William J. HOOPER
The Motional Electric Field
Commentaries & Reviews
US Patent #
US Patent # 3,656,013
Frances Gibson : The
All-Electric Field Generator & Its Potential
William J Hooper : New
Horizons in Electric, Magnetic & Gravitational Field
W. Hooper : Similarities
of the Motional Electric & Gravitational Forces
( PDF )
"A Review Of William J. Hooper and his All-Electric
Motional Electric Field Generator"
by James E. Hartman
(Feb. 1, 1996)
In the 1960's - William J. Hooper developed what could be a
real workable system. In Hooper's view there are three different
forms of electric fields due to the distribution of electric
field, two are doue to induction. He put forth an
interesting theory with the v x B terms of dynamic electrical
circuits. He assigns a difference to electric fields generated
by differing methods.
The most important for propulsion is called the "motional"
electric field. He goes to extraordinary lengths to
differentiate the motional electric field arising from:
E = v x B
with an induced electric field due to time changing magnetic
field and with static fields related to stationary electrical
To understand Hooper's analysis, consider the Lorentz force
E = v x B
which Hooper interpreted it as Em, the induced motional
He claims to have experimentally verified that it is different
from other electric fields and that it was akin to GRAVITATIONAL
Unlike electro-static fields this force acts in line with the
electric field. One important result is that for the total
system the superposition of all B fields can be zero but the
motional electric field can still be nonzero.
Consider a long conductor folded back on itself at its center
labeled as b. The current then flows from one end, a, to the
center, b and then finally reaches the other end, c. the
magnetic field from the current flow from a to b is B, and from
b to c is -B.
They must be equal and opposite since each has the same current
flow (but in opposite directions). Likewise the velocity of the
electric charges must also be equal and opposite. The B field is
calculated from the sum of the parts, then its magnitude goes to
On other hand, its calculated from super-position of E fields;
then it sums to a nonzero quantity. It can be disagreed that
either the assumption of superposition of the B field (and hence
separability of force fields) is incorrect or Hooper's idea of a
"motional electric field" is correct.
Hooper concluded that the magnetic field (associated with
currents) moves with the charge carriers within the current.
This is consistent with Ampere's law and at variance with
* I'll leave it up to you mathematical majors to affirm this
Two U.S. Patents (3,610,971 and 3,565,013) by Hooper have
claimed gravitational-like fields from the motional electric
field of v x B.
Superconductors are said to be on the order of 1012 times
better than normal conductors and he foreseen improvement in
them. Improvement would reflect improved propulsiveness.
Hooper and along with others have claimed to have witnessed the
gravitational and ANTIGRAVITATIONAL forces in the functioning of
this said device.
The following claims are from U.S. Patent 3,610,971:
"It is desirable to have an apparatus with which to
experimentally study gravitational and antigravitational
phenomena under steady continuous conditions." "It should be
noted that this field is practically uniform and parallel close
to the disk, hence it is not attractive in its action on neutral
matter. Its action on such matter can only change the state of
electrical polarization in the matter. Any change thus effected
in the state of polarization should cause the earth's
gravitational field to act less intensely, on any object placed
close to the undersurface of the device, causing it to weigh
less, become weightless, or to actually be accelerated upward by
antigravitational action of the earth's field."
"In a very short interval of time (1969) an intense B x V field
should effect the reversal of the gravitational polarization of
an object. Once achieved, only a small expenditure of energy
would be required to hold the polarization. Energy from atoms of
the earth would
supply the lift and propulsion through the medium of the earth's
gravity field. The most formidable problem would appear to be
the problem of holding the B x V generator at cryogenic
temperatures. In view of the overall possibilities of this
invention, this problem does not appear to be incapable of a
solution. A breakthrough in finding superconductive materials or
even near superconducting at slightly elevated temperatures from
those presently (at that time) required would greatly aid in the
solution of this problem."
In Fig. 4 - "The antigravity gravity control features of the
coils 73 and 74 thus control the lift and movement of vehicle."
What was this man's drive?
"This country's space projects have become expensive beyond the
ability of the of the average man to comprehend. Achieving lift
by means of costly propellants will someday soon be seen as akin
to primitive man's use of awkward clubs as a means of exerting
With the ozone layer hole seemingly growing larger every year.
Perhaps, I speculate that project HAARP in Alaska was built to
produce OZONE to heal the earth's atmosphere. Such devices has
Hooper's may give off charged negative ions and therefore may
aid in the healthfulness of humans (Hence, the Home Ionizer) as
well healing the atmospheric properties over a longer period of
With advances in new superconductivity technologies and with a
NASA budget that is shrinking. What a real bargain for the tax
payer and the well-being of our atmosphere.
With a $35B dollar a year NASA budget. They perhaps could build
a small fleet of nice B x V reusable Spacecraft and aircraft
that are perhaps environmentally more sound.
"Electric Propulsion Study"
[ Excerpt ]
Dr. Dennis Cravens, SAIC Corp; prepared for USAF
Astronautics Lab/Edwards AFB (August 1990)
Section 3.7: Non-Inductive Coils
Several authors have suggested that v x B term in the Lorentz
expression should be called into question. Several unverified
experimental results have ever been made. An experiment is
suggested to test one or several of these theoretical views.
This is an area where the experimental procedure is workable and
the outcome could have direct results in the area of inertia
During the late 60's William J. Hooper put forth an interesting
theory involving the v x B terms dynamic electrical circuits.
There was and is uncertainty as to the exact physical
understanding of the Biot-Savart-Lorentz law and Ampere's law
involving the set of reaction forces. Peter Graneau has studied
these expressions. Hooper's view was that there are three
different types of electric fields due to the distribution of
electric field and two due to induction.
At the heart of the issue is the connection of the magnetic
field and its source in the charged particles. EM theory is
presently consistent with the idea that spinning magnetic
dipoles create effects indistinguishable from charged particles.
There has been no critical experiment which can disprove whether
a magnetic flux rotates with its source. If it does co-move with
its source then it is logical to assume that a motional electric
field in a fixed reference frame of the current induces a
magnetic field. This concept is likewise consistent with a
field-free interpretation such as Ampere's original laws. [with
4 pages more about Hooper's theories]