Tourmaline, "The Electric Stone", is exploited
in hundreds of patents. Here are several select patents and
articles of especial interest in regard to the production of
electricity by tourmaline, and agriculture.
See also : T.T. BROWN / Petrovoltaics ... Earth Batteries
... John HUTCHISON / Hutchison Effect &c...
MANUFACTURE OF SEMIPERMANENT
Inventor(s): KITA MASAYUKI; KITAMURA KAZUO; ASATANI TAKUO
Applicant(s): OYO KOGAKU KENKYUSHO KK
Classification: - international: H01M6/06; H01M6/16; H01M10/02;
H01M6/04; H01M6/16; H01M10/02; (IPC1-7): H01M6/06; H01M6/16;
Abstract -- PURPOSE:To
provide a semipermanent battery by putting far infrared radiation
ceramic powder or a far infrared radiation ceramic powder pack in
an inside electrolyte solution of a primary battery or a secondary
battery, and naturally charging to recover the original potential.
CONSTITUTION:Pulverized tourmaline fine powder belongs to far
infrared radiation ceramics, and is put in an electrolyte of a
battery as powder or being packed. It was found that even if the
battery is discharged, the potential does not change. When a
lithium battery was tested in the condition of 500mA discharge for
10 minutes and rest for 4 hours, voltage did not vary over 7
month. It is thought that the recess of an ionic crystal of the
powder is charged positively and the other end is charged
negatively to produce potential, dynamic energy such as
temperature is converted into electric energy, and in addition by
electromagnetic radiation from the far infrared radiation stone,
oxidized electrolyte is reduced.
PERMANENT ELECTRODE FIBER AND ITS
Inventor(s): KUBO TETSUJIRO; KAWAGUCHI KOTARO
Classification: - international: D01F1/10; D01F2/06; D06M11/00;
D06M11/49; D06M101/00; D06M101/02; D06M101/06; D01F1/10; D01F2/00;
D06M11/00; (IPC1-7): D01F1/10; D01F2/06; D06M11/49
Also published as: JP2715034
Abstract -- PURPOSE:To
provide a permanent electrode fiber composed of a regenerated or
synthetic fiber containing a tourmaline powder finely pulverized
by a tromill in combination with a highly orientated crystalline
tourmaline as a permanent electrode substance distributed in the
fiber surface layer and capable of giving a favorable electric
stimulation to the human body so as to activate the human body and
to provide its production method. CONSTITUTION:A permanent
electrode fiber containing a permanent electrode substance highly
orientated and distributed in the surface layer of the fiber is
formed by mixing the permanent electrode substance having
electrodes at both the ends of the crystal structure in a
regenerated or synthetic fiber.; The permanent electrode fiber
containing a permanent electrode substance highly orientated and
distributed in the surface layer of the fiber can formed also by
uniformyl mixing and dispersing 1 to 5wt.% natural or artificial
permanent electrode substance powdered into <=1mum liquefied
raw material such as a regenerated or synthetic fiber or blending
a suspension of a titanium oxide- containing permanent electrode
substance powder with liquefied raw material such as a regenerated
or synthetic fiber and spinning it through a spinning nozzle while
allowing it to pass through an external magnetic field.
crystalline substance and its preparation method
Inventor(s): CHEN YANDONG [CN]
Applicant(s): SHENZHEN FANGHAO INDUSTRY CO L
Classification: - international: C01B33/20; C01B33/00
Abstract -- The invention
discloses an artificial synthetic tourmaline crystal and synthetic
method, which consists 2-10 percent tourmaline and 90-98 percent
mineral, wherein the tourmaline and mineral are grinded into grain
size mixture less than 15 nm, which is grinded into grain size
more than 15 nm after melted at more than 1600 deg.c. The
invention can produce large amount of negative ion, which absorbs
artificial synthetic tourmaline crystal with positive charge odor,
bacteria, smog and harmful gas.
Dynamoelectric monomers, and
self-discipline generating set of possessing the monomers
Inventor(s): QUJING BOMEI SHANG [CN]
Applicant(s): LIUJIA INT TRADE TIANJIN CO LT [CN]
Classification: - international: H01M10/36; H02J7/00; H01M10/36;
Abstract -- Pressing
powder of tourmaline covered by lithium metal produces the
disclosed power generation unit. The invention also discloses
self-discipline generating set composed of multiple connected
power generation units, as well as not contact charging circuit
system including combinations between power generation unit and
electromagnetism, or the unit and light, or the unit and solar
energy. When accomplishing charging to self, the power generation
unit can transport redundant electric energy to other power
generation units at a time. The invention also includes micro
intelligent operation system CPU in use for controlling and
managing generating, charging electricity and transporting
electricity to other units. In condition of without external
electrical source, the disclosed power generation unit self can
produce stable and long lasting electric energy.
Tourmaline nano metal oxide and
preparation method thereof
Inventor(s): LI XUECHENG DING [CN]
Applicant(s): SHANGHAIHUZHENG NANO TECHNOLOG
Classification: - international: C01G1/02; C01G1/02
Abstract -- The invention
relates to a nano tourmaline metal oxide, which especially can
increase anion release efficiency. Said metal oxide comprises
tourmaline metal oxide with grain size being 5-30nm and nano
silver granular with grain size being 0.2-1 um; nano silver
granular is attached to the surface of tourmaline metal oxide. The
invention makes use of the tourmaline metal oxide coated with nano
silver granular and the powder phase of tourmaline metal oxide to
dramatically increase the release amount of anion and far infrared
rays, which improves treating effect for human body. The invention
aslo relates to the method for preparing said nano tourmaline
ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE DISTURBANCE
Inventor(s): SATO TSUNEO; SATO AKIHARU
Classification: - international: E04B1/92; H05K9/00; E04B1/92;
H05K9/00; (IPC1-7): H05K9/00; E04B1/92
Abstract -- PROBLEM TO BE
SOLVED: To provide an electromagnetic wave disturbance preventing
material which keeps an residence environment and an office
environment free from an electromagnetic wave disturbance by using
this material as an internal material in an office and a residence
or external materials for various kinds of electric products and
electronic appliances. ; SOLUTION: The material is composed of an
electromagnetic wave absorbing and extinguishing member 1 formed
by coating an unwoven fabric, paper, etc. with an electromagnetic
wave absorbing and extinguishing substance formed by mixing the
fine powder of tourmaline and that of bamboo charcoal into a
binding material by adhesion, a decoration panel member 2 which is
secured to one surface of the electromagnetic wave absorbing and
extinguishing member, and composed of paper, cloth, an wood plate,
a synthetic resin plate, a synthetic resin sheet, etc.; an
electromagnetic wave reflection member 3 which is secured to the
other surface of the electromagnetic wave absorbing and
extinguishing member, and composed of a metal plate such as an
aluminum plate and a stainless plate.
Device for Saving Electrical Power
Inventor: CHOI, Sung
A device for
saving electric power of the present invnetion comprises a case; a
tourmaline insert accomodated in the case body, which is a mixture
of tourmaline powder, permanent magnet powder and moisture (H2O);
ionization paltes respectively positioned on the upper and lower
surfaces of the tourmaline intermediate layer interposed
therebetween and a conductive plate embedded in the termaline
Wireless Electrical Charging
-- An apapratus
wirelessly recharges a recahrgeable battery. The apparatus
includes a wireless receiver that anmplifies radio waves, the
wireless receiveer comprising a tourmaline and zeolite ceramic.
The recharging apparatus also includes a patch antenna that
filters the received radio waves to usable RF signals. The
rechargin apparatus further includes circuits that process the
usable RF signals to create refined electric power for the
METHOD OF REMOVING SILICON
CONTAINED IN WATER AND EQUIPMENT FOR THE SAME
Inventor(s): FUKAI TOSHIHARU
Classification: - international: C02F1/42; C02F1/60; C02F1/68;
C02F1/42; C02F1/60; C02F1/68; (IPC1-7): C02F1/60; C02F1/42;
Abstract -- PROBLEM TO BE
SOLVED: To provide a method for easily removing silicon contained
in water in a short time without using electric power and an
equipment for the same. ; SOLUTION: A water excluding hard water
containing silicon is allowed to pass through a container 12
housing obsidian 10 to add active hydrogen to the water.
Thereafter, the water which has passed through the above container
12 is allowed to pass through an aluminum cartridge 28 housing
tourmaline 32 and a metal 34 therein. Thereby, the silicon
contained in the water is separated from the water through
adhesion to the inner wall of the aluminum cartridge 28.
Inventor(s): INADA SHINICHI
Classification: - international: A01C1/06; A01C1/00; A01C1/06;
A01C1/00; (IPC1-7): A01C1/06; A01C1/00
Abstract -- PROBLEM TO BE
SOLVED: To provide a coated seed having an excellent germination
performance. ; SOLUTION: This coated seed is characterized in that
the coating contains one or more kinds of ore powder radiating far
IR light, such as tourmaline ore powder. Such the functional
mineral radiates growing far IR light having wavelengths of 4 to
14[mu]m, and thereby promotes the germination of the seed. Many
natural minerals contained in the ore promote the growth of crops
and reinforce the disease resistance of the crops. The tourmaline
ore is a porous ore, and has an electric characteristic that
continuously flows a weak electric current. Therefore, the weak
electric current stimulates the hair roots of plants to promote
their growth. Since containing boron, the tourmaline ore can
promote the absorption of water from the hair roots to prevent the
fertilizer scorch of the hair roots. Therefore, the coated seed
having a high germination rate and an excellent germination
performance is obtained.
Tourmaline: Animal and Plant Growth
Inventor: LEE HAE WANG
Classification: - international: A23K1/16; A23K1/175; A23K1/16;
A23K1/175; (IPC1-7): A23K1/16; A23K1/175
Abstract -- A composition
for promoting animals and plants containing tourmaline, loess, a
loess solution(jijangsu), kaoline and other minerals is provided.
It promotes the growth of plants while preventing disease and
insect pest of the plants. It also promotes the growth of animals
and fishes when fed thereto. CONSTITUTION: The animal and plant
growth promoting composition contains tourmaline, loess, a loess
solution (jijangsu), kaoline and minerals. The tourmaline is
prepared by agitating tourmaline in a solution containing sulfuric
acid, nitric acid and oxalic acid, washing and drying in a natural
state or at 100deg.C or less. The kaolin is prepared by heating
kaolin for 20min at 400 to 500deg.C and grinding to 100 to 325
meshes. The loess solution is prepared by heating loess at 200 to
300deg.C, grinding to 150 to 325 meshes, mixing with purified
water in a ratio of 1:20 and then agitating.
DEVICE FOR ACTIVATING
MICROORGANISMS BY APPLYING FAR-INFRARED RAYS AND ANIONS TO
Inventor(s): PARK O KYU
Applicant(s): YOOLIM ENVIRONMENTAL CO LTD
Classification: - international: C02F9/12; C02F9/08; (IPC1-7):
Abstract -- PURPOSE: To
provide a biological activation device for promoting activation of
microorganisms in a sewage and wastewater treatment plant to
improve treatment efficiency of sewage and wastewater and
completely adsorb and remove odorous gas in exhaust gas generated
from sewage and wastewater containing high concentrated organic
matter and high concentrated nitrogen and phosphorus at the same
time. CONSTITUTION: The biological activation device for
sewage and wastewater treatment plant comprises a sprinkling
pipe(11) into which water to be treated flows; an activation
illite ceramic layer(13) which is formed of a special ceramic so
that the activation illite ceramic layer emits wavelength of
far-infrared rays to generate energy and completely adsorb thus
deodorize noxious gas by revolving electrons around the cell when
a cell of microorganisms are divided; a permanent magnet layer(14)
for generating magnetic force; an activation tourmaline ceramic
layer(15) to which a weak electric current is consistently
impressed by a magnetic field generated from the permanent magnet
so that the activation tourmaline ceramic layer generates anions
as a polar crystal that is formed of a special ceramic to have
electric polarization itself; a crystalline graphite layer(16)
installed on a lower part of the activation tourmaline ceramic
layer; and a diffuser(18) into which exhaust gas generated from
sewage and wastewater flows.
Method of controlling the growth
of microorganism in a liquid with tourmaline crystals
Inventor(s): KUBO TETSUJIRO [JP]
Applicant(s): YUGEN KAISHA KUBO TECHNIC OFFI
Classification: - international: C02F1/461; C02F1/48; C02F1/50;
C02F1/467; C02F1/461; C02F1/48; C02F1/50; (IPC1-7): C02F1/68 -
European: C02F1/461B4; C02F1/48; C02F1/50B
-- A method of
electrodepositing removal of ionic material using tourmaline
crystal and tourmaline crystal with electrodeposited metal
according to the present invention utilize electrodepositing
phenomenon whereby to the cathode (negative pole) of tourmaline
permanent electrodes, the metallic ion which is anode ion having
electric charge of the opposite character thereto is attracted,
neutralized, and deposited as a metallic atom to form a metallic
coating on the electrode surface. Hereinafter a method of
electrodepositing removal of ionic material using tourmaline
crystal and the specific structure of tourmaline crystal with
electrodeposited metal according to the present invention will be
described in detail.
REBALANCING DEVICE FOR ELECTRIC
POTENTIAL OF CELL MEMBRANE
Inventor(s): GIOVANNINI ENORE [IT]
Applicant(s): GIOVANNINI ENORE [IT]
Classification: - international: A61N1/20; A61N1/24; A61N1/34;
A61N1/20; A61N1/32; (IPC1-7): A61N1/34; A61N1/20; A61N1/24 -
European: A61N1/20P; A61N1/24; A61N1/34
Also published as: ITBO20000391 (A1)
EP1299150 (A1) AU6935201 (A)
Abstract -- A rebalancing device for the electric
potential of the cell membrane includes a base support (2),
constituted by a epoxy resin including isocyanate and toluol,
associated with a piezoelectric mineral composition (3) fit for
emitting electromagnetic fields at very low frequency. The
piezoelectric mineral composition (3) is constituted essentially
by 10-30 % of albite, preferably 15 %, 20-40 % of tourmaline,
preferably 30 %, 10-50 % of quartz, preferably 30 %, 10-20 % of
chlorite, preferably 13 % and 10-20 % of illite, preferably 12 %.
CULTIVATION UTILIZING REDUCED WATER
Inventor(s): KAIHARA TOSHINORI
Applicant(s): KAIHARA TOSHINORI
Classification: - international: A01G7/00; A01C1/00; A01C1/08;
A01G16/00; A01G7/00; A01C1/00; A01G16/00; (IPC1-7): A01G7/00;
A01C1/00; A01C1/08; A01G7/00; A01G16/00
Abstract -- PROBLEM TO BE
SOLVED: To make ready to control a time for germination and
blooming. SOLUTION: This method for cultivation uses controllers
for a high-frequency alternating current low voltage and a
high-frequency alternating current high voltage and electrode
plates connecting to the controllers. The objective cultivation is
performed by using reduced water obtained from the devices or
mixing the water with an ore containing various mineral
components, an electric stone such as tourmaline or various
organic mineral, or using lactic acid bacterium bioactive
substance, water-soluble chitosan, a high electroconductive
activated carbon, an organic fertilizer and manure or an effective
microorganism such as actinomycetes, according to the object,
utilizing titanium oxide, ceramic using transition element or an
ultraviolet light, and further using pyroligenous acid or a
spreader or using an extracted solution from Japanese andromeda,
Arisaema serratum or a garlic. The objective method is performed
by using a water storage tank, utilizing a water-supplying pump or
a water discharging pump, using hydroponic equipment of facility
of a vinyl house, applying a sprayer or applying sterilized water,
according to the culturing method.
Acta Cryst. (1977). A33, Part 6 (November 1977),
927-932 [ doi:10.1107/S0567739477002241 ]
Structural mechanism of
pyroelectricity in tourmaline
in tourmaline, known since antiquity, was ascribed by S. von
Boguslawski to a charged, asymmetric, anharmonic oscillator based
on the Einstein model of a crystal. His predicted values of the
pyroelectric coefficient k were in good agreement with Ackermann's
measurements in the range 20-400 K. We have tested Boguslawski's
model by refining the structure, at 193 and 293 K, on a sphere of
gem-quality elbaite. The pyroelectric effect is due primarily to
the asymmetric anharmonic vibrations of O(1), the oxygen atom of
point symmetry 3m which has a polar environment. Its centre of
gravity moves 0.005 Ĺ from 193 to 293 K. It is the only atom with
a displacement well above experimental uncertainty. Its large
thermal parameters, which are ten times their standard deviation
at both temperatures, clearly invalidate the assumption of an
ellipsoidal thermal movement. This probably holds for Na and 0(2),
which also have abnormally large temperature factors, but show no
of Microbiology and Biotechnology -- Volume 24, Number
5 / May, 2008,
Tourmaline ceramic balls stimulate
growth and metabolism of three fermentation microorganisms
He Ni, Ling Li and Hai-Hang Li
(1) Guangdong Provincial Key Lab of Biotechnology for Plant
Development and College of Life Sciences, South China Normal
University, Guangzhou, 510631, China
Abstract -- Effects of
tourmaline ceramic balls on growth and metabolism of Saccharomyces
cerevisiae, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Aspergillus oryzae were
studied. Treatments with 3, 6, 9 or 12 g of tourmaline ceramic
balls in a 50 ml culture showed significant stimulation of the
growth of the three microorganisms. In optimal treatments with 12
g of tourmaline balls, the growth of S. cerevisiae, L.
acidophilus, and A. oryzae was increased by 34, 32 and 10%,
respectively. After 72 h fermentation of S. cerevisiae, total
carbohydrate content in the culture medium was decreased by 65%
and ethanol production was increased by 150%. Total carbohydrate
content was decreased by 80% and the pH value was decreased by
0.3, as a result of organic acid production in the medium of L.
acidophilus after 72 h fermentation. In the case of A. oryzae,
enzyme activities of protease and amylase were increased by 90 and
31%, respectively, after 96 h fermentation. Results indicated that
tourmaline stimulates initiation of growth in the early lag stage
and increases production of metabolites at a later stage of
fermentation. The strong stimulatory effect of tourmaline on
growth, utilization of substrates and production of metabolites in
the three microorganisms suggests a potential application in the
Contact Information Hai-Hang Li
Tourmaline Composition, Crystallization &
silicate of boron and aluminum, containing varying amounts of
ferrous iron, magnesium, manganese, calcium, sodium, potassium,
lithium, hydroxyl and fluorine.
Hexagonal-rhombohedral; hemimorphic. Crystals usually prismatic,
vertically striated. A triangular prism, with three faces,
prominent, which with the tendency of the prism faces to be
vertically striated and to round into each other gives the
crystals usually a cross section like a sphericaltriangle.
Crystals are commonly terminated by base and low positive and
negative rhombohedrons; sometimes scalenohedrons are present When
the crystals are doubly terminated they usually show different
forms at the opposite ends of the vertical axis (homomorphism).
crystals. Sometimes massive compact; also coarse to fine columnar,
either radiating or parallel.
Vitreous to resinous luster. Color varied, depending upon the
composition. Common tourmaline with much iron is black, sometimes
brown. More rarely light colored in fine shades of red, pink,
green, blue, yellow, etc. Rarely white or colorless. A single
crystal may show several different colors either arranged in
concentric bands about the center of the crystal or in transverse
layers along its length. Strongly pyroelectric; i.e., when cooling
from being heated to about 100° C. it develops positive
electricity at one end of the crystal and negative at the other,
which enables the crystal to attract and hold bits of paper, ete.
Strongly diachronic; Le., light traversing the crystal in one
direction may be of quite a different color or shade of color from
that traversing the crystal in a direction at right angles to the
first. H. = 7-7.5; G. = 2.98-3.2.
To be recognized
usually by the characteristic rounded triangular cross section of
the crystals; absence of prismatic cleavage, coal-like fracture of
. Tourmalinc is
one of the most common and characteristic minerals formed by
pneumatolytic action. That is, it is a mineral that has been
formed at high temperatures and pressures through the agency of
vapors carrying boron, fluorine, ete. It is found, there fore,
commonly as an accessory mineral in pegmatite veins, 01' dikes,
occurring with granite intrusions. Associated with the ordinary
minerals of granite pegmatite, orthoclase, albite, quartz and
muscovite; also with lepidolite, beryl, apatite, fluorite, ete.
Found also as an accessory mineral in metamorphie roeks, such as
gneisses, schists and crystalline limestones.
The black tourmaline is of widespread occurrence as an accessory
mineral in metamorphie rock. The light colored gem varieties are
found in the pegmatite dikes. Famous localities for the occurrence
of the gem tourmalines are the island of Elba; in the state of
Minas Geraes, Brazil; Ural Mountains near Ekaterinburg;
Madagasear; Paris and Auburn, Maine Chesterfield, Massachusetts;
Haddam Neck, Connecticut; Mesa Grande, Pala, Rincon and Ramona in
San Diego County, California. Brown crystals are found near
Gouverneur, New York and fine black crystals at Pierrepont, New
Physical properties of
Campanile Charities Professor of Geology and Geophysics at
Louisiana State University -- research specialty : metamorphic
Contact -- (225)-578-2693, fax (225)-578-2302 or e-mail
Address: Department of Geology and Geophysics, Louisiana State
University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803.
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Darrell Henry is the Campanile Charities Professor of Geology and
Geophysics at Louisiana State University whose research specialty
is metamorphic petrology. Further details of his professional
background are included in an accompanying vita or faculty
To contact Darrell Henry call (225)-578-2693, fax (225)-578-2302
or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org . Address: Department of Geology and
Geophysics, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803.
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