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USP # 4,936,961
Method for the Production of a Fuel Gas
Related Application: This is a continuation-in-part of my
application Ser.; No. 081,859, filed 8/5/87, now U.S. Pat. No. 4,826,
Field of Invention: This invention relates to a method of and
for obtaining the release of a fuel gas mixture including hydrogen and
oxygen from water.
BACKGROUND OF THE PRIOR ART
Numerous processes have been proposed for separating a water
into its elemental hydrogen and oxygen components. Electrolysis is one
such process. Other processes are described in the United States
such as 4,344,831; 4,184,931; 4,023,545; 3,980, 053; and Patent
Treaty application No. PCT/US80/1362, Published 30 April, 1981.
OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION
It is an object of the invention to provide a fuel cell and a
in which molecules of water are broken down into hydrogen and oxygen
and other formerly dissolved within the water is produced. As used
the term "fuel cell" refers to a single unit of the invention
a water capacitor cell, as hereinafter explained, that produces the
gas in accordance with the method of the invention.
Brief Description of the Drawings
FIG. 1 illustrates a circuit useful in the process.
FIG. 2 shows a perspective of a "water capacitor" element used in
fuel cell circuit.
FIGS. 3A through 3F are illustrations depicting the theoretical
for the phenomena encountered during operation of the invention herein.
Description of the Preferred Embodiment:
In brief, the invention is a method of obtaining the release of a
mixture including hydrogen on oxygen and other dissolved gases formerly
entrapped in water, from water consisting of:
(A) providing a capacitor, in which the water is included as a
liquid between capacitor plates, in a resonant charging choke circuit
includes an inductance in series with the capacitor;
(B) subjecting the capacitor to a pulsating, unipolar electric
field in which the polarity does not pass beyond an arbitrary ground,
the water molecules within the capacitor are subjected to a charge of
same polarity and the water molecules are distended by their subjection
to electrical polar forces;
(C) further subjecting in said capacitor to said pulsating
field to achieve a pulse frequency such that the pulsating electric
induces a resonance within the water molecule;
(D) continuing the application of the pulsating frequency to the
cell after resonance occurs so that the energy level within the
is increased in cascading incremental steps in proportion to the number
(E) maintaining the charge of said capacitor during the
of the pulsing field, whereby the co-valent electrical bonding of the
and oxygen atoms within said molecules is destabilized such that the
of the electrical field applied, as the force is effective within the
exceeds the bonding force of the molecule, and hydrogen and oxygen
are liberated from the molecule as elemental gases; and
(F) collecting said hydrogen and oxygen gases, and any other gases
were formerly dissolved within the water, and discharging the collected
gases as a fuel gas mixture.
The process follows the sequence of steps shown in the following
1 in which water molecules are subjected to increasing electrical
In an ambient state, randomly oriented water molecules are aligned with
respect to a molecule polar orientation.
They are next, themselves polarized and "elongated" by the
of an electrical potential to the extent that covalent bonding of the
molecule is so weakened that the atoms dissociate and the molecule
down into hydrogen and oxygen elemental components.
Engineering design parameters based on known theoretical
of electrical circuits determine the incremental levels of electrical
wave energy input required to produce resonance in the system whereby
fuel gas comprised of a mixture of hydrogen, oxygen, and other gases
as air were formerly dissolved within the water, is produced.
The sequence of the relative state of the water molecule and/or
A. (ambient state) random
B. Alignment of polar fields
C. Polarization of molecule
D. Molecular elongation
E. Atom liberation by breakdown of covalent bond
F. Release of gases
In the process, the point of optimum gas release is reached at a
resonance. Water in the fuel cell is subjected to a pulsating, polar
field produced by the electrical circuit whereby the water molecules
distended by reason of their subjection to electrical polar forces of
The polar pulsating frequency applied is such that the pulsating
field induces a resonance in the molecule. A cascade effect occurs and
the overall energy level of specific water molecules is increased in
The hydrogen and oxygen atomic gases, and other gas components
entrapped as dissolved gases in water, are released when
the resonant energy exceeds the covalent bonding force of the water
molecule. A preferred construction material for the capacitor plates
is stainless steel T-304 which is non-chemical reactive with
water, hydrogen, or oxygen.
An electrically conductive material which is inert in the fluid
is a desirable material of construction for the electrical field plates
of the "water capacitor" employed in the circuit.
Once triggered, the gas output is controllable by the attenuation
operational parameters. Thus, once the frequency of resonance is
by varying the applied pulse voltage to the water fuel cell assembly,
output is varied.
By varying the pulse shape and/or amplitude or pulse train
of the initial pulsing wave source, final gas output is varied.
of the voltage field frequency in the form of OFF and ON pulses
The overall apparatus thus includes an electrical circuit in which
water capacitor having a known dielectric property is an element. The
gases are obtained from the water by the disassociation of the water
The water molecules are split into component atomic elements (hydrogen
and oxygen gases) by a voltage stimulation process called the
polarization process which also releases dissolved gases entrapped in
From the outline of physical phenomena associated with the process
in Table 1, the theoretical basis of the invention considers the
states of molecules and gases and ions derived from liquid water.
Before voltage stimulation, water molecules are randomly dispersed
water in a container.
When a unipolar voltage pulse train such as shown in FIGS. 3B
3F is applied to positive and negative capacitor plates, an increasing
voltage potential is induced in the molecules in a linear, step like
The electrical field of the particles within a volume of water
the electrical field plates increases from a low energy state to a high
energy state successively is a step manner following each pulse-train
illustrated figuratively in the depictions of FIG. 3A through 3F.
The increasing voltage potential is always positive in direct
to negative ground potential during each pulse. The voltage polarity on
the plates which create the voltage fields remains constant although
voltage charge increases. Positive and negative voltage "zones" are
formed simultaneously in the electrical field of the capacitor plates.
In the first stage of the process described in Table 1, because
water molecule naturally exhibits opposite electrical fields in a
polar configuration (the two hydrogen atoms are positively electrically
charged relative to the negative electrically charged oxygen atom), the
voltage pulse causes initially randomly oriented water molecules in the
liquid state to spin and orient themselves with reference to
and negative poles of the voltage fields applied.
The positive electrically charged hydrogen atoms of said water
are attracted to a negative voltage field; while, at the same time, the
negative electrically charged oxygen atoms of the same water molecule
attracted to a positive voltage field.
Even a slight potential difference applied to inert, conductive
of a containment chamber which forms a capacitor will initiate polar
orientation within the water molecule based on polarity differences.
When the potential difference applied causes the orientated water
to align themselves between the conductive plates, pulsing causes the
field intensity to be increased in accordance with FIG. 3B. As further
molecule alignment occurs, molecular movement is hindered.
Because the positively charged hydrogen atoms of said aligned
are attracted in a direction opposite to the negatively charged oxygen
atoms, a polar charge alignment or distribution occurs within the
between said voltage zones, as shown in FIG. 3B. And as the energy
of the atoms subjected to resonant pulsing increases, the stationary
molecules become elongated as shown in FIGS. 3C and 3D. Electrically
nuclei and electrons are attracted toward opposite electrically charged
equilibrium of the water molecule.
As the water molecule is further exposed to an increasing
difference resulting from the step charging of the capacitor, the
force of attraction of the atoms within the molecule to the capacitor
of the chamber also increase in strength. As a result, the covalent
between which form the molecule is weakened --- and ultimately
The negatively charged electron is attracted toward the positively
hydrogen atoms, while at the same time, the negatively charged oxygen
In a more specific explanation of the "sub-atomic" action the
in the water fuel cell, it is known that natural water is a liquid
has a dielectric constant of 78.54 at 20 degrees C. and 1 atm
[Handbook of Chemistry & Physics, 68th ed., CRC Press(Boca Raton,
(1987-88)), Section E-50. H20(water)].
When a volume of water is isolated and electrically conductive
that are chemically inert in water and are separated by a distance, are
immersed in water, a capacitor is formed, having a capacitance
by the surface area of the plates, the distance of their separation and
the dielectric constant of water.
When water molecules are exposed to voltage at a restricted
water takes on an electrical charge. By the laws of electrical
molecules align according to positive and negative polarity fields of
molecule and the alignment field. The plates of the capacitor
such as alignment field when a voltage is applied.
When a charge is applied to a capacitor, the electrical charge of
capacitor equals the applied voltage charge; in a water capacitor, the
dielectric property of water resists the flow of amps in the circuit,
the water molecule itself, because it has polarity fields formed by the
relationship of hydrogen and oxygen in the covalent bond, and intrinsic
dielectric property, becomes part of the electrical circuit, analogous
to a "microcapacitor" within the capacitor defined by the plates.
In the Example of a fuel cell circuit of FIG. 1, a water capacitor
included. The step-up coil is formed on a conventional toroidal core
of a compressed ferromagnetic powered material that will not itself
permanently magnetized, such as the trademarked "Ferramic 06# "Permag"
powder as described in Siemens Ferrites Catalog, CG-2000-002-121,
Ohio) No. F626-1205". The core is 1.50 inch in diameter and 0.25 inch
thickness. A primary coil of 200 turns of 24 gauge copper wire is
and coil of 600 turns of 36 gauge wire comprises the secondary winding.
In the circuit of FIG 1, the diode is a 1N1198 diode which acts as
blocking diode and an electric switch that allows voltage flow in one
only. Thus, the capacitor is never subjected to a pulse of reverse
The primary coil of the toroid is subject to a 50% duty cycle
The toroidal pulsing coil provides a voltage step-up from the pulse
in excess of five times, although the relative amount of step-up is
by preselected criteria for a particular application. As the stepped-up
pulse enters first inductor (formed from 100 turns of 24 gauge wire 1
in diameter), an electromagnetic field is formed around the inductor,
is switched off when the pulse ends, and the field collapses and
another pulse of the same polarity i.e., another positive pulse is
where the 50% duty cycle was terminated. Thus, a double pulse frequency
is produced; however, in pulse train of unipolar pulses, there is a
time when pulses are not present.
By being so subjected to electrical pulses in the circuit of FIG.
water confined in the volume that includes the capacitor plates takes
an electrical charge that is increased by a step charging phenomenon
in the water capacitor. Voltage continually increases (to about 1000
and more) and the water molecules starts to elongate.
The pulse train is then switched off; the voltage across the water
drops to the amount of the charge that the water molecules have taken
i.e., voltage is maintained across the charged capacitor. The pulse
is the reapplied.
Because a voltage potential applied to a capacitor can perform
the higher the voltage the higher the voltage potential, the more work
is performed by a given capacitor. In an optimum capacitor that is
non-conductive, zero (0) current flow will occur across the capacitor.
Thus, in view of an idealized capacitor circuit, the object
the water capacitor circuit is to prevent electron flow through the
i.e. such as occurs by electron flow or leakage through a resistive
that produces heat.
Electrical leakage in the water will occur, however, because of
residual conductivity and impurities or ions that may be otherwise
in the water. Thus, the water capacitor is preferably chemically inert.
An electrolyte is not added to the water.
In the isolated water bath, the water molecule takes on charge,
the charge increases. The object of the process is to switch off the
bonding of the water molecule and interrupt the subatomic force, i.e.
electrical force or electromagnetic force, that binds the hydrogen and
oxygen atoms to form a molecule so that the hydrogen and oxygen
Because an electron will only occupy a certain electron shell
are well known) the voltage applied to the capacitor affects the
forces inherent in the covalent bond. As a result of the charge applied
by the plates, the applied force becomes greater than the force of the
covalent bonds between the atom of the water molecule; and the water
becomes elongated. When this happens, the time share ratio of the
electron shells is modified.
In the process, electrons are extracted from the water bath;
are not consumed nor are electrons introduced into the water bath by
circuit as electrons are conventionally introduced in as electrolysis
There may nevertheless occur a leakage current through the water.
Those hydrogen atoms missing electrons become neutralized; atoms
liberated from the water. The charged atoms and electrons are attracted
to the opposite polarity voltage zones created between the capacitor
The electrons formerly shared by atoms in the water covalent bond are
such that neutral elemental gases are liberated.
In the process, the electrical resonance may be reached at all
of voltage potential. The overall circuit is characterized as a
charging choke" circuit which is an inductor in series with a capacitor
that produces a resonant circuit. [SAMS Modern Dictionary of
Rudolf Garff, copyright 1984, Howard W. Sams & Co. (Indianapolis,
Such a resonant charging choke is on each side of the capacitor.
the circuit, the diode acts as a switch that allows the magnetic field
produced in the inductor to collapse, thereby doubling the pulse
and preventing the capacitor from discharging. In this manner a
voltage is produced across the capacitor plates in the water bath; and
the capacitor does not discharge. The water molecules are thus
to a continuously charged field until the breakdown of the
As noted initially, the capacitance depends on the dielectric
of the water and the size and separation of the conductive elements
the water capacitor.
In an example of the circuit of FIG. 1 (in which other circuit
specifications are provided above), two concentric cylinders 4 inches
formed the water capacitor of the fuel cell in the volume of water. The
outside cylinder was 0.75 inch in outside diameter; the inner cylinder
was 0.5 inch in outside diameter.
Spacing from the outside of the inner cylinder to the inner
of the outside cylinder was 0.0625 inch. Resonance in the circuit was
at a 26 volt applied pulse to the primary coil of the toroid at 0 KHz,
and the water molecules disassociated into elemental hydrogen and
oxygen and the gas released from the fuel cell comprised a mixture of
oxygen from the water molecule, and gases formerly dissolved in the
such as the atmospheric gases or oxygen, nitrogen, and argon.
In achieving resonance in any circuit, as the pulse frequency is
the flow of amps is minimized and the voltage is maximized to a peak.
of the resonance frequency of an overall circuit is determined by known
means; different cavities have a different frequency of resonance
dependant on parameters of the water dielectric, plate size,
and distance, circuit inductors, and the like. Control of the
of fuel gas is determined by variation of the period of time
a train of pulses, pulse amplitude and capacitor plate size and
with corresponding value adjustments to other circuit components.
The wiper arm on the second conductor tunes the circuit and
to contaminants in water so that the charge is always applied to the
The voltage applied determines the rate of breakdown of the molecule
its atomic components. As water in the cell is consumed, it is replaced
by any appropriate means or control system.
Variations of the process and apparatus may be evident to those
in the art.
What is claimed is: [ Claims not included here ]
1N1198 Diode is also a NTE 5995 or a ECG 5994. It is a 40A
PIV Diode (the 40A is over kill and may not be needed).
Stainless Steel "T304" is a type of weldable Stainless, but other
should work the same. "T304" is just the more common type of Stainless
The outer tube figures out to be 3/4" 16 gauge (.060 "wall") tube
common size) cut to 4 inch length.
The inner tube figures out to be 1/2" 18 gauge (.049 "wall", this
a common size for this tube, but the actual gauge cannot be figured
this patent documentation, but this size should work) cut to 4 inch
You should also attach the two leads to the Stainless, using
solid rod (1/6 dia would do) and USE LEAD FREE SOLDER ! (you may
want the purified water that is returned to drink some day).
You also need to figure out a way to keep the two tubes separated
each other. This could be done with small pieces of plastic. They
block the flow of water into/out of the tubes.
It was not indicated if the inner tube is full of water or not.
guess here is that it is full of water, and this doesn't effect the
The Patent doesn't say but I would think that insulating the leads
some type of tubing up to the tubes would be electrically correct (and
probably wouldn't hurt).
The pulse frequency was not printed, it is estimated from the size
of the coils and transformer that the frequency doesn't exceed 50 Mhz.
Don't depend on this being fact, it's just a educated guess.
The circuit to do this is not shown, just empty boxes. It's time
get out your SCOPE and try things! Don't forget to share your results
others ! GREED is why this type of thing never gets out into the world
to do some GOOD. If you want to make some money, make something
that WORKS and that PEOPLE can use in their every day lives, then sell
it! Holding onto information like this only hurts ALL OF US !!
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