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Ruggero SANTILLI

Magnecule Patents







METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INTERMEDIATE CONTROLLED FUSION PROCESSES
US2012033775 // WO2012112206

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A method and apparatus for producing usable heat by fusion of two atoms within a vessel filled with a gas. The fusion is performed under pressure within an electric arc between two electrodes within the vessel. The electron clouds of the atoms are deformed into a toroidal shape by a magnetic field of the electric arc, thereby exposing the nuclei of both atoms. Upon such exposure, a trigger such as a sudden change in the arc or a sudden increase of pressure in the vessel forces the nuclei of the atoms to fuse, producing a new atom. Selection of the gas, the electrodes, as well as the operating power, pressure and flow through the arc results in the production of energy that is greater than the electric energy consumed by the arc. Heat produced by the fusion is used for the production of electricity or other commercial use.



Plasma-arc-through apparatus and process for submerged electric arcs
US8236150

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An application for a recycler includes a pressure and temperature resistant metal vessel that is filled with a liquid. Within the vessel is at least one submerged electric arc between a pair of carbon base electrodes powered by either a DC or AC current. The vessel has mechanical systems that maintain and optimize the electric arc. The electric arc produces a combustible gas. The liquid is pumped through a bore in one or more of the electrodes, delivering the liquid directly to the location of the arc, thereby reducing or eliminating any ignition of the gas by the arc.



APPARATUS TO RECYCLE ATMOSPHERIC CONTAMINANTS
WO2008008572 // US2008014130

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An apparatus for recycling a combustion exhaust into environmentally acceptable gases, where the exhaust is forced to pass through at least one electric arc (7-22), hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide in the exhaust are eliminated via their combustion or decomposition by said electric arc, carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides in the exhaust are decomposed by the electric arc into oxygen, carbon and nitrogen to restore the oxygen depleted by fossil fuel combustion and converted into said gases, carbon and other particulates are removed by suitable filters (800), and a recycled exhaust released into the atmosphere is composed of nontoxic and nonpolluting gases with percentages of breathable oxygen and ozone bigger than those of the original exhaust. Various embodiments are provided that allow the use of the invention to recycle automotive exhaust; purify urban air; and reduce global warming via large scale recycling of green house gases contained in our atmosphere into oxygen and other environmentally acceptable substances.



APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PRODUCTION OF MAGNECULES FROM WATER.
US2004149591 // WO2005076767 // WO2005076767 // US2007080070 // US2006075683

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An electrolyzer which decomposes distilled water into a new fuel composed of hydrogen, oxygen and their molecular and magnecular bonds, called HHO. The electrolyzer can be used to provide the new combustible gas as an additive to combustion engine fuels or in flame or other generating equipment such as torches and welders. The new combustible gas is comprised of clusters of hydrogen and oxygen atoms structured according to a general formula HmOn wherein m and n have null or positive integer values with the exception that m and n can not be 0 at the same time, and wherein said combustible gas has a varying energy content depending on its use.



OVER-UNITY PRODUCTION OF CLEAN NEW ENERGIES BY RECYCLING CONTAMINATED LIQUID WASTE
US6540966

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Reactors (108) for the total recycling of contaminated liquid waste, which produce a clean burning combustible gas, usable heat, and solid precipitates, a main feature being that a total of the available energy in the combustible gas and in the produced heat is greater than an electric energy needed to operate the apparatus. The latter feature is called commercial over-unity, and essentially establishes the capability of the new reactors to tap energy from the liquid molecules in full conformity with the principle of conservation of the energy. Different embodiments include the over-unity recycling of automotive antifreeze and oil waste, a new method for the production of a fuel from crude oil, for desalting sea water and for recycling biologically contaminated liquid waste, such as town sewage, into a clean burning combustible gas, nutrient rich water useful for irrigation, and soiled precipitates useful for fertilizers.


 
THE NEW CHEMICAL SPECIES OF A MAGNECULE
WO02081601    // US2001038087 //  EP1387876

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A novel chemical species, called magnecules, which is composed of clusters of molecules, and/or dimers, and/or atoms formed by internal bonds due to the magnetic polarization of the orbits of at least some of the peripheral atomic electrons present in the cluster, the intrinsic magnetic field of nuclei (1) present in the cluster, and the intrinsic magnetic fields of valence electrons (4) present in the cluster that are not correlated in singlet couplings to other electrons to form valence bonds is disclosed.



Synthetic combustible gas generation apparatus and method
US2003051992

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A method of obtaining a supply of a synthetic combustible gas having enhanced combustion properties by providing a fluid containing a carbonaceous material, creating an electric arc between spaced electrodes under the fluid to generate a combustible gas, and collecting the gas to obtain the supply of the combustible gas. An apparatus for obtaining a supply of a combustible gas having enhanced combustion properties includes a fluid containing a carbonaceous material, a vessel for retaining the fluid, spaced electrodes positioned in the vessel below the fluid, means for creating an electric arc between the spaced electrodes to generate a combustible gas, and means for collecting the gas for obtaining the supply of the gas.



MAGNEGAS, A NOVEL, HIGHLY EFFICIENT, NONPOLLUTANT, OXYGEN RICH AND COST COMPETITIVE COMBUSTIBLE GAS AND ASSOCIATED METHOD
WO03002250 // US6673322

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Apparatus and process for the production of a clean burning combustible gas by using electric arc. The electrodes (154, 170) used in the invention have several configurations. The process reduces the production of carbon dioxide, hence increases cost efficiency and the life of the electrodes (154, 170). The combustible gas is composed of stable magnetically bonded clusters of molecules and atoms that are detectable in conventional mass spectrometric detectors, yet such clusters remain unidentifiable by the computer search among all known molecules and have no infrared signature other than those of the conventional molecules constituting the clusters.



Apparatus and method to increase density and energy of hydrogen, oxygen, and other gases
US6972118

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This invention deals with an apparatus and method for the industrial production of a new form of hydrogen, oxygen and other gases possessing a higher specific density and a greater energy content that its corresponding conventional gas before processing the convention gas through the apparatus.



Clean burning liquid fuel produced via a self-sustaining processing of liquid feedstock
US6663752

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The invention relates to a novel self-sustaining method for the clean production of a clean burning liquid fuel called MagneFuel, which method is based, first, in the production of a combustible gas via submerged electric arcs between carbon-base electrodes from crude oil, oil-base, or water-base liquid waste and then passing the combustible gas via a high pressure pipe into a tower for the catalytic liquefaction, whereby the sum of the heat output in the production of the combustible gas and that for its catalytic liquefaction is sufficient for the process to be self-sustaining, that is, capable to produce its own electricity. It is emphasized that this abstract is provided to comply with the rules requiring an abstract that will allow a searcher or other reader to quickly ascertain the subject matter of the technical disclosure.; It is submitted with the understanding that it will not be used to interpret or limit the scope of meaning of the claims.



Self-sustaining equipment for the production of a clean combustible gas via underliquid electric arcs between nonconsumable electrodes
US2003051991

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The invention relates to a novel self-sustaining method for the clean production of energy based on supplying into a submerged electric arc between carbon-base electrodes or through a plasma created by an arc between carbon-base or metal-base electrodes the element which is missing for any given feedstock to achieve such a mixture of mostly ionized H, C and O atoms in the arc plasma and to contain equal moles of C and O as necessary to create CO and moles of H2, irrespective of whether the number of moles of H2 is larger, equal or smaller than that of CO. It is emphasized that this abstract is provided to comply with the rules requiring an abstract that will allow a searcher or other reader to quickly ascertain the subject matter of the technical disclosure. It is submitted with the understanding that it will not be used to interpret or limit the scope of meaning of the claims.



MAGNEGAS, A NOVEL, HIGHLY EFFICIENT, NONPOLLUTANT, OXYGEN RICH AND COST COMPETITIVE COMBUSTIBLE GAS AND ASSOCIATED METHOD
WO0110546 //    ES2386171 // EP1409129 // EP1409129 // EP1409129 // EP1409129

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The invention deals with a novel process and system for the production of a novel gas as well as usable heat via electronic arcs within a novel liquid.



Durable and efficient equipment for the production of a combustible and non-pollutant gas from underwater arcs and method therefor
US6183604

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A system for producing a clean burning combustible gas comprising an electrically conductive first electrode and an electrically conductive second electrode. A motor coupled to the first electrode is adapted to move the first electrode with respect to the second electrode to continuously move the arc away from the plasma created by the arc. A water tight container for the electrodes is provided with a quantity of water within the tank sufficient to submerge the electrodes.
   



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