Wilbert B. SMITH
Copyright 1964 by Murl Smith
Published by Fenn-Graphic Publishing
Co., Ltd (Canada)
Assembled by W. B. Smith from data
obtained from beings more advanced than we are.
Section One: The New Science
Section Two: The
~ The Basic Concept
~ The Quadrature Concept
~ The Space Fabric
~ The Field Fabric
V ~ The Control Fabric
VI ~ The Percipitation Fabric
VII ~ The Basic Particle
~ Radiated Energy
IX ~ Building Blocks of Matter
X ~ Forces
XI ~ Gravity
of Unusual Terms
Section Three: Principles &
Technology of Other Races
Part 1: Fundamentals
~ The Structure of Meaning
Part 2: The Structure of Spin
1.2 ~ The
1.3 ~ Relativity
1.4 ~ Basic Reality
1.5 ~ The Concept
The Spin Mechanism
Part 3: The Spin Fields
2.2 ~ The Units
2.3 ~ Distribution
2.4 ~ Spin Velocity
2.5 ~ The Tempic
The Significance of the Tempic Field
Part 4: Multiplicity of Spin Centers
3.2 ~ Simultaneity
3.3 ~ The Divergence
3.4 ~ The Curl
3.5 ~ The Gradient
4.2 ~ Summation
of Scalar Spin
4.3 ~ Summation
of Gradient of Spin
The New Science
A first reading of this book will
undoubtedly leave the reader with many questions in mind, and with few
answers immediately obtainable. As a work which purports to provide a comprehensive
yet simplified understanding of the universe and of reality as we observe
it, it will appear most novel in its development, intricate in its ramifications,
and will challenge the most vivid imagination. Yet, the implications are
far-reaching in their significance and the applications innumerable. The
serious reader is advised to peruse it often, and most of, to THINK.
THE NEW SCIENCE attempts to
provide a fundamental understanding of reality in general, and of our known
universe in particular. It advances a unified concept governing our awareness
of reality, explains the generation of this reality, and describes the
factors which mold it into the numerous forms in which we find it. To some
extent it is not a "first" attempt. For centuries philosophers and scientists
have, with varying degrees of success, framed hypotheses with the same
considered objective. It may be said that such attempts at a unified understanding
of the universe is a natural result of man's inquisitiveness and his searching
need of the ultimate order. THE NEW SCIENCE is unique, however, in bringing
into play not only those factors which are usually considered as physical
and material, but also the more subtle yet no less important influence
of the mental and spiritual.
The work was produced after many
years of thought and investigation. Existing concepts were considered in
all their scope and depth. It is the belief of many that numerous "clues"
were obtained from civilizations much more advanced than ours. Some of
the more physical aspects were confirmed by actual experiment and the less
tangible considerations tested against observable data and evaluated for
consistency. At this point, a few words about the author would seem appropriate.
Wibert Brockhouse Smith was born
at Lethbridge, in the Province of Alberta, Canada on the 17th of February,
1910. He exhibited early in life an eager interest in the nature of things.
At the age of 15, he wrote a treatise dealing with the controversial concept
of perpetual motion. He was also the author of several scientific novels.
After having obtained his S. SC. And M. Sc. Degrees in Electrical Engineering
from the University of Columbia in 1933 and 1934, he spent four years on
the staff of radio station CJOR in Vancouver, BC, where he became chief
engineer. In 1939 he joined the Department of Transport of Canada, where
he continued his work in the field of broadcasting and ...
We find ourselves in this Universe,
and we are aware of it. We strive to understand it, and to do so we use
all means at our disposal. We observe and speculate; we look and sometimes
we find; we ask many questions and get many answers. If the questions are
proper we get proper answers, but if they are not proper questions we get
indefinite answers or no answers at all.
Sometimes we cannot distinguish between
cause and effect or the phenomenon and the effect of the phenomenon. Sometimes
we mistake the shadow for the substance and pass by the reality while we
pursue the image.
Often we are so enamoured of our
own brilliance that we cannot see the little glints of Truth that line
our way. Many shining nuggets of Truth lie buried at our feet and if we
are not too proud to dig we will find them.
There are certain fundamental Truths
in this Universe and if we are prepared to accept them we can use them
as tools for its better Understanding.
No principal can be described or
satisfactorily defined except in terms of concepts which are more basic,
until one basic concept is reached which in itself cannot be defined at
all, but which will define all other concepts.
The Universe contains no anomalies,
and the appearance of an anomaly is warning that our understanding is inadequate.
Mathematics must be the servant of
Understanding and not its master. Equations, by their very nature, cannot
discover; they can only yield relationships derived from the initial statements
and which were inherently in them when they were stated.
Truth is not hidden; it is available
to all and is the same for all. Apparent differences must be due to inadequate
Whatever might be the origin of this
Universe, of one thing we can be reasonable sure, that it is within "nothing
at all". If it "started", then it must have started from nothing at all.
It always was, this it has nothing at all around it. Whatever there might
be beyond this "nothing at all" we have no way of knowing for we are within
it and of this Universe and have no concept beyond it.
This idea of nothing at all is a
most difficult one to come to grips with, but it is an absolute necessity
to an understanding of even the first ideas of cosmology. Nothing at all
means exactly what it says: NOTHING AT ALL; no space, no time, no substance,
no energy, no change. To approach it one must slough off all reality and
proceed deliberately into the void of nothingness. It is something extremely
personal which must be experienced by the individual as a basic exercise;
it is something which cannot be "taught". Most people recoil from the idea
of nothing at all, feeling that it is akin to annihilation, which it is,
but we must know of "nothing at all" before we can understand the basic
concept upon which our Universe is built. Subsequent lessons are futile
without this basic understanding.
Having become aware of nothing at
all, there is only awareness and nothing at all, and Awareness injects
into nothing at all a concept which will render it unique. Since no concept
of any kind can be defined except in terms of that which is more basic,
this Concept cannot be defined, and we may use it only in defining concepts
which are less basic. Since this Concept is the basis of our Universe,
its derivatives must be the basic parameters of it, and in itself it must
remain the nameless Reality.
We do not know if this basic Reality
exists independently from Awareness or whether one is the consequence of
the other; or whether in the final analysis they are in fact one and the
same. In any case we do know, or think that we know, that Reality does
exist and we are aware of it. But we do not know how far beyond us the
Awareness extends, and we must either postpone this determination pending
a better understanding or accept the statements by other entities who are
presumably more advanced than we are that Awareness is universal and extends
throughout all Reality and has a particular relationship thereto which
will be discussed later.
Our physical senses are very limited
and we can observe directly only certain aspects of our Universe, and these
only within strictly limited ranges. However, as our understanding increases
we are able to devise ways and means for extending our sense both in range
and scope, which in turn leads to better understanding. But we must always
remember in thus extending our senses to distinguish between the language
of observation and its translation into the language of our senses, lest
we miss the phenomenon while inspecting its effect. Also, since the information
we get through extensions of our senses is essentially "second hand", we
must be doubly sure that it is truly what we think it is, that it is in
fact "the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth."
There are two ways of "learning",
memorizing and understanding. No matter how good memory is it can never
do more than regurgitate that which has been assimilated, without form
and undigested. A library is an excellent memory but its understanding
is nil. Understanding however allows one to KNOW and is not limited to
material which has already been assimilated. Further, understanding can
extrapolate while memory cannot even interpolate. Therefore, in dealing
with the Basic Concept of the Universe which is Nothing-At-All, mere memory
is not good enough; understanding must be used, otherwise the whole exercise
is meaningless and we cannot KNOW.
In striving to attain the knowledge
of Nothing-At-All and the basic concept of Reality within it, words are
hopelessly inadequate because by their very nature words are merely symbols
in which there is some degree of common understanding. As yet we have no
words for that which is basic, and we must attain the understanding of
it and then carry this understanding into whatever language we find convenient.
But however we may approach the subject, the understanding of it is entirely
personal. As one of the people from "elsewhere" once stated, "I cannot
teach you; I can only help you to learn!"
Having understood Nothing-At-All
and the basic concept of Reality within it, we must next understand the
relationship of Awareness to these concepts. Whether or not Awareness and
Reality are the one and same is probably the Creator's secret, but to us
at least they seem to be separate and through the one we observe the other.
Realizing that at this stage we have
not yet even approached the basic or derived parameters of the Universe,
we have no understood framework within which t explore the relationship
of Awareness to Reality. Also, since the only basic concept we have at
this stage is the nameless one injected into Nothing-At-All, it is only
this which we can use to define the higher concepts. Therefore, the only
possible understanding of the relationship of Awareness to reality must
be determined from that which is inherent within the understanding of both.
We could define the Quadrature Concept
as the relationship of Awareness to Reality, and to some a definition of
this nature may be adequate, but it would carry little or no understanding,
and great difficulties would arise later when this concept is needed to
understand the derivation and relationships between the twelve fundamental
parameters. Therefore, a little time and effort spent at this stage to
understand this relationship will pay large dividends later. Through the
symbology of words and through analogy an attempt will be made to bracket
this concept and bring it into approximate focus, and after that only individual
and personal effort will bring it into precise focus and understanding
will be attained.
Our personal; experience with awareness
is largely confined to the operation of our senses. If we see something,
and can see all sides of it, we usually have a pretty good idea of what
it looks like. Also, if we can feel it all over we can conclude quite a
bit about its shape, temperature, texture, etc. We get more information
from any sounds which it may make, or any smells which it may exude. Maybe
we may even want to taste it. If we can get at it sufficiently to use most
or all of our senses on it we can form a pretty good idea of what it is,
and if we met it again we would probably recognize it. What then is the
mechanism by which our awareness obtains this information?
If we find ourselves in a certain
situation, such as being caught out in a storm, our senses respond to certain
stimuli and we arrive at certain conclusions. Thereafter we have a degree
of understanding of that particular situation, and would have no trouble
recognizing or identifying it if we ever met it again.
Emotional responses, stemming sometimes
from very restricted stimulation, can be distinguished and identified,
and to a certain degree passed along to others if they are coded through
their own experience to receive such information. Under these circumstances
we can say that such emotions are "understood", but just what is the relationship
of Awareness to them?
When we get into the area of abstracts
such as mathematics, physical relationships and the like, logic and intuition
extend the range and scope of our senses, but there still exists that mysterious
relationship between Awareness and Reality.
In the transcendental area involving
extra sensory perception, estannation, and those other capabilities of
the mind which as yet are only vaguely appreciated, we also find a definite
and determinable relationship between Awareness and Reality. In fact, anything
about which we can think, if it in any way involves an aspect of the universe,
must implicate and make use of this relationship. In the ultimate the Quadrature
Concept is the link by which Awareness observes and Understands Reality.
Mathematics is a discipline in which
many people have a fair understanding, and within which one facet of the
Quadrature Concept manifest most elegantly. Geometry, complex algebra,
and vectors all make use of a special relationship in which one line is
at right angles to another. Various properties, some of which are obvious
and some which are not so obvious, have been ascribed to this quadrature
relationship between lines. In fact, whole mathematical philosophies have
been developed around this relationship, and their practical application
has given us electrical current, radio, aeronautics, and many others. In
mathematics the Quadrature Concept manifests as two lines mutually at right
angles, or to a line which has been subjected to an operation by the square
root of minus one from its previous position. Successive operations yield
relationships which are the cornerstones of various branches of mathematics.
But the universal Quadrature Concept extends much beyond its mere mathematical
application, interesting though this may be, and is in fact the Concept
which links Awareness with the Concept which is fundamental.
Our Universe appears to us as an
enormous, tremendously complicated system, with myriads of actions and
reactions, functions and functional derivatives, and it is hard to realize
that it is all a manifestation of a single basic concept in Nothing-At-All.
We suspect, correctly, that there must be many "layers" or "levels" between
the basic concept and what we observe around us. It is up these levels
that we must work our way to an understanding of the universe, rather than
Anyone who is at all familiar with
modern physics is, no doubt, appalled at its complexity, confused by the
many correction and perturbation factors, and amazed at the many weird
theories propounded in all sincerity to explain observations in terms of
"established principles". Anomalies are the rule rather than the exception,
and the amount of data which just won't fit is colossal. All in all it
is fairly obvious that this view of the Universe is bogging down and we
are in reality conjuring up a mathematical monstrosity and raising it to
Deity status. It is truly the modern Golden Calf.
It is much more difficult to conceive
of a universe which is basically highly complex but possible of breaking
down into simpler units than to conceive of a Universe in which everything
is built up of different aspects and combinations of these aspects of a
single basic Reality. Therefore, why not tread again the path which was
trodden by the Creator when the universe was established, and start as
he did with Nothing-At-All and place therein the single basic Concept of
Reality and study that which may be derived from it.
We were unable to establish the point
of whether or not there is any interdependence between Reality and Awareness,
and we may never be able to do so, but we must take it that they both do
in fact exist, otherwise the whole exercise becomes meaningless and all
is illusion. Therefore, insofar as we are concerned, the Reality of the
Universe exists as we are aware of it.
The first degree of awareness of
the basic concept is length. This is a bald statement and although many
other combinations of words could be sued the MEANING is identical. Again,
the understanding of this parameter is a personal matter and the mere reiteration
of a formula will never convey understanding. Hence another personal visit
into Nothing-At-All and a first hand view of the basic concept is called
for. The viewing should be by means of the Quadrature Concept and, if correctly
carried out to the exclusion of all else, that which is viewed will be
the concept of length. This is the First Parameter, or as it might fairly
be put at this point, the First Dimension. [Planck's Constant, *L]
Now, if the Quadrature Concept is
again applied to the basic Concept of Reality, taking into account the
already established Parameter of Length, and Area will be established,
which is the Second Parameter. This Area is the true Second Dimension,
thus making Volume the true Third Dimension, and for similar reasons another
Length at right angles to the other two could not qualify.
Hence, Awareness of the basic concept
of Reality, through successive applications of the Quadrature Concept has
established a fabric of three Parameters, Length, Area and Volume, containing
One, Two, and Three conventional Dimensions. This is the Space Fabric,
and establishes a place for the Universe, which is at once simple and possible
of understanding. There is no need for Warps, Foreshortenings, and all
the other attachments appended to Space by conventional science to avoid
facing the Universe as the Creator faced it, from the viewpoint of Nothing-At-All.
At this point it may be well to say
something about Zero and Infinity. Originally these were mathematical concepts
which gradually became established in our consciousness even though to
most people they never had any real meanings. Mathematically it is possible
to evolve quite satisfactory definitions for Zero and infinity, and so
long as they are confined to mathematics we can get along with them quite
well. But when we try to become aware of zero or infinity as a personal
experience, we find it most difficult. It is only through the Quadrature
Concept that we can become aware of these two extremes at all, but if we
do view them "in quadrature" we find them quite understandable; in fact,
they become, they become as real as any other numbers.
We can say that Zero is the smallest
number in which our Awareness has any interest, and that Infinity is the
largest number in which our Awareness has any interest. If we have the
same degree of interest in Zero as we have in Infinity we will find that
Unity is exactly half way between. This is quite apart from any scale of
measurement and is a most important relationship. It is because nothing
in the universe is absolute except the basic concept of reality itself.
Even geometrical relationships are tempered by the means by which we become
aware of them.
In establishing the Space Fabric
we have understood only the concepts which result from the application
of the Quadrature Concept to the basic Concept of Reality. While we immediately
recognize the results of these operations as the space within which we
dwell we must avoid implying other properties to it than can be derived
directly from the basic premises. In other words, we have only space, with
nothing in it. Anything which we may subsequently define within Space must
be derived by further applications of the Quadrature Concept if it is to
have any meaning.
A further word may be said about
scales of measurement. Within the space just described there are no scales
of measurement, and any positioning of awareness must of necessity be entirely
arbitrary with one position being quite as good as any other. Relative
positioning must of course remain relative regardless of how many positions
may be established. A corollary of this is that Space is linear no matte
where we investigate it, and this relationship must be accepted as fundamental.
In establishing the Space Fabric
the basic Concept of Reality was operated upon successively by the Quadrature
Concept, giving the concepts of Length, Area and Volume. Further operations
with the Quadrature Concept will yield more relationships which, when established
may be recognized as parameters of the Universe in which Awareness finds
Since the relationships established
to constitute the Field Fabric do not impinge upon our awareness as directly
as does Space except in their composite forms, some sort of language is
needed to facilitate Understanding. To those having a mathematical background
this presents no particular problem since the relationships are merely
those of established Vector Algebra. To those not having such a background,
understanding must be obtained through appreciation of the meanings of
the actual words used. In any case, if the basic principles already set
forth have been adequately understood, there should not be too great difficulty.
A visualization of what is going on, extending upwards from Nothing-At-All,
as the Quadrature Concept is applied successively to Reality and its derivatives,
is really what is called for.
The application of the Quadrature
Concept to the Third Parameter yields a further parameter which we might
describe as Density or gradient, and is really an expression of how Reality
is distributed in Space. Vectorially it is the scalar view by awareness
of the Volumetric parameter of Reality. It is the scale against which any
change in Reality must be gauged. The Fourth Parameter is therefore essentially
Change, the true Fourth Dimension. There are many interesting implications
which will be studied later in more detail.
If the Quadrature Concept is applied
again, another partially familiar vectorial quantity results, namely Divergence,
or the stable condition in which Awareness finds Reality. This is the Fifth
Parameter, which also presents some interesting implications which will
The Sixth Parameter is developed
by still another application of the Quadrature Concept to Reality, which
gives the vectorial quantity Curl, or Deviation or Reality, which is essentially
the dynamic aspect of Reality as perceived by Awareness.
At this point it is fairly obvious
that our Universe is poly-dimensional in the truest sense of the word,
even though the dimensions are not quite what we fancied they ought to
be. They are more correctly parameters and are aspects of Reality established
by Awareness through the mechanism of the Quadrature Concept. Again, we
cannot say whether or not Reality could exist without Awareness, but we
believe that they are actually separate manifestations of the same thing,
and one is incomplete without the other. In any case, so long as we are
aware of our Universe it must be through the Parameters which are inherent
in it. And there are six more of them making twelve Parameters in all,
after which the system closes on itself. These Twelve Parameters are the
necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of the Universe as
we are aware of it.
Although there is a smooth relationship
following in the development of the various parameters we find that they
fall naturally into four fabrics of three parameters each. Just as each
parameter has its unique characteristic so each fabric has its own unique
characteristics, which include those of the individual parameters and the
interrelationships between them.
It should be noted that in the development
of the three parameters in the field fabric the Quadrature Concept was
applied in each case to the previously established parameter, and in its
broader sense. This should not be confused with the mathematical manipulation
of multiplying the previously established parameter by the square root
of minus one, as this is an operation which will subsequently be employed
and is similar to parallel processes which go on in the space fabric. While
this distinction is fairly obvious in the space fabric it may not be so
obvious in the field fabric.
Let us next look at those aspects
of the Universe which impinge upon our awareness and which may possibly
be identified with the parameters of the field fabric. The Fourth Parameter,
Change, reaches our awareness through our concept of Time, although we
have here mistaken the shadow for the substance and vice versa.
A field is a region which has a unique
characteristic. The space fabric, in displaying the characteristic of Change,
has a unique characteristic, so that this characteristic which so appears
can qualify as a field. But the filed must be "somewhere" and the space
fabric fills this need, just as Area is necessary for the evolution of
the concept of Volume.
Suppose we call this field of Change
a Tempic Field to give it a name of its own, so that we can study its relationship
to those things which impinge upon our awareness. Inspection of the Concept
shows that if the Change is great the tempic field must be great, but we
associate Change with our Concept of Time which is something against which
we gauge a rate of change. Expressed mathematically this rate can be written
as dS/dt which expresses the manner in which something changes with respect
to time. More explicitly this should be written as TS where T is the tempic
field operator, and S is the aspect of Reality upon which it operates.
A convenient, though only partially adequate description of the Tempic
Field is "Frequency", since we recognize frequency as being a certain number
of somethings per unit of time, and is dimensionally the reciprocal of
Heretofore we have always considered
Time as an immutable flow against which everything evolving Change could
be measured, whereas, it is really the converse which is true; Change is
the basic concept and Time its derivative. Unfortunately, our mathematics
are geared to the Time concept and will require considerable reworking
to fit them into this more precise concept, but when this is done there
will result a most elegant simplification in all the analysis involving
time. In the meantime the transition in thinking can be made less painful
if we merely regard Time as the consequence of the existence of a Tempic
Field, and is by no means fixed.
It may be interesting at this point
to mention something about the velocity of light. This quantity is generally
recognized to be something rather basic in our universe, being the "rate
at which space changes with time", but when viewed in the light of this
new field concept is merely the tempic field intensity, or how the tempic
field is distributed in space. We have been told that light doesn't "travel";
it "is", which is an idea not at all foreign to the field concept. Of course,
it follows that the velocity of light will be a constant only under conditions
of constant tempic field, and if this field changes so will the velocity
of light change.
Having had a superficial look at
the Tempic Field and its derivation we may now allow our Awareness to inspect
the next parameter which is Divergence to see if it is something which
can be recognized. Previously we noted that Reality had to extend to infinity
from zero in order to establish Space and that unity, so far as Awareness
was concerned, lay half way between. With the application of the Quadrature
Concept to the parameter of Change or Tempic Field, Divergence is established,
from which we derive a starting point a t zero and a finish at infinity.
Between these two limits and through unity there is divergence, which we
can recognize as the Electric Field, but with the exception that there
is no point charge at the zero. Our Awareness, however, established the
"charge" at radius unity, with exactly one half of it being "inside" and
the other half being "outside". The real significance of this boundary
will be apparent when we study the tenth parameter.
When Divergence was established by
Awareness, the Quadrature Concept was applied to the Tempic Field, so we
may expect within the electric field two quantities, scalar and vector,
or quantity and its manner of distribution. These attributes we recognize
immediately as pertaining to the electric fields with which we have experience.
While the Tempic field is purely
scalar, the application of the Quadrature Concept gave it an aspect which
is vectorial in establishing the Electric Field, in that it now has "direction"
as well as "quantity". In dealing with this parameter both these aspects
should always be included. Otherwise the analysis is bound to be incomplete.
In other words, mere vectorial summation is not sufficient and the scalar
values must be integrated also. Also, we must get away from the idea that
they are the manifestation of the fifth parameter from zero to infinity
and in themselves are the reality.
When Awareness inspects Divergence
through the Quadrature Concept and establishes Curl. Similar appreciation
results, and we see in Curl many of the characteristics of the Magnetic
Field, but again we have a boundary within which is half the reality and
outside of which is the other half. We call that within (or without) this
boundary the magnetic moment, but again we cannot establish a point source.
Also, dealing with magnetic fields we must always include the scalar as
well as the vectorial aspects.
Just as Area has Length incorporated
in it, and Volume has Area incorporated in it, so has the Electric Field
the Tempic Field incorporated in it. Each of these three fields are mutually
at right angles to each other. The three fields together are the manifestation
of Reality in the Field Fabric as perceived by Awareness. The interrelationships
between these various fields manifests to our Awareness as Matter and Energy,
and the great variety of these manifestations is well known to us.
The complete understanding of the
Control Fabric is not easy, chiefly because by their very nature, our mathematics
cannot be applied to it directly, and any analysis must be indirect. However,
it is hoped that with some understanding of the Fabric suitable mathematics
will be evolved with which to deal with it. In any case it should be realized
the Understanding comes with increasing Awareness and if the basic concepts
are understood, the rest will follow.
Awareness, inspecting Reality, notices
that the Tempic Field is to some extent everywhere, and except for any
arbitrarily prescribed reference point is largely homogenous. The Electric
Field, however, does have a reference point of its own but other than this
it spreads out everywhere. The magnetic Field, in addition to having both
the foregoing characteristics, has another one, namely orientation.
If the Quadrature Concept is applied
to the Magnetic Field it will be found that its orientation can be anything,
or in other words, it is Random. The probability of finding it in any particular
orientation is exactly the same as for any other orientation, and while
the Field itself has a unique characteristic, its display is strictly random.
While this is a rather over-simplified derivation of the Seventh Parameter,
it may be sufficient to guide thinking in the direction of its appreciation,
and as has been said previously, this appreciation is purely personal.
In all previous applications of the
Quadrature Concept by Awareness, the matter of choice did not arise as
how the Concept was applied did not make any difference. However, with
the application of the Quadrature Concept to the magnetic Field, this is
no longer the case, and a condition of asymmetry has been introduced which
makes it necessary to decide how the Concept shall be applied. In fact,
the application of the Concept is in itself a definition of the Eighth
parameter, which is that of Decision, or Free Will.
The Ninth parameter, however, again
establishes symmetry, and leads to a concept of Sequence, or Order, or
Up to the Eighth Parameter, Awareness
was largely in the position of Observer, and was unable to make any difference
in the scheme of things in the Understanding of what happened when the
Quadrature Concept was successively applied to the Basic Concept. Concept
was successively applied the basic Concept. However, with the Eighth Parameter,
Awareness became part of the Scheme in that a difference could result.
It is at this level that Free Will is exercised, even though we may have
many ideas to the contrary, and it is through this characteristic that
we are able to control at least a part of this universe. Increased understanding
will of course make possible extension of control, to the extent that our
Awareness actually does Understand.
There is a price tag on this control
through Free Will, however, in that the next application of the Quadrature
Concept establishes a pattern which persists right around the cycle, and
sequences are established which are directly consequential of the application
of the Eighth Parameter.
In our relationship with the Universe
we see all sorts of applications of the Control Fabric, from Random, through
Free Will and into Sequence, as well as all sorts of combinations of them.
Again, as was the case in the lower fabrics, each Parameter includes the
lower Parameters as well as extending the Concept to include a new one.
Therefore, it follows that all higher Parameters than the Eighth will be
subject to modification by Awareness, with proper Understanding. The modification
will be the consequence of the operation on the asymmetry of the Field
Fabric, and its consequences will be felt right up to the Twelfth Parameter.
Once Awareness has understood through
the application of the Quadrature Concept, the establishment of the first
nine Parameters, the further application of this Concept yields three more
Parameters which bring Matter and Energy as we know them into being. Again,
as in the Third or Control Fabric, we have no tools except our own Awareness
and understanding to follow through the evolvement of this Fabric. The
two higher Fabrics require much more sophisticated manipulations than our
mathematics are capable of to show the relationships existing between the
lower Parameters and Fabrics and the higher ones, and at our stage of evolvement
we can reach them only through personal mental activity aided by hints
and direction from others who have already passed this way.
The application of the Quadrature
Concept to the Parameter of Sequence yields the Tenth Parameter, Form.
It was previously mentioned that there is a unique value between zero and
infinity called Unity where exactly half the Reality is "inside" and half
is "outside" While it is true for formal mathematics and may be so established,
it is also universally true outside of this discipline, that no amount
of manipulation can alter the value of unity and it always remains the
fulcrum about which all other values pivot, regardless of scale. The Tenth
Parameter attaches a special significance to this value in that it becomes
the apparent boundary of Reality.
It is at once apparent that there
is no prescription of any "absolute" quantity of Reality, or any scale
of dimensions at all in this derivation. Therefore it follows that any
and all Reality will manifest Form such that its apparent boundary will
manifest half of the Reality inside and half outside. We do not know, and
may never know, the total amount of Reality in the Universe, but the Form
of the Universe will be such that half the Reality is inside and half outside.
At the other extreme, the smallest bit of Reality that we can discern will
also have this characteristic of one half being inside and the other half
The next application of the Quadrature
Concept yields the Parameter of Multiplicity, where more than one Form
is established. Remembering that each Parameter contains within itself
all lower Parameters, any and all deviations will reflect in the higher
parameters and the Eleventh Parameter will allow individualization in Form
as a consequence. This may not be at once obvious, but it is the mechanism
by which the various bits and pieces of matter and energy came into being,
actually a coagulation of substance out of the basic Reality.
When the Quadrature Concept is again
applied there results the Parameter of Aggregation, or Assembly of bits
into a Purposeful Structure. In this region resides the recognizable universe,
animate and inanimate. It is the degree of exercise of Free Will that distinguishes
between these two realms.
Further application of the Quadrature
Concept merely offsets the universe from itself, which is the same as another
linear dimension or First Parameter and the system closes on itself. Therefore,
within the Universe as we are aware of it there are only these Twelve Parameters.
They are the necessary and sufficient conditions for our Universe as we
know it, and all of which we are aware can be defined in terms of these
Parameters, and it is the duty and responsibility of Science to do so.
Having established twelve Parameters
through our Awareness observing the Basic Reality through the Quadrature
Concept, the question naturally arises regarding the place of Awareness
in the Universe. Since none of the Parameters in any way establishes Awareness,
yet Awareness observes all twelve, it must occupy some unique position
relative thereto. This is true, but its understanding is not aided by the
Reality of the universe and again it becomes a personal matter.
The following analogy may assist
in visualizing to some extent the relative structure of the universal parameters
and Awareness. Consider a sphere which is completely surrounded by twelve
other spheres of the same size. All the spheres are in contact, and all
the outer spheres are in contact with the inner. Only three spheres and
the inner sphere can have mutual contact under any one circumstance. Radius
of these three spheres may be mutually at right angles and the radius of
the inner sphere may be in line with any one of these. Depending on the
starting point and progression, all spheres may be inspected sequentially,
without any preference. A quadrature relationship is possible between any
three spheres, including the central one. All these relationships are valid
with respect to the relationships existing among the twelve parameters
Establishing the Twelve Parameters
of the Universe, in their four Fabrics of Three Parameters each, makes
it possible to study from the point of view of the Creator the evolution
of the basic building blocks out of which our Universe is constructed.
Considering the evolution of one particle only we need go no higher than
the first seven parameters, actually holding the seventh constant. The
higher Parameters enter the scene only when we want to do something with
the particle so established.
The first three Parameters set up
a framework in space within which the particle will appear, and the next
three will provide the wherewithal with which to make it. We can work with
Length, Area and Volume, Tempic, Electric and Magnetic Fields, and all
needed relationships between them. Our result will of course not be a true
particle, because the higher Parameters will not have been applied; for
example, it will not display Form, but will be diffuse from zero to infinity.
In the establishment of the Space
Fabric the repeated application of the Quadrature Concept stepped up the
available dimensions to three but it also made possible all sorts of quadrature
relationships within this framework. Similarly, in the establishment of
the Field Fabric three field regions were established with quadrature relationships
between them. Furthermore, there exists complete quadrature freedom between
the field and space fabric, so that in effect we work in a Six Dimensional
Continuum. It is easy to appreciate the large number of possibilities among
the many permutations and combinations of spatial dimensions and fields,
but the real problem is to sort out the actuality from the possibility.
This can be done only by continual cross-reference to observation of Reality;
i.e., by asking Mother Nature the right questions. We can be reasonably
certain, however, of one thing: there will not be any unused Parameters,
and the final result of the studies will involve all six.
Since we have no senses by which
we can become directly aware of the various fields we will have to depend
on the second hand data made available through our instruments, and here
we must be extremely careful to distinguish between the phenomenon itself
and the effects of the phenomenon on the instruments. Also, we must be
particularly careful in posing our questions to nature that they ask exactly
what we want to find out and are not ambiguous.
In developing the twelve Parameters,
the Quadrature Concept was applied between Awareness and the next lower
Parameter, but it may also be applied between any aspects of any Parameters,
or any derivatives of them. In doing this, however, it is most necessary
to realize just what is being done, and to understand the relationships
which are involved. Furthermore, we must never forget that we are dealing
with Reality, and even though certain aspects may become zero, the Reality
never vanishes. Conversely, any aspect which extends to infinity is still
Since it was established that reality
does extend in all cases from zero to infinity, it follows that if there
is to be particularization as made possible by the eleventh Parameter there
must be "overlap" among certain aspects. This simply means that in the
field fabric it is possible to have fields that exist independently amongst
themselves and independently of any "background" which may also exist.
In fact, we do not know directly at present how much "unpercipitated Reality"
there is in the universe, which will of course appear as a uniform background
to the precipitated Reality with which we exist.
Whether or not fields stick together
and add up to a single field depends entirely on the antecedents of the
field. If the fields are of unit particles they will become coherent for
more than half of the reality to be held in common, when the little bits
combine to form a big bit. If a field is produced by the simultaneous behavior
of lots of particles or other fields, then it will be coherent, so long
as more than half its reality exists in common. These are basic principles
and form the subject matter of a series of interesting and enlightening
experiments, and when understood provides an elegant interpretation of
much data being pondered by students of these matters.
The transition between coherent and
incoherent fields results from conditions which bring more or less than
half of the reality in common, and the 'stability" is purely a function
of how close to "half" the system actually is.
In manipulating fields and applying
the Quadrature Concept between them, we must understand that what we are
really doing is allowing one field to operate on another. The operation
of A on b is not necessarily the same as the operation of B on A, although
there can be relationships between these two operations. Successive operations
will go right around the circle and back to the starting point provided
certain conditions are met. These conditions will become apparent later.
There is basically no difference
between particles and radiated energy, except one of structure and configuration.
Both contain Reality and are made up of fields in space, and are subject
to the higher Parameters. We can say that radiated energy is "extended"
and that matter is "reentrant", to describe loosely their configurations
With the foregoing in mind we can
now explore what happens when the various fields are operated upon by each
other. When an electric field is operated upon by a tempic field, i.e.,
changed, a magnetic field results. When a magnetic field is operated upon
by a tempic field, i.e., changed, an electric field results. A tempic field
should result when an electric field operates on a magnetic field, but
the trick is to make it do so. Also, we would like to know what happens
when a tempic field is operated upon by an electric field or a magnetic
A tempic field is largely amorphous
and has direction only in relation to its own gradient in space, while
both the electric and magnetic fields have vectorial aspects in addition
to their scalar aspects. Therefore, we could hardly expect complete symmetry
among the operations of these three fields. We can, however, work through
an intermediate arrangement whereby we generate the desired field with
its interaction already built into it. Whether or not there is a limit
to this sort of operation we do not know, but it certainly hasn't been
found yet, and it is a valid approach so long as we keep the basic rules
constantly in mind.
As an introductory exercise consider
the operation of a tempic field on an electric field by the simple expedient
of having the electric field move. A magnetic field will be produced and
will have a certain specific orientation. The vectorial direction of the
magnetic field will be mutually at right angles to the direction of the
electric field and its motion. Now, since the magnetic field is a curl
function its divergence over the entire field must be zero. In order to
bring this about the magnetic field must operate on either or both if the
other fields to close the system somehow, somewhere. One such method would
be for this operation to increase the tempic field on one side and decrease
it on the other so that the motion would close into a loop, which implies
the operation of the magnetic field on the electric field to produce a
tempic field. If the structure of the three fields is understood, the validity
of this operation is at once apparent, which establishes another principle;
namely, that when a magnetic field, produced by a moving electric field,
is moved longitudinally a tempic field is produced.
More thinking about this exercise
discloses the fact that if this system merely closes on itself, the divergence,
which is the electric field is eliminated, so that the only way in which
the system can be self-sustaining is for it to close toroidally, so that
there will be components of all three fields in all directions. That this
is in fact the model of the basic particle of the universe in which we
exist is amply borne out by experiment, because it displays a tempic field,
an electric field, and a magnetic moment. The electric polarity depends
on whether the spiral is right- or left-handed.
Inspection of this model discloses
the fact that the tempic field will drop off as the inverse distance from
the center of the toroid, the electric field will drop off as the inverse
square of this distance, and the magnetic field will drop of as the inverse
cube. What fields we observe with our instrumentation in the vicinity of
such a particle will be the summation of the particle fields, the fields
of all other particles, and the unresolved background fields of the fabric
Possibly a clearer understanding
of the structure of the basic particle may be had by considering the composition,
orientation, and interaction of the entire field structure, considered
together as a unit.
Looking at the composite field structure
shows us three fields at right angles to each other. There is the tempic
with its gradient in one direction, the electric with its divergence in
a direction at right angles to it and including it, and the magnetic at
right angles to the other two and including both of them. For self-sustaining
conditions, the operation f each upon the other, there must be one-for-one
relationships between them. Therefore the real movement under stable self-sustaining
conditions will be in the vectorial 1,1,1 direction, or exactly midway
among the three directions of the component fields.
The skew progression of the fields
results in a double closure of the system, which will have both rotation
and precession. It is readily apparent that since the tempic field only
must have a specified gradient, the other two fields have two possible
orientations, which will result in two directions of possible rotation
and two directions of possible precession. The electric polarity of the
particle will be the resultant of the coherent fields arising from both
the rotation and precession, and can have two values of positive and two
values of negative. Because of the necessary geometrical conditions imposed
by the nature of space itself, the precessional field will be smaller than
the rotational field giving particles having two values of positive charge
rather close together and two negative equally close together.
The significance of these differences
in charges will be discussed later in the chapter on gravity, as well as
some very interesting circumstances arising out of the skew condition,
particularly at close range.
The basic tempic particle rsulted
from the operation of the tempic field on the electric field through movement.
In other words, there was a permitted gradient of tempic field in space.
If, however, we had insisted that the change be such that it occurred at
one place we would have had a slightly different picture. The only change
possible under these conditions would have been an increase or decrease
in the electric field through the operation of the tempic field, and it
would have had to inject its own quadrature relationship in order to exist.
Therefore, the tempic field must in itself carry the quadrature concept,
which simply means that it becomes a sinusoidally varying alternating field
in the single space location.
Now, if the tempic field varies at
any point in space, adjacent to that point there must be tempic field gradients,
or "velocities". Since the electric field has a definite orientation, and
consequently the magnetic field resulting from the tempic field operation
will also have a definite orientation, it will in turn produce a further
tempic field of definite orientation which will be coherent with the original
field, increasing it in one direction and reducing it in the other direction.
The whole business can therefore become self-sustaining only if it darts
off in this particular direction with the velocity of light, or in the
direction of the establishing tempic field gradient.
It is readily apparent that we cannot
avoid space getting into the picture in some way or other. If we permit
things to travel through space, they just go round and round and stay in
one place, but if we try to make them stay in one place they dart of with
the velocity of light! Furthermore, the difference between matter and radiated
energy is very similar to that between Direct Current and Alternating Current.
Otherwise, there is very little difference between the two forms of the
expression of Reality.
As coherence is possible among particles,
if more than half the reality is common, so is coherence possible in radiated
energy if more than half the reality is in common.
The extent to which the tempic field
makes use of the quadrature concept in its operation will reflect in the
"wave length" of the radiation, which in turn will reflect the quantity
of reality involved. The maximum values of the electric and magnetic fields
will be those existing in the region where the radiated energy originated,
since there is no concept in this universe for Negative Reality, and the
operations must be on the total coherent fields present. This same reasoning
applies to the size and maximum fields of the basic particle.
It follows that where radiated energy
originates in fabrics having appreciably different background fields, its
wavelength will be different from that of equivalent radiated energy originating
in more familiar fabric.
Within the universe which we perceive,
we are reasonably satisfied that the maximum value of all the coherent
fields involved in our particles and radiated energy have the same value.
Planck's Constant is the numerical expression of this value, and the velocity
of light is the expression of the numerical value of the tempic field intensity
Whether or not other universes can and do exist having other numerical
values, and what the relationships ought to be between them, is quite another
matter, subject to entirely separate consideration.
In the previous consideration the
operation of the tempic field on the electric field was proposed as the
starting point. If, however, the initial operation was on the magnetic
field, an additional complication gets injected. The electric field so
generated can have its required divergence only if the whole systemis folded
back on itself. This establishes a condition where the magnetic field is
entirely closed on itself about a tempic field "core", with the electric
field interlaced with alternating polarity. Picturesquely, it would look
like a string of magnetic doughnuts of alternating magnetic direction,
stuck together with electrostatic icing of alternating polarity, and all
threaded into a string of increased tempic field and placed inside a tube
of decreased tempic field. A most complicated picture, but one which does
exist in this universe and has some most remarkable properties. For lack
of a better name it is called "tensor energy".
Tensor energy carries its tempic
field with it, so it is therefore not subject to propagation, and both
ends of the beam are actually simultaneous (interval zero). The beam does
not dissipate and has the same numerical values at the receiving end as
it has at the transmitting end. Regardless of the combination of field
conditions encountered at the receiving end, the same relationships are
maintained as existed at the transmitting end. Reversing the initial polarity
of the magnetic field will place decreased tempic field on the inside and
increased on the outside, so that several tensor beams can be stuck together
as a "cable". Since the tensor beam does not have any external field of
any kind it is immune to any and all outside field effects. The only manifestation
external to the beam itself is the tempic field gradient of the outer sheath.
Blocks of Matter
When the basic particle was developed
it was tacitly stated that only the first six parameters would be considered.
However, during the development there were many instances when the higher
Parameters were invoked, particularly those of the Fourth Fabric, so that
not only could the particle itself be visualized but some idea might evolve
a to how it might be related to other particles. When all the parameters
have been applied there exists a particle, having form, along with many
others of its kind, and having certain definite relationships to them,
and possible of combination with others to form purposeful aggregates.
Two particles will merge into a single
particle if they can be so arranged that more than half the reality is
in common. Since the basic particle is shaped like a toroid, stacking them
is rather obviously the way to achieve this. We can put them together alternately
with opposite polarities until we reach a point where this basic condition
no longer holds. Remembering that the tempic field is an inverse distance
field, the electric is an inverse square field, and the magnetic is an
inverse cube field, the coherence of the various fields will be different,
and there will be reached limits beyond which the system will not be stable
with simple stacking. We can then stick the stacks together sideways, and
then stick another stack on the ends of the resulting assembly, and so
Electrons and positrons as we know
them are basic particles, and protons and neutrons are simply stacks of
these with either an even or odd number in the stack. Mesons are merely
fragmented stacks. There are quite a variety of other bits and pieces made
up of basic particles stuck together through their field coherence, with
varying degrees of stability being displayed according to how close to
the half-in-half-out rule they are.
Since it is rather obvious that no
pattern of stacking can ever make all the fields involved equally interpenetrating,
there must be some pattern of leftover fields manifesting outside the composite
particle, and these are the fields which establish the characteristics
of matter as we know it. Study of the relative configurations of the electric
and magnetic fields establishes the electric charge and the configuration
of the family of basic particles which the composite particle attracts.
The electrons will drift into the electric field and then attach themselves
over appropriate poles, to an extent that interpenetration can be established
between electron fields and the residual fields of the composite particle.
The number of poles and the number of unit charges determine the "elements"
as we identify these systems.
The tempic field, being purely scalar
in nature merely contributes to the manner in which changes can occur in
the system. If, however, through some characteristic of configuration,
the tempic field within a composite particle displays some irregularity,
this will manifest as a "vibration", and if the magnitude of the vibration
is such as to cause the interpenetrating fields to exceed the half-and-half
point the whole system will come apart: radioactivity.
When a system does come apart, those
fields which were coherent and interpenetrating in the correct proportion
will remain so and take off down the tempic field gradient and become radiated
The fields which contribute to the
internal "attractions" of atoms are the electric and magnetic, supplemented
by secondary fields resulting from any further operations between the basic
field parameters. These fields form a static pattern, which is dynamic
only when tempic field irregularities occur. The difference in energy levels
is the extent to which the fields are coherent in the proportions to form
radiated energy, which can enter or leave the system upon appropriate arrangement
of its components.
At this point it may be well to call
attention to a simple but often overlooked principle. Since all Reality
in this universe must conform to the parameter of Form, it must always
display the characteristic of being half-in and half-out. This rule also
applies to energy, either quantized or amorphous. Energy always exists
in conjunction with its conjugate. In other words, in any reaction involving
energy, we see only one half the energy involved; the other half is either
inside or outside from our point of concern. It is most fortunate that
this is so, otherwise the universe wouldn't work!
In developing our understanding of
radiated energy we made certain initial assumptions, i.e., that we hid
have a field upon which we could operate, and that this field was sufficiently
detached that the operation was so isolated that it could be considered
quite apart from any interaction with other fields or particles. Rather
obviously this does not represent a real condition. In nature we always
find a close association between matter and energy somewhere in the scheme
of things, and usually at both ends of the syste, sowe should have a closer
look at the interaction of matter and energy, always bearing in mind that
they are both different aspects of the same Reality.
The reason that fields curl around
to form material particles is because tempic fields are generated which
increase the time available on one side of the system and decrease it on
the other. Therefore, whenever any degree of asymmetry is introduced into
a coherent field system, it will change direction and if the conditions
are right for the system to be self-sustaining, a particle will be formed.
Conversely, if a discontinuity is introduced, sufficient to disturb the
closure of a system, the differences in the tempic field distribution will
disappear and the particle will dart off as radiated energy.
When particles merge to such an extent
that the interpenetration of the fields exceeds the halfway point, and
an asymetry is introduced, a tempic field gradient is established away
from the system in the direction bisecting the asymmetry, in both directions
so that two bits of radiated energy take off down these gradients.
Conversely, when two approximately
equal bits of radiated energy merge beyond the halfway point, a deviation
in direction of the tempic field takes place which, if it can be maintained,
allows the bits of radiated energy to merge into a particle.
Within a complex structure of particles
there may be coherent field systems, which if disturbed may acquire a linear
tempic field gradient, and a bit of the Reality will take off down this
gradient and radiation will be emitted by the structure.
With the curling in on itself of
radiated energy, if the geometry is correct, the alternating field aspects
flow into a uni-directional arrangement, and conversely, when a particle
unwraps to form radiation, a quadrature phase is introduced in the field
With an understanding of the basic
particle, the structure of radiated energy, and the transition mechanism,
we do in fact have the understanding of how this universe is put together
and how it operates. Using the principles already understood we can explore
all the many and varied manifestations of matter and energy, and understand
just what goes on. Here and there we can confirm our understanding by reference
to experiment, in the full knowledge that we will pose our questions correctly,
and that nature will give us explicit answers.
In the evolution of the twelve Parameters
of the Universe by the Quadrature Concept on the Basic Concept in Nothing-At-All,
such questions as the forces involved and the energy which became apparent
did not arise. These matters come into beings only when the twelve Parameters
have been established, and we find that what goes on in this universe requires
some understanding of these factors.
A field is a region which has a unique
characteristic. The unique characteristics of fields were established by
the operation of the Quadrature Concept on the Space Fabric and then in
turn on the fields as each was established. In the earlier stages of this
development, before the application of the parameters higher than the Sixth,
we could not discern the presence of these factors in the amorphous background
of the field and space fabrics; only the Reality which had been established.
Subsequent applications of the Quadrature
Concept provided Control and Percipitation, but none of the Fabrics added
anything beyond what existed in Nothing-At-All as perceived by Awareness,
and all Reality which existed or can exist was provided by the Creator
in that original state. Awareness merely established how it was arranged
to establish the universe as we know it.
We generally think of a Force as
something which pulls or pushes against some sort of resistance, and as
such have a pretty fair, but superficial, idea of what it is. In the establishment
of the Space Fabric, Force is what stretched a Point into a Line and kept
it there, and what pulled a line out sideways to make an area and held
it there, and what pushed the area apart into a volume and sustained it.
Force provided the means by which the density of Reality in Space was adjusted
form the Tempic Field, and the means by which the Tempic Field was given
a Divergence to establish the Electric Field and the means by which the
Electric Field was given a Curl to establish the Magnetic Field, and the
means by which these fields were sustained.
Force, in turn establishes the parameters
of the Control Fabric and the Percipitation Fabric, and makes possible
the establishment of Matter and Energy as we know them. In other words,
each operation with the Quadrature Concept involves a Force arrangement,
and the magnitude and significance of each of the Forces depends on the
manipulation carried out and the Fabric in which it is being done. Conversely,
forces always develop whenever Reality is modified, and always in the Fabric
where the modification takes place. It takes the combined manipulation
of all three Parameters in any one Fabric to extend a force into another
Fabric, which, needless to say, is a rather special arrangement.
We say that Energy is the ability
to do work, or the ability to establish a force which will operate against
a resistance over a certain prescribed distance, but these ideas are not
quite basic enough to relate Force with the basic Reality. Looking at a
region of unit size in which there is a field, we note that this field
came into being because of the Quadrature Concept, a Force, and is being
sustained by this Force. The Unique Characteristic which describes this
field says that there is s difference between opposite sides of the unit
region, in the direction of the field and therefore the field must be stressed
against itself in this direction and therefore the Reality so expressed
is the product of the field intensity with itself, and the total Reality
within the total field will be the integrated value of this "Field Intensity
Squared" over the entire space occupied by the field, bearing in mind the
half-in-half-out relationship of Form. Or we can concern ourselves with
the Reality or Energy within a limited region only and perform the integration
over that region. There is a very interesting factor which enters the picture
at this point called the Principle of Inversion.
If a region is selected in which
there are two fields of the same kind, same magnitude and same direction,
such that very nearly half the Reality of each is within the region, then
the two fields are just on the edge of becoming coherent. If the fields
are not coherent the total energy in the region is the sum of the energies
of the two fields, i.e., twice the square of the field intensity of each
integrated over the region. If, however, the fields are coherent, the total
energy is the square of twice the field intensity integrated over the region,
or twice the energy of the two fields incoherent! This relationship is
most significant as it represents the "packing energy" of the bits and
pieces in atomic nuclei, and also points the way to the precipitation of
energy out of the cosmic background.
When we take a look at the mechanics
of matter we find some interesting relationships. Kinetic energy, or energy
of change, is one half the mass times the velocity squared. But the velocity
is the reciprocal of the gradient of reality or the tempic field, from
which it appears that the energy is one half the mass times the tempic
field intensity squared, integrated over the region involved in the change.
If the mass is taken as the density of reality times the volume it occupies
the fact that twice as much energy appears indicates that the fields making
up matter are coherent. This again is an important relationship as it pertains
to the chopping up of matter.
The twelve Parameters of the Universe
are the necessary and sufficient conditions for the establishment of our
Universe as we know it, and together with the unique position of Awareness
forms our entire experience in this physical world. All of which we are
or can be aware are expressable in terms of these twelve Parameters.
Gravity is a phenomenon with which
we have daily experience but which we haven't earned very much about, working
backwards as we do from effect to cause. The fact that objects fall when
given an opportunity to do so, experiencing an acceleration which appears
to have very nearly the same value on this planet for all falls, leads
us to the conclusion that it is somehow an inertial phenomenon. The added
fact that ordinary manipulations appear not to affect gravity leads to
the conclusion that somehow gravity is inherent in matter itself. By studying
the effects of gravity and keeping close track of the numerical quantities
involved we have established some rules respecting forces, energy and interactions,
all of which allow us to work with gravity as we find it, but there it
Since matter and energy are manifestations
of Reality entirely within the Twelve parameters, we must look for explanations
of their behavior within the structure of these parameters, and regardless
of any ideas to the contrary this is where we will find it!
The field fabric sets up three, and
three only, fields which are capable of exercising forces on the field
structures which constitute matter and energy, so gravity must be due to
the operation of one or more of these three fields. The fact that observation
indicates that gravity falls off as the inverse square of the distance
indicates that it is essentially an electric field, divergence. The fact
that we cannot cancel it out by the application of the electric fields
to which we have access is due to the fact that we cannot make the canceling
field coherent, and the best we can do is to integrate the effects of the
fields, not the fields themselves, to produce an opposing force in a limited
The inertial approach involves the
application of a particular tempic field gradient, carefully adjusted so
that its effects are consistent with observation, but this implies certain
flexibilities in the space fabric inconsistent with its established linear
Another inertial concept of gravity
is the all-pervading micro-particular gas, the units of which impinge on
matter and through an exchange of momentum press the matter together. The
difficulty of this concept is the necessity for explaining the inflow of
energy to matter and implies either an energy sink within matter or an
obscure energy exchange phenomenon between the regions within and without
When the basic particle was being
considered, it was established that four kinds of particles were possible:
right hand and left hand spin and right hand and left hand precession,
which gave particles having positive charges with plus and minus increments,
but all having the same magnetic moments and tempic fields. Within these
particles, and within systems made up of them as atoms, etc., there is
field coherence, so that there are specific values for these fields determined
by the particles themselves, and outside of them the fields will also be
Looking at the model of the basic
particle it is noted that the electric field is a dynamic condition resulting
from the mutual interaction of the three basic fields. But since the tempic
field is a gradient it is in itself not "motional", and the radial component
of the electric field being divergence and having no component along either
of the tempic field gradient directions also is not motional, and these
fields are essentially static so long as the particle itself doesn't move
or change. However, the skew component of the electric field, due to the
precession, does have a component along a tempic field gradient and is
motional. Therefore, field coherence is possible within the static structure
due to spin, but not within the dynamic structure due to precession, unless
the configuration is such that the skew field can comply with the half-and-half
It is fairly obvious from the foregoing
that only matter having the same direction of precession will assemble
into large aggregates, first, because of the selective action of the differences
in forces resulting from the differences in electric charges, and second,
because the interpenetration of particles of opposite precession will introduce
an asymmetry in the system resulting in its immediate conversion into radiated
energy. There are, however, a few special configurations where fairly large
aggregates are involved where the initial fields already had an asymmetry
which could be offset by the asymmetry introduced by the particle with
the reversed precession and the whole system may be stable. Consequently,
in the evolution of our universe we would expect a separation process to
take place which would result in matter of essentially the same precession
congregating together, and a fairly quick conversion to radiated energy
of particles of opposite precession which happened to wander into such
In considering the integration of
basic particles to form the larger units of matter, there is a slight advantage
for the particles with the larger total electric charge to so integrate,
because suitable configurations will permit coherence of the skew fields.
In any aggregate system such as a planet, there is bound to be a continual
circulation of particles, both basic and composite, so that after many
cycles of such circulation most of the big ones congregate in the nuclei
and the little ones take up outer positions. This is the condition which
we find now, as we inspect the matter to which we have access.
When the forementioned separation
has taken place and most of the particles of opposite precession have been
eliminated, we find that the system contains nuclei having one specific
charge with electron shells having the opposite charge. The matter on planet
Earth has positive charges dominant in the nucleus and negative charges
in the shells, and as free particles. Elsewhere in the universe there will
be an aggregate of the converse relationship.
An aggregate of matter such as we
have on Earth, where the sort-out is reasonably complete, will be electrically
neutral so far as the electric fields are concerned, and may or may not
have a magnetic moment depending on how random is the orientation of the
various particles, again determined by the summation of the effects of
the fields, and a tempic field which will be the direct scalar summation
of the many contributing tempic fields. It will also have the skew electric
fields of the same polarity as the nuclei.
With the exception of the skew fields,
all the other external fields of the aggregate may be considered as static
because they have no component of the tempic field at right angles to them.
The skew fields, on the other hand, are dynamic because they do have a
quadrature tempic field component. Furthermore, the skew fields are largely
incoherent simply because the normal almost random orientation precludes
their meeting the half-in requirement of Form to become coherent.
Since the skew fields do have a tempic
field component at right angles, they will generate an electric field throughout
the entire region, of the same polarity as the static electric field to
which they are additive. Such an aggregate may be considered as having
two electric fields, one of which is subject to cancellation by surrounding
electric particle fields, and the other not so subject. Partial cancellation
is possible, and if the aggregate is left to its own devices will be attained,
by a surrounding shell of particles of the opposite polarity, so that externally
to the entire system the effects of the fields will be a minimum and electrically
However, if another aggregate of
similar precession enters the vicinity, such cancellation can no longer
be approximated, and the skew field induces an electric field within this
aggregate which amounts to an electric field distortion or "polarization".
A convenient way of discussing what happens is to consider the skew fields
and the polarization in terms of electric "charges" even though this concept
is not strictly correct.
If the primary aggregate is considered
to have a charge which induces the polarization in the secondary aggregate,
this polarization will be equivalent to a charge displacement such that
the product of the displaced charges and the distance through which they
are displaced will be a statement of the amount of polarization This will
be located in the electric field of the primary aggregate and will have
two forces acting which will be numerically equal; one maintaining the
polarization and the other between the polarization and the primary field.
Therefore, the net force will be the product of the primary field divergence
and the square of the polarization in the secondary aggregate. There are
of course other ways of establishing this relationship but they all say
the same thing in other words, which is that Gravity is a dynamic field
function and is the product of the gravitational field divergence and the
square of the polarization induced in the attracted bit of matter, with
the gravitational field being merely the skew electric field.
For the mathematician the following
Polarization in the attracted bit
is q(q dr)
Equating forces q(q dr) = Qq/r2
+ Qq/(r + dr)2
Gravity F= Qq/r2 + Qq/(r
+ dr)2 = (q dr)2 1/r
Having established the nature of
Gravity and is "formula", we may now see what can be done with it. Since
it is essentially an electric field phenomenon, albeit not an electrostatic
one, its distribution and behavior will be much the same as any other electric
field, except for its dynamic characteristic. Altering the polarization
will alter the force exerted by gravity, but because this is a square relationship,
no such alteration can make the force negative (operate in the opposite
direction). However, altering the divergence will alter both the magnitude
and direction of the force, and the trick for controlling gravity is precisely
Since the gravitational field is
due to the skew electric field, or stated differently, to the induction
from the motional electric field, this is the logical region to explore
for the mechanism by which fields may be produced to combine with the gravitational
field to produce a resultant having a divergence more to our liking.
In taking a quick look at the gravitational
relationships of the basic particles alone there are some interesting aspects.
Since in an established region practically all the precessions are the
same, the free particles will have a motional field of polarity the same
as the particles making up the composite ones, and therefore they will
be "repelled" by gravity. This repulsion, however, will be quite a bit
less than the electrostatic attraction, so a compromise position will be
established at such a distance that everything will be in equilibrium.
In the atomic structure there are
therefore the electric field forces holding the electrons onto the nucleus,
the magnetic forces fixing them in position, the gravitational forces tending
to push them away and resulting in a compromised location, with the tempic
field contributing to the dynamic conditions within and contiguous to the
structure. All these forces have been developed from the basic concepts
already put forward and are possible of confirmation by experiment if we
ask nature the right questions. These same forces extend beyond the atom
into molecular chemistry, crystal forms, and amorphous aggregates. These
dame forces exist within the atomic nuclei together with others resulting
from the interpenetration of the fields and their coherence. Matter, though
magnificently complex is elegantly simple in its basic structure when understood.
of Unusual Terms
Aggregate ~ The physical assembly
of particles as separate units.
Amorphous ~ Assembly of matter
in which control is largely random.
Awareness ~ The relationship
between a Being and all else.
Coherence ~ The condition
when two or more fields of the same king and direction combine into a single
Creator ~ The primary Cause
for the existence of Awareness, Reality and its perception.
Crystal ~ Assembly of matter
in which control is largely sequential.
Fabric ~ Grouping of three
of the basic Parameters according to derivation and contiguous characteristics.
Integration ~ The summation
of bits of the same kind into a whole.
Parameter ~ One of the twelve
basic principles upon which all Reality perceived by Awareness is based.
Percipitation ~ Bringing Reality
totally within the Perception of Awareness.
Personal ~ Pertaining to the
identity of a Being.
Plasm ~ Assembly of matter
in which control is largely free will.
Quadrature ~ A special operation
by which a broadside (at right angles) relationship is established.
Skew ~ The geometrical configuration
in which certain fields have tangential as well as radial components.
Tempic ~ The field parameter
Tensor ~ Pertaining to a configuration
of radiated energy which is self-contained.
If we consider the fraction 2/3 we
see that we are comparing the number 2 with the number 3. Nothing is said
about the reality to which each number applies, beyond the implication
that both numbers apply to the same reality. If, however, they do not apply
to the same reality, then one of two things result: i.e., a conversion
must be made or we agree that we cannot deal with the situation.
Suppose we are considering 2 apples
and two pears. They are both fruit and have many features in common. The
fraction 2/3 tells us that of the 5 fruit, 2 are of one kind and 3 are
of another, and that we have 2/3 as many of one kind as we have of the
other, and 3/2 of the converse.
If we rewrite the fraction in the
following form 2/3|5 this nomenclature will tell us all of the above in
one glance; namely, that we have 5 articles, having a factor in common
which we are comparing, and that we have 2 of one kind and 3 of the other.
Written 3/2|5 tells us precisely the same thing except that the order of
comparison is reversed.
If we write i2/j3|5 we realize at
once that 2 somethings lie along the x axis and 3 somethings lie along
the y axis, but that we are considering their numerical values only.
If we write i2/j3|5 we realize that
we are comparing two vectors in a quite normal manner. In fact, we are
so familiar with vectors that the mere presence of the i and j notation
tell us the whole story with respect to these two vectors. Therefore, the
vertical line and what is to the right of it may properly be omitted.
Consider next the problem of zero
and infinity. If we define infinity as the largest number in which we have
any interest and zero as the smallest number in which we have any interest,
and if we maintain exactly the same degree of interesting both, then unity
must lie exactly halfway between our zero and infinity. We may tell this
story in our nomenclature as follows: 0/00|1 or 00/0|1.
Consider next the situation with
respect to differentials. The quantity dy/dx implies that there exists
a relationship between y and x and that there are no aspects not included
in this relationship. If, however, there are unrelated aspects, then dy/dx
implies that only the related aspects are being considered. To a limited
extent we get around this difficulty by "conversion factors" or scale constants,
but these means do not allow us to cross the gap between one type of reality
to a totally different type.
If we write sy/dx|A we are saying
that A describes the relationship between y and x which we are to consider.
This relationship may be ANYTHING.
The foregoing, though interesting,
is not essential to the handling of ordinary concepts and their mathematics.
However, there are certain transcendental concepts which do not lend themselves
to a mathematical analysis unless we use such devices to orient them within
the framework of the mathematics we have learned to understand.
We are all familiar (or think we
are) with the term "NOW" meaning the present. We speak of the past, present
and future and consider "now" as the bracket in time with which we are
immediately concerned. However, no matter how precisely we define it we
cannot establish exactly what the present or now really is, except that
it is vaguely a dividing point between the past and the future. Nevertheless,
we know quite well instinctively that we are living in the present and
it is a perfectly real and satisfactory situation. Furthermore, we are
advised that, to a disembodied entity, the present is the complete reality
and the past and future merely arrangements of events in the broadest sense.
If we write Future - Past = Now,
we are saying that "Now is a very small differential between two very large
items". A more proper expression is: Future - Past/Now|90° where we
show that the present is actually in quadrature with the Future-Past, and
hence need not be a small differential at all, but can assume the proportions
which we instinctively know it to possess.
If we use the symbol Q for this quadrature
concept we can write the above as:
F - P| Q
which tells us the whole story regarding
this relationship and leaves us satisfied that it is all in the proper
We know that spin itself, the divergence
of spin and the curl of spin are all mutually at right angles. Therefore,
any inter-comparison between the three fields presented by these quantitites
should properly be written with the Q concept included:
Incidentally, our observation of
these three fields is always in quadrature. This is quite apparent with
respect to time as set forth above, but a little consideration is necessary
to appreciate that it also applies to the other two basic fields as well.
This concept is even more necessary when learning to appreciate the higher
dimension. Without it we cannot deal mathematically with the relationship
between fields and, say, free will.
Here it should be emphasized that
the Q concept extends beyond mere quadrature, or kind. It actually embraces
the relationships existing among whole families of aspects of reality.
Consider the twelve dimensions of
Deity, oriented in four fabrics of three each. Ordinarily one would not
consider any dimensional relationship to exist, say, between the electric
field and probability, but these are truly related through the Q concept.
In fact, the Q concept is the only relationship which does in fact exist
between the various dimensions.
Again, we have defined a field as
any region which has a unique characteristic. If we extend our concept
of a region to include the abstract as well as the spatial idea, then all
twelve of the dimensions become fields. Admitting this, the Q concept must
exist between the various dimensions incorporated in the analysis.
Let us look at an example:
is a valid equation only if both
sides, and everything on each side, refer to the same aspect of reality
or a Unity relationship exists between all of the components. Note the
resemblance of this equation to certain electromagnetic wave equations,
which are in fact particular cases of this general case.
Employing the Q concept, this equation
Technology of Other Races
[ Assembled from disclosures made
by space people in various communications made to W. B Smith, and others
with whom contact has been established. Data is arranged in logical rather
than chronological order. ]
The Structure of Meaning
Meaning is something which we generally
take for granted. It is something with which we live day by day and which
we usually have no occasion to define. In fact, a strict definition might
be exceedingly difficult to evolve. To try to attach a meaning to meaning
is very much like trying to pull oneself up by one's bootstraps. We could
say that meaning is a way of conveying understanding, or that understanding
results from the successful of meaning. Understanding itself is something
that begs definition.
Our knowledge of the physical world
is acquired in two ways: by physical experience, and by conveyance of meaning
by others. In either case it can have two results. The knowledge can simply
be stored to be regurgitated on demand, or it can be understood. There
is a vast difference between these two aspects. In the first case the action
is much like a phonograph or the memory box in an electronic brain. The
stored data is usable only in the precise form in which it was deposited,
any change whatsoever being tantamount to error. In the second case, however,
since the data is understood, it can be used in any form whatsoever and
in any combination with other data which is understood.
Obviously, understanding is enormously
more useful than mere memory storage. Where memory bits can be used only
one by one, or in combinations which have been established in memory, understanding
permits use in all sorts of permutations and combinations: "The greatest
wealth which can be acquired by man, is a complete understanding" (A-lan).
An example may be used to illustrate
these points. Of a blind person who has never enjoyed the use of his eyes
were handed a lemon and told that it was yellow, he could feel its shape,
texture, hardness and smell or taste it. Thereafter, if handed a similar
object he would be fairly capable of telling someone else that it was a
lemon and that it was yellow. However, he probably would have no understanding
Three things are necessary to understanding,
that is for data to have meaning. First, the data must actually reach the
recipient accurately, and this is not nearly as easy as it looks. It must
reach him either through his physical senses, or through direct mind contact,
both of which are subject to distortions. Second, the recipient must be
coded to receive the information. That is, each bit of information must
be significant to him; it must have its own meaning in its own right. Third,
the recipient must be able to process the data, which is the fitting of
it together until it becomes an integrated whole, which is meaningful and
self-consistent. To these three major steps may be added a fourth, which
is essentially the cross-checking of meaning with others who have been
exposed to the same data.
There exist many aids to understanding,
such as formal logic, mathematics, computers, and methods of thinking which
in themselves are close to intuition. In what follows, use will be made
of any and all aids to understanding. However, it cannot be stressed too
strongly that in nature there are certain fundamentals upon which all else
is predicated, and an understanding of the more complex cannot be attained
until the fundamentals are completely understood. And this does not mean
merely committing to memory certain formulas that appear to work.
When properly understood, this universe
in which we find ourselves is beautifully simple. It is not at all the
mathematical monstrosity with which we are accustomed to deal in our conventional
science. True, the basic principles are foreign to our scholastic training,
but they are strictly ion accordance with what we know instinctively to
be true. We are actually born with a better understanding of our universe
than we boast of after a college graduation.
In formal geometry we base our reasoning
on certain axioms, which we hold to be self-evident truths. The fact that
we can build an integrated, meaningful, and self-consistent whole on these
axioms gives us confidence in them. What would our attitude be if we found
that the farther we advanced in geometry the more corrections we had to
apply to make things come out right? We most certainly should question
the validity of our precious axioms, or our methods, or both.
In our conventional science we have
assumed certain things to be self-evident, and we have built a very complicated
structure on them. We actually are finding, however, that we have to apply
more and more corrections to make our philosophy work. In fact, we now
apply so many corrections that we have formed the habit and consider that
to do so is perfectly natural and in the orderly course of events. We are
so far along this road that it is difficult even to look back, let alone
to return to our axioms for a reappraisal and maybe a fresh start.
In what follows a complete new start
is attempted. No apology will be made for this approach, and no explanations
will be given beyond those believed to be necessary for an understanding
of the subject. As a matter of fact, a useful preliminary ceremony would
be a good brain washing. It should be remembered that no one can really
teach; they can only help others to learn.
The Rectilinear Concept
As a first consideration let us consider
what space appears to be to us. We have no doubts about its volumetric
nature although we have no senses by which we can observe this condition.
We conclude that space is volumetric by the nature of things which we find
in it. What would it be like if everything were removed from space? Would
we even have space?
Can we conceive of a space structure
completely devoid of matter or energy in any form; real empty space? What
would such space be like? If we were disembodied entities located in such
a space, how could we identify our position or describe where or how we
were? What sort of yardstick could we use? These and many more similar
questions must be faced squarely by those seeking understanding.
When one has satisfied himself by
actually doing it that he can conceive of space with absolutely nothing
in it, and is not too terrified of his creation, he is then in a position
to take the next step, namely to find his way about in it.
An arbitrary decision can be made
to refer all concepts to where the investigator conceives himself to be,
thereby establishing a point. He can next conceive of an adjacent point,
thereby establishing a line. By turning in various directions he can establish
the concepts of surfaces and volumes. But no matter what he does after
that, the investigator cannot add more concepts to the space itself. He
therefore concludes that what he instinctively felt soon after he first
conceived the empty space, that it was volumetric, and nothing more, is
The foregoing is actually an exercise
in mental gymnastics, but as physical exercise is necessary for body-building,
so are these exercises necessary for the building of understanding. It
is absolutely necessary to satisfy oneself on these points before going
on to the next concept.
The next step is to conceive of a
way of getting about in this empty space, and to realize that one has done
so when the operation is complete. The concept of an adjacent position,
or point, is a good approach, and here again the operation becomes one
of mental gymnastics, and a lot of manipulation and practice is necessary
to get the feel of the situation.
As one gains in understanding of
the properties of space, the various geometries become evident, and it
becomes increasingly obvious that a wide variety can be made to work, if
certain basic parameters are admitted. However, since our concern is primarily
with our space and our universe, we will want to select the geometry that
best fits our experience.
Ordinary Euclidean or rectilinear
geometry is quite familiar and comprehensible to us, and we can understand
easily how it can be applied to space as we conceive it. We can understand
a sideways, forwards-backwards, up-down concept, or expressed mathematically,
and x, y and z axis. Also, we experience no great difficulty in conceiving
of these three axes as converging at right angles to a single point and
extending outward therefrom to enormous distances. We can even introduce
the idea of infinity in any direction as being somewhat beyond the farthest
distance in which we have any interest.
In our rectilinear concept we can
conceive of such a thing as a straight line, although we might be hard
put to define it, since the concept is in itself axiomatic. However, if
we understand what a straight line actually is in our concept and we are
sure that others with whom we communicate also have the same understanding,
we can use it as a real datum point in our appreciation of our universe.
This point is of particular significance in what is to follow, as it is
one of the few solid anchors we have on which to fasten our understanding.
Let us never lose sight of this concept of a straight line, as entirely
distinct from the behavior of matter or energy.
Our rectilinear concept at once validates
our Euclidean geometry. Furthermore, it removes any limitations which might
be imposed on it by either great or small distances. It provides us with
a clear-cut framework within which we can think our way about in space.
We should satisfy ourselves that this concept actually is a necessary and
sufficient condition for this purpose, although we remember that its selection
was arbitrary and that other geometries probably would work just as well.
However, since we have made our decision to use the rectilinear concept,
we must be prepared to stick to our decision unless and until proved wrong.
As a matter of fact, any geometry can be used, and will work within the
limiting parameters of its definitions. It is only when extended beyond
these limits that corrections become necessary, but even with the corrections
the geometry itself does not become invalid, only the things we expect
it to do.
1.3 ~ Relativity
In our concept of space one of our
first needs is for methods of measurement. We want to fix distances and
directions, and we want to be sure that what we measure stays measured
at the value we measure. We can agree upon some arbitrary distance between
two points of which we can conceive, and make our measurements in terms
of this distance as a unit, or standard, if you please. But can we be sure
that the two points which form our standard stay put? And would it actually
make any difference if they didn't? Is there any characteristic of our
space which would tell us if our standard changed? As a matter of fact,
if there were, such a property itself would make an excellent standard.
We are forced to the conclusion that, (a) absolute distances in space as
determined by properties of space cannot exist, all measurements being
relative to some arbitrary standard, and (b) so long as ALL the measurements
in which we are interested are made relative to the same arbitrary standard,
it doesn't matter if they do change, as we have no way of knowing anyway.
To get ahead of ourselves a bit,
we might discuss the use of the so-called constant quantity, the velocity
of light, as a standard of distance. This implies two assumptions: (a)
that some quantity, time, is fixed somehow so that a measurement can be
made relative to it, and (b) that we can be sure that light will behave
in a ladylike manner with respect to our rectilinear geometry. At first
this may seem to be an attractive way out, but a little consideration will
show that it merely trades one difficult problem for two more which are
inherently just as difficult. These maters will form the subject of a later
section where it will be shown that the problem is even more complex than
appears above. Fortunately, there is a solution which is at once simple
and satisfying, but a good deal of preliminary conditioning must be endured
before this concept can be understood.
1.4 ~ Basic
Having conceived of completely empty
space and satisfied ourselves regarding the geometry of it and the limitations
of measurement which are inherent in it, we may quite properly ask ourselves,
how real it is it? Does our space, the space which surrounds us, actually
have these characteristics? We know that our space contains lots of things
we consider as quit real, and we may ask of what are they made, and what
is their basic reality?
To conceive of an abstract quality
and assign to it concrete properties and then call it a real substance
is most unsatisfactory in the face of our notions regarding everyday matter.
We would much prefer to have something more tangible as a starting point.
Consequently, even though reality actually is a concept just as intangible
as our rectilinear concept, it might assist understanding if some primordial
quantity could be introduced as a medium of expression. The early postulation
of ether and the still earlier Greek Ylm might fulfill this requirement.
Both were considered to be all-pervading strictly continuous substances
out of which matter was fabricated, and to have whatever properties were
necessary for the formation of matter, without regard to how conflicting
these properties might be. There is no fundamental objection to the use
of such a medium of expression, since we will find that all references
to it actually cancel out anyway. However, if it will serve as a crutch
to help us in our first faltering steps, by all mean let's use it.
In our considerations of Ylm or ether
we have something that is structureless, imponderable, and without boundaries,
and in every sense intangible. Our concept of space provides a place in
which we can conceive of the ether as being located, but by what manipulation
can we convert this imponderable substance into ponderable matter?
Instinctively we know that we must
make use of space as we have it, and that which we find therein, if we
are to designate reality as distinct from the continuous background of
ether. If we cannot designate some portion of the ether as being unique
and distinguishable from all the rest, then we cannot say that we have
established any degree of reality.
What is required then is for us to
conceive of something which may be done, some manipulation which when completed
will designate without uncertainty a certain region as being unique above
all others, and therefore real. Ordinary spatial measurement we know to
be inadequate since they are all relative to the arbitrary standard with
which they were measured. Obviously what is needed is something which in
itself is absolute: something that will display the same value no matter
where or how it is inspected, something against which a measurement may
be made with assurance that when made it will not change. Furthermore,
to assume the arbitrary injection of such a standard merely begs the question,
since we transfer the question of reality from the substance to the yardstick
that measured it, without yet establishing the reality of the yardstick.
No, we must find that for which we seek in our concept of space itself.
1.5 ~ The Concept
There is one, and only one, concept
that is absolute in its own right in rectilinear space, and that is the
concept of spin. The word should be understood in the sense of a manipulation,
or process, performed within the concept of space as we have conceived
it, or performed on the ether within it. Either approach is valid.
Imagine two points in rectilinear
space, with a straight line joining them. Imagine that another line which
started out coincident with the first is swung around one of the points
until it is again coincident with its initial position. Something has been
done, once, and the concept of it having been done is established. No matter
how big or small our region may become relative to some yardstick, the
rotation once around remains the same. So also are absolute, multiple and
It is at once apparent that this
concept of spin, extended through a place rotating about a line, and extending
to infinity can be made to encompass our entire concept of rectilinear
space. We can fill all space with a single spin, or any portion thereof,
or we can fill it with many spins. Furthermore, we can conceive of the
many spins being oriented in many ways, and having many manners of distribution.
But the important thing to understand is that a region which is spinning
is distinguishable from regions which are not, and that the actual spin
is independent of any arbitrary standard of measurement.
At this point it must be noted that
nothing is said about the rate of spin; only that spin takes place. Earlier
we toyed with a concept of time which we held in abeyance because the concept
added nothing to our concept of space and only posed more problems than
it solves. We do not need to introduce time so long as we recognize the
intervals of spin; that is, the relative angles of displacement at each
comparative measurement. Understanding this point is vital to an understanding
of spin. It will be shown later that time is a consequence of spin, and
not something by which spin may be measured.
Having established the absolute nature
of spin we may next question its reality. By reality, we understand the
ability to distinguish the reality from all else, to be able to say what
it is and what it is not, to say where it is and where it is not, to make
it interact with other reality. In other words, reality is something which
we can place in a definite mental compartment with reasonable assurance
that it will remain there. We want to be able to think about reality as
a unit, and not have it mixed up with or overshadowed by unreality, or
unresolved background. If a concept meets these requirements reasonably
well, we are reasonably happy with it and prepared to consider it as real.
If we are to understand the reality of spin we must satisfy ourselves that
it actually does met these criteria. Much of what follows is developed
with this end in view, and in recognition of the fact that it may be difficult
to accept the status of reality for something which seems to be merely
a mental manipulation.
Even though the concept of spin may
not be too acceptable at first as a basic reality, when its many properties
are explored and found to coincide with observed properties of matter,
and when from these properties may be predicted the laws which we know
matter to follow, the status of spin most certainly will be enhanced and
with increased understanding will come greater confidence in the beautiful
simplicity of the rectilinear concept of space within which spin manifests
as the basic reality. In fact, we will find that we need no further foundations
upon which to build our complete understanding of the material universe
with all its glittering apparent complexity.
The Structure of
2.1 ~ The Spin
The concept of spin is fundamental
in nature and is the only concept in nature which is absolute in its own
right. The idea of spin has associated integrally with it the idea of units,
multiples and fractions of complete revolutions, and these units are completely
independent of any yardstick with which they may be measured. We can conceive
of enormously large and enormously small numbers and these are applicable
directly to spin, and have exactly the same significance with respect to
any particular spin to which they may be applied.
Within any interval of attention
spin may make many revolutions, one revolution only, or even a minute fraction
of a revolution, without losing in any way its absolute nature. In fact,
within any interval of attention, it need not actually turn at all, but
merely display a tendency to turn, or be ready to turn. Or again, using
our familiar concept of time (which incidentally we shall have to modify
severely), we could say that one revolution completed in eternity would
still be valid. On other words, there are no intrinsic limits imposed on
spin, and we can think about it exactly the same way as we can think about
any pure number, for that is precisely what it is: the basic number of
our material universe.
In our concept of rectilinear space
we conceived of a single spin being present, centered about a point and
extending out indefinitely far, perhaps to infinity. We satisfied ourselves
that it could involve all of our space, and probably would unless we chose
to prescribe arbitrary boundaries, which could be relative to some arbitrary
yardstick at best. So now we can do two things: study the structure of
a single spin, and then the interaction of a plurality of spins, because
we know by our experience with this physical universe that spins do interact.
At this point it might be well to
make a blatant statement, and leave the derivation of it until much later,
in order to facilitate understanding of what this discussion of spin is
leading up to. Since spin is the only concept which we have in this universe
which is absolute, it is fairly obvious that it must be the primordial
building material of matter and energy, and a unit of spin must be the
basic unit of these manifestations. All that we have in this material universe,
whether matter or energy, is made up of spin, various units of which are
fitted together in manners becoming to each and every form of matter or
energy with which we are familiar, and many of which we do not even yet
2.2 ~ The Units
Consider first a single spin alone
in space. Let us inspect it closely to see what we have. If our interval
of inspection is sufficiently large we sill observe it to make one complete
revolution, and we can assign to that interval one unit, and we may subdivide
the unit to any extent we please, or we may observe it for a larger interval
while it makes many revolutions. We have thus defined a unit for our interval.
It is fairly obvious that since linear
distances in rectilinear space are purely relative, and spin is absolute,
the interval of a unit of spin, or any fraction or any multiple of it must
be precisely the same regardless of the relative distance from the center
of spin that the observation was made. This point is of vital importance
in the understanding of the origin of time.
Furthermore, uniform subdivisions
of an interval of spin must all be identical. This is almost axiomatic,
since if it were not so how could we tell anyway?
In our conceptions of space and spin
we must understand that we are not limited in any way to numbers in the
vicinity of unity. We wish to establish relative values of unity to construct
useable scales, but there is no necessity whatsoever to confine our thinking
to the middle register of numbers. In fact, we will find that nature runs
the gamut of numbers from the infinitesimally small to the enormously large,
for all practical purposes from a real zero to a real infinity. Therefore
we can construct our practical scales where convenient.
2.3 ~ Distribution
So far, in our conception of spin,
we have considered it to be distributed uniformly throughout our rectilinear
space. We have tacitly assumed that angular displacement within any
interval would be constant. However, under this concept it is apparent
that the farther one goes away from the center of spin, the greater will
be the actual spin displacement, and the reality of the spin will obviously
be located anywhere else than at the center of spin where we would suppose
it to be and where it has to be if it is to be consistent with our experience
While we can conceive of many possible
distribution of spin, only one is consistent with our universe as we find
it. We cannot say whether or not other real universes can co-exist with
ours having spin distribution different from that of our universe, but
it is most unlikely that means would exist to detect them if they did.
Spin in our universe is almost certainly evenly distributed, in that the
spin displacement is the same regardless of the r elative distance from
the center of spin. This concept is validated by the fact that conclusions
derived from it are entirely consistent with our experience with matter
and energy. If it were not so there would exist voids in our universe into
which our matter and energy could not penetrate, and we know of no such
voids although it is quite conceivable that they could exist. Certainly
within the range of our observations on the behavior of matter and energy
the concept of even distribution of spin displacement appears to be valid.
It is very important to understand
what is meant by uniform displacement of spin, as this peculiarity of structure
is responsible for all the characteristics of matter and energy with which
we are familiar. Imagine a line in space being rotated around a point and
away from another line through the same point. If both lines are straight
there will be an increasing angle between the, the magnitude of which will
be indicative of the spin. Bit with uniform displacement of spin in any
interval there is just as much displacement of the line near to the point
about which the turning takes place as more remote from it. This is a consequence
of the relativity of linear measurements, and although related to the geometry
of the spin must not be confused with it. The obvious conclusion is that
the interval near the center contains more units than the interval farther
A natural question at this point
is, just what is this interval about which we have been talking? It should
be noted that the word time has deliberately been avoided, and for a very
good reason. It is first necessary to establish the interval in terms of
spin only, so that derivatives of the interval can have an absolute status.
The interval itself can next be cut up into convenient and meaningful units,
which are also absolute in nature. If we wish, we can call these subdivisions
by the name time, but if we do we must realize that this time is not quite
the same as the process which our clocks measure. It is truly the amount
of spin contained in an interval of attention, and nothing more.
2.4 ~ Spin Velocity
In the consideration of the distribution
of spin and spin displacement, reference was made to an arbitrary interval
of attention. The amount of spin in this interval signifies the extent
of happening, or amount of reality present. But since the interval is arbitrary
while the spin is absolute, the unit of interval of necessity must be defined
in terms of spin.
I = Interval
i= Subdivisions of Interval
n = Number of subdivisions
S = Spin
D = Spin displacement
From geometry D = S / rI
rI = S / D which is constant for
all values of r. But n i = I, from which r n i = constant,
from which it is apparent that n must be proportional to I / r if the values
of i are to be all the same. By suitable choice of units, which is permissible
since our interval is quite arbitrary, we can have n = I / r whence D =
S / i.
The quantity D, which is spin per
unit of interval, is spin velocity as referred to a unit of time if we
wish to think of the subdivisions of the interval as time. This quantity,
spin velocity or spin displacement, is a fundamental concept in nature,
and although we may use many and varied units for n and i, the quantity
remains fixed when once defined.
Spin velocity will be shown later
to bear a close resemblance to the universal constant c, or the velocity
of light, but it would be erroneous at this stage to say that this is the
derivation of c, since there are other factors that also enter into its
derivation. The real fundamental constant is of course spin velocity, and
this is constant for matter and energy as we know them.
2.5 ~ The Tempic
A field is a region that has a unique
characteristic. This definition is purposefully broad and includes all
kinds of fields. It even includes fields of grain and battlefields. A broad
definition is necessary since so far, all we have defined in the universe
is a three dimensional space (region) and spin (characteristic). But we
know that our space contains an enormous variety of things, all made of
spin, and somehow we must explain them all, We will have to study all the
characteristics of spin in our region of interest in order to do this.
Therefore, we will tackle the job piecemeal and study each field separately,
that is each spin characteristic manifesting in the region.
In the consideration of the distribution
of spin and in the derivation of the spin velocity, it was pointed out
that units of subdivision of an interval could be defined in terms of spin,
and that the number of such units was always proportional to the amount
or quantity of spin present at that point. Consider a region about a center
of spin, extending as far as we please in all directions. The distribution
of spin is such that more lies close to the center than farther away. Also,
the units within the interval of attention follow the same distribution.
This is then a unique characteristic in our region of interest qualifying
it as a field, and in view of the fact that we may associate units of interval
subdivision with our ideas of time, it would be proper to give this field
a name having some kind of time significance. We will call it the tempic
The intensity of the tempic field
is obviously the number of units of interval subdivision associated with
the spin that is present at that point. The distribution of the field of
course follows exactly the distribution of the spin that defines it. The
more intense the tempic field, the larger number of units necessary to
Because of its very nature, and being
located as it is in a rectilinear space, spin must be both scalar and vector.
That is, there will be a quantity of reality that does not involve direction,
and various characteristics that involve direction as well as magnitude.
By definition of the units by which spin is measured these units must always
be positive; therefore it is apparent that they cannot have direction,
and must be completely scalar in nature, but always additive. However,
because of the geometry of space and the distribution of spin, many of
its characteristics will be vectorial.
The tempic field actually is the
direct manifestation of spin, and like the reality of the spin quantity
itself, is a scalar quantity. Its distribution throughout the space can,
however, have directional properties and hence be vectorial. We could say
that the tempic field is synonymous with the quantity of spin, although
it would not be quite correct to say that the tempic field and spin were
the same thing.
It would be well to remember that
the entire concept of interval, subdivisions of interval, and tempic field,
is necessary to enable us to conceive of spin as a real quantity and to
make it possible for something to happen in our concept of rectilinear
space. Our universe being what it is, a basic rectilinear or three-dimensional
matrix, with the only absolute quantity of spin with which to populate
it, means that regardless of what we might choose to call the various manifestations
of spin they are none the less real and are the building blocks of our
matter and energy.
In order to determine just where
reality lies we might perform an interesting mathematical operation. Consider
a system of spherical coordinates centered on our spin center, with q as
the vertical angle and ø as the horizontal angle. Let r equal the
radius and dv the element of volume.
dv = r cos q d ø r d q dr
But since the tempic field intensity
is proportional to I / r, the quantity of spin in the element dv is
dq = k dv / r3
dq = k cos q d q d ø dr /
Integrating q = 4pi k loge
r2 / r1
For unit radius k = 1 / 4pi , also
note loge 1 = 0
Hence for unit radius one half the
total spin lies inside a sphere of radius1, and half lies outside. Also,
the total quantity is 4pi times the quantity per unit volume. These figures
will be seen to have significance later when the various other spin fields
The Spin Fields
3.1 ~ The Significance
of the Tempic Field
We have just satisfied ourselves
that spin may be described or measured in terms of subdivisions of an interval
and that these units may properly be considered as a field. We have called
this field tempic field, rather than a time field, because time for us
has a connotation that is not strictly in accord with the characteristics
of this field. As a matter of fact, our clocks do not measure either time
or tempic field; they measure entropy changes. If it were not for the fact
that so much of the matter in our universe is behaving in a most ladylike
manner, our clocks would indeed by quite erratic. It will be shown later
that time may be altered through natural processes or manipulated by intelligent
Suppose again that we were disembodied
entities, but this time located in space near where a certain quantity
of spin existed. If our psychological time sense were reasonably good and
we set about to explore the region we would find that it took us longer
to explore a given relative distance near to the spin center than farther
away from. Also, we would probably notice that if we moved at right angles
to the line joining our position with the spin center it would take us
just as long to develop a given angle regardless of how far from the spin
center we might be. This is the true concept of time, reduced to its most
As disembodied entities we are able
to prowl around the spin center and investigate its many aspects without
disturbing it, and in order to understand it we must appreciate it as it
is, not through a third or fourth hand effect as may be shown on some crude
indicating instrument. When we understand the structure of matter then
we may devise confirmatory experiments using whatever instrumentation we
please, but until that understanding is attained, the proper tool is the
In our explorations of the region
surrounding the spin center we would always find some spin, and it would
always be present. It would never become negative or zero, although t might
be quite small. But we would find that the tempic field intensity s such
that it could easily fool us in regard to the amount of space which we
had explored, particularly if we had used an arbitrary yardstick to measure
Again, if we used an arbitrary yardstick
to measure the space, we would find that the spin density would be inversely
proportional to the distance from the spin center, provided that our arbitrary
yardstick didn't change. We would, however, find that the time taken to
explore an equal volume close to the center was more than that taken to
explore the same volume farther away. We might jump to the conclusion that
time was fixed, and that the space was stretched or warped close to the
spin center. This is precisely what happened when the Theory of Relativity
was formulated. This theory is quite valid, provided it is used only in
a region where the tempic field bears a simple relation to the relative
linear scale; otherwise it can become frightfully complicated as all who
have struggled through it can testify.
The Theory of Relativity, therefore,
is really a special case where Time is held constant and everything else
is allowed to vary if need be. Is it not ever so much simpler to recognize
the field nature of time and have a rectilinear space which is straight
forward and easy to understand, than to insist on a constant time with
its attendant necessity for continually introducing and trying to justify
such weird concepts as space warps, contractions, etc? The fact remains
furthermore, that whether we like it or not, the tempic field exists and
no amount of skepticism will make it go away.
3.2 ~ Simultaneity
In developing the properties of spin
the term "interval" was used extensively. It was not defined except by
implication. In fact, it would be most difficult to define it except in
terms of spin itself. We could say, with respect to a single spin center,
that an interval was a multiple or fraction (or unity) of a complete revolution,
but this definition would not be valid when more than one spin center was
under consideration, except in special circumstances. It is suggested that
understanding is more readily attained if the term is always considered
in this subjective sense, as "interval of attention", and merely brackets
the extent of our consideration for the matter. This may seem to be laboring
a point but a full appreciation of the term is essential for an understanding
Since the tempic field and therefore
time at any point is the result of the spin condition manifesting at that
point the concept of simultaneity in its usual sense becomes somewhat ambiguous
and requires redefining. There is no great difficulty when a single spin
center is considered, or within a region where the tempic field is constant,
but the matter is not quite so simple in other cases.
Consider first the case of a single
spin center. Here simultaneity would be established by one or more straight
lines converging on the spin center. In the practical case some means of
direct observation or communication along such lines is implied. If this
is not possible, then it is at once apparent that simultaneity cannot be
established directly and may only be deduced. Subjectively, however, we
can visualize the spin angle swept out within any given interval of attention
and declare that simultaneity existed throughout that particular spin during
that interval. It must be carefully noted that this simultaneity is quite
separate from the amount of time that might have been included in the interval
in the various parts of the spin, although measurable by any of the times.
Consider next a region that is relatively
small enough that the tempic field is uniform throughout. Here it is fairly
obvious that simultaneity exists throughout the region. Also, that within
any interval of attention the amount of time existing is the same for the
entire region. The surface of the earth very closely approximates this
In anticipation of cases to be discussed
at greater length later, let us turn our attention to something of a general
case, where the tempic field is neither uniform nor follows a simple pattern
of distribution. Subjectively we can declare that simultaneity exists throughout
the region within any given interval of attention, but how are we to establish
this fact? Obviously, throughout the region different parts will have different
amounts of time within the interval, but unless we are able to observe
all points separately, or have means of communication between these points,
we will not know when to start counting the time at the start of the interval
nor when to stop counting it at the end.
Although simultaneity is a concept
which in itself is not difficult, because of the characteristics of spin
that make up our universe, simultaneity cannot be established unless the
interval of attention starts with everything in which we are interested
located at a single point in space and finishes at another single point
in space. This is probably the most fundamental concept in connection with
the tempic field, and merely states that with respect to time one cannot
have a cake and eat it too.
Suppose two observers started out
from a point where the tempic field was t1 and one went immediately to
a region where the field was t2 and the other went to a region where the
field was t3. Suppose that there were three clocks that responded proportionately
to the tempic fields, one carried out by each of the observers and the
third remaining at the starting point. Suppose that, after a certain interval,
both observers returned to the starting point and compared notes. They
would find that the elapsed time as measured by the clocks was closely
proportional to the fields within which they had been operating, any discrepancies
being due to the transition periods between the various regions. Probably
the two observers would disagree violently with each other and with the
home clock as to how long they had been away, but with simultaneity established
by common points of start and finish of the interval, they would be forced
to admit that the time change was real. Otherwise, the time would appear
to be absolute and simultaneity would be sacrificed.
3.3 ~ The Divergence
It was shown previously that the
only reality that we have in our universe is spin. This reality is of course
both scalar and vector. The total quantity of spin is scalar and represents
the total quantity of reality. The distribution of this reality gives rise
to another scalar quantity, namely spin density, and also to several vector
quantities, including gradient, divergence and curl. There are also other
tensor quantities as well. Spin density was shown to have the characteristics
of a field, the properties of which were identified with a time aspect
and the field seen to be that which gives rise to our phenomena of time,
and therefore was called a tempic field.
It may readily be appreciated that
since spin is centered about a point and has a distribution other than
uniform, it must have a divergence. This divergence is identical with the
result of the mathematical operation of the scalar product of the differential
operator del, or unit differential vector with the spin unit itself. The
mathematical development will be dealt with later when we come to the integration
of these basic concepts with conventional science. With this subsequent
analysis it will be shown why the electric field has the properties that
it displays, and how they got there. Because, the divergence of spin is
the electric field. Here again we have a fundamental principle derived
3.4 ~ The Curl
Having seen that the divergence of
spin results from the mathematical operation of the scalar product of del
and spin, we may next look at the vector product of these two quantities.
This produces the curl of spin, and again the detailed mathematical developments
will be deferred until we study the properties of the magnetic field, because
the curl of spin is the magnetic field. This may come as something of a
shock, particularly in the light of certain of our preconceived ideas regarding
the structure of magnetic fields. However, skepticism has never yet made
a fact go away, and the magnetic field is still the curl of a spin.
Incidentally, at this point we may
inject a comment that was directed at our science and in particular of
our knowledge of magnetism: "Scientists of Earth know an amazing number
of things about magnetism which are not so!", and in the light of the understanding
of the true nature of magnetism this statement is most appropriate. The
two things that are possibly closest to our daily lives of the entire physical
science are magnetism and gravitation, and these are the things about which
we have the wildest misconceptions. One of our queer ideas about magnetic
fields is that they are made up of lines of force that loop around and
close on themselves. Undoubtedly we got this idea from playing with iron
filings and a magnet. What we didn't see, however, was what happened inside
the magnet. In fact, the field does not close on itself and inside the
magnet it has exactly the same sense of direction as outside. These and
many more features of the magnetic field will be demonstrated later.
3.5 ~ The Gradient
Having considered the mathematical
operation of the unit vector del on the vector aspect of spin to obtain
the divergence and curl, and having seen the significance of these operations,
let us next look at the effect or consequence of the operation of del on
the scalar aspect of spin. It is at once apparent that this will yield
a gradient of spin and to this we must attach meaning.
We have seen the scalar aspect of
spin to be the parent quantity from which our time is derived. The gradient
of this quantity is therefore the rate of change over time over the incremental
distance considered and in the direction decreed by the unit vector del.
In writing this out we have
G = dt / dx + dt / dy + dt / dx =
dt / ds
where t is the tempic field and s
the distance in the direction of del. Inverting this equation, we have
1 / G = ds / dt
which we recognize immediately to
be a velocity.
Of course we will at once ask the
question, if this gradient is the reciprocal of a velocity, what is going
where? The answer is that one spin center in the universe would be unstable
and at once expand to infinity, but within the structure of our matter,
the arrangement is such that these gradients precisely cancel each other
out and stable matter results. This property the gives us the clue for
the manner in which our matter is built up, and in effect is responsible
for the ponderable nature of matter
It is interesting to note the relationship
defining momentum, mass times velocity, which is, of course, mass divided
by the spin gradient. Or, we can define mass as the product of the ponderability
of matter and the spin gradient that produced it. Much more will be said
about these and other relationships later.
4.1 ~ General
We have had a superficial look at
the behaviors of a single spin center and a peek at a multiplicity of spin
centers. We know that our matter is made up of enormous numbers of spin
centers, some of which are relatively quite close together, so let us now
see what happens when there are a great many to consider.
In the first place, all the spin
centers could be lined up; that is, their spin vectors could all be pointing
in the same direction. In this case we would say that such matter is "polarized",
and we would expect different properties than from unpolarized matter in
which the spin vectors were randomly oriented.
It may be readily appreciated that
at any point the effect of the summation of each of the fields due to each
individual spin will depend on (a) the relative distance from the reference
point to each spin center, and (b) the relative orientation of the spin
centers with respect to one another. This consideration is apart from any
"background" field that may be present.
Since spin is both scalar and vector,
it follows that the scalar components will simply add up, while the laws
of vector addition will be followed by the vector components, with one
important additional consideration. The scalar addition must be performed
before the mathematical operations with del are performed to yield the
field conditions. This consideration is merely stated at this stage as
being important. Its significance will be apparent later, but it has to
do with the fact that spin, which is what is being operated upon, is in
itself the only absolute quantity with respect to which the operation may
Another important consideration is
to realize that spin centers are exactly what their name implies; they
are centers about which the units of reality function. They are not particles.
Therefore, the standard equations of vector analysis such as LaPlace's
and Poisson's equations may not always be valid. These equations are derived
on the assumption that the entire virtue of a particle is contained within
the point center and its only influence is apparent outside of the point.
This is of course not the case, as the entire virtue of a spin center actually
lies completely outside the point center, and may correctly be said to
be everywhere except within the point.
4.2 ~ Summation
of Scalar Spin
Consider first an aggregate or cluster
of a large by a finite number of spin centers. At any point the total spin
will be the scalar sum of all the individual spins at that point. The total
resultant spin density will give the tempic field intensity at that point.
If the reference is very far from the cluster, then the resultant tempic
field intensity will appear to originate (approximately) from a single
large spin center coincident with the geometry of the cluster. It will
be found to vary intensely as the distance from this virtual center.
As the cluster is approached by the
reference point, the tempic field intensity increases according to the
inverse distance law until quite near, when it levels off to become nearly
constant as the cluster is penetrated. The significant point here is that
the presence of additional spin centers modifies the simple inverse distance
law of spin distribution around a single spin center.
The exact description in any particular
case can of course be worked out mathematically but at this stage there
is little point in doing so as it is only part of the story and does not
necessarily represent any actual condition of spin distribution. In practical
cases there is always a "background" of tempic field to be considered along
with the purely local consideration, and in addition there may be tempic
fields due to "dynamic" relationships between the other fields present
in the region.
4.3 ~ Summation
of Gradient of Spin
We have seen that the gradient of
spin has the characteristic of one over a velocity; also that the ponderability
of matter multiplied by the spin gradient gives mass. It is not too difficult
to conceive of configurations of spin centers that will produce extensive
regions of reduced spin gradient. In these regions the apparent spin velocities
become high, but since the physical distances involved remain unchanged,
and spin velocity is constant, the effect is a decrease in the tempic field.
In other words, holes are formed in the background of the tempic field,
i.e., there is to all intents and purposes negative spin introduced. Surrounding
these holes there will be represent all the characteristics of new, but
negative, spin centers with their attendant fields superimposed on the
fields of the original spin centers that produced the holes.
In a matrix of a large number of
spin centers all oriented in the same direction, it is easy to see that
there will be very nearly the same number of holes formed in the spaces
between them. In the microscopic sense the gradients balance and the entire
mass is stable. In the case of a large number of randomly oriented spin
centers only a few will produce real holes, with the remainder producing
"virtual" holes. These virtual holes are none the less real even though
they lie in effect "outside" the spin centers responsible for their existence.
If we look at a pair of spin centers
that are oriented in the same direction, we find a hole developing between
them, and a "shell" of increased spin developing around them. On the other
hand, if they are oriented in the opposite direction, a region of increased
spin develops between them and a shell of reduced spin develops around
Here we must be careful to maintain
a clear concept of what is going on. The scalar aspect of spin is its absolute
reality and is either present or absent. It has no fixed direction or polarity.
It adds up arithmetically to produce the total amount of reality present.
The distribution of spin, however, is a function of relative position and
its derivative, the gradient of spin, also has direction in that it is
a scalar quantity measured in a certain direction. In the foregoing, the
basic spin units remain unaltered by the presence or absence of other spin
units, but the field structure associated with them is altered by the presence
of other spin centers.
Where holes develop, there is no
change in the absolute quantity of spin present, only a redistribution;
a conversion of some spin from positive to negative, super-imposed on the
background of positive spin.
We may ask what the difference is
between a real and a virtual hole. A real hole develops in "polarized"
matter where the gradient of spin is reduced in the space between the spin
centers and increased in the region surrounding the spin centers. Consequently,
since the ponderability of matter is proportional to the reciprocal of
the spin gradient, such polarized matter loses ponderability while still
retaining reality (mass) with respect to all outside consideration. A virtual
hole develops in unpolarized matter and may have almost any distribution
from a real hole to a completely virtual hole as in the case of opposite
spin orientation. The one feature in common is that of increasing the ponderability
of matter with respect to outside considerations.
Where there are available large numbers
of randomly oriented spin centers patterns of real and virtual holes can
develop, which when taken together with patterns resulting from other field
considerations give rise to the structure of matter as we know it.
[ This part was not written ]
5.1 ~ Definition of Force
5.2 ~ Changing Reality
5.3 ~ Work & Energy
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