KHz, and will set the resolution limit of the system. The
output of the buffer, which reproduces the slightly low-pass
filtered (and DELAYED) version of the original audio signal,
goes on to the input of the next module.
The next module's R-C filter has a slightly lower cutoff
frequency, say, 3 KHz. And so on, down to maybe 200 Hz.
(Probably best to taper the cutoff frequencies
LOGARITHMICALLY for economy and accuracy.)
Back to the first module, which had the highest cutoff
frequency of the chain of modules we're building up... say,
Across the series resistor forming part of our RC filter, we
tap off two wires and run them into a comparator (op amp with no
feedback resistor... = squaring amplifier). The input side of
the resistor (before being low-pass filtered) goes to the (+)
input of the comparator; the other lead of the resistor (which
connects to the filter cap and then to the buffer input) goes to
the (-) input of the comparator.
The comparator, therefore, constantly compares the two versions
of the audio waveform at its terminals: the unfiltered/undelayed
input vs. the filtered/delayed output side of the RC
filter. When the input side is rising in amplitude, and
exceeds the delayed output side, the comparator switches its
output logic HIGH; when the input signal amplitude dips down
below the delayed signal amplitude, the comparator switches LOW.
THIS PRODUCES A VERY PRECISE "PEAK-CROSSING" DETECTOR WHICH
TENDS TO SWITCH AT THE +/- PEAKS OF A SINE WAVE, rather than at
the zero-crossings at the middle of the waveform.
Now we run this squared-off comparator output into a
DIFFERENTIATOR --- a series cap (about .001uf) and a resistor to
ground (10k) -- which hi-pass filters the square wave into sharp
spikes having approximately a 10 uS time constant, nice and
short. We have now generated a series of bipolar spikes whose
position, relative to one another over time, is a function of
the DIFFERENCE of amplitudes and phases of two slightly
different copies of the original incoming sound wave.
A similar mechanism has been discovered within the retinal
cells in the eye. Carver Mead has reproduced this one, too.
I.e., a retina cell "computes" the [logarithm of the] DIFFERENCE
between what it "sees" and what its immediate neighbors see --
and it tries to inhibit their outputs, producing automatic EDGE
DETECTION which can be thought of as spatially high-pass
filtering a visual scene; the result is that CHANGING
brightnesses are emphasized. Play with a kitten and you'll
notice a direct proportion between how fast you pull the yarn
past its visual field and how badly the kitten feels it "has to"
pounce on it. And frogs tend to ignore everything except
quickly-moving black spots (flies) across its visual field.
This is likely the mechanism of neural coding by which we hear,
also (or something like it). Living things tend to respond to
CHANGES in sensory stimulus; long, monotonous stimuli lead to
neural shutdown (boredom --> sleep) as any school teacher can
My version of Flanagan's Neurophone preserves several
frequency-bands worth of harmonic information... but as
time-domain spikes just as Flanagan says we need. And we don't
hack the most interesting stuff off the top with this approach,
like we do with simpler versions.
INTEGRATE, COMPARE, DIFFERENTIATE, and SUM -- A SUMMARY
Visualise the human cochlea as a long delay-line with damping
(low-pass filtering) progressing as you go down the line.
Picture a comparator every few millimeters, with its two inputs
slightly separated, "sampling" across a small section of the
delay line as the waves propagate down the line. An entire array
of such comparators, with their outputs differentiated into10 uS
spikes, perhaps "OR'd" together, would present a highly detailed
PPM spike-train which, I predict, would produce an increased
efficiency in frequency-to-time or analog-to-digital sound
conversion for the next generation of homemade Neurophone-like
HERE IS A QBASIC PROGRAM WHICH WILL RUN A SIMULATION OF THE
ABOVE ON YOUR COMPUTER SCREEN.... drag your mouse across the
following code, COPY it and SAVE AS a new file called
COCHLEA1.BAS. Then, RUN it from your resident QBASIC
The program generates a rippled, sawtooth-like "audio" waveform
(white) made up of a fundamental and 10 harmonics, and then
samples it several times, each time having a slightly lower
cutoff frequency (longer time delay, more low-pass filtering).
This is displayed in yellow.
The comparator output for each delay is plotted in green.
The superimposed differentiated spikes from all the comparators
are plotted at the bottom of the screen in white.
Hope these ideas stimulate further research and development.
' cochlea1.bas 6/21/97 by Rick Andersen
DECLARE FUNCTION integrate (sample, cap, tc)
DECLARE FUNCTION differentiate (sample, cap, tc)
COMMON SHARED accumulator
CONST pi = 3.14159
SCREEN 9: CLS
FOR timeConstant = 10 TO 600 STEP 100
accumulator = 0
FOR a = 0 TO 22 STEP .01
wave = 0
FOR h = 1 TO 10
wave = wave + SIN(a * h) / h
lopass = integrate(wave, cap1, timeConstant)
IF wave > lopass THEN
trigger = 1
trigger = 0
hipass = differentiate(trigger, cap2, 20)
PSET (a * 30, 50 - wave * 20), 15
PSET (a * 30, 50 - lopass * 20), 14
PSET (a * 30, 100 + timeConstant / 4 - trigger * 15), 2
PSET (a * 30, 270 - hipass * 20), 15
FUNCTION differentiate (sample, accumulator, tc) STATIC
fsample = tc
leakage = 1 - EXP(-2 * pi * 1 / fsample)
capAvg = leakage * accumulator
accumulator = accumulator - capAvg + sample
differentiate = sample - capAvg
FUNCTION integrate (sample, accumulator, tc) STATIC
fsample = tc
leakage = 1 - EXP(-2 * pi * 1 / fsample)
capAvg = leakage * accumulator
accumulator = accumulator - capAvg + sample
integrate = capAvg