Iron Age - Volume 107, p. 1446 (
June 2, 1921 )
Platers' Guide / Brass World, Volume 17, Page 306 (1921)
Improvements in apparatus of the divining-rod type for
detecting the presence of subterranean substances and for like
This invention has reference to apparatus used for indicating the
presence of certain treasures of the soil under water, minerals or
metals, petroleum (naphtha), coals or the like, and constitutes an
improvement in or modification of the invention of my Application
for Letters Patent No. 146,840 in which a stick or rod of wood,
metal or other suitable material is bent or coiled up at its
middle so as to form two branches elastically combined with one
another and to which may detachably and exchangeably be attached a
cartridge of a substance reacting on the emanations radiated by
the treasures of the soil searched for or by other substances to
be tested or analysed.
I am aware that in the British Specification No. 979 A.D. 1912, a
device for locating the presence of water, minerals and the like,
has been proposed in which in conjunction with a divining rod, an
appliance is provided for recording the amount of attraction or
pull upon the divining rod. But in this device the divining rod
itself is of usual shape, that is to say, the two branches of the
rod are rigidly, secured to one another and the rod is journaled
in bearings in a frame or casing and the recording device is
connected to the joint of the branches by means of a cord or the
By this arrangement, the rod may only move in the manner of the
usual divining rod, that is to say, in a vertical direction and
the recording device connected to the rod only gives an indication
of the degree of attraction exerted by the water, minerals or the
like on the rod itself and therefore of the depth at which the
liquid or mineral sought is located in the ground.
In opposition to this known device, in my apparatus I use
cartridges of substances reacting to the emanations radiated by
the treasures of the soil or by the substances to be tested or
analysed detachably and enchangeably connected
to the rod and the rod is rotatably inserted between a compass and
a speed-indicator both adjustably fixed to a connecting bar so
that the bar may easily be put in or removed from the apparatus.
The object of this arrangement is to render it possible to read
off directly the number of oscillations of the apparatus produced
by the emanations radiated. by the treasures of the soil or the
substances to be tested or analysed, in the speed-indicator and
furthermore the direction of strike of the treasure of the soil as
to degrees, minutes and seconds in the compass. My invention
therefore wholly differs from that which is known in its
arrangement as well as in its mode of working and results.
My invention will be fully described with reference to the
accompanying drawings in which,
Fig. 1. is a side view, Fig. 2 is a front view, and
Fig. 3 is a plan of my apparatus.
In these figures a, a are two branches elastically combined with
one another of
thin rod or stick bent or coiled up at its middle so that the two
branches form an, acute or a right angle, c is a slotted guide
fixed to the branch forming the axis of rotation of the apparatus
and is provided with a scale i.
d is a slide or spring adjustably carried by the other branch a,
provided with a scale j and elastically combined with the
first-named branch, c is a reacting substance, preferably made in
the form of a cartridge, detachably and exchangeably suspended
from the slide or spring d.
This arrangement of my apparatus is essentially the same as that
described and shown in my prior Specification Serial No. 146,840.
In accordance with my present invention k is a compass and m a
speed-indacator both preferably adjustably fixed to a connecting
bar 1 to permit ready insertion of the branch a forming the axis
of rotation of the apparatus between the compass and
speed-indicator and its removal from this position. One end of
this branch is, with its pivot f rotatably mounted on the centre
of the compass k and the other end is inserted within the
speed-indicator m so as to form the axis of the same. o is a
pointer suitably fixed to the pivoted branch a preferably closely
above the compass k and directed at right angles to the plane of
the two branches a, a of the apparatus. p is a post to which the
apparatus may be fixed by means of ball and socket joint or in any
other suitable way.
The mode of working of this arrangement of my apparatus is as
If the apparatus with the reacting substance attached to the
branch is brought near to the resting, place of a treasure of the
soil searched for and the reacting substance is of the same kind,
or nature, as, or of chemical or physical affinity to, the
treasure in the ground, the emanations radiated by this treasure
react on the substanee and produce a rotation of the pivoted
branch or of both branches n, fit in their seats and by means of
an effect of physical nature, the oscillating branch a is at the
same time oscillated, rotated and attracted or repelled till it
comes to rest and according to attraction or repulsion, points
exactly in the direction where the treasure of the soil searched
for rests in the ground or in a direction opposite to that.
The position of the two branches n, fit relatively to one another
resulting from the different action of attraction and repulsion,
speed of oscillation and rotation, kind and quantity of the
reacting substance e, and length of the oscillating branch a,
which position may be read off on the scales i and j, on guide c
and oscillating branch a respectively permits a conclusion being,
drawn as to thickness, depth of resting and quality of the
treasure of the soil found, on the basis of a practical knowledge
The number of oscillations of the branches a,may be read off
directly in the speed-indicator m and the direction of strike of
the treasure of the soil as to degrees, minutes and seconds by
means of the pointer () fixed to-the pivoted branch (i directly
above the compass k.
With the object of using my. present apparatus, for testing or
analysing substances of unknown character I proceed in the same
manner, as described before, that is to say, I attach reacting
substances of different character, or nature, one after another to
the free end of the oscillating branch a of the apparatus and I
continue in this manner until I find a reacting substance so near
in its character, or nature, to the substance to be tested, or
analysed, or to one of the constituents of this substance that it
causes the apparatus to work in the manner previously described.
0. Vorrichtung zur Nachweisung von Bodenschätzen
(Wasser, Erzen, Erdöl, Kohlen, u. dgl.) nach Art der
Vorrichtung zur Nachweisung von Bodenschätzen (Wasser, Erzen,
Erdöl, Kohlen, u. dgl.) nach Art der Wünschelrute.
Device for demonstration of natural resources (water, ores,
petroleum, coal, etc.), by type of dowsing.
The invention relates to the device described in Patent Nos. 81871
and relates to a particular configuration of the capsule
containing the reacting substance of mineral resources.
In the drawing the invention is shown in Figure I in the view in
Figure 2 and in the middle longitudinal section. f is the reacting
substance enclosing the cartridge, which has advantageously
cylindrical, rounded at the two ends of the form, but may also be
spherical or otherwise suitably shaped. a, b is the cartridge. f
This consists of two parts which can be connected easily
detachable but airtight manner by means of mating threads c or
otherwise suitable manner.
In the position of use of the downwardly directed enclosure
portion b is tapered downwardly and runs advantageously in the
form of a leg in a tip.
Inside the capsule bearing b d, e are in parts a, is provided. f
between which the cartridge is inserted with its two opposite ends
and immovably in the capsule during closing of the same is held.
The diameter of the capsule a, b is such that between the outer
surface of the cartridge and the inner wall f of the capsule
jacket is an air formed g.
For the same purpose the bearing d, e are provided with recesses
or only connected by means of webs to the inner capsule wall.
In the center of the tip of the opposite capsule-capsule outer
surface, a hook or an eye h is provided in order to mount the
capsule a, b at the non-shown in the drawing, divining-like
The action is according to the inventor, the following: After
solving the two capsule parts a, b from each other, the substance
affected cartridge f easily inserted into the capsule and just as
easily removed after use.
Further, since the substance cartridge is surrounded on all sides
in the interior of f of the capsule with an air jacket g, as a
strong influence on the capsule in the stored, reacting of ground
water resources or achieved opposed to the same.