From: Hans Holzherr
To: Stefan Hartmann
Recently, over 30 technicians and engineers (most of them retired)
allowed to visit the Methernitha group in Linden, Switzerland, where
witnessed a demo of the different Testatika machines.
Here is a report from Hans Holzherr from Switzerland who was
Hello Mr. Hartmann,
To your questions: > Have you seen live a machine with a load?
I am referring in the following to the model with the 50-cm
disks. This machine was already running when the visitors stepped into
the room, and was not halted during the whole time --- we were there
about 1.5 hrs. As a first load a 1000-Watt lamp was connected for
approximately 10 seconds whose brightness did NOT diminish --- the
sequence on the Testatika film is just an effect of the camera
automatic adjusting to the sudden brightness! The second load was a
heating element, that Mr.Baumann handed to me. It became so hot within
one second that I had to put it down immediately! What was particularly
impressive was that while he pulled back one of the contact wires (that
was with the lamp, I believe), a 1-cm long arc appeared between the
electrode and the connecting wire for approximately one second. The
was under a plexiglass hood. Near the base it had two holes which
used to insert the contact wires to touch the output electrodes.
How do you think the high wattage is produced ?
Good question! I'd love to know the answer, too!
Did the disks slow down when a load was placed across the
I did not notice that (nobody else did), but of course you tend to
your look to 'where the action is' (the lamp etc.) The disks turned
15 rpm, which is quite slow. The spin rate was regulated magnetically.
What general impression did you have ?
It was really impressive! One can hardly believe it, with this
rotation. In any case, this cannot be explained in terms of bare
in the sense of the Wimshurst machine. The perforated sheets seem to
a key function... Beside the pick-up and the drive electrodes there are
a number of small plexiglass blocks with glued-on perforated sheets,
function is unknown.
As Adolf Schneider already mentioned, my colleague Bernhard XXX
I want to try to copy the principle experiment shown by Baumann ---
much hope to find anything extraordinary, though.
The device consists of a horizontal swiveling plexiglass arm with
small rectangular plexiglass plate at both ends glued to the lower side
of the arm. The lower side of the arm is covered with perforated
sheets (square holes), while the bottom of the plates is covered with
wire mesh. Beneath each plate five additional plates are glued onto the
base plate. There is also wire mesh between each pair of plates in the
two blocks. From the mesh layer between the lowest plate and the base a
wire goes to the two capacitors, which are connected in parallel .
seized the arm with both hands and turned it about ten times back and
(a full rotation was not possible, because the capacitors were in the
then measured the DC voltage with a digital measuring instrument: 60
Then, as he short-circuited the condensers a loud crack could be heard.
I donīt know if that already is an abnormal result...
On my question Baumann replied that with metal foil (instead of
mesh) the device would not produce that effect.
For more information, Contact: [email protected]
Paul E. Potter
That the Swiss Methernitha group's Testatika machine is thought to
based on a Wimshurst electrostatic generator, is only a sparse
of the truth --- of the great multitude of electrostatic influence
developed around the 1900's it more closely follows the
system used by the 1898 Pidgeon machine [note 1] for its electrical
Its 50-per-disc steel grilles or 'gitter-grilles' are plainly
to the Methernitha (see fig.1) but in principle follow on from previous
research and patents for corrugated sectors which were found to be more
efficient charge carriers [note 2] than flat ones, and from a similar
in more recent times of aluminium rods extending out like wheel spokes
from an insulating hub of perspex [note 3].
Another unique function of these perforated grilles attached to
discs is how they induce charge from the rotating discs onto the
collecting pads, or 'tasten' antennae keys (which are also perforated
so as to more readily pick up charge); for in a Wimshurst you had
brushes or rails of sharp points which actually touched the discs or
placed very close to them, but in the Methernitha the charge has to be
made to traverse a parallel air-gap to the pads and for this purpose
metal gitter-grilles are so designed to create miniature eddy-currents
of charged air which circulate in and out of the perforated metal's
charges, and are more easily bounced out to the collecting pads. This
is categorised as VARIABLE CAPACITANCE electrostatic generation.
Careful note needs to be made of how the Methernitha uses its
Pidgeon setup with regard to its neutralising rods (that equalise and
the opposite charges --- see fig.2), and how charges are picked up from
one area and accumulated at others, so that the polarities of charge
distributed correctly to specific areas on both discs [note 4].
And although there have been some fanciful claims, or
that it uses all sorts of radioactive materials to achieve its pulsed
I most strongly believe that the auxiliary electromagnetic circuit,
wraps itself around the rotating discs, portrays a simple electronic
afterall, who would use radium radioactive emission alongside leyden
capacitors ! Indeed, the more you look into certain elements of its
the more they point to three main eras of electronics development, the
1900's, the 1920's and the 1950/60's. The authentic Methernitha was
and developed by purists who believed they had discovered a previously
unknown electronic phenomenon, but they wanted to keep an integrity to
the early pioneering days of the Pidgeon, Wimshurst and Holtz
machinery; they would not use such modern devices as transistors or IC
chips (more's the pity) --- but they do use some pretty uncommon
engineering in their circuit [note 5].
Obviously, the electronics are in two parts; one --- the
generator and its particular technologies of how to direct what charge
where, and two --- the very unique auxiliary electromagnetic circuit of
inductances, capacitances and rectification that mobilises that
electricity. To understand how they convert static energy into an
force you would do well to go back to the earliest years of radio. From
the pages of spark radio you soon appreciate just how important
circuits and their valve rectifiers were, and moreover, how difficult
proved to engineer them. For although radio transmitters and receivers
from the 1900's used resonating circuits their oscillations were
by sparks between two contacts and, of course, they were relatively
Not until the 1920's did the first electric current oscillations become
an observable controlled phenomenon when someone coupled a rectifier
a capacitor, and a resistor together [note 6]. The early 1920's also
the best era of experimentation and invention for novel devices that
static energy into useable electromagnetic energy; it was in a 1921
that we see a German physicist Hermann Plauson describe in great detail
his methods to convert static power, not only from rotary influence
but also from balloons collecting atmospheric electricity up in the
and by using thermionic rectifiers, leyden jar capacitors and inductor
coils he proposed a free-energy network that was to power the whole of
Germany [note 7] ! The thermionic rectifier valve heralded a new era
radio and high voltage physics, and as it was then subjected to such a
broad array of experiments and modifications to improve its efficiency
so it paved the way for all sorts of new avenues in electronics.
with such a technical catalogue of similarities with what we see in the
available photographs of Testatika it can be assumed without doubt that
the horizontal glass tube which sits on top of the Methernitha machines
is exactly what a home-made vacuum thermionic rectifying valve would
like; with its internal anode mesh-plate, surrounded by a coiled copper
grid, fed by a glowing (heated) cathode wire running horizontally
its centre and capped by two black end-pieces, which are too big and
to be mere end-caps and must surely be black rubber vacuum seals to
the glass tube and the input/output wires [note 8].
With such a rectifier, some induction coils, and some leyden jar
you have a circuit that oscillates, and that's what has to happen with
a Methernitha, the electromagnetic circuit has to oscillate for it to
and then the oscillations have to be rectified (or even modulated) so
the resulting single-pole pulses can be channeled through the big cans,
which are basically high-efficiency transformers, and outputted as
voltage higher current DC pulses (see fig.3).
The precise components used to oscillate the primary oscillating
are, I believe, not to be seen in any of the available photographs, but
there are various hints for their approximate whereabouts on the
Firstly, according to electronic design there should be a capacitor and
coil configuration in close proximity to the rectifier. Well, from the
picture "3KWREAR" can be seen the two long upright tubes which,
to those who have seen them first-hand, comprise a spirally turned
strip (which indicates they are chokes [note 9]) inside a glass tube,
the same sort of outer shielding that the big cans have (which
they are electrostatic shields), inside yet another glass tube, and are
terminated at the top with a brass connecting rod which does a
turn and passes into the side of the tower --- but only two-thirds up
height of the tower. These two assemblies must form a connection to the
rectifier, because the rectifier is at the top of the tower, so why
these electrostatically sensitive tubes extend all the way up to it ?
from the photographs of the rear and front of the Methernithas there is
a wire that comes out of the tower's side wall at about 4 inches above
the upright's brass terminals and this wire then passes through a short
black tube and on to the rectifier valve. This, of course, would happen
on both sides of the tower, enabling a connection to both ends of the
But why have this 4 inch gap of connections at the top of the tower ?
is placed inside the top of the tower in this intermediate space which
is very necessary to the circuit, and I think it must be the location
the capacitor/inductor configuration to oscillate the circuit. This
is how I would see the inside of the top of the towers [note 10].
I've seen some of the patented inventions that rotate discs --- by
magnets (i.e., H.Rosenberg's permanent magnet excited rotational
machine, US Patent # 3,411,027 ), and by utilising inscribed metalised
discs (US Patent # 3,239,705 for instance), but there simply isn't
room for these to be located in the Methernitha disc setup --- also,
don't want to interfere with the ES fields that zip around the
discs: From the reports of those who have seen the small machines
it appears their discs were rotated by small DC electric motors after
were hand-started, some re-wound with thinner wire (to presumably
their torque) and powered directly from the discs' generated
--- but I have also seen how two discs can continue to rotate simply by
careful placement of curved electrodes [note 11] which would act on the
charges on the discs --- like the 3kw Testatica Distatica generators.
After reading through the many early accounts of electrostatic
machines, and some of the more recent ones, you can't help but be
by the Methernitha's incredibly low rotational speed of just 60 rpm
in the 1999 engineers report as low 15 rpm !). Most other early
boasted up to 3000 rpm. J.G.Trump in his work on high voltage
in space [note 12] spun his rotary machine at 10,000 rpm (to produce
Watts at 24 KV no less). One reason for this low speed might be to do
the close proximity of the 50 lamellas (gitter-grilles) on the discs at
their inner ends, they are very close together, I think too close. Air,
normally an insulator, breaks down and conducts at around 25-35 KV
figure has been fairly constant from day-one of electrostatic machine
right through to the present day --- because air has a breakdown field
strength of 3x106 volts/metre) and short-circuits the circuit. I feel
because this design of grilles is prone to short-circuiting at high
the Methernitha people have limited their rotational speed so as to
a low operating voltage --- of what I'd guesstimate to be only 12 to
But, is this a waste of extra potential ? Not necessarily, for I
think that the main power output comes solely from what the two
There is, I believe, a far more important power generator --- the
cascade generator, and the Methernitha has two of them, held inside the
two horseshoe magnets, and providing the circuits to the magnets are
to oscillate at the right frequency at a high enough voltage then these
metalised-perspex laminated blocks can enmass A MUCH LARGER AMOUNT OF
THAN WHAT IS PUT INTO THEM.
This, perhaps, is the previously unknown electronic phenomenon
the Methernitha group have so zealously been trying to protect against
unscrupulous entrepreneurs. But I would say that this copious supply of
free energy is already known to the world --- it is not readily
- and its principles are not fully understood, as yet, but it is known
As the descriptions say (on the Testatika website), between the
magnet legs are four blocks of transparent 'plexiglass' type material
with copper and aluminium plates (that may or may not be perforated),
the sequence c-p-a-c-p-a-c-p-a-c-p-a (also see fig.6). And according to
the Linden Experiment, where Paul Baumann induces a resonance of about
80-140 MHz in a coiled horseshoe and then has an
block moved between the horseshoe legs, a voltage could be taken off
plates of the block which measured 700 volts (DC presumably) [note 13].
This incredible phenomenon has never been replicated by any 'outside
and is said to be the basis by which the Methernitha machine could be
how to work [the clue, possibly, to this Principle Experiment may be
But what, I hear you say, is an electron cascade... Well, it was
by chance, very recently, that I happened to listen to an audio tape by
a Dr. Flanagan about crystal water; when I switched the tape over after
the end of side one Dr. Flanagan then began talking about an electronic
configuration that applied a high frequency, high voltage alternating
across an insulator --- that created what he called an electron cascade
effect --- Yes, I thought, here is the answer to the Methernitha
The electron cascade or avalanche effect is where air molecules
accelerated to the device at such a high velocity that they collide
other molecules and atoms in the air to liberate new electrons which in
turn also collide and liberate even more 'free electrons' from other
molecules (see fig.5), all of which become accelerated by the electric
field, and an avalanche of electron-multiplications progresses
the whole immediate environment [note 14]. It's a chain reaction, and
entirely safe one, it happens in a more ferocious way in lightning
and is a natural phenomenon. And, as in this case, the environment
becomes part of the circuit [note 15] because the process is actually
the air surrounding the Methernitha machines, and that is why those who
have been near these generators when working say the air around about
is cool and fresh [note 16].
In view of the fact that it's designers have chosen to wind
wire (which may or may not be bifilar) around the horseshoe metal it is
likely that the horseshoes are used for some form of induction [note
it would also be very possible to draw directly from this part of the
the extra electric current produced from the electron cascade blocks,
suitable connections that might lead downward into the wooden base
it is believed that an alternate layering of perforated metal plates
insulating plates - making up a large high-voltage storage capacitor -
is located). This power could then be discharged as a pulsed output of
high wattage, especially if the final output part of the electronic
is configured as a Pulse Forming Network of multiple sections of
/ capacitor combinations [note 18].
The two big cans at the side, the big capacitors, are probably not
technical (see fig.7), once the fundamental formula has been decided
all models of a Testatika generator would follow a similar construction
process. The written descriptions are a little contradictory but they
to suggest a central input rod, or tube, connecting at the bottom of
cans to a stack of inter-linked pancake coils, that are wound
primary-inside, fitted around a core of 6 hollow donut-ring magnets
in such a way with plastic spacers as to allow air gaps between them,
then finally the output of each can is a connection from the top coil
the secondaries of the pancake coils to a brass ring around the centre
of the black plastic top lid --- and from the photographs can be seen a
large diameter wire or tube [note 19] connecting that polarity's output
terminal to the top lid's brass ring via a brass screw terminal. I
suggest that the ring magnets (of anistropic ferrite perhaps) are
in this way to prevent the magnetic flux fields of the pancake
co-joining as one sprawling field, because it would be more
and safer, to have each separate pancake's magnetic flux cut it's own
secondary coil, and divide the secondary output voltage into smaller
of potential, thus depending less on complicated insulating procedures
that accompany high voltage single primary / single secondary
The use of aluminium mesh and solid copper sheeting is commonly
in electronic construction; the outer aluminium mesh cylinder would be
used to shield stray electrostatic charges, and the solid copper
is to shield the large amount of stray electromagnetic fields produced
by the transforming process from high voltage/low current to lower
current [note 20]. Obviously they don't want field contamination taking
place between the sensitive electrostatic generator and the
Within these two outside shielding-cylinders are 'grid condensers'
according to the 1999 report by the 30 engineers, can be as many as 20
layers of perforated sheet (presumably as concentric cylinders) - which
I have indicated (in fig.7 for instance) as being electrically
BETWEEN each separate secondary winding - in the fashion of an old
from the early days of wireless telegraphy and based on the 'disruptive
discharge coil' devised by Nikola Tesla, that such a condenser
in the center of a secondary coil collects the maximum amount of
created by that secondary. This configuration of one condenser inside
inside another etc etc, has a striking similarity to the layout of a
forming network [see note 18].
In the red wired can the transformer is wired to output negative,
the blue wired can's transformer is wired to output positive polarity.
Special note should be made of a similar arrangement for divided
/ secondary windings devised by Van de Graaff in his 'High Voltage
Charged-Particle Accelerator Apparatus Having an Insulating Magnetic
[note 21] with respect to magnetic reluctance gaps.
Whilst it has been said that the clear perspex disc was designated
'cloud' disc, and the (rear) dark disc the 'ground' disc I would think
this relates to different types of acrylics or plastics that might
charged to different polarities, as in the triboelectric series, where
frictional charging of different plastics --- and then bringing them
together, might cause donation or acceptance from one to the other; I
think from the above that cloud represents a donator (positive charge)
and that ground must mean an acceptor (negative charge). Has anyone
the combination of a teflon disc (extremely negative charge) with a
disc (highly positive charge) ?
Or discs doped with paramagnetic particles perhaps [note 22] ?
Back-Engineered Methernitha --- Notes
Note 1 --- For more information on the Pidgeon machine see
Influence Machines" by John Gray, 1903 p. 206 & "Philosophical
Dec 1898, p. 564, and of course the Pidgeon patents.
Note 2 --- See "Modern High Speed Influence Machines" by
Johnson, 1921, p. 76. Johnson was not only a researcher of
machines but was also an innovative constructor of them, and as such
keen to try any technique that made his generators more powerful than
the specialised Wommelsdorf multi-disc condenser machines. This book is
an absolute must for those who wish to work in this field. Another
is the website of Antonio Carlos M. de Queiroz (
) which is absolutely full of information about (and with links to)
developments in electrostatic machines.
Note 3 --- See "Self-Excited, Alternating, High-Voltage
Using A Modified Electrostatic Influence Machine" by M.Zahn, et al.,
Journal of Physics, Vol 42 (1974) p. 289.
Note 4 The Methernitha designers have taken a basic Pidgeon
field system and added a few modifications of their own, partly to lock
a certain polarity of charge to a certain area so as to stabilise it,
also to boost certain areas with charge. As in their use, for example,
of an extra field plate located at the top-centre in front of the front
disc (just under the rectifying valve), note also that this plate, or
key, is indirectly coupled to the rest of the circuit, via a coil
Much the same occurs with the two plates slightly below it, these
are connected to a brass terminal which connects to a copper wire that
goes down and winds in a coil shape around a hollow plastic tube, and
the tube will be another wire or small coil that draws off the electric
charge. So these three plates are using not direct connection but
to get their charge.
Note 5 ------- By looking at how each of the photographed
have been constructed you can see that these are high quality crafted
I would think each would start off as sub-assemblies fitted together by
pairs or small groups of members, those sub-assemblies of wooden base,
big cans, perspex framework, discs with bearings and axles, when
would be passed on to the electrical engineers of the community who
then fit the wiring connections, vacuum tube rectifier and make sure
not only did they work but that they looked like a work of art.
Note 6 --- The Fleming valve had been around since 1905 and
it progressed to the thermionic valve and audion, by 1922 the ‘Pearson
and Anson Effect’ was discovered whereby oscillating currents could be
produced with a resistor, capacitor and thermionic valve coupled
Note 7 --- See US Patent 1,540,998 (9 June 1925) Conversion
Atmospheric Electric Energy by Hermann Plauson. He also wrote a book of
the subject titled "Gewinnung und Verwertung der Atmospharischen
in 1920 in German (which is currently held in the British Library).
Note 8 --- Whilst some have seen the smaller 300 Watt
discharger/rectifier quite open and not encased in a vacuum tube the
tube models would be much more efficient and would waste less current.
Also, the rectifier tube must have a heated filament (which on the 3KW
machines can be seen as a glowing line running the whole length of the
grid and coil assembly between the two black end caps, and in the films
you can see faint flashes coming from behind the rectifier so possibly
the filament is wrapped around the other side of the grid/coil assembly
as well). Coolridge, back in the 1900’s, discovered that no discharge
the cathode to the anode would occur, even at 100,000 volts, unless the
filament was heated (Physics Review, Vol. 2, Dec 1913, p. 418).
mesh will give off electrons quite readily and can be used as a cold
--- but a heated cathode offers the advantage of being able to control
Note 9 --- The two long upright tubes are without doubt
coil assemblies in precisely the right place to slow down the current
it gets oscillated and rectified. In a choke the higher the flow of
the greater will be its resistance to that current flow. An even better
form of choke will have some form of iron core inside it.
Note 10 --- I have come up with 6 different circuits for
oscillation section, some of which include small quartz crystals. (See
notes 13 and 16 on frequency of oscillation). The black dial at the
of the 3kw machine is most likely to select a variety of capacitances
as to control the oscillations of the circuit, which in turn control
Note 11 --- The phenomenon of electrostatic motors has been
researched over the years (see "Electrostatic Motors" O. Jefimenko in
Teacher" Vol. 9, March 1971, p. 121-9, and in "Electrostatics And Its
by A.D. Moore (1973) p. 131-147; "Electrostatic Motors" by B.Bollee in
"Philips Tech. Review" Vol 30 (1969), p. 178-194). The Methernitha
generators (see a recent report by 30 engineers) auto-rotate, after
have been started by hand, by the same principles of these ES motors.
Note 12 --- J.G.Trump worked for the US Air Force and
some highly efficient electrostatic machines around the 1960’s
Sources of Electric Power" in "Elec. Eng." 66:525, June 1947; and "High
Voltage Generation in Space:The Parametric Electrostatic Machine" in
Astronaut. Rocketry" (vol 3 --- Energy Conversion for Space Power) 1961
Note 13 --- Although the ‘Linden Experiment’ was thought to
a frequency of 80-140 MHz this does not necessarily mean that the
generators would oscillate at that rate also. Such a frequency seems
Note 14 --- See "Plasma --- The Fourth State of Matter" by
Frank-Kamenetskii (1972) pp10, and Dr.Patrick Flanagan’s US patents
(May 10, 1988) and 4,391,773 (Jul 5, 1983).
Note 15 --- The effect is very similar to the converging
in a non-uniform field, the oscillating perspex blocks become one
and the surrounding air in the room becomes the opposite ‘electrode’,
by the processes of electrophoresis and dielectrophoresis the
charged particles in the air (the electrons and negative ions) are
toward the central electrode, which in this case is the perspex block
(see "Nonuniform Electric Fields" by Herbert A. Pohl in "Scientific
(Dec 1960) p. 107-8). I am much more inclined to believe that the
of the design of these types of machines comes from physicists and not
Note 16 --- Dr. Flanagan actually uses the electron field
in his own special ionizer (see Method of Purifying Air and Negative
Generator US Patent 4,391,773).
How does an electron cascade generator work, I would think that
you have an alternating electron movement (and Dr. Flanagan reckons
effect occurs with a high voltage field alternating at above 20 KHz) at
the metal electrodes, the perspex blocks sandwiched between them would
transfer the electricity not through their mass but around it, as
charge --- actually in the layer of air right next to the insulator’s
Its the same principle as dielectric absorption - the perspex blocks
discharge themselves fast enough to keep up with the alternating
and so they accumulate more and more charge --- until it forms as a
of charge on the insulator's surface. This means that at a high enough
frequency the surface-air molecules polarize, with the more mobile
separating from the slower bulks of those molecules and while the
get thrusted back and forth a secondary layer of (slower) positive air
ions develops, and so on, and the process of high voltage high
polarization triggers the electron avalanche effect.
In the event that the perspex blocks are indeed ELECTRETS (as
researcher Geoff Egel and others suggest) I would think that they would
work in a similar fashion to the above process, of dielectric
that charges up the blocks before they produce the cascade-effect.
in the electret the electrons charged into the perspex/plastic, and the
positive ions, would still be manipulated by the reversing
field in such a way as to orientate (as with dipoles) back and forth,
eventually reach the point (if the whole circuit is tuned properly)
they would attain resonance with the immediate air surrounding them.
if this effect is similar to an inductance then possibly a back-emf
result also, to increase the output voltage. Either way I believe the
will still be an electron cascade through the environment and the
of this oscillating output (at the blocks) could similarly be drawn off
and accumulated in the multi-layered base capacitor network.
I would suggest that a test program to find the best type of
would be; One --- try different types of plastic/acrylic/ceramic
for the blocks.
Two --- try different methods of electrifying the plastics (as with
electrets). Three --- try plastics doped with semiconducting particles.
Four - try plastics doped with paramagnetic particles. Five - try
plastic blocks containing an electrolytic fluid. More information on
will be found on the Electret vs Dielectric Absorption Page.
Note 17 --- There are several definitions of Bifilar, one
the wires cancel out their magnetic fields, and one where the wires are
wound to ensure a tight low-loss magnetic flux coupling, in this case
need all the magnetic flux you can get so it must be the latter --- See
"Transformers For Electronic Circuits" by Nathan R. Grossner (1967), p.
Most commonly used magnetic metal is Mumetal, which is an easily
magnetic material, routing magnetic flux through it rather than in the
surrounding air, so as to enhance the mutual induction between the two
coilings of red wire around the horseshoe legs.
Note 18 --- So that the machine's output voltage doesn't
away when it is connected up to a large load, what is needed here is a
Pulse Forming Network (or artificial delay line). "Such a network is an
improvement on simple capacitor storage because of the cascading action
from one capacitor to the next along the chain. At the beginning, all
are charged to the same voltage but as soon as the first one starts to
loose voltage, the one behind it is then free to discharge into it.
topping-up action, which trickles down the network from capacitor to
is the mechanism by which the voltage across the output terminals tends
to hold onto its original level." (see "High Energy Discharge Systems"
A.P.Stephenson, Electronics Today International, March 1992, pp.
Note 19 --- When voltage of a high potential and high
flows along a wire it does so on the outer surface (called the ‘skin
and so the Methernitha would use thick wiring or even 1/8" tubing to
Note 20 --- Two references for shielding are: "A Shielded
by S. Goldman in "Electronics" Vol 11 (1938), pp. 20-22; and
in Radio Engineering" by F.E. Terman (1935), p. 218 & p. 341.
Note 21 --- For information on maximum voltage in the
of a secondary coil see "A Handbook of Wireless Telegraphy" by J.
(1913) p. 42; and an article called "Dielectric Hysteresis at Radio
by E.F.W. Alexanderson in "Proc. I.R.E., Vol. 2 (June 1914) p137-157.
Van de Graaff's transformer see US patents 3,323,069 (May 30, 1967) and
3,187,208 (June 1, 1965). These patents were not just for a Van de
high voltage generator, they were for a special system devised by Van
Graaff long after his generator had been in use to convert static
into current electricity. This system may be a little too complicated
the Methernitha but, nevertheless, the principles he used for multiple
primary / secondary windings may be of some interest.
Note 22 --- Dr. Flanagan modified his insulator blocks,
of resin, by doping them with paramagnetic granules (such as silicon
to enhance even more the electron cascade effect; which is an idea that
the physicist Thomas Townsend Brown first experimented with (by using
oxide granules) in his US Patent 3,187,206 (June 1, 1965) to good
The surrounding air could also be ‘enhanced’ in similar fashion to
it's electric charge and improve its side of the performance (for those
interested in the ‘physics’ of this see an article by W.A.Douglas Rudge
"On Some Sources of Disturbance of the Normal Atmospheric Potential
in Proc. Royal Soc. A, Vol. 90 (1914) pp. 571, etc).
Note 23 --- Some other generators with similarities to the
machine are the "Electrostatic Energy Field Power Generating System"
by William W. Hyde (US Patent 4,897,592 of Jan 30, 1990) is a
variable capacitance machine capable of producing 300 KV. Other such
are; "Parametric Electric Machine" invented by Ferdinand Cap (US Patent
4,622,510 of Nov 11, 1986) which has a series resonant (LCR) circuit
into it so that it oscillates --- and indeed operates AT RESONANCE to
a high output; "Electrostatic Generator" invented by Dan B. Le May, et
al. (US Patent 3,094,653 of Jun 18 1963) is a very ingenious system of
variable capacitance; the "Electrostatic Machine" by Noel Felici (US
2,522,106 of Sep 12, 1950) is a good standard which utilizes a valve
and the "Electrostatic Generator" by William S. Spencer (US Patent
of May 9, 1922) is an early rotor/stator generator which transferred
electric impulses through a transformer to produce a higher current
Paul E. Potter
With respect to the 30 engineer's report (of 1999) the 'principle
was set up in such a way (see diag 1) that by swivelling the
over two other plexiglas blocks a current was transferred into two
Possibly when someone grabs hold of the swivelling cross-piece they
some static electricity from their body to the grilles of the
which, when vigorously turned back and forth will initiate a transfer
electric charge to the two stacks of blocks below them attached to the
base. This may either be because anyone walking over a carpet or
man-made fibres will already hold thousands of volts of electrostatic
- which will be enough to 'prime' this apparatus after touching it, to
get it to work, much the same as when a rotating influence machine has
to be primed with an electric charge before it will work; or, as many
have surmised already, that the plexiglas blocks glued to the
cross-piece had been charged up with electricity as an ELECTRET.
The use of mesh around the cross-piece guarantees a variable
to the moving arms --- and as these are moved quickly over the base
(again, alternated with mesh and Plexiglas) an amount of electric
will be transferred to them EACH TIME the arms go backward-and-forward
over them. Electronically, you have one variable capacitance acting
another variable capacitance - which is why Baumann said that if metal
foil were used instead of the mesh it would not produce the same
What happens next is called "dielectric absorption", and the
extract, from "Dielectrics" by P.J.Harrop (1972) pp71, will explain;
"When a given dielectric [i.e., plexiglas] has a field put across
and this field is then removed, the electrodes are briefly shorted out
(not enough for all the ions and particles to relapse back) and the
left on open circuit one finds subsequently that it has partially
This is due to the slow-moving charge carriers remaining in
It can be a frightening phenomenon with practical dielectrics since a
who has briefly discharged a charged insulator may subsequently touch
and be severely shocked." Some dielectric materials being more prone to
this effect than others, and so obviously some experimentation will be
needed to choose the best perspex, plexiglas, plastic, or acrylic
so as to take the most advantage from this dielectric absorption
Once the blocks are being charged up the electric charge simply
into the two interconnected capacitors and accumulates.
Linden Experiment ~
A look at the only available diagram of the Linden experiment (see
2) shows a horseshoe magnet coupled to what seems to be a closed-ended
wire. It can also be seen in this diagram that the wire coils around
magnet are sufficiently spaced apart so as to provide capacitance
each coil of the wire) in the circuit. So, with capacitance, coils (for
induction), and magnetic flux, you have all the ingredients needed to
an oscillating circuit --- provided there is a supply of voltage and
sort of interruption mechanism - then you have a circuit that will
And this leads us back to that oft repeated question --- is the block
in the Linden Experiment an electret. The first person to PUBLISH how
have duplicated this experiment will be the one to answer that
But there is something wrong with this diagram --- the resonant
of this simple circuit --- depending only on the values of inductance
capacitance included in the circuit would consequently enable it to
at only a few kilohertz at best. No circuit of capacitance/inductance
be made to resonate at such a high frequency as claimed, not even if it
included any form of quartz crystal. If, as the diagram says, it
at 140 MHz then there must be a Lecher wire system (the running of two
conducting wires in a parallel line, about a foot apart or less, for
feet) to make it resonate at such a high frequency. It would seem to me
also that a required modification of the Linden Experiment diagram
be to put a different metal into this circuit where the wire is said to
be "closed-ended", say for instance a zinc plate, then there will be a
contact voltage established between the copper wire and the zinc plate.
Such a voltage would start the circuit resonating, for the reasons
And as with the Tini setup if a block comprising two metal plates
by a suitable dielectric material (such as plexiglas) is placed in an
electric field the electric charge on the metal plates will permeate
the dielectric, and for the same reasons as detailed above in the
Experiment, will temporarily accumulate voltage because of dielectric
As I have already said elsewhere there is a great similarity between
phenomenon of the Testatika horseshoe blocks (and the Tini setup) and
principle behind Patrick Flanagan's Electron Field Generator which
an electron cascade mechanism throughout the immediate environment.
Geoff Egel (1997) --- http://www2.murray.net.au/users/egel ~
Rectifier Circuit ~
Unidentified European Report ~
"Believe or Not, Here It Is!"
The first really running "free energy" machine coming from
Europe. It was developed over a 20 years Research period by a religious
group called: METHERNITHA. This group lives in CH-3517 Linden,
The inventor of this superb machine, Mr.Paul Baumann claims, its
principle was found by studying the lightning effects from nature.
And here are the facts :
* Testatika is an influence-type Wimhurst machine which runs on
own energy, once started by counterclock revolving it's 2 dics by hand
* Testatika not only runs on it' own energy, but produces also a
amount of excess power, at least 3 KWATTS of power! That is enough to
a one-person apartment with one machine!
* The machine you see during this demo-animation is only about 70
wide, 40 cm deep and about 60 cm tall !
* It delivers DC-Voltage ranging from 270 til 320 Volts, only
on the dryness of the air! At this voltage it can supply at least 10
of DC-current !
* Testatika is not a perpetuum mobile, but an energy machine that
it's huge amount of "FREE" energy from the charged and ionized air
But there are still some technological tricks implemented to overcome
normal drag-resistance of a conventional Wimhurst machine, which is
the secret of the Methernitha group !!!
When will this technology be available for everyone?
The Testatika machines, (there already exists also some smaller
which only deliver about 200-300 Watts) are not yet mass-production
models! They are still laboratory prototype units, although they are
with a very good craftmansship !
For more info contact directly:
METHERNITHA, CH-3517 LINDEN, Switzerland
TEL.-Nr.: ++ 41 31 97 11 24
The pictures are from some photos and from a video-tape
sells. It shows the machines (also the smaler ones) and explains also
spiritual aims. The tape has a running length of about 40 minutes and
really worth looking at it! It is also available in
VHS-NTSC and American language. It also shows Methernitha's earlier
research developments like huge wind generators.
With the Testatika there is no fraud, hidden batteries or any
hidden energy source. It is really running! They already have the
technology of ten years ahead! No more oil, no more pollution, no more
atomic waste products, no more hunger in this world! This is the
the mankind has dreamed about for centuries. Now it has come true!
More information about the Methernitha machine is also available
the German magazine RAUM & ZEIT, issue Nr.40 (8).
Jean L. Naudin Labs (4 February 1998) ~
"Testatika Generator and Over-Unity"
Having read Nelson Camus’ article purporting to "explain" the
I am of the opinion that the real explanation is hidden amongst the
century electrical mumbo jumbo which makes up much of the machine
Jars, Horseshoe Magnets, Wimshurst Generator and so on). From the
of spiral-wound foil capacitors containing radioactive material and
within current carrying coils it strikes me that perhaps the real
comes from Beta particles (fast electrons) absorbed into the electrical
To extract energy from Beta particles it is not just enough to
them. Clearly this will result in a current flow according to the
rate, but current by itself is not power. The kinetic energy of the
must be captured and this will result in potential difference or
If a Beta particle enters a thin foil conductor normal to its surface
is captured, then the potential difference associated with giving up
kinetic energy can be expected to occur across the opposite faces of
foil. If however the Beta particle were turned so as to enter at a
grazing angle to the surface, not only would the probability of capture
be increased (since the particle will travel further within the
but the potential difference will occur along the length of the foil.
particles travelling even at relavistic velocities can be turned within
short distances by relatively weak magnetic fields, so the concept
in the following Figure suggests itself.
Methernitha Statement of Purpose ~
"The Research Work of Methernitha in the Field
so-called Free Energy"
Ever since the foundation of Methernitha there existed a
for research, development and electronics, which was concerned with the
problem of alternative energy sources, namely with technologies, which
were suited to exploit the inherent forces of nature and thus to unlock
sources of energy without disturbing natures ecological balance
any negative way. Any technology man invents should serve him in short
as well as in long terms, and this condition is not fulfilled as soon
it opposes nature in any way.
This team of research within Methernitha works completely
and is financed out of the co-operatives own resources, without
The efficient utilisation of wind energy was one of the first
of Methernitha's research program. At the beginning generators with
excitation were developed, which allowed to load the cells of
even at low RPM at times when there are only moderate air movements.
Utilising the kinetic energy of water currents was another field
interest of the development team, but it was pursued more as
The key problem was here to transfer the slow revolutions of the
to an extent that the excitation threshold of the generator could be
by a minimal loss of energy.
Also solar cells and solar heat collectors attracted the attention
our researchers since a long time. But since in these fields other
have attained outstanding results, Methernitha started, and this was
more than 30 years ago, to concentrate its efforts on lesser known and
even generally unknown sources of energy. The result of this scientific
work is the Thestatica machine.
The question arises: How it comes, that Methernitha, nothing
than a private organisation, could invest so much time, engagement,
and financial resources in this kind of research.
Research and development are integrated parts of the general
concept of Methernitha. To make you understand these ideals and goals,
we will now introduce you into the practical sides of this spiritual
Methernitha, as it functions as a co-operative of people, living
and working together.
Linden is a calm village of farmers just as dozens of others
the region of the valley called Emmental. However Linden is also the
of a special form of human life, which is capable of attracting more
more people from all over the globe, and which has repeatedly caused
through its excellent functioning, even in extremely difficult
There is no doubt that the formation of Methernitha is also
good part of the life story of Paul Baumann. Through his extraordinary
technical capabilities, but also through his astonishing practicable
he opened relations to all kind of people with ideals and in many
and pretty soon, the idea to form a co-operative enterprise took shape.
"In the name of the God Almighty" people of equal thinking
and founded a co-operative, which could serve as the economic basis of
this spiritual community.
"We want to be a united group of brothers, and never separate
severe the burden may be", this was the solemn vow.
Renunciation of alcohol and smoking and the will to realise a
community life without dispute and discord like in the original
communities were the prerequisites to become a member. For the members
Methernitha is an ideal opportunity to lead a fulfilled life by
A workshop was erected and soon, one house after the other grew on
premises. Also all construction was done out of own resources and
with the savings from the common work.
Today Methernitha is a social model proving the quality of its
through its well functioning just more than forty years. The people
here are almost without exception members of Methernitha.
Not even the prospering development that took place over the
decades could impair or even suppress the global idealistic aims. On
contrary, everybody works in his own interest with diligence and great
joy towards the erection and the support of their new homeland
according to the principle:
One for all and all for one!
With this word one can conquer anything. Also the ancient truths
again and attain respect.
The people living here feel themselves as members of a family,
a group sitting in the same boat and proud, but also grateful
of their own beautiful homeland, which they may shape exactly as they
to. Evidently, this form of human social life can function only on the
base of idealistic principles.
The question arises, how the realisation of a sincere religious
of life may be brought in harmony with a successful economic
It is not obvious at all, that this is attainable.
Nowadays there are many amongst us that are caught in the
and dense network of social and economic dependencies and obligations
many also feel the confrontation with its problems.
One member of the economic directory has recently phrased
in the following way:
"The fact that all essential functions of Methernitha are
without any external force, driven solely through inner conviction,
causes everybody to help and take care of the other, this is for me the
most astonishing effect which is produced by this form of living
It seems to be a miracle."
Another miracle within Methernitha is the Thestatica, which
the result of more than 20 years of research.
This wonder machine is lurked from nature, nothing else.
is the greatest source of power as well as knowledge which man has, and
it still conceals many secrets, which are only revealed to those, who
and tie in with them with highest respect and responsibility.
To understand nature and to perceive its voice, man is obliged to
silence and solitude, and it was there, where the knowledge about this
technology was obtained.
For these reasons it was always a great concern of Methernitha to
properties, untouched by man as far as possible, be it in valleys or
in the mountains or ashore of lakes, where one could study nature, ones
own being and the creator of all this universe in silence and
and without being disturbed.
The public never understood this properly, rather interpreted it
as an act of seclusion, assuming we had to hide something unclean. We
had --- and still have --- to take great troubles to realise
all the things we intended to accomplish.
Such undertaking in research and development necessitate
financial expenditures. Therefore we are quite often obliged to
things with most primitive means and materials. What was thrown away by
our affluent society, we collect and possibly set up with it a
in the discovery of new forces and truth.
We are fortunate in gaining the experience that paradoxically the
beautiful and useful results can be achieved by just using the most
means. Never did we use any borrowed capital because we want to stay
Swiss citizens and do not want to be hindered or even bound in any way
in the pursuance of our aims.
The two conterrotating discs generate an electrostatic charge. One
represents the earth, the other the cloud. Using grid electrodes the
are bound. After that they are collected by non-contacting so-called
keys and then sorted.
After being initially turned on by hand, the discs rotate by
according to the electrostatic laws about attraction and repulsion. A
diode keeps the cycles in steady state. Otherwise the impulses of
and repulsion would accumulate and cause the discs to run faster and
The correct speed is of great importance and for optimal power
the discs have to run quite steady and slow.
By means of grid condensers the energy is stored and then
discharged, at the same time reducing the high voltage and building up
power with additional devices. Finally the machine supplies a uniform
current, which varies according to the size of the model. The machine
about 3-4kW permanent output, depending on humidity, whereby the
potential ranges from 270 to 320Volt. High humidity of the atmosphere
the build-up of electric potential. The drier the air, the better.
No doubt, through the so far achieved results one main objective
been reached, namely to prove that it is possible to use Free Energy.
the research work is not yet completed.
To the educated physicist many a thing of this machine may seem
maybe even crazy. Maybe he is also offended by the conceptions used to
explain the whole. Only partly we could use the concepts of
physical terminology to explain and define only approximately the
and properties of the various parts of the machine.
After all it will be necessary to create some more new concepts
the one we have already used before, when we termed the non-contacting
collectors of electric charges as antenna keys.
This machine puts experts, which are just trained in conventional
to a very hard test, because its mode of action is not explainable with
the state of the art of officially accepted physical knowledge, or at
most only partially explainable. However also a trained specialist
remain free and independent in his thinking, and should avoid to be
by the temporal framework of publicly admitted knowledge in any
It has to be remembered that the established science was already
times forced to change or give up some of its very fundamental
Think about Galilee, to name only one example. Our human society almost
condemned this man as a sorcerer and magician, just because he
and discovered a truth that seemed unacceptable by the established
of the days.
The book knowledge of any times is not wrong, but it is
and therefore allows to draw wrong conclusions.
We are part of a new area which brings to light many new facts and
knowledge. The clothes of nowadays science have become too tight and
be stripped off, just as the larva of an insect does with its skin.
this will allow a true metamorphosis to take its course, and finally,
the limits and at the destination of all worldly knowledge, an
and unlimited spiritual science, radiating and beautiful, just as the
imago of an insect, may give its blessings and benediction to a
To ever reach there, a universal development of man has to take
This however is only possible when man becomes aware of his true role
the whole creation, and again learns to recognise his true tasks,
the whole universe functions within a strict and precisely structured
according to the will and word of the creator. Therefore also man
recognise and realise these universal laws that are valid within the
and within every part of this creation.
The hard facts rather show how far man has left the divine order
his self willed and authoritarian way of action and that he has become
the actual cause of all discord and evil on this planet.
Unfortunately the ruling bodies that should be responsible for the
of the people work too often with the target to make life more and more
difficult and to render impossible every free spiritual development.
Instead of utilising the achievements of science and technology
the benefit and preservation of all form of life, they are abused
and irresponsibly to destroy and to kill, and thus turn them into
a curse upon mankind.
To change all this, the evolution of a new technology is not
even if it were the most ecological and ingenious. To change this
status one has to go much deeper down, to the root-cause of all this
and this is mans way of thinking, his state of mind.
The ancient divine commandments are still valid today and also
today the way and direction humanity should go, as clearly spoken by
God has told you what is good. And what is it that the Lord asks
you? Only to act justly, to love loyalty, to walk wisely before your
(Transcribed from the Methernitha Testatika video by Paul E Potter)
"... The efficient utilization of wind energy was one of the first
of Methernitha’s research program.
At the beginning generators with special excitation were developed
allowed to load the cells of accumulators even at low rpm, at times
there are only moderate movements.
Utilizing the kinetic energy of water currents was another field
interest of the development team, but it was pursued more as hobby. The
key problem was here to transfer the slow revolutions of the
to an extent that the excitation threshold of the generator could be
by a minimal loss of energy. Also solar cells and solar heat collectors
attracted the attention of our researchers since a long time. But since
in these fields other institutions have obtained outstanding results
started, and this was already more than 20 years ago [since 1960], to
its efforts on lesser-known and even generally unknown sources of
the result of this scientific work is the Testatika machine of which
of you may have heard already.
The two counter-rotating discs generate an electrostatic charge.
disc represents the earth, the other the cloud. Using grid-electrodes*
the charges are bound. After that they are collected by non-contacted,
so-called, antennae keys** and then sorted [shorted ?].
After being initially turned on by hand the discs rotate by
according to the electrostatic laws about attraction and repulsion.
A rectifying-diode keeps the cycles in steady state, otherwise the
of attraction and repulsion would accumulate and cause the disc to run
faster and faster. The correct speed is of great importance, and for
power generation the discs have to run quite steady and slow.
By means of grid-condensers* the energy is stored and it is then
discharged, at the same time reducing the high-voltage and building up
power with additional devices.
Finally, the machine supplies a uniform direct current which
according to size of the model.
The machine furnishes about 3 to 4 Kilo-Watt permanent output,
on humidity, whereby the electrical potential ranges from 270 to 320
High humidity of the atmosphere prevents the build up of electric
The dryer the air the better.
No doubt, through the so-far achieved results, one main objective
been reached, namely, to prove that it is possible to use free energy.
Nevertheless, the research work is not yet completed: To finish a model
which can be handed out more or less to anybody and without any
also to non-specialists, much work and also time will still be needed.
Only partly we could use the concepts of conventional physical
in order to explain and define only approximately the functions and
of the various parts of the machine. After all, it will be necessary to
create some more new concepts, like the one we have already used
when we termed the non-contacting collectors of electric charge as
keys**. This machine puts experts who are just trained in conventional
physics to a very hard test..."
* The German original has gitter-condensers, with gitter defined
wire lattice, grille, grate.
** the original word used is tasten or taster, which means
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