Atmospheric Electric Generator
Shared by L. Cozma ( Thanks ! ) --
The Guillot device generated about 2.5-3 Kilowatts with
antenna height of ~ 20 meters. Power depends on the total
collector surface and height of the vertical antenna. The
apparatus in the photo produced ~300 watts with a collector 2
"Practical Utilization of Atmospheric
in The Invention Encyclopedia, pp. 204-207 (
1930, Geo. Constantinescu, Ed. )
"The Earth has its own negative electricity, in the soil, and
the atmosphere which surrounds the Earth is charged with
positive electricity. The electric potential (the voltage)
increases with the altitude, so we can say that the electric
force is proportional to the atmospheric altitude (after
Franklin, Quetelet, Lord Kelvin, Mascart, Joubert and other
The recent observations demonstrate that the air at 6000-7000
meters in altitude, is very highly charged with positive
electricity, which could be explained by the friction between
the external photosphere and the upper atmosphere of Earth,
which rotates at a speed of more than 100,000 Kilometer per
In that way, the Earth works like an electrostatic generator
with electric charging by influence --- the upper atmosphere is
positively charged by influence and the Earth crust obtains the
Between the two environments, the air and the soil, and inside
the low atmosphere, in conditions of good weather, there are
sbout 800 positive ions and also, 680 negative ion (and
electrons) in just one square-centimeter of normal ionised air.
The Earth behaves like an huge electric armature negatively
charged, which repels the electrons and attracts the positive
ions. That positive ions' attraction determinates an electric
current, also called "convective current". That's like an
invisible continous bombardment, subject to daily and seasonal
variations, which could be aproximated at 3 x 10 ^ -16
Amperes per square-centimeter, and that is a total value
of 1500 Amperes for the entire surface of the Earth.
The question is --- how does this current always maintains the
same direction ? We can suppose that the natural radioactive
emissions of the soil is responsable for this. We also know that
radioactive emissions of the Earth works usually near the soil
surface, and that explains the ionisation phenomenona inside
The ionisation of the low atmosphere could also be the effect
of the radioactive emissions of the Earth, especially when the X
radiation works. Also, the Earth atmosphere is ionisated by the
external radiation proceeding from the Sun and from the space
environment, especially the action of ultraviolet radiation and
the electron fascicles emitted by the Sun surface, at the
temperature of 6000 deg. Celsius.
The capture of atmosphere electricity has been used in France,
with aerial cables mounted on the Mont Blanc, and also in
Germany --- with conductive cables carried by the captive
The atmosphere electricity collect system invented by eng.
Jules Guillot is most ingenious and it relies on "the electric
siphon" [ m.n. --- the discharging devices or
spark-gap used today from the protection of aerial electric
cables against the atmospheric electricity ; Jules Guillot has
thought to recuperate and to use that electricity ].
His method consisted in the direct "pumping" of the atmosphere
electricity using a collecting device which had two antennae and
several collecting rods.
One antenna is vertical and it has a lot of rods
scattered like an opened fan, with the tips against the
zenith, for collecting the negative electricity
which comes from the air ; the horizontal antenna is
orientated against the South and its role is to collect
the positive electricity.
The air electricity seems to have the double-polarity, as we
can see at two electrised clouds when between them apears the
electric discharge. The air could have different electric
charging and the ionisation processus of atmosphere is very
heterogenous. The inventor Guillot used two separated and
insulated armatures with the positive armature against the
South ( more precisely, against the Equator...)
and the negative armature against the zenith.
We can see in the scheme :
1,- the device P is the "collector apparatus" having 15-20
height ; it also has a lot of rods which are
scattered fan-like, all this on top of an iron
pillar ; and also an horizontal antenna S oriented
against the South ; the two antennae are disposed at 90
deg. angle forming the two armatures where the electrical
tension must apear. As the height of the pillar increases,
the voltage increases more and more ;
2,- a system of lightning-rods ( p1, p2, p3 ) for
protection against discharges of atmospheric electricity during
3,- the regulator system (voltage regulator, etc) R ;
4,- the electric resistors ( Cn ) for absorbing the
parasite currents ;
5,- the "electric siphons" which have the role of making a
magnetic field as a good environment for the transport of the
ionized fluid, absorbing the electricity from the air ; the E1
and E2 are their regulator devices ;
6,- an auxilliary continous current power supply which
send the current against an special excitation coil,
used as starting device ; it works only when the system is
This collector device works very good for lighting and heating.
The device made by Guillot had
20 meters height on the total surface of 3
square-meters. Also, J.Guillot used and electrical
transformer for the industrial utilization of this "collector"
--- as power supply for industrial electric engines."
DARIDA, Gillbert : "Practical
Utilization of Atmospheric Electricity";
French Patent # 551,882
Apparatus for Capture of Electric
Currents in the Atmosphere
16 April 1923
Considering the terrestrial globe like the inductor of a
dynamo, where the extraterrestrial ether is the inductor of
electric currents circulating in the atmosphere; the apparatus
of the invention described here selects through the device
described below two perfectly distinct currents and eliminates
The device includes:
1, The air sensor; 2, a series of lightning rods; 3, vacuum;
4, an array of resistances; 5, vacuum; 6, witnesses.
1. An aerial sensor mounted on a pole is composed of magnetic
steel fixed and sealed by a porcelain insulator,
and surrounded a base by a bronze ring which are
screwed 32 points of soft iron, all forming antenna a
pole. level beside it and isolated from the first, forming the
2nd pole, is fixed a sharp point of magnetic steel fixed in
the horizontal position and directed towards the south and movable
angle of 45 is sealed in a porcelain insulator. This
point is also circled a ring of copper notches figure.
2. A series of 6 lightning surge arrestors at corners between
each pole and the earth and the various gauges.
3. A first regulator form of a device similar
absolutely similar to the aerial amtenna, but the two poles
are superposed and opposed to the vertical point, and a copper
disk connects to ground. Opposite the horizontal point,
a ring of tin to which are welded tubes alternatively
16 tubes composed each composed of copper-lead
and iron-lead . The ring connects to the ground
as shown in figure. 2.
A second regulator form of automatic breakers
balanced on 3 poles and two poles also equally balanced.
4. A panel of resistances composed of wire mesh
in bunches from different sections of glass tubes
containing copper dust, coal and flowers of sulfur.
Vacuum cleaners consists of a wooden box on
each pole, containing a porcelain vase in which layers
isolated with mica is made up of mercury, tin,
coal, copper and sulfur, all contaied in a copper
6. The witnesses are comprised of ordinary incandescent
By the point at the zenith and the point to the south we
channel two currents forming the two poles. We also protect
from lightning. It regularizes the flow by a regulator and
similar devices by a controlling each devise of adequate
strength of the current harmful nature of these devices do not
have loads. The refined current is conducted by ordinary
French Patent # 565,395
Combined Apparatus for Capture of
Atmospheric Electric Currents with Immediate
25 January 1924
We know that earth with its constitution, its rotation and
movement in space, provides the electricity in the atmosphere.
The electrical currents escape into space or largely
accumulate towards the equator, as a result of the greater
periphery of the globe.
In the atmosphere, there are two clearly distinct poles,
i.e., clouds that can be electrically positive or negative;
everything in nature shows this, otherwise it would be
difficult to explain the lightning that occurs between the
clouds and which are none other than contrary cloud electrical
charges discharged by too close proximity.
The invention relates to a set of devices capable of
capturing the atmospheric electricity.
So far, all searches made for this purpose has been to
capture the atmosphere, i.e., that brought together into one
system to capture two poles and opposes effect has been
to destroy or cancel each other leaving the amount as the
difference of the strongest to weakest.
It is therefore easy to understand why, considering the two
poles of air as about equal, it is almost impossible to
measure some potential with the land, the highest on the
lowest remaining which can be positive or negative, copper
being the strongest of one or other of these polarities.
It is on this basis that all research until now have been
made, and that is why we must consider that all the time,
between the two poles captured in the atmosphere and not in
any mixture of systems uptake, it is possible to obtain
tension and intensity, a considerable and measurable
power captured separately between the two poles and
remaining isolated from one another until their utilization .
In accordance with this invention, this collection is made by
attraction of primary electrical currents in teh atmosphere,
either positively or negatively charged, by an antenna
that has two points absolutely isolated from one
another, where one points to the zenith to attract negative
electricity, and the other turned south, toward the equator to
draws in the masses grouped in this area.
This shows and proves the existence of atmospheric electrical
currents, and that it is possible to capture them with
specially designed equipment primarily acting as regulators,
as the persistent difficulty encountered so far in realizing
their capture lies with large variations of tension in which
the current atmosphere is present in space, for each of the
poles, and an overload could inevitably fatal.
The patent in its present form of presentation does not cover
the regulators or devices that are anticipated in the system,
because they can be designed in different ways and give the
same result, but covers the application and grouping of
equipment operating as automatic relays with variable
influence to limit current tension to that chosen for
These devices have a role associated with an overflow
reservoir outside carrying excess liquid; these regulators
will divert the excess voltage flows to ground.
We can still absorb these regulators having filters because
they have the sole purpose of diverting the post being used ,
currents that are not yet known but likely that we will call
for simplicity, abnormal currents. [sic...]
The patent also covers systems for regulating currents,
applied to each of the poles because it is recognized that the
shape and tension of the currents of the two poles are not
The method of capture is by special antenna has directed two
points in the atmosphere, as will be stated after this, with
Boot ecoulement prior to the current atmosphere is also of
Finally, the current atmospheric reception is adequate even
with the installation of a post, which can be expected at any
location without the need for special altitude, as has been
attempted in previous efforts.
We refer to the attached drawings:.
Figure 1 represents in elevation and side view an
antenna that only has two points, to overcome an elevation ;
Figure 2 is the end of one of the peaks, the
Figure 3 shows schematically the table on which are
mounted various devices or accessories that act as regulators
of current tensions.
Figure 4 is a scheme of surge arrestors, and
Figure 5 a table of resistances.
The necessary arrangements to capture atmospheric current
form is as follows:
1. The antenna in figure 1 is formed with two peaks:
the 1 is steel, supported by a bronze ring
2, surrounded by a spiral form 3; this point is
oriented for attracting the zenith layers of negative
electricity and the other edge 4 contains copper
coils 6, and is oriented south to the equator
to draw in the masses grouped in this area. To use this
antenna it suffices to be raised on a mast or pole to
a height a little higher than that of surrounding houses.
2. On the table lightning arrestors, contained 4,
forms of 7 copper horns used to absorb large
atmospheric discharges by certain time, as it would be
dangerous to allow movement in the devices regulators.
3. On a table of two symmetrical systems regulators,
Figure 3, one for each pole, to obtain and allow a
regularization of large excesses in the current tensions, by
automatically absorbing surges before passing over the
surfacea chosen for the desired use. These regulators are
represented on the drawing by the references R, R1, R2, R3,
4. In the resistance panel in communication with
regulators, these resistances are formed as spiral coils
or screens 8, tubes 9 of glass filled with fine coal
dust , aluminum powder, sulfur and fine copper dust.
Finally, two special 10 processors and
constitutes layers of metal forming an absorbant
for harmful or abnormal currents.
5. As a source of energy formed auxiliary batteries
11 and Ruhmkorff coils 12 to get into the antenna
sufficient attraction by means of an adjustment of intensity,
which once it begins, allows the constant flow of atmospheric
current in the system.
In considering Figure 3, which represents a sort of an
installation scheme of the device, the reception of
atmospheric electrical current will, as set out above,
producing a priming of these currents. This boot is made in
launching the system which is double to answer each of the
poles, the current batteries 11 through 12 and reels going to
This boot will continue until the disposal of electrical
current atmosphere is evident by the one or more table lamps L
of resistance shown in Figure 5.
Once the lights illuminate it is advisable to charge the
batteries to boot. Natural flow and constant currents will be
captured by the regulators , Figure 3; they will regularize in
tension and in amperage and then directed to use in table
It has been said above that regulators R, etc., are intended
and designed to automatically eliminate earth surge currents
capture and abnormal currents that cannot yet be level but
that these regulators could be replaced by devices with the
There is therefore no need to describe in detail and
especially the claims. We only specify that these regulators
must be proper protection for the purposes described above.
( in The Invention Encyclopedia, pp.
204-207 ; 1930, Geo. Constantinescu, Ed. ) --
French Patent # 551,882
Appareil Capteur de Courants Electriques
Steel Rods, magnetic, 2
Rods, soft iron, 32
Rx Cu-Pb, Fe-Pb
Resistances : Wire Mesh, Glass Tube. Cu, C, S powder
Vacuum Cleaners : Box, Jar, Mica &
Rx : Hg, Sn, C, Cu, S