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FR 930466

Method and apparatus for the processing of fluid by radiation.


Inventor:  PEQUIGNOT MICHEL   
          
Processing of the fluid: S by radiations (light or different) is subjected to two constrained main. :

1. The need to operate with the shelter of the air in order to avoid the secondary actions: mainly intense oxidation due very often to the ionization of ambient oxygen by the radiations to use; 2. The need to present fluid, always somewhat or substantially the not transparent one with the radiations; in very thin layers.

In the methods and apparatuses, used for this purpose, one generally makes pass the fluid one to treat between two walls, transparent, either in webs .de low thickness, or divided in channels of small dimension

parents of very low diameter.

The industrialization of the preceding apparatuses is blocked by their low flow:
function of the fluid pressure, this last being rapidly limited by the low resistance of materials used (glasses, quartz, etc). A fortiori, their employment is impossible in operations in front of necessarily being carried out with ha.ute pressure (chemical syntheses, fluid treatment containing of dissolved gases, etc).

In addition, the homogeneity of the processing is there always very. defective, in consequence of the unequal pressure distribution, in the tubes or channels, and especially of the irregularities

the inherent inaccuracy with the material and the machining necessarily employed.

It is known indeed that the flow, of a .canal of low section is proportional with the fourth power of his diameter, which leads for low differences of this last to extremely variable flows.

It is to be also noticed that, the field of the radiations intended to act, either on a beam of tubes, or on, faces: internal and outer of a sleeve, is not uniform, whatever the ingeniousness of the systems employed, and that, same if it were it, the play of the incidences and the indices of refraction of the transparent materials, make that the different generators of the irradiated surfaces, are it very unequally.

The present invention has as an object a method which makes it possible to cure these disadvantages and to increase the effectiveness and the flow of the apparatuses with irradiation.

According to this method which comprises the displacement of fluid to treat in the sanaux ones subjected to Faction of the radiation source, one combines with the longitudinal moving speed of fluid, the shape of the channels which ensures a swirling relative movement of fluid pendent its passage in front of the source radian .e. Thanks to this mouvemnt, one creates inside the fluid mass in movement at the same time of the molecular internal slips and a rotation of the mass fluid- on it same. So all the molecules of the mass with will trai er come successively in contact with the active surface limiting the flow channel. It results from it that all the parts of the fluid mass in movement are subjected, with the radiation and that the activation is very homogeneous.

Following a mode of setting in uvre of the method, the relative swirling movement is obtained by not making R the fluid mass in shaped channels of circular propeller around the radiant source. With this provision, the fluid flowing one in each channel is subjected to the centrifugal force due to its circular movement, ac ion which is added to those resulting of lives of flow and the section of the channel, to ensure a relative movement which creates a stirring int nse of the molecules and ensures their regular exposure to the radiation of the source.

For the application of this method, one realization

inside a metal tube where they can be readily machined with precision (like the scratches of a firearm). Dams the tube me Al with inner channels, is introduced another tube, this one transparent with the radiation and surrounding the radiating source.

Inner surfaces of the 'metallic and outer ube of transparent tube coïncid-NT exactly; fitting is obtained from it by lapping, of fate:. what each channel plot in the opaque material is closed with its free surface by a material window transparent? -.

With this apparatus, one obtains on the same tube a precise series of channels of dimensions', pusiqu' they are machined in metal, the surface of the tube transpar' NT smooth and being simply rectified. These channels allow an equal distribution of fluid resulting in equal losses in load in the different channels all the flows, and whatever the intake pressure. This advantage could not be obtained with the known apparatuses where the channels are entirely carried out in the material transparency, that hereinafter not being able to be exactly cut or molded with dimensions specified.

The apparatus made up at the same time by a metallic wall and an inner tubular transparent member is particularly rési.stant with the pressure. Whereas the conventional apparatuses are exclusively made up out of somewhat resistant transparent material, in the apparatus in accordance with the invention, the outer part supporting the efforts of extension is carried out in metal and can support without difficulty of the vées pressures él. it left transparent

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which it resists readily. One can thus use pressure raised, therefore to carry out substantial flows. Moreover the apparatus resists the incidental overpressures readily (water hammer).
Moreover, the apparatus comprised only one rédui.e part out of transparent material, which allows a saving of this material

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vée of the shocks, which R Nd the resistant and somewhat brittle apparatus.

Another essential advantage, when they are industrial apparatuses, resides in the possibility da instantaneous disassembling of the body of flow in two parts. The cleaning operation, which is a quasi impossible problem in the apparatuses comprising a body indémontable, is easier here.

It be: to also notice that single the apparatuses of the object kind of the invention, employs a single producer of radiations, which constitutes a considerable saving, which makes it possible in addition to obtain with the central position of the radiant source inside the transparent tube, a perfectly uniform field of radiations, essential factor of the homogeneity of the processing.

The method and the apparatus making the object

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all the fluid ones. Thus they can be used for the activation of milk by the rays: ultraviolet or for the processing of other liquid such as the Vin. They. can also be put in uvre for the processing by irradiation of gases, for the gaseous syntheses for example. They are applicable, that they which are the radiations used: light, actinic, radioactive or simply caloric.

The annexed drawings represent, with; title of example, an embodiment of the following apparatus the invention.


Figure 1 is a part in perspective out of longitudinal cut of an element. Figure 2 is transverse a-cut following line II-II of figure 1. This apparatus is made up. by a metallic envelope 1, for example out of stainless steel. With the inner surface of this tubular portion 1 are machined Des., helical grooves 2 of suitable step, for example, a corresponding step with the length to-

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for the third time an unspecified regular geometric .section, the best adapt one with the improved efficiency and the facility of execution was determined as being that of a triangle will equip with deadened angles. Inside envelope 1 is laid out a tube out of transparent material with the radiations considered. For example if they are rays, ultraviolet, the tube is out of molten quartz, the outer surface is rigorously gauged and polished.

Tube 3 extends on both sides beyond outer tube 1. Inside tube 3 and at the center - 'laid out the source radiating 4 finds, such as a generator of ultraviolet (tubular lamp with mercury vapor or other). With this source can be associated. a selector filter - not represented.

The ends, of envelope 1 are connected to collectors: intake manifold 5, collector of delivery 6. The connection with transparent tube 3 is ensured by D S joined suitable comprising a plastic element 7 clamped on support 8. The fluid one to treat is brought by collector 5. Arrived at the left end; tube 1, it can pass only in helical channels 2. Dimensions of those are determined so that the fluid one takes there the speed necessary with its swirl in the aforementioned channels. The particles of fluid are thus highly brewed, whereas the rotation of the fluid vein on itself successively brings them all in contact with the part of channels 2, limized by the surface of transparent tube 3. They are thus subjected to the irradiation of source 4.

Following the requirements, of the flow and the duration of sensitizing of fluid, a certain number of element identical with that which has been just described are grouped in series or parallel. Especially, one carried out substantial flows with a single construction, by the parallel circuit of several tubes 1 and 3 on collectors 5 and 6. These element 1-3 are superimposed without complication and without. sensitive increase of the obstruction.

Of course, the description which precedes does not aim of an embodiment of the invention. All variants, of application of the method return in the object of present the bre-. vet.





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