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  January 2020

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& The Ads They be Clique'n':



Yawn ... Got BERL's ProtoMatter ( 1943 ) ? Got CHERRY's Electrical Production of Gasoline ( 1918 ) ?

https://sciencebulletin.org/ready-to-use-recipe-for-turning-plant-waste-into-gasoline/

Ready-to-use Recipe for Turning Plant Waste into Gasoline

Bioscience engineers at KU Leuven, Belgium, already knew how to make gasoline in the laboratory from plant waste such as sawdust. Now, the researchers have developed a road map, as it were, for industrial cellulose gasoline.

In 2014, at KU Leuven’s Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis, researchers succeeded in converting sawdust into building blocks for gasoline. A chemical process made it possible to convert the plant cellulose in sawdust into hydrocarbon chains. These hydrocarbons can be used as an additive in gasoline. The resulting cellulose gasoline is a second-generation biofuel, explains Professor Bert Sels. “We start with plant waste and use a chemical process to make a product that is a perfect replica of its petrochemical counterpart. In the end product, you can only tell the difference with fossil gasoline using carbon dating.”

For this type of bio-refining, the researchers built a chemical reactor in their lab with which they can produce cellulose gasoline on a small scale. “But the question remained how the industry can integrate this and produce it in large quantities. Our researcher, Aron Deneyer, has now investigated this. He determined when in the existing petroleum refining process the cellulose is best added to the petroleum to obtain a strongly bio-sourced gasoline. In other words, we now have a ready-to-use recipe for cellulose gasoline that the industry can apply directly, without loss of quality for the gasoline and making maximum use of existing installations.”

Cellulose gasoline must be seen as a transitional phase, Professor Sels says. “The cellulose is still mixed with petroleum. This gasoline will never be sourced 100 percent from renewable raw materials. Current consumption is too high to produce all gasoline from plant waste. However, our product does offer the possibility of using greener gasoline while a large proportion of the vehicles on our roads still run on liquid fuel. In the future, we will remain dependent on liquid fuels, albeit to a lesser extent, and then they may indeed be fully bio-based. We therefore suspect that the industry will show interest in this process.”

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41560-018-0245-6
Nature Energy (2018). 24 September 2018
DOI: 10.1038/s41560-018-0245-6

Direct upstream integration of biogasoline production into current light straight run naphtha petrorefinery processes.
Aron Deneyer et al.

Abstract
There is an urgent need to address environmental problems caused by our transportation systems, which include the reduction of associated CO2 emissions. In the short term, renewable drop-in fuels are ideal, as they allow a direct integration into the existing infrastructure. However, preferably they would perform better than current alternatives (for example, bioethanol) and be synthesized in a more efficient way. Here we demonstrate the production of biogasoline with a direct upstream integration into processes in existing petrorefinery facilities that targets the 10% bio-based carbon in accordance with the current European Union directives (for 2020) for biofuels. To achieve this goal, we show the valorization of (hemi)cellulose pulp into light naphtha using a two-phase (H2O:organic) catalytic slurry process. A C5–C6 alkane stream, enriched with bio-derived carbon and compatible with further downstream petrorefinery operations for (bio)gasoline production, is automatically obtained by utilizing fossil light straight run naphtha as the organic phase. The ease of integration pleads for a joint petro/bio effort to gradually produce bio-enriched gasolines, wherein the chemical compounds of the bio-derived fraction are indistinguishable from those in current high-quality gasoline compositions.


WO2020002361A1
FRACTIONATION AND DEPOLYMERISATION OF LIGNOCELLULOSIC MATERIAL
Applicants: UNIV LEUVEN KATH [BE]
Inventors : COOREMAN ELIAS [BE]; RENDERS TOM [BE]; SELS BERT [BE]; VAN DEN BOSCH SANDER [BE]
Abstract
Lignocellulose constitutes an alluring renewable feedstock for the production of bio- based chemicals. This contribution demonstrates for the first time a chemocatalytic biorefinery concept that produces three separate product fractions of valuable product families at high yield and purity from lignocellulosic biomass; the product families, merely comprising of stable products, are (i) a lignin oil enriched with high contents of lignin-derived (mono)phenolics, (ii) essentially humin (furanic oligomers)-free hemicellulose-derived polyols, and (iii) a cellulose pulp. This is achieved by processing biomass in a close to equivolumetric mixture of an alcohol (such as n-butanol) and water at elevated temperature, in the presence of a metal catalyst and hydrogen. During this one-pot fractionation process, the hot liquor disentangles the polymeric biomass and depolymerises lignin and hemicellulose, while the catalyst and reductive environment are essential to accumulate and target stable products at high yield (such as phenolics and polyols, respectively). The process is particularly industrially relevant because its overcomes difficult and complex separation protocols, at place in classic biorefinery technology; the process foresees simple product recuperation in one process step into the three fractions; the solid carbohydrate pulp (mainly cellulose) is retrieved upon filtration, while phase separation of n-butanol and water occurs below 125 °C, offering a facile and effective strategy to isolate lignin-derived phenolics, present in the alcohol (such as n- butanol phase) from polyols, present in the aqueous phase at the same time. The three resulting product streams provide a versatile platform for down-stream conversion towards added-value bio-based chemicals.



https://mdibl.org/press-release/mdi-biological-scientists-identify-pathways-that-extend-lifespan-by-500-percent/
January 8, 2020

MDI Biological Scientists Identify Pathways That Extend Lifespan by 500 Percent

Discovery of Cellular Mechanisms Could Open Door to More Effective Anti-Aging Therapies



https://notrickszone.com/
21. January 2020

No Alarm: NASA Data Show Antarctica Temperature Trends Undergoing Nothing Unusual
By P Gosselin



https://sciencebulletin.org/spray-on-antennas-could-unlock-potential-of-smart-connected-technology/

...a breakthrough by researchers in Drexel’s College of Engineering, could now make installing an antenna as easy as applying some bug spray.

In research recently published in Science Advances, the group reports on a method for spraying invisibly thin antennas, made from a type of two-dimensional, metallic material called MXene, that perform as well as those being used in mobile devices, wireless routers and portable transducers.

“This is a very exciting finding because there is a lot of potential for this type of technology,” said Kapil Dandekar, Ph.D., a professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering in the College of Engineering, who directs the Drexel Wireless Systems Lab, and was a co-author of the research. “The ability to spray an antenna on a flexible substrate or make it optically transparent means that we could have a lot of new places to set up networks—there are new applications and new ways of collecting data that we can’t even imagine at the moment.”

The researchers, from the College’s Department of Materials Science and Engineering, report that the MXene titanium carbide can be dissolved in water to create an ink or paint. The exceptional conductivity of the material enables it to transmit and direct radio waves, even when it’s applied in a very thin coating.

“We found that even transparent antennas with thicknesses of tens of nanometers were able to communicate efficiently,” said Asia Sarycheva, a doctoral candidate in the A.J. Drexel Nanomaterials Institute and Materials Science and Engineering Department. “By increasing the thickness up to 8 microns, the performance of MXene antenna achieved 98 percent of its predicted maximum value.”

Preserving transmission quality in a form this thin is significant because it would allow antennas to easily be embedded—literally, sprayed on—in a wide variety of objects and surfaces without adding additional weight or circuitry or requiring a certain level of rigidity.

“This technology could enable the truly seamless integration of antennas with everyday objects which will be critical for the emerging Internet of Things,” Dandekar said. “Researchers have done a lot of work with non-traditional materials trying to figure out where manufacturing technology meets system needs, but this technology could make it a lot easier to answer some of the difficult questions we’ve been working on for years.”

Initial testing of the sprayed antennas suggest that they can perform with the same range of quality as current antennas, which are made from familiar metals, like gold, silver, copper and aluminum, but are much thicker than MXene antennas. Making antennas smaller and lighter has long been a goal of materials scientists and electrical engineers, so this discovery is a sizeable step forward both in terms of reducing their footprint as well as broadening their application.

“Current fabrication methods of metals cannot make antennas thin enough and applicable to any surface, in spite of decades of research and development to improve the performance of metal antennas,” said Yury Gogotsi, Ph.D., Distinguished University and Bach professor of Materials Science and Engineering in the College of Engineering, and Director of the A.J. Drexel Nanomaterials Institute, who initiated and led the project. “We were looking for two-dimensional nanomaterials, which have sheet thickness about hundred thousand times thinner than a human hair; just a few atoms across, and can self-assemble into conductive films upon deposition on any surface. Therefore, we selected MXene, which is a two-dimensional titanium carbide material, that is stronger than metals and is metallically conductive, as a candidate for ultra-thin antennas.”

Drexel researchers discovered the family of MXene materials in 2011 and have been gaining an understanding of their properties, and considering their possible applications, ever since. The layered two-dimensional material, which is made by wet chemical processing, has already shown potential in energy storage devices, electromagnetic shielding, water filtration, chemical sensing, structural reinforcement and gas separation.

Naturally MXene materials have drawn comparisons to promising two-dimensional materials like graphene, which won the Nobel Prize in 2010 and has been explored as a material for printable antennas. In the paper, the Drexel researchers put the spray-on antennas up against a variety of antennas made from these new materials, including graphene, silver ink and carbon nanotubes. The MXene antennas were 50 times better than graphene and 300 times better than silver ink antennas in terms of preserving the quality of radio wave transmission.

“The MXene antenna not only outperformed the macro and micro world of metal antennas, we went beyond the performance of available nanomaterial antennas, while keeping the antenna thickness very low,” said Babak Anasori, Ph.D., a research assistant professor in A.J. Drexel Nanomaterials Institute. “The thinnest antenna was as thin as 62 nanometers—about thousand times thinner than a sheet of paper—and it was almost transparent. Unlike other nanomaterials fabrication methods, that requires additives, called binders, and extra steps of heating to sinter the nanoparticles together, we made antennas in a single step by airbrush spraying our water-based MXene ink.”

https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/4/9/eaau0920
Science Advances  21 Sep 2018: Vol. 4, no. 9, eaau0920
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau0920

2D titanium carbide (MXene) for wireless communication
Asia Sarycheva, et al.

Abstract
With the development of the Internet of Things (IoT), the demand for thin and wearable electronic devices is growing quickly. The essential part of the IoT is communication between devices, which requires radio-frequency (RF) antennas. Metals are widely used for antennas; however, their bulkiness limits the fabrication of thin, lightweight, and flexible antennas. Recently, nanomaterials such as graphene, carbon nanotubes, and conductive polymers came into play. However, poor conductivity limits their use. We show RF devices for wireless communication based on metallic two-dimensional (2D) titanium carbide (MXene) prepared by a single-step spray coating. We fabricated a ~100-nm-thick translucent MXene antenna with a reflection coefficient of less than −10 dB. By increasing the antenna thickness to 8 μm, we achieved a reflection coefficient of −65 dB. We also fabricated a 1-μm-thick MXene RF identification device tag reaching a reading distance of 8 m at 860 MHz. Our finding shows that 2D titanium carbide MXene operates below the skin depth of copper or other metals as well as offers an opportunity to produce transparent antennas. Being the most conductive, as well as water-dispersible, among solution-processed 2D materials, MXenes open new avenues for manufacturing various classes of RF and other portable, flexible, and wearable electronic devices...

MXene synthesis
The material used in this study was synthesized by selective etching of Al atomic layers from Ti3AlC2. One gram of Ti3AlC2 powder (particle size, <44 μm; Carbon-Ukraine) was gradually added to a 10 mL solution of 6 ml of 12 M hydrochloric acid, 3 ml of 49% hydrofluoric acid (Sigma-Aldrich), and 1 ml of deionized water (23). The mixture was kept in an ice bath for 10 min and then stirred for 24 hours at room temperature. After etching, the mixture was washed five times by centrifugation in two 150-ml plastic centrifuge tubes at 3500 rpm for 2 min until the pH of the supernatant reached 7 to 6. After that, the sediment was added to a cold 20% solution of lithium chloride (LiCl) in water. The mixture was dispersed by manual shaking, stirred in an ice bath for 10 min, and then stirred at room temperature for 4 hours. After that, MXene was washed three times until the supernatant becomes dark, which is an indication of the beginning of delamination. The unreacted Ti3AlC2 and large multilayered Ti3C2 particles were separated by centrifugation at 3500 rpm for 1 min, and the collected supernatant was used for spraying. Ti2C and Mo2TiC2 films were made as described elsewhere (22).



https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2019/12/speed-of-sound-vortex-would-boost-engine-efficiency-by-5-10.html
December 28, 2019

Speed of Sound Vortex Would Boost Engine Efficiency by 5-10%
Brian Wang

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have patented a novel design for rapidly spinning the gas in combustion engines to boost efficiency by 5-10%.

The ability to absorb energy while being heated of an ideal spinning gas is greater than that of a stationary one. A gas rotating at roughly the speed of sound, when used in a thermodynamic cycle, could allow engines to operate at lower temperature more efficiently than conventional internal combustion engines.

The invention uses an eight-cycle engine, rather than a four-cycle engine, in order to spin the gas at the right points in the cycle


https://www.princeton.edu/news/2019/12/19/novel-pppl-invention-could-improve-efficiency-car-and-truck-engines-while-reducing
Dec. 19, 2019

Novel PPPL invention could improve the efficiency of car and truck engines while reducing pollutants
John Greenwald, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

When it comes to car and truck engines, not much has changed since Nikolaus Otto invented the modern internal combustion engine in 1876. But the internal combustion engine could, at least theoretically, be in for a big change.
esearchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have received a patent from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office for a novel design that could increase the efficiency and reduce toxic emissions from gasoline-fueled internal combustion engines that power millions of cars and trucks around the world. The theoretical design lays out methods for rapidly spinning the gas inside internal combustion cylinders that engines use to propel vehicles.

“The idea is to get net power out of engines working at lower temperature than otherwise thought possible and thereby reduce toxic nitrogen oxide emissions,” said PPPL physicist Nat Fisch, a Princeton professor of astrophysical sciences who is a co-developer of the patented method. The lead developer is physicist Vasily Geyko, who worked on the project as a graduate student in the Princeton Program in Plasma Physics at PPPL, which Fisch directs.

The patent, which Fisch and Geyko initially applied for in 2014, grew out of research the physicists were conducting on rapid spinning and compressing of plasma — the hot, charged soup of electrons and atomic nuclei — rather than gasoline. During the study, supported by the DOE’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency, the researchers discovered that rapidly rotating a neutral gas could produce conditions that benefit

However, Geyko and Fisch discovered that the heat capacity of an ideal spinning gas, its ability to absorb energy while being heated, is greater than that of a stationary one. The scientists then realized that a gas rotating at roughly the speed of sound, when used in a thermodynamic cycle, could allow engines to operate at lower temperature more efficiently than conventional internal combustion engines.

As Geyko points out, “utilized for Otto or diesel cycles,” which power gasoline or diesel engines, “the heat capacity effect increases the thermodynamic efficiency for fixed maximum and minimum operating temperatures. Moreover, the relative efficiency gain is greater as maximum operating temperatures grow smaller. This makes the invention particularly beneficial for use in very low temperature engines.”

The spinning gas also modifies the standard internal combustion engine design. “The invention features an eight-cycle engine, rather than a four-cycle engine, in order to spin the gas at the right points in the cycle,” said Fisch. “That complicates the engine, of course. And a conventional engine will be more efficient at conventional temperatures.

“But at very low temperatures, where conventional engines operate with very poor efficiency, the emission of poisonous nitrogen oxides from burning gasoline will be significantly less. At those temperatures our invention might be practiced to advantage, with higher efficiency and fuel economy, with corresponding public health benefits from improved air quality through the reduction of the nitrogen oxides emission.”

For now, the patented findings remain theoretical. But, for example, if Congress were to legislate a nationwide reduction in nitrogen oxide, the theoretical possibilities could be worth further development, Fisch said. “In principle,” added Geyko, “even a moderate reduction of allowed combustion temperatures, to around say 1,300-1,800 degrees Celsius from around 2,500 degrees Celsius, would be enough to achieve a relative efficiency advantage for a spinning gas-based engine of 5-to-10% as compared to a conventional Otto cycle engine.”   


US10450943B2

Otto and diesel cycles employing spinning gas
Abstract
An internal combustion engine is disclosed and includes a main cylinder and main piston that are relatively axially displaceable along a main axis to define a variable volume main working chamber. At least one valve is configured to admit air and fuel into the working chamber forming an air/fuel mixture. The main cylinder is configured to cause the air/fuel mixture in the main cylinder to spin rapidly enough to cause a substantive change in the heat capacity of the air/fuel mixture creating a spinning air/fuel mixture. The main cylinder and main piston are configured to compress the spinning air/fuel mixture to create an ignitable spinning air/fuel mixture. The spinning air/fuel mixture is ignited and the main cylinder and main piston are configured to extract mechanical energy from the ignited spinning air/fuel mixture. An exhaust valve is configured to exhaust combustion products from the main working chamber.



LOL, technocrati ! Or: Grow hemp with Electroculture and Airwells !

https://singularityhub.com/2020/01/19/precision-fermentation-what-it-is-and-how-it-could-make-farming-obsolete/

Precision Fermentation: What It Is, and How It Could Make Farming Obsolete
By Edd Gent

Concerns around the environmental impact of modern farming are causing us to reassess our relationship with food. But are claims that lab-grown food will replace agriculture in the coming decades realistic?

British journalist and environmental activist George Monbiot made a stir last week with the release of his documentary Apocalypse Cow, in which he claims that a technology called “precision fermentation” could make traditional farming obsolete in just a few decades.

In an article for The Guardian he contends that we will be able to produce the vast majority of our nutrients through industrial-scale brewing of single-celled organisms specially designed to produce particular compounds...

n making his case for lab-grown food, Monbiot highlights the technology of Solar Foods, which uses solar energy to split water into oxygen and hydrogen to provide energy for microbes that then produce feedstocks. He claims this process is ten times as efficient as photosynthesis, and because everything is done in vats the land efficiency is roughly 20,000 times greater than arable farming.

But the company clarified to New Scientist that when you take into account the land required for solar panels, it would only be around ten times more efficient than farming soya. More importantly, renewable energy like solar is still a limited resource at present, and one that can only be expanded so fast.

Diverting it to power agriculture would inevitably lead to boosting carbon emissions elsewhere. And research has already shown that cultured meat produced using less sustainable energy sources could actually be worse for the climate.

Monbiot’s plans also assume huge improvements in the capabilities of lab-grown food companies to create food that is both nutritious and palatable. Cultured meat is still a long way from being able to recreate the combinations of muscle, fat, and connective tissue that make a steak so delicious.

More importantly, it will be incredibly hard to engineer anything as efficient as a plant at using solar energy to create food with the perfect balance of vitamins, minerals, and fiber, Cambridge University plant scientist David Hanke writes in a letter responding to Monbiot’s Guardian article.

While supplying minerals to microbes would likely rely on intensive chemical processes, plants are capable of extracting trace elements from the environment. They can also build solar harvesting equipment without the huge cost and pollution that would be involved in building enough solar panels to power agriculture....

There are also far more pressing and tractable places to apply technology if you want to improve the efficiency of our food supply chains, and therefore cut down their costs and environmental impact. The great tragedy of modern agriculture is that we already produce enough food for ten billion people, but a third of it goes to waste....



https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-47283162

Cultured lab meat may make climate change worse
By Matt McGrath

https://www.channel4.com/programmes/apocalypse-cow-how-meat-killed-the-planet

Apocalypse Cow: How Meat Killed the Planet

https://www.huffpost.com/entry/protein-solar-foods-air-renewable-energy_n_5e15ae04c5b6c7b859d32d47

A New Protein Source Made From Air Could Be A Planet-Saving Game Changer
Solar Foods has developed a sustainable food that’s totally disconnected from agriculture. Now they need to scale it up.
By Laura Paddison

https://solarfoods.fi/#vision

It’s time to unlock a world of new food diversity that is genuinely sustainable.

At Solar Foods, we’ve created a revolutionary way to produce natural protein by using renewable electricity and air. We bring to the market an entirely new kind of food that is both natural, and free from the burdens of agriculture and aquaculture.

The liberation of protein production starts now.



https://scienceblog.com/513640/discovery-of-new-t-cell-raises-prospect-of-universal-cancer-therapy/
January 21, 2020

Discovery of new T-cell raises prospect of ‘universal’ cancer therapy

Cardiff researchers have now discovered T-cells equipped with a new type of T-cell receptor (TCR) which recognises and kills most human cancer types, while ignoring healthy cells.

This TCR recognises a molecule present on the surface of a wide range of cancer cells as well as in many of the body’s normal cells but, remarkably, is able to distinguish between healthy cells and cancerous ones, killing only the latter.

The researchers said this meant it offered “exciting opportunities for pan-cancer, pan-population” immunotherapies not previously thought possible.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Khl4F6cr36A&feature=youtu.be

The motion of electrons is not the cause of magnetic field
Jean de Climont

The magnetic field of an electron beam is canceled when the beam is deviated by 90°. This occurs in the Cyclotron. Scientists have long known that the electron, proton or ion beam of cyclotrons do not have any magnetic field although they travel at speeds of tens of thousands of kilometer per second. It is therefore that the magnetic field can not result from the motion of electrons

The question now is how a zero dimension charge rotation could produce a magnetic field?

Many scientific reports, including several doctoral thesis, propose such a structure of electron. So that it could be that the intrinsic magnetic field of electrons should not be a result of the motion of the electric charge.

But several experimental situations question also this idea strongly rooted in the deepest part of our mind that motion of charges would be the cause of magnetic fields.

They are presented in a short video, but you may prefer read the text attached.

The situation is very similar to what happens with the direction of the current in conductor which appears to be the opposite of what it had been thought before electron was discovered. In fact the change was not so dramatic!
The magnetic field of electrical current is directly a result of the intrinsic magnetic field of electrons. Would this change be so dramatic?

It will avoid another problem. There are presently two potential causes of magnetic fields of conductors; the intrinsic magnetic field of electrons present in the conductors and their motion in the conductor. This is too much!



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NjN7nXVBiwk
PigeonBot Uses Real Feathers to Explore How Birds Fly

https://spectrum.ieee.org/automaton/robotics/drones/pigeonbot-uses-real-feathers-to-explore-how-birds-fly
IEEE Spectrum, 10 January 2020

PigeonBot Uses Real Feathers to Explore How Birds Fly
Airplanes have a lot to learn from birds, and PigeonBot is teaching us about the magic of feathered flight
By Evan Ackerman

Birds have been doing their flying thing with flexible and feathery wings for about a hundred million years, give or take. And about a hundred years ago, give or take, humans decided that, although birds may be the flying experts, we’re just going to go off in our own direction with mostly rigid wings and propellers and stuff, because it’s easier or whatever. The few attempts at making artificial feathers that we’ve seen in the past have been sufficient for a few specific purposes but haven’t really come close to emulating the capabilities that real feathers bestow on the wings of birds. So a century later, we’re still doing the rigid wings with discrete flappy bits, while birds (one has to assume) continue to judge us for our poor choices.

In a paper published today in Science Robotics, researchers at Stanford University have presented some new work on understanding exactly how birds maintain control by morphing the shape of their wings. They put together a flying robot called PigeonBot with a pair of “biohybrid morphing wings” to test out new control principles, and instead of trying to develop some kind of fancy new artificial feather system, they did something that makes a lot more sense: They cheated, by just using real feathers instead.

The reason why robots are an important part of this research (which otherwise seems like it would be avian biology) is because there’s no good way to use a real bird as a test platform. As far as I know, you can’t exactly ask a pigeon to try and turn just using some specific wing muscles, but you can definitely program a biohybrid robot to do that. However, most of the other bioinspired flying robots that we’ve seen have been some flavor of ornithopter (rigid flapping wings), or they’ve used stretchy membrane wings, like bats.

By examining real feathers, the Stanford researchers discovered that adjacent feathers stick to each other to resist sliding in one direction only using micron-scale features that researchers describe as “directional Velcro.”

Feathers aren’t just more complicated to manufacture, but you have to find some way of replicating and managing all of the complex feather-on-feather interactions that govern wing morphing in real birds. For example, by examining real feathers, the researchers discovered that adjacent feathers stick to each other to resist sliding in one direction only using micron-scale features that researchers describe as “directional Velcro,” something “new to science and technology.” Real feathers can slide to allow the wing to morph, but past a certain point, the directional Velcro engages to keep gaps from developing in the wing surface. There are additional practical advantages, too: “they are softer, lighter, more robust, and easier to get back into shape after a crash by simply preening ruffled feathers between one’s fingers.”

With the real feathers elastically connected to a pair of robotic bird wings with wrist and finger joints that can be actuated individually, PigeonBot relies on its biohybrid systems for maneuvering, while thrust and a bit of additional stabilizing control comes from a propeller and a conventional tail. The researchers found that PigeonBot’s roll could be controlled with just the movement of the finger joint on the wing, and that this technique is inherently much more stable than the aileron roll used by conventional aircraft, as corresponding author David Lentink, head of Stanford's Bio-Inspired Research & Design (BIRD) Lab, describes:

    The other cool thing we found is that the morphing wing asymmetry results automatically in a steady roll angle. In contrast aircraft aileron left-right asymmetry results in a roll rate, which the pilot or autopilot then has to stop to achieve a steady roll angle. Controlling a banked turn via roll angle is much simpler than via roll rate. We think it may enable birds to fly more stably in turbulence, because wing asymmetry corresponds to an equilibrium angle that the wings automatically converge to. If you are flying in turbulence and have to control the robot or airplane attitude via roll rate in response to many stochastic perturbations, roll angle has to be actively adjusted continuously without any helpful passive dynamics of the wing. Although this finding requires more research and testing, it shows how aerospace engineers can find inspiration to think outside of the box by studying how birds fly.

The researchers suggest that the directional Velcro technology is one of the more important results of this study, and while they’re not pursuing any of the numerous potential applications, they’ve “decided to not patent this finding to help proliferate our discovery to the benefit of society at large” in the hopes that anyone who makes a huge pile of money off of it will (among other things) invest in bird conservation in gratitude.

As for PigeonBot itself, Lentink says he’d like to add a biohybrid morphing tail, as well as legs with grasping feet, and additional actuators for wing folding and twisting and flapping. And maybe make it fly autonomously, too. Sound good to me—that kind of robot would be great at data transfer.


https://robotics.sciencemag.org/content/5/38/eaay1246

"Soft biohybrid morphing wings with feathers underactuated by wrist and finger motion
E. Chang; L. Matloff; A. Stowers; D. Lentink

Abstract
Since the Wright Flyer, engineers have strived to develop flying machines with morphing wings that can control flight as deftly as birds. Birds morph their wing planform parameters simultaneously—including sweep, span, and area—in a way that has proven to be particularly challenging to embody robotically. Previous solutions have primarily centered around the classical aerospace paradigm of controlling every degree of freedom to ensure predictable performance, but underperform compared with birds. To understand how birds accomplish wing morphing, we measured the kinematics of wing flexion and extension in common pigeons, Columba livia. The skeletal and feather kinematics show that the 20 primary and 20 secondary feathers are coordinated via approximately linear transfer functions controlled by wrist and finger motion. To replicate this control principle in a robot, we developed a biohybrid morphing wing with real feathers to understand the underlying design principles. The outcome, PigeonBot, embodies 42 degrees of freedom that control the position of 40 elastically connected feathers via four servo-actuated wrist and finger joints. Our flight tests demonstrate that the soft feathered wings morph rapidly and robustly under aerodynamic loading. They not only enable wing morphing but also make robot interactions safer, the wing more robust to crashing, and the wing reparable via “preening.” In flight tests, we found that both asymmetric wrist and finger motion can initiate turn maneuvers—evidence that birds may use their fingers to steer in flight.

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2230401-a-robot-equipped-with-real-pigeon-feathers-flies-like-a-living-bird/
16 January 2020

A robot equipped with real pigeon feathers flies like a living bird
By Jason Arunn Murugesu

A robot that resembles a pigeon and can make tight turns like real birds may point to the future of aerospace engineering – a continuously morphing wing.

Understanding exactly how birds fly has always been tricky, because individual wings are made up of multiple feathers. These feathers are always interacting with each other, allowing the bird’s wings to morph continuously mid-flight.

To learn more, David Lentink at Stanford University in California and his colleagues first looked at the wing of a pigeon cadaver. Each wing had 40 feathers, 20 on the upper side, and 20 on the lower.

“We attached a marker onto each individual wing and we were able to carefully measure the relationship between feather motion and bone motion,” says Lentink. “We then just moved the wing, in and out.”

They found that the wrist angle determined the angles of all the flight feathers at any one time, meaning that the birds can change the shape of their wings without having to control each individual feather. This reduces the number of variables – or degrees of freedom – required to model the wings.

“We let go of the idea that you have to control every degree of freedom and I think future aircraft will benefit from this finding. Future airplanes may not flap their wings, but I think they will change shape,” says Lentink.

The team put this new finding to use in the construction of PigeonBot, a intended to recreate pigeon flight. It is powered by a propeller and has wrist and feather joints in each wing that can be controlled remotely. Its average speed is about 40 kilometres per hour, which is a bit slower than the average pigeon.

Lentink and his colleagues also found that this type of flight was possible only because of certain molecules embedded throughout the feathers. These molecules, which are just 10 micrometres across, allow feathers to move away from each other while ensuring they don’t get too far apart. This in turn reduces the level of individual feather control required for accurate flight.

PigeonBot also uses real pigeon feathers, because no synthetic material has this property. “Feathers also have these unique properties, they have a lightness, a firmness to carry the aerodynamic load, and they’re easy to repair,” says Lentink.

Science, DOI: 10.1126/scirobotics.aay1246
Science  17 Jan 2020: Vol. 367, Issue 6475, pp. 293-297
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaz3358

How flight feathers stick together to form a continuous morphing wing
Laura Y. Matloff, et al.

Wing shapes take flight
Birds can dynamically alter the shape of their wings during flight, although how this is accomplished is poorly understood. Matloff et al. found that two mechanisms control the movement of the individual feathers. Whenever the skeleton moves, the feathers are redistributed passively through compliance of the elastic connective tissue at the feather base. To prevent the feathers from spreading too far apart, hook-shaped microstructures on adjacent feathers form a directional fastener that locks adjacent feathers. These features are found across a range of bird sizes; however, because the detachment of the hooks is noisy, they are notably absent in silent fliers, such as barn owls.

Abstract
Variable feather overlap enables birds to morph their wings, unlike aircraft. They accomplish this feat by means of elastic compliance of connective tissue, which passively redistributes the overlapping flight feathers when the skeleton moves to morph the wing planform. Distinctive microstructures form “directional Velcro,” such that when adjacent feathers slide apart during extension, thousands of lobate cilia on the underlapping feathers lock probabilistically with hooked rami of overlapping feathers to prevent gaps. These structures unlock automatically during flexion. Using a feathered biohybrid aerial robot, we demonstrate how both passive mechanisms make morphing wings robust to turbulence. We found that the hooked microstructures fasten feathers across bird species except silent fliers, whose feathers also lack the associated Velcro-like noise. These findings could inspire innovative directional fasteners and morphing aircraft.



https://sputniknews.com/world/202001161078054516-macron-announces-charles-de-gaulle-carrier-will-be-sent-to-help-french-military-ops-in-middle-east/

Macron Announces Charles De Gaulle Carrier Will be Sent to Help French Military Ops in Middle East

...French President Emmanuel Macron has announced that the country's Charles De Gaulle aircraft carrier strike group will be deployed to the Levant between January and April 2020 in order to aid French military Operation Chammal in the Middle East. The operation was originally launched in 2014 to halt the expansion of Daesh* and to support the Iraqi military in its fight against the group....



NOSTRADAMUS SEZ :
Century 3 Quatrain 23
If France you pass beyond the Ligurian Sea,
You will see yourself in the isles and seas enclosed
Mahomet contrary, more so the Adriatic Sea
Of horses and asses you will gnaw the bones.
Here and elsewhere, Nostradamus repeatedly warned the French navy not to overextend itself in the Mediterranean Sea.
Century 3 Quatrain 87
Gallic fleet, do not approach Corsica,
Less Sardinia, you will repent of it
Every single one will die frustrated of the end of the cape.
You will swim in blood: captive you will not believe me.



https://www.rt.com/news/478524-scientists-grow-organism-life-origin-lokiarchaeota/
17 Jan, 2020
 
'Monumental': Scientists successfully grow mysterious ancient organism that could be origin of life as we know it

 A team of researchers has unravelled a scientific mystery by successfully growing an ancient life form in a lab, a breakthrough that brings us one step closer to discovering our very first ancestors on Earth.

The previously unknown organism was unearthed on the floor of the Arctic ocean in 2010. It was dubbed Lokiarchaeota in honor of the Loki’s Castle hydrothermal vent where it was found.

What made the finding significant was that the peculiar organism was a type of microbe, called an Archaea, but it appeared to have characteristics of a completely separate type of early life form, a eukaryote. Significantly, all animals, including humans, that have ever walked on Earth are eukaryotes.

However, doubt hung over the stunning discovery, with some claiming that it was the result of contamination. That doubt has finally been laid to rest after a team of Japanese scientists, who were already studying deep sea microbes, managed to isolate Lokiarchaeota and regrow it in a laboratory.

To achieve this the researchers collected deep sea sediment core from the Nankai Trough, 2,533 metres (8,310 feet) below sea level, off the coast of Japan in 2006. They then carefully cultivated the samples for five years in a methane-fed system, to mimic the conditions of a deep-sea methane vent.

The team then placed the samples in glass tubes, fed them with nutrients and watched to see what would develop. After a year the first faint signs of Lokiarchaeota started to develop.

After several more years the patient scientists had developed a healthy population of the strange organism. They named their cultivated microbe Prometheoarchaeum syntrophicum - after Prometheus, who created humans out of clay in Greek mythology.

Further testing revealed that the organism only grew in conjunction with one or two other microbes and it had long tentacles sprouting from its body, under which the partner microbes nestled.

In their paper, published in Nature this week, the scientists hypothesized that the adaptable organism could have switched its partners to bacteria that used oxygen as that vital element started increasing on Earth. This crucial move would have increased its chances for survival and could have set the course for life as we know it.

“This is a monumental paper that reflects a tremendous amount of work and perseverance,” evolutionary microbiologist Thijs Ettema, who wasn't involved with the research, told Nature. “It's a major step forward in understanding this important lineage.”



KR reports : "The AbelDanger.org site is down, but Field McConnel is still doing 30 minute phone calls from jail, then somebody re-posts them up to Youtube" :

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCUJUFyNwMpX4E2PWC2uBtQA

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=235_XTSkR8k&feature=em-uploademail



https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/15/science/construction-concrete-bacteria-photosynthesis.html
https://futurism.com/the-byte/scientists-create-living-concrete-heal-itself

Scientists Create “Living Concrete” That Can Heal Itself

https://www.cell.com/matter/fulltext/S2590-2385(19)30391-1
January 15, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matt.2019.11.016


Biomineralization and Successive Regeneration of Engineered Living Building Materials
Chelsea M. Heveran, et al.

Highlights
Living building materials (LBMs) were grown and regrown using physical switches
Cyanobacteria biomineralized hydrogel-sand scaffolds
Biomineralization increased the fracture toughness of LBMs
Three child generations of LBMs were grown from one parent generation
Microbial viability in the living building materials was maintained through 30 days

Progress and Potential
Engineered living building materials (LBMs) use biology to confer multiple functionalities to materials for the built environment. Microorganisms can be leveraged for multiple purposes in the design of LBMs, including increasing the rate of manufacturing, imparting mechanical benefit, and sustaining biological function. In this work, we used photosynthetic microorganisms to biomineralize inert sand-gelatin scaffolds to create LBMs. These materials are capable of exponential regeneration of the living component in response to physical switches. Thus, from one starting generation of material, multiple regenerations are produced on demand. In this study, microorganism-precipitated calcium carbonate conferred high fracture toughness to the LBMs. More broadly, LBMs represent a platform technology whereby biology can be leveraged to potentially deliver multiple functionalities to infrastructure materials by design.

Summary
Living building materials (LBMs) were engineered that are capable of both biological and structural functions. LBMs were created by inoculating an inert structural sand-hydrogel scaffold with Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002, a photosynthetic cyanobacterium. The scaffold provided structural support for Synechococcus, which toughened the hydrogel matrix via calcium carbonate biomineralization. Temperature and humidity switches were utilized to regulate the metabolic activity of the microorganisms and achieve three successive regenerations of viable LBMs from one parent generation. Microbial viability in LBMs maintained in at least 50% relative humidity for 30 days was 9%–14%, which far exceeded literature values of microorganisms encapsulated in cementitious materials for similar timeframes (0.1%–0.4%). While structural function was maximized at ultradesiccated conditions, prolonged dehydration compromised microbial viability. Despite this tradeoff in biological-structural function, LBMs represent a platform technology that leverages biology to impart novel sensing, responsive, and regenerative multifunctionality to structural materials for the built environment.



https://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-7701927/US-anal-cancer-diagnoses-death-rates-DOUBLED-15-years.html
19 November 2019

US anal cancer diagnoses and deaths DOUBLED in the last 15 years - despite rise of HPV vaccine that prevents 90% of cases

Twice as many Americans in their 50s and 60s were diagnosed with anal cancer in 2016 as were in 2001, new University of Texas, Houston, research found. Among black men born in the 1980s, rates were five times higher than among those born in the mid-1940s. 90% of anal cancers are caused by the STI, humanpapillomavirus. Researchers urge Americans to get the HPV vaccine which can prevent many of these surging cases



Catholic succor cum Herpestestis ad nauseum. Ideo praecor, et cetara :

https://www.nowtheendbegins.com/pope-francis-creepy-circus-papal-audience-hall-vatican-reptile-snake-building/

Pope Francis Invites Freakish Circus With Scantily-Clad Women Doing Sexually Charged Dances To Perform In Reptile Shaped Vatican Hall

...Why Was The Papal Audience Hall Building At The Vatican Constructed In The Shape Of A Giant Reptile?

This is the building where Pope Francis watched the creepy circus perform in. It’s called the Papal Audience Hall building, and as you can see, the building inside and out is in the shape of a giant snake. Have a look at the image below and compare its shape to the image of a snake beside it. Note the overall shape — wide back, narrow, rounded front, eyes in the middle, nostril at the front, and curved top. So even from the outside and viewed from the sky, the entire building is a dead-ringer for a snake’s head.
[ The Papal Audience Hall in Vatican City as viewed from the sky and compared with a reptile. ]

When the building is viewed from the inside, the unmistakable resemblance to a reptile hits you like a ton of bricks. A ton of dark, evil and very sinister bricks...



https://www.brighteon.com/3dec332d-fd96-4654-a72f-55b702bd9262

CAUGHT ON CAMERA- W.H.O Scientists Question Safety Of Vaccines



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BsUAvh_PCWA&feature=emb_logo

#Expose2020: Sanders Campaign Part 1; Field Organizer "F**king Cities Burn" if Trump Re-Elected
Project Veritas Action



Joe Cell Addendum ( Excerpt ):

The Genius of the Joe Cell or Magnetic Fields and their latest design
 DRAFT VERSION Dec 25th 2016
[ Anonymous ]

...The experimenters Guide to Newer Magnetic Field Generation devices. Its doesn’t have to be Silver and the ‘charged’ water has a myriad of other uses.

The simple 4 silver rods comprising the Silver Joe cell is a marvel in Magnetic Field creation devices that doesn’t use coiled wires to create a Magnetic Field. Instead it uses the 90 degree interaction of one ‘electric’ Pole or Field in proximity to another. With just two wires like the standard (colloidal) silver makers, the electrical energy doesn’t create a “Field” and so the energy has no where to go but to the opposite pole or electrode and this deconstructs its own energy matrix.

With 4 silver rods, two are Pos+ and 2 are Neg- in a diagonal format. This sees the energy available along the entire length of the wire when immersed within a magnetic field conducting solution. Rather than a “straight line” flow (like a straight wire in an electric jug) The 2 Neg wires have more than one place, for the energy to flow to thus creating a magnetic field that interacts with the water with a “signature” of Silver Memory. This electro-magnetically restructures the water into silver.



RU2189218
METHOD FOR TREATING PERIODONTITIS
SUBSTANCE: method involves administering ozonides into gingival mucous membrane lesion focus during 15-20 min by applying porolone washer impregnated with ozonide oil to gingiva. The washer is placed enclosed in individually produced cap. Treatment course is 5-7 procedures long administered every second day. EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment; stable curative action.



https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2018RG000629
 29 May 2019
https://doi.org/10.1029/2018RG000629

The Role of Geomagnetic Field Intensity in Late Quaternary Evolution of Humans and Large Mammals
J. E. T. Channell, L. Vigliotti

Abstract
It has long been speculated that biological evolution was influenced by ultraviolet radiation (UVR) reaching the Earth's surface, despite imprecise knowledge of the timing of both UVR flux and evolutionary events. The past strength of Earth's dipole field provides a proxy for UVR flux because of its role in maintaining stratospheric ozone. The timing of Quaternary evolutionary events has become better constrained by fossil finds, improved radiometric dating, use of dung fungi as proxies for herbivore populations, and improved ages for nodes in human phylogeny from human mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosomes. The demise of Neanderthals at ~41 ka can now be closely tied to the intensity minimum associated with the Laschamp magnetic excursion, and the survival of anatomically modern humans can be attributed to differences in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor that has a key role in the evolutionary response to UVR flux. Fossil occurrences and dung‐fungal proxies in Australia indicate that episodes of Late Quaternary extinction of mammalian megafauna occurred close to the Laschamp and Blake magnetic excursions. Fossil and dung fungal evidence for the age of the Late Quaternary extinction in North America (and Europe) coincide with a prominent decline in geomagnetic field intensity at ~13 ka. Over the last ~200 kyr, phylogeny based on mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosomes in modern humans yields nodes and bifurcations in evolution corresponding to geomagnetic intensity minima, which supports the proposition that UVR reaching Earth's surface influenced mammalian evolution with the loci of extinction controlled by the geometry of stratospheric ozone depletion.

Plain Language Summary
The strength of Earth's magnetic field in the past, recorded by rocks and sediments, provides a proxy for past flux of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) to Earth's surface due to the role of the field in modulating stratigraphic ozone. About 40,000 years ago, mammalian fossils in Australia and Eurasia record an important die‐off of large mammals that included Neanderthals in Europe. In the Americas and Europe, a large mammalian die‐off appears to have occurred ~13,000 years ago. Both die‐offs can be linked to minima in Earth's magnetic field strength implying that UVR flux variations to Earth's surface influenced mammalian evolution. For the last ~200,000 years, estimates of the timing of branching episodes in the human evolutionary tree, from modern and fossil DNA and Y chromosomes, can be linked to minima in field strength, which implies a long‐term role for UVR in human evolution. New fossil finds, improved fossil dating, knowledge of the past strength of Earth's magnetic field, and refinements in the human evolutionary tree, are sharpening the focus on a possible link between UVR arriving at the Earth's surface, magnetic field strength, and events in mammalian evolution.



Mammalian Evolution : Flying Pig !

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=6&v=QRgiTh26e5k&feature=emb_logo

Una persona tira un animal desde un helicóptero en Uruguay



https://file.scirp.org/pdf/OALibJ_2018011811381800.pdf

HCG Found in WHO Tetanus Vaccine in Kenya Raises Concern in the Developing World
John W. Oller, et al.

Abstract
In  1993,  WHO  announced  a  “birth-control  vaccine”  for  “family  planning”.Published  research  shows  that  by  1976 WHO  researchers  had  conjugated  te-tanus  toxoid  (TT)  with  human chorionic gonadotropin  (hCG)  producinga“birth-control”    vaccine.  Conjugating  TT  with  hCG causes  pregnancy  hor-mones to be attacked by the immune system. Expected results are abortionsinfemales already pregnant and/or infertility in recipients  not yet impregnated.Repeated  inoculations prolong  infertility.  Currently  WHO  researchersareworking  on  more  potent  anti-fertility  vaccines using  recombinantDNA.WHO  publications  show  a  long-range  purpose  to  reduce populationgrowthin  unstable  “less  developed  countries”.    By  November  1993  Catholic  publica-tions appeared  saying  an  abortifacient  vaccine  was being used as a tetanusprophylactic. In November 2014, the  Catholic  Church asserted  that  such aprogram was underway in Kenya. Three independent Nairobi accredited bio-chemistry laboratories tested samples from vials of the WHO tetanus vaccinebeing used in March 2014 and found hCG where  none should be  present...



https://www.sciencealert.com/fire-retardants-and-pesticides-are-the-new-heavy-metals-according-to-new-study

 Toxic Chemicals Robbed US Children of Over 160 Million IQ Points, Scientists Warn
ARIA BENDIX

According to new research from New York University, flame retardants resulted in a loss of 162 million IQ points among children in the US between 2001 and 2016.

The study, published Tuesday in the journal Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, looked at the four chemicals known to impact the brain of a developing child most: lead, mercury, pesticides, and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (otherwise known as flame retardants).

Leo Trasande, a paediatrician and public-health researcher at NYU who co-authored the study, described these pollutants as "hit-and-run" chemicals: Once a child is exposed to them, there's no reversing the damage.

"Kids' brain development is exquisitely vulnerable," Trasande told Business Insider. "If you disrupt, even with subtle effects, the way a child's brain is wired, you can have permanent and lifelong consequences."

The study found that lead cost US kids 78 million IQ points during the 15-year period studied, while pesticides caused a loss of nearly 27 million IQ points during those years. Mercury, meanwhile, caused a loss of 2.5 million IQ points...


https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0303720719303685?via%3Dihub
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology,14 January 2020, 110666

Trends in neurodevelopmental disability burden due to early life chemical exposure in the USA from 2001 to 2016: A population-based disease burden and cost analysis
Abigail Gaylord, et al.

Highlights
Children are exposed to endocrine disrupting chemicals in utero and in early childhood.
Endocrine disrupting chemicals are known to cause neurodevelopmental toxicity.
PBDEs were the greatest contributor to IQ loss and intellectual disability.
Organophosphate-attributable IQ loss and intellectual disability has increased.

Abstract
Endocrine disrupting chemicals are known to cause neurodevelopmental toxicity through direct and indirect pathways. In this study we used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, along with known exposure-disease relationships, to quantify the intellectual disability burden attributable to in utero exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), organophosphates, and methylmercury and early life exposure to lead. We also estimated the cost of the IQ points lost and cases of intellectual disability. PBDE exposure was the greatest contributor to intellectual disability burden, resulting in a total of 162 million IQ points lost and over 738,000 cases of intellectual disability. This was followed by lead, organophosphates, and methylmercury. From 2001 to 2016, IQ loss from PBDEs, methylmercury, and lead have decreased or remained stagnant. Organophosphate exposure measurements were only available up to 2008 but did show an increase in organophosphate-attributable IQ loss. Although most of these trends show benefit for children's neurodevelopmental health, they may also point towards the use of potentially harmful substitutions for chemicals that are being phased out.



https://www.veganfirst.com/article/mexican-entrepreneurs-create-vegan-cactus-leather

Mexican Entrepreneurs Create Vegan Cactus Leather

Two entrepreneurs in Mexico have developed a durable vegan leather from cactus, and it could very well replace animal leather!

Adrian Lopez Velarde and Marte Cazarez came together to create a cruelty-free alternative to animal leather, and just last month, they debuted Desserto, a first-of-it’s-kind organic leather made entirely from nopal or prickly-pear cactus.

Apart from being natural and cruelty-free, the material also meets the specifications of several industries and can be used in: Fashion, Leather goods, Furniture, Automobiles

It’s also flexible, breathable and durable, making it an ideal replacement for animal and synthetic leather. The touch and feel of the material is also soft and very similar to real leather. “After two years of research and development, we managed to produce a suitable material that complies with the features and technical/mechanical specifications required by those industries that use animal and synthetic leather,” said Lopez.

The product is also highly sustainable with a lower carbon footprint than other leather alternatives. It also happens to be: Less water intensive, Free from phthalates, Free from toxic chemicals, PVC-free

The duo showcased the product last month at the International Leather Fair Lineappelle in Milan, Italy.

Plant-based leather alternatives are a growing market, with innovators turning to pineapple, olives and coconuts to produce eco-friendly materials. Earlier this year, high-street retailer H&M unveiled a vegan jacket made from pineapple leather, while German footwear brand thies launched a line of leather shoes made from olive leaves. Closer to home, Kerala-based brand Malai fashions leather and accessories from coconuts!



https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=103&v=JRwLNPcgwpE&feature=emb_logo

Human Resonance: Phonon Transfer Alchemy

Presenting complete video documentation of resonant atomic transmutation of elements, making conversion of copper into silver, gold and titanium (not bismuth, actually) visible for the first time ever. The camera used to produce this video has been ´kill switched´ by fearful government agencies that have done the same to all my hard drives, computers, cameras and ipad...



Got Primo in your Bong ?

https://reader.elsevier.com/reader/sd/pii/S2005290109600418?token=9F437940F51105A358D69132FB88FD2EFF80EAD0385B58BDC9F112E397EC82FC5A82FBBADF76619F7D508FCD85B52467
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2005290109600418
https://www.geneticacupuncture.com/Kwang-Sup%20Soh-PIIS2005290109600418.pdf
Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, Volume 2, Issue 2, June 2009, Pages 93-106

Bonghan Circulatory System as an Extension of Acupuncture Meridians
Kwang-SupSoh

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2005290114001824
Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, Volume 7, Issue 6, December 2014, Pages 291-297
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jams.2014.09.002

Primo Vascular System in Human Umbilical Cord and Placenta
Bok-SooLee, et al.

http://www.biontology.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/bonghan-ducts.pdf

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 45, No. 5, November 2004, pp. 1196⇠1198
Bonghan Duct and Acupuncture Meridian as Optical Channel of Biophoton
Kwang-SupSoh

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2005290109600431
Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, Volume 2, Issue 2, June 2009, Pages 118-123
Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies

Bonghan Ducts as Possible Pathways for Cancer Metastasis
Jung SunYoo, et al.

https://sciencebasedmedicine.org/the-primo-vascular-system-the-n-rays-of-acupuncture/

The Primo Vascular System: The N-rays of Acupuncture?
by Harriet Hall

https://new.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2013/587827/
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Volume 2013; Article ID 587827
https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/587827

Primo Vascular System: Past, Present, and Future
50 Years of Bong-Han Theory and 10 Years of Primo Vascular System
Kwang-Sup Soh , Kyung A. Kang, and Yeon Hee Ryu

Abstract
The primo vascular system (PVS) was first introduced by Bong-Han Kim via his five research reports. Among these the third report was most extensive and conclusive in terms of the PVS anatomy and physiology relating to the acupuncture meridians. His study results, unfortunately, were not reproduced by other scientists because he did not describe the materials and methods in detail. In 2002, a research team in Seoul National University reinitiated the PVS research, confirmed the existence of PVS in various organs, and discovered new characteristics of PVS. Two important examples are as follows: PVS was found in the adipose tissue and around cancer tissues. In parallel to these new findings, new methods for observing and identifying PVS were developed. Studies on the cell and material content inside the PVS, including the immune function cells and stem cells, are being progressed. In this review, Bong-Han Kim’s study results in his third report are summarized, and the new results after him are briefly reviewed. In the last section, the obstacles in finding the PVS in the skin as an anatomical structure of acupuncture meridian are discussed.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Bong-han
Kim Bong-han

Kim Bong-han (Korean: 김봉한; born 1916) is a North Korean medical surgeon at Pyongyang Medical University and Kyung-Rak institute (KRI). He is primarily known for his research on a proposed mechanism for acupuncture that was not accepted by the mainstream medical community[1] that has come to be called the "primo-vascular system".[2] He received the People's Prize for his research. The primo vascular system was claimed to be scientifically confirmed in 2002,[3] but the matter remains controversial. In 1966 the Kyung-Rak institute was closed, and Kim disappeared...


https://booksc.xyz/book/20533462/ce2e8f

Visualizing the Network of Bonghan Ducts in the Omentum and Peritoneum by Using Trypan Blue
Byung-Cheon Lee, Ki Woo Kim, Kwang-Sup Soh

https://booksc.xyz/book/20533486/7f48c8

Comparison of the Characteristic Features of Bonghan Ducts, Blood and Lymphatic Capillaries
Vyacheslav Ogay, et al.



https://www.instructables.com/id/The-Psychoacoustic-Bucket-from-Hell/

The Psychoacoustic Bucket From Hell



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lJNhRyH93Yg&feature=emb_logo

GALERIA DE SONIDOS - OBJETOS SONOROS PRECOLOMBINOS - MUSEO MAAC - GUAYAQUIL
Pruvian Water Whistles



https://www.naturalhealth365.com/smart-meters-emf-2268.html

EKG proof – Smart meters damage your heart

...The results are visible – and undeniable

The video (below) shows Warren Woodward, a specialist in smart meter microwave transmission power, connected to an EKG monitor while lying near an Elster smart meter. The Elster is connected to a high frequency analyzer, which measures microwave frequencies.

As the HFA alternates between readings of 00.1 and 00.2, the EKG laptop monitor display – which shows the electrical activity of Woodward’s heart – indicates a regular, symmetrical pattern. When the meter momentarily spikes to 139.3, there is a corresponding – and drastic – alteration in Woodward’s EKG pattern.

According to Dr. Gilberto Leon, a holistic medicine doctor in Chandler, AZ, the symmetrical pattern represents the characteristic waves of normal heart rhythm. The sudden irregularity, which he describes as a “massive” change in the pattern, occurs at a time when Woodward’s heart should be resting.

Over time, this type of reaction makes the heart work too hard, causing fatigued cardiac function, Leon says. And, the process is symptomless and “silent” – especially in healthy people, who may not feel the disruption...

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p-aNRQNRtaI&feature=emb_logo

EKG Proof That "Smart" Meters Affect the Human Heart
Warren Woodward

Everyone's health is being affected by "smart" meters.

The evidence in this video is a world first, and shifts the debate from whether anyone should have to pay a fee to refuse a "smart" meter to: When does the safety recall start?

We now know that even if people are not showing outward symptoms, their bodies are being unnecessarily and involuntarily stressed by "smart" meters.



J. Metzl, PhD in Soyboy Stupidity

https://www.breitbart.com/the-media/2020/01/12/lancet-only-way-stop-racism-eliminate-whiteness-all-together/

Lancet: The Only Way to Stop Racism Is ‘to Eliminate Whiteness All Together’

...The fact that some people think this way is frightening enough. That the Lancet, which once represented serious medical journalism, would decide to publish it points to a devastating deterioration of the institutional academy as reasoned discourse gives way to incoherent ranting.



Fake Food : Eat Shyte & Dye !
https://www.eyeopeningtruth.com/death-diet/
The Global Diet – A Matter of Life or Death
January 12, 2020 by Cynthia

Something very grievous and frightening has been perpetrated on humans across the globe without their knowledge or permission...



Dutchsinse ( Quake news & previews ) has vanished from YouTube :
https://www.youtube.com/user/dutchsinse
dutchsinse
358K subscribers
This channel doesn't have any content
And: Field McConnel, et al. @ Abeldanger.org --- gone...
And :

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kVhE3myn-EQ
YouTube Has Done The Unthinkable
Mark Dice
And :
https://hendersonlefthook.wordpress.com/
"hendersonlefthook.wordpress.com is no longer available.
This blog has been archived or suspended in accordance with our Terms of Service."
Remember Julian Whatshisname ?
https://www.rt.com/uk/478146-assange-camera-court-extradition/
13 Jan, 2020
 WATCH: Assange caught on camera leaving UK court in prison van after US extradition hearing



https://www.bbc.com/news/business-51058929
Boeing faces fine for 737 Max plane 'designed by clowns'

...In one exchange in April 2017, an unnamed employee wrote: "This airplane is designed by clowns who in turn are supervised by monkeys."

https://context-cdn.washingtonpost.com/notes/prod/default/documents/4a7b7481-6aa0-4821-bb23-39944c5df948/note/af453341-bce7-40e0-8da3-1a6afcbbd61f.pdf



https://www.uvm.edu/uvmnews/news/team-builds-first-living-robots?&utm_source=YouTube.com&utm_medium=video&utm_campaign=UVM_YT_general
Team Builds the First Living Robots
Tiny 'xenobots' assembled from cells promise advances from drug delivery to toxic waste clean-up

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aQRBCCjaYGE&feature=emb_logo
UVM and Tufts Team Builds First Living Robots



https://www.rt.com/news/477932-stem-cells-reverse-brain-aging/
10 Jan, 2020
Game-changing new stem cell treatment REVERSES aging in mouse brains

 In what could prove to be a game changer for us humans, scientists have discovered how to make old brains young and young brains stronger and more effective using targeted stem cell therapy on mice.

The team wanted to investigate if increasing the number of stem cells in the brain would help in recovering cognitive functions, like learning and memory, that had worsened or had been lost entirely during the aging process.

To do so, researchers from TU Dresden’s Center for Regenerative Therapies used a method to stimulate and increase the number of neural stem cells located in the brains of mice and thus increase the number of neurons they generate.

Much to their surprise, the newly generated neurons survived and formed new contacts in neighboring brain cells. To put these freshly minted neurons to the test, the boffins then tested the navigational abilities of the test subject mice.

Mice and humans develop strategies for navigation in much the same way: when both species are young, our brains build and remember cognitive maps of an environment. As we age, however, this ability fades significantly.

Older mammalian brains must instead learn the list of detailed navigational steps to reach a target destination within an environment with little to no access to the overall cognitive map. This means that, should the starting point change in the same environment, it would take far longer to navigate to the end destination.

By stimulating the neural stem cells in their brains, the old mice in the study successfully recovered their cognitive mapping ability, and remembered the layout of a given environment for far longer, effectively reversing the effects of the aging process on this particular skill.

“Age-related impairments can be rescued by hijacking the endogenous neurogenic potential of the brain, thus, rejuvenating its function,” explained Professor Federico Calegari, senior author of the study.

The researchers took it one step further and carried out the same neural stem cell stimulation treatment on the brains of young mice and found that cognitive impairments were delayed and memory was preserved for longer over the course of their lives.

A part of the brain known as the hippocampus is crucial for remembering places and events but this degrades over time and, as a result, older brains use other structures that are more closely associated with habit-forming. The researchers now believe they can delay this switch and thus improve overall cognition throughout an animal’s lifespan, though this treatment is of course some time away from human trials.

https://worldwide.espacenet.com/patent/search/family/042227788/publication/EP2380972A1?q=ta%20all%20%22stem%20cells%22%20AND%20in%20any%20%22Calegari%22&queryLang=en
EP2380972A1
Methods and compositions for the expansion of somatic stem cells and progenitor cells
Applicants: UNIV DRESDEN TECH [DE]
Inventors: ARTEGIANI BENEDETTA [DE]; CALEGARI FEDERICO DR [DE]; GRINENKO TATYANA DR [DE]; WASKOW CLAUDIA DR [DE]
Abstract
In contrast to the corresponding cells of the developing embryo the expansion of somatic stem and progenitor cells revealed particularly difficult to expand both in vitro and in vivo . The object of the invention is to provide compositions and methods that allow the expansion of somatic stem and progenitor cells, in particular neural stem cells (NSC) and neural progenitor cells (NPC), in vitro and in particular in vivo . The object of the invention is solved by a vector that contains genes encoding a cyclin dependet kinase (cdk) and a cyclin forming a G1-specific cdk/cyclin protein complex, preferably cdk4 and cyclinD1 (cycD1).



https://phys.org/news/2019-12-contaminants-nuclear-wastewater.html
A new way to remove contaminants from nuclear wastewater
by David L. Chandler, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Nuclear power continues to expand globally, propelled, in part, by the fact that it produces few greenhouse gas emissions while providing steady power output. But along with that expansion comes an increased need for dealing with the large volumes of water used for cooling these plants, which becomes contaminated with radioactive isotopes that require special long-term disposal.

Now, a method developed at MIT provides a way of substantially reducing the volume of contaminated water that needs to be disposed of, instead concentrating the contaminants and allowing the rest of the water to be recycled through the plant's cooling system. The proposed system is described in the journal Environmental Science and Technology, in a paper by graduate student Mohammad Alkhadra, professor of chemical engineering Martin Bazant, and three others.

The method makes use of a process called shock electrodialysis, which uses an electric field to generate a deionization shockwave in the water. The shockwave pushes the electrically charged particles, or ions, to one side of a tube filled with charged porous material, so that concentrated stream of contaminants can be separated out from the rest of the water. The group discovered that two radionuclide contaminants—isotopes of cobalt and cesium—can be selectively removed from water that also contains boric acid and lithium. After the water stream is cleansed of its cobalt and cesium contaminants, it can be reused in the reactor.

The shock electrodialysis process was initially developed by Bazant and his co-workers as a general method of removing  salt from water, as demonstrated in their first scalable prototype four years ago. Now, the team has focused on this more specific application, which could help improve the economics and environmental impact of working nuclear power plants. In ongoing research, they are also continuing to develop a system for removing other contaminants, including lead, from drinking water.

Not only is the new system inexpensive and scalable to large sizes, but in principle it also can deal with a wide range of contaminants, Bazant says. "It's a single device that can perform a whole range of separations for any specific application," he says.

In their earlier desalination work, the researchers used measurements of the water's electrical conductivity to determine how much salt was removed. In the years since then, the team has developed other methods for detecting and quantifying the details of what's in the concentrated radioactive waste and the cleaned water

"We carefully measure the composition of all the stuff going in and out," says Bazant, who is the E.G. Roos Professor of Chemical Engineering as well as a professor of mathematics. "This really opened up a new direction for our research." They began to focus on separation processes that would be useful for health reasons or that would result in concentrating material that has high value, either for reuse or to offset disposal costs.

The method they developed works for sea water desalination, but it is a relatively energy-intensive process for that application. The energy cost is dramatically lower when the method is used for ion-selective separations from dilute streams such as nuclear plant cooling water. For this application, which also requires expensive disposal, the method makes economic sense, he says. It also hits both of the team's targets: dealing with high-value materials and helping to safeguard health. The scale of the application is also significant—a single large nuclear plant can circulate about 10 million cubic meters of water per year through its cooling system, Alkhadra says

For their tests of the system, the researchers used simulated nuclear wastewater based on a recipe provided by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, which sponsored the research and is a major builder of nuclear plants. In the team's tests, after a three-stage separation process, they were able to remove 99.5 percent of the cobalt radionuclides in the water while retaining about 43 percent of the water in cleaned-up form so that it could be reused. As much as two-thirds of the water can be reused if the cleanup level is cut back to 98.3 percent of the contaminants removed, the team found.

While the overall method has many potential applications, the nuclear wastewater separation, is "one of the first problems we think we can solve [with this method] that no other solution exists for," Bazant says. No other practical, continuous, economic method has been found for separating out the radioactive isotopes of cobalt and cesium, the two major contaminants of nuclear wastewater, he adds.

While the method could be used for routine cleanup, it could also make a big difference in dealing with more extreme cases, such as the millions of gallons of contaminated water at the damaged Fukushima Daichi power plant in Japan, where the accumulation of that contaminated water has threatened to overpower the containment systems designed to prevent it from leaking out into the adjacent Pacific. While the new system has so far only been tested at much smaller scales, Bazant says that such large-scale decontamination systems based on this method might be possible "within a few years."

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.est.9b05380
Environ. Sci. Technol. 2020, 54, 1, 527-536, December 3, 2019
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b05380
Continuous Separation of Radionuclides from Contaminated Water by Shock Electrodialysis
Mohammad A. AlkhadraKameron M. ConfortiTao GaoHuanhuan TianMartin Z. Bazant
Abstract
The increasing popularity of nuclear energy necessitates development of new methods to treat water that becomes contaminated with radioactive substances. Because this polluted water comprises several dissolved species (not all of which are radioactive), selective accumulation of the radionuclides is desirable to minimize the volume of nuclear waste and to facilitate its containment or disposal. In this article, we use shock electrodialysis to selectively, continuously, and efficiently remove cobalt and cesium from a feed of dissolved lithium, cobalt, cesium, and boric acid. This formulation models the contaminated water commonly found in light-water reactors and in other nuclear processes. In a three-pass process, a consistent trade-off is observed between the recovery of decontaminated water and the percentage of cobalt removed, which offers flexibility in operating the system. For example, 99.5% of cobalt can be removed with a water recovery of 43%, but up to 66% of the water can be recovered if deionization of cobalt is allowed to drop to 98.3%. In general, the energy consumed during this process (ranging between 1.76 and 4.8 kW h m–3) is low because only charged species are targeted and virtually no energy is expended removing boric acid, the most abundant species in solution.

https://thegreatbubblebarrier.com/en/
https://www.intelligentliving.co/amsterdam-canals-plastic-waste-collecting-bubble-barrier/
Amsterdam Canal Has A Plastic Waste Collecting Bubble Barrier
by Dan Edel

An innovative way to collect plastic waste has begun operation in Amsterdam, known as The Great Bubble Barrier. This is designed to collect the plastic before it can reach the North Sea.

Bubble Barrier is a Dutch start-up. What they’ve come up with is a way to divert plastic without interfering with fish and other natural habitats. As the company points out, every minute the equivalent of one full garbage truck of plastic is dumped into the sea! That equates to 8 billion kilos of plastic trash per year.

Tests have shown that it’s possible to divert more than 80% of floating debris in rivers and canals. Philip Ehrhorn, co-inventor of the barrier, states: “More than two-thirds of plastics in the ocean leave rivers and canals, so if you have to intercept it, why not start from its origin?

Ehrhorn is an ocean engineer and German naval architect who studied in Australia in 2015. While overseas, he visited a water treatment plant and was inspired by the idea. “On one stage they aerate the water, and on a large surface they put air bubbles like a large Jacuzzi,” he said.

He goes on to explain his thoughts:

    The little pieces of plastic that people throw into the bathroom were collected in a corner and that was the kind of spark for me. If you can guide the plastic to one side, can’t you do it in a more directed and purposeful way in a river?

As reported in The Guardian, it was around the same time when three Dutch amateur sailors and friends, Anne Marieke Eveleens, Francis Zoet, and Saskia Studer, came up with an idea for a curtain of bubbles to separate waste. The team of friends and Ehrhorn ended up getting together to work on their ideas. Back in September, the team also won the ‘Postcode lottery green challenge’ funding with the prize money of €500,000.

What they came up with is a bubble barrier. This 60-meter perforated tube runs diagonally along the bottom of the historic Amsterdam canal belt. A compressed air system pumps bubbles into the canal and the natural flow of water helps push the trash to the side, where it is trapped in a collection platform net to Westerdokskade.



https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/5/8/eaaw9569
Science Advances  30 Aug 2019: Vol. 5, no. 8, eaaw9569
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaw9569
Repair of tooth enamel by a biomimetic mineralization frontier ensuring epitaxial growth
Changyu Shao, et al.
Abstract
The regeneration of tooth enamel, the hardest biological tissue, remains a considerable challenge because its complicated and well-aligned apatite structure has not been duplicated artificially. We herein reveal that a rationally designed material composed of calcium phosphate ion clusters can be used to produce a precursor layer to induce the epitaxial crystal growth of enamel apatite, which mimics the biomineralization crystalline-amorphous frontier of hard tissue development in nature. After repair, the damaged enamel can be recovered completely because its hierarchical structure and mechanical properties are identical to those of natural enamel. The suggested phase transformation–based epitaxial growth follows a promising strategy for enamel regeneration and, more generally, for biomimetic reproduction of materials with complicated structure.



https://www.ineffableisland.com/2020/01/copper-based-nanomaterials-can-kill.html
Copper-Based Nanomaterials Can Kill Cancer Cells in Mice

An interdisciplinary team of scientists from KU Leuven, the University of Bremen, the Leibniz Institute of Materials Engineering, and the University of Ioannina has succeeded in killing tumour cells in mice using nano-sized copper compounds together with immunotherapy. After the therapy, the cancer did not return.

Recent advances in cancer therapy use one’s own immunity to fight the cancer. However, in some cases, immunotherapy has proven unsuccessful.

The team of biomedical researchers, physicists, and chemical engineers found that tumours are sensitive to copper oxide nanoparticles – a compound composed of copper and oxygen. Once inside a living organism, these nanoparticles dissolve and become toxic. By creating the nanoparticles using iron oxide, the researchers were able to control this process to eliminate cancer cells, while healthy cells were not affected.

“Any material that you create at a nanoscale has slightly different characteristics than its normal-sized counterpart,” explain Professor Stefaan Soenen and Dr Bella B. Manshian from the Department of Imaging and Pathology, who worked together on the study. “If we would ingest metal oxides in large quantities, they can be dangerous, but at a nanoscale and at controlled, safe, concentrations, they can actually be beneficial.”

Vaccine
As the researchers expected, the cancer returned after treating with only the nanoparticles. Therefore, they combined the nanoparticles with immunotherapy. “We noticed that the copper compounds not only could kill the tumour cells directly, they also could assist those cells in the immune system that fight foreign substances, like tumours,” says Dr Manshian.

The combination of the nanoparticles and immunotherapy made the tumours disappear entirely and, as a result, works as a vaccine for lung and colon cancer – the two types that were investigated in the study. To confirm their finding, the researchers injected tumour cells back into the mice. These cells were immediately eliminated by the immune system, which was on the lookout for any new, similar, cells invading the body.

The authors state that the novel technique can be used for about sixty per cent of all cancers, given that the cancer cells stem from a mutation in the p53 gene. Examples include lung, breast, ovarian, and colon cancer.

A crucial element is that the tumours disappeared without the use of chemotherapy, which typically comes with major side-effects. Chemotherapeutic drugs not only attack cancer cells, they often damage healthy cells along the way. For example, some of these drugs wipe out white blood cells, abolishing the immune system.
Interdisciplinary collaboration

“As far as I’m aware, this is the first time that metal oxides are used to efficiently fight cancer cells with long-lasting immune effects in live models,” Professor Soenen says. “As a next step, we want to create other metal nanoparticles, and identify which particles affect which types of cancer. This should result in a comprehensive database.”

The team also plans to test tumour cells derived from cancer patient tissue. If the results remain the same, Professor Soenen wants to organise a clinical trial. For that to happen, however, there are still some hurdles along the way. He explains: “Nanomedicine is on the rise in the USA and Asia, but Europe is lagging behind. It’s a challenge to advance in this field, because doctors and engineers often speak a different language. We need more interdisciplinary collaboration, so that we can understand each other better and build upon each other’s knowledge.”

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/anie.201912312
https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201912312
Model‐Based Nanoengineered Pharmacokinetics of Iron‐Doped Copper Oxide for Nanomedical Applications
M. Sc. Hendrik Naatz
Abstract
The progress in nanomedicine (NM) using nanoparticles (NPs) is mainly based on drug carriers for the delivery of classical chemotherapeutics. As low NM delivery rates limit therapeutic efficacy, an entirely different approach was investigated. A homologous series of engineered CuO NPs was designed for dual purposes (carrier and drug) with a direct chemical composition–biological functionality relationship. Model‐based dissolution kinetics of CuO NPs in the cellular interior at post‐exposure conditions were controlled through Fe‐doping for intra/extra cellular Cu2+ and biological outcome. Through controlled ion release and reactions taking place in the cellular interior, tumors could be treated selectively, in vitro and in vivo. Locally administered NPs enabled tumor cells apoptosis and stimulated systemic anti‐cancer immune responses. We clearly show therapeutic effects without tumor cells relapse post‐treatment with 6 % Fe‐doped CuO NPs combined with myeloid‐derived suppressor cell silencing.

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsnano.6b06495
ACS Nano 2017, 11, 1, 501-515
Safe-by-Design CuO Nanoparticles via Fe-Doping, Cu–O Bond Length Variation, and Biological Assessment in Cells and Zebrafish Embryos
Hendrik Naatz
Abstract
The safe implementation of nanotechnology requires nanomaterial hazard assessment in accordance with the material physicochemical properties that trigger the injury response at the nano/bio interface. Since CuO nanoparticles (NPs) are widely used industrially and their dissolution properties play a major role in hazard potential, we hypothesized that tighter bonding of Cu to Fe by particle doping could constitute a safer-by-design approach through decreased dissolution. Accordingly, we designed a combinatorial library in which CuO was doped with 1–10% Fe in a flame spray pyrolysis reactor. ...



https://www.ineffableisland.com/2020/01/study-finds-salt-nanoparticles-are.html
 Study Finds Salt Nanoparticles Are Toxic to Cancer Cells

A new study at the University of Georgia has found a way to attack cancer cells that is potentially less harmful to the patient. Sodium chloride nanoparticles – more commonly known as salt – are toxic to cancer cells and offer the potential for therapies that have fewer negative side effects than current treatments.

Led by Jin Xie, associate professor of chemistry, the study found that SCNPs can be used as a Trojan horse to deliver ions into cells and disrupt their internal environment, leading to cell death. SCNPs become salt when they degrade, so they’re not harmful to the body.

“This technology is well suited for localized destruction of cancer cells,” said Xie, a faculty member in the Franklin College of Arts and Sciences. “We expect it to find wide applications in treatment of bladder, prostate, liver, and head and neck cancer.”

Nanoparticles are the key to delivering SCNPs into cells, according to Xie and the team of researchers. Cell membranes maintain a gradient that keeps relatively low sodium concentrations inside cells and relatively high sodium concentrations outside cells. The plasma membrane prevents sodium from entering a cell, but SCNPs are able to pass through because the cell doesn’t recognize them as sodium ions.

Once inside a cell, SCNPs dissolve into millions of sodium and chloride ions that are trapped inside by the gradient and overwhelm protective mechanisms, inducing rupture of the plasma membrane and cell death. When the plasma membrane ruptures, the molecules that leak out signal the immune system that there’s tissue damage, inducing an inflammatory response that helps the body fight pathogens.

“This mechanism is actually more toxic to cancer cells than normal cells, because cancer cells have relatively high sodium concentrations to start with,” Xie said.

Using a mouse model, Xie and the team tested SCNPs as a potential cancer therapeutic, injecting SCNPs into tumors. They found that SCNP treatment suppressed tumor growth by 66% compared to the control group, with no drop in body weight and no sign of toxicity to major organs.

They also performed a vaccination study, inoculating mice with cancer cells that had been killed via SCNPs or freeze thaw. These mice showed much greater resistance to a subsequent live cancer cell challenge, with all animals remaining tumor free for more than two weeks.

The researchers also explored anti-cancer immunity in a tumor model. After injecting primary tumors with SCNPs and leaving secondary tumors untreated, they found that the secondary tumors grew at a much lower speed than the control, showing a tumor inhibition rate of 53%.

Collectively, the results suggest that SCNPs killed cancer cells and converted the dying cancer cells to an in situ vaccine.

SCNPs are unique in the world of inorganic particles because they are made of a benign material, and their toxicity is based on the nanoparticle form, according to Xie.

“With a relatively short half-life in aqueous solutions, SCNPs are best suited for localized rather than systemic therapy. The treatment will cause immediate and immunogenic cancer cell death,” he said. “After the treatment, the nanoparticles are reduced to salts, which are merged with the body’s fluid system and cause no systematic or accumulative toxicity. No sign of systematic toxicity was observed with SCNPs injected at high doses.”

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.201904058
https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201904058
NaCl Nanoparticles as a Cancer Therapeutic
Wen Jiang, et al.
Abstract
Many inorganic nanoparticles are prepared and their behaviors in living systems are investigated. Yet, common electrolytes such as NaCl are left out of this campaign. The underlying assumption is that electrolyte nanoparticles will quickly dissolve in water and behave similarly as their constituent salts. Herein, this preconception is challenged. The study shows that NaCl nanoparticles (SCNPs) but not salts are highly toxic to cancer cells. This is because SCNPs enter cells through endocytosis, bypassing cell regulations on ion transport. When dissolved inside cancer cells, SCNPs cause a surge of osmolarity and rapid cell lysis. Interestingly, normal cells are much more resistant to the treatment due to their relatively low sodium levels. Unlike conventional chemotherapeutics, SCNPs cause immunogenic cell death or ICD. In vivo studies show that SCNPs not only kill cancer cells, but also boost an anticancer immunity. The discovery opens up a new perspective on nanoparticle‐based therapeutics.

Related:
DE102006002877 // Preparing very small organic nanoparticle...
Abstract
Preparing very small organic nanoparticle, comprises mixing concentrated and/or saturated solution of the organic compound for the production of organic particle in a water-miscible organic solvent, e.g. n-propanol, for precipitating with an aqueous phase, comprising deionized water and/or inorganic salts, e.g. sodium chloride, optionally under the application of ultrasound; mixing the precipitate with water and a non-ionic surfactant, preferably from alkyl glucoside group, optionally after separating the supernatant solution and washing, for producing a suspension containing nanoparticles. Preparing very small organic nanoparticle, preferably with an average particle size of less than 20 nm, comprises mixing a concentrated and/or saturated solution of the desired organic compound for the production of organic particle in a water-miscible organic solvent, e.g. methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, iso-propanol, acetone, tetrahydrofuran and/or 1,4-dioxane, for precipitating with an aqueous phase, comprising deionized water and/or a solution of inorganic salts, e.g. solution of sodium chloride, potassium chloride, ammonium chloride or another soluble salts in water, optionally under the application of ultrasound; mixing the precipitate optionally after separating the supernatant solution and washing, with water and a non-ionic surfactant, preferably from the alkyl glucoside group, under the application of ultrasound, for producing a suspension containing nanoparticle.



Easier does it :
CN109500404
Synthetic method of water-soluble monodisperse large-size spherical silver nanoparticles

Abstract
The invention provides a synthetic method of water-soluble monodisperse large-size spherical silver nanoparticles. The synthetic method comprises the following steps that (1) a sodium citrate solution, a sodium chloride solution, a silver nitrate solution and an ascorbic acid solution are prepared; (2) ascorbic acid is added into boiling water, the mixed solution of the sodium citrate solution, the sodium chloride solution and the silver nitrate solution is rapidly added into the boiling water which contains the ascorbic acid and refluxed and cooled to obtain a spherical silver nanoparticle solution; (3) the spherical silver nanoparticle solution is added into ultrapure water for mixing and stirring, and a silver ammonia complex solution and a re-prepared ascorbic acid solution are sequentially added; and (4) stirring and reacting are carried out at the normal temperature to obtain the monodisperse large-size spherical silver nanoparticle solution, and after centrifuging and concentrating are carried out, the nanoparticle solution is dispersed into the sodium citrate solution for storage. According to the synthetic method, the ascorbic acid is adopted for reducing silver ammonia complex to grow and prepare monodisperse spherical silver nanoparticles, the operation is simple, and the high-quality water-soluble monodisperse large-size spherical silver nanoparticles which cannot be obtained by other existing methods can be obtained.



http://westindanger.com/wb/walaa-baraa.html
Al Walaa wal Baraa. Islamic Apartheid.
Essential Islamic Doctrine.

...Al Walaa wal Baraa is Kafirophobia. It's an obligatory doctrine of hatred directed towards kafirs and our way of life. Abdul-Latif ibn Abdur-Rahman Rahimullah, an authority in Sharia law, said, "It is not possible for someone to realize Tawheed [monotheism - the doctrine that Allah is the only God] and act upon it, and yet not be hostile against the mushrikeen [wrong worshippers]. So anyone who isn't hostile against the mushrikeen, then it cannot be said that he acts upon Tawheed nor that he realizes it" (ad-Durar as-Saniyyah 8/167).

By the way, ad-Durar as-Saniyyah is an authoritative Salafist collection. It establishes that al Walaa wal Baraa is official Islamic teaching beyond a shadow of a doubt, and that hostility against the kafir is normative Islam, rather than some strange aberration.

In other words, al Walaa wal Baraa, an essential doctrine of Islam, is the opposite of the Golden Rule.

It's Kafirophobia, the reverse of what Islamophobia is said to be.

Al Walaa wal Baraa is also the reverse of the modern Western concepts of tolerance, and of celebration of diversity.

In other words, Islam is inherently intolerant of any ideology other than its own. Islam celebrates uniformity and compliance...

http://elsasblog.com/170219-al-walaa-wal-baraa-and-islamo-catatonia.html#wb

MEMORANDUM TO THE HONOURABLE SENATORS AND PARLIAMENTARIANS OF CANADA
by Robert Frankling

It is ironic for Parliamentarians to even consider banning Islamophobia, which is undefined, theoretical, nebulous, and unofficial.

Yet Parliamentarians are patently disregarding that Islam contains a doctrine that is intolerant and discriminatory. This doctrine, furthermore, is 'ESSENTIAL 'within Islam. That is, it is, unlike "Islamophobia," CLEARLY DEFINED, LEGALLY BINDING, PRECISE and OFFICIAL.

    ‘Al Walaa wal Baraa’ – (Allegiance and Disassociation) is an Islamic doctrine that is very similar to apartheid.
    ‘Al Walaa wal Baraa’ is an 'essential doctrine' (usul ud-deen). ‘Essential’ means that all Muslims must believe and practice al Walaa wal Baraa as a condition of being admitted to paradise.
    ‘Al Walaa wal Baraa’ is a highly developed, well-supported and canonical part of Islam approved by the consensus of Islamic jurists.
    ‘Al Walaa wal Baraa’ is legally binding and obligatory upon all Muslims.
    ‘Al Walaa wal Baraa’ is precisely defined by Islamic jurists and is not a nebulous idea
    ‘Al Walaa wal Baraa’ is an official Islamic doctrine and considered the second most important doctrine in Islam.

Definition of ‘Al Walaa wal Baraa’ from Islamic sources:

    from The Islamic Concept of al-Walaa' wal-Baraa' by Khalid El-Gharib: "to show enmity to those who show enmity to Allaah and His Messenger.” (i.e. Muslims are to visibly demonstrate their enmity towards the kufaar - non-Muslims)
    https://www.kalamullah.com/manhaj14.html

    from a lecture given by Sheikh Abdullah al-Faisal (H.A.): "The implication of al-Baraa is that one HATES for the sake of Allah (SWT)…Al-Baraa means to recognize who your enemies are and to HATE them and EXTERMINATE them in their Endeavour to get rid of your Deen, al-Islam…Al-Baraa is to HATE the people who propagate Baatil (falsehood)—the Muslim should HATE them and (at least desire to) KILL them when the time comes."  (i.e. the hatred of Muslims toward the kufaar is for the purpose of ethnic cleansing)
    https://youtu.be/jUgDJmpmj14?t=855

Examples of Baraa from Historic Islamic Leaders:

    from Ahmad Sirhindi (1564-1624): "The honour of Islam lies in insulting kufr and kafirs. One who respects the kafirs dishonours the Muslims... The real purpose of levying jiziya on them is to humiliate them to such an extent that they may not be able to dress well and to live in grandeur. They should constantly remain terrified and trembling. It is intended to hold them under contempt and to uphold the honour and might of Islam." (letter No. 163)

    from Book of Emaan, by ibn Taymiyya (1263-1328): "... true believers show animosity and hatred towards disbelievers and never support them.”
    (The Book of Faith ("Kitab al Iman") - ISBN: 9781615842872)
   https://islamhouse.com/en/books/438889/
   https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ibn-Taymiyyah

    from Abd-Allaah al-Ashqar, "Belief in Allah," by Umar Sulayman: "The Muslim should regard the Kuffaar as enemies and hate them because of their kufr, just as he hates their kufr (disbelief) itself."

http://www.kalamullah.com/belief-in-allah.html (English, 2002)

    from Al Walaa wal Baraa According to the Aqeedah of the Salaf, by Sheikh Muhammad Saeed al Qatani, authoritative Saudi Sharia lawyer and imam at the Abu Bakr and Al Furqan Mosques in Mecca: "The doctrine of al Wala wal Baraa is the real image for the actual practice of this faith."
 
https://islamfuture.wordpress.com/2009/08/20/al-wala-wal-bara-according-to-the-aqeedah-of-the-salaf-parts-123/



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M_F8LwjvCAE
Extremes in Ideas, Economy and Climate, German Style
Adapt 2030

Germany trying to pass new laws that if you disparage the IPCC or prevent a response by words to a "climate catastrophe" you should be fined a years wages and sent to prison. This pushed by the solar panel industry in concert with the German government. The laws will re-direct you to climate friendly behavior, which, wait for it, includes buying solar panels and if you speak out against this, you should go to prison. Baltic Dry Index drops most since 2008/2009 and tumbleweeds bury cars while polar stratospheric clouds blanket the skies.



https://notrickszone.com/2020/01/06/scientists-the-co2-greenhouse-warming-effect-rides-on-mere-assumption-and-lacks-empirical-verification/

Distinguished Professor: “Time To Retire The Notion Hurricanes Are Slowing Down (Much Less Attribution Claims)”
By P Gosselin

...According to the findings published earlier here:
The analysis does not indicate significant long-period global or individual basin trends in the frequency or intensity of landfalling TCs of minor or major hurricane strength. The evidence in this study provides strong support for the conclusion that increasing damage around the world during the past several decades can be explained entirely by increasing wealth in locations prone to TC landfalls, which adds confidence to the fidelity of economic normalization analyses.”..

https://notrickszone.com/
The CO2 Greenhouse Warming Effect Rides On Mere Assumption And Lacks Empirical Verification

Fundamental Tenets of the CO2 Greenhouse Effect Hypothesis aren't supported by real-world, observed evidence.

Scientists insist the CO2 greenhouse effect is built on assumption and lacks empirical support

In a new paper, Kennedy and Hodzic, 2019 summarize the lack of real-world, observational support for the claim CO2 molecules elicit planetary heating in the process of explicating their postion that water vapor is the gas that dominates the Earth’s greenhouse effect.

They point out that the “critical assumption” that CO2 molecules reduce outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) to warm the Earth’s surface “lacks empirical confirmation.”

A graphic of OLR variability (Figure 1) from the paper demonstrates that “none” of the variation can be attributed to CO2’s influence.

Kennedy and Hodzic sum up their skepticism about CO2’s greenhouse effect influence by saying 1) “the effect of any increases in [CO2’s] concentration can only be theoretically inferred”; 2) other than by correlation or curve-fitting, there is no  “direct verification possible for the greenhouse effect of CO2”; and 3) there is no realized “clear spectral signal available showing significantly reduced OLR from increasing CO2.”

In other words, the specific greenhouse effect warming properties of CO2 have not been validated scientifically.

http://pen.ius.edu.ba/index.php/pen/article/view/437/350

Testing the hypothesis that variations in atmospheric water vapour are the main cause of fluctuations in global temperature.
R. Kennedy , M. Hodzic



https://notrickszone.com/
https://kaltesonne.de/solarlobby-will-kritiker-des-klimaalarms-wegen-sabotage-von-notstandsmassnahmen-bestrafen-lassen/

Solar industry lobby wants to punish climate emergency critics for sabotaging emergency measures
By Kalte Sonne (Translated/edited by P. Gosselin)

German public broadcaster Deutschlandfunk on December 25, 2019:

    Climate scientist Johan Rockström thinks the declaration of a climate emergency is justified.

Rockström (Potsdam Institute Director):

    The declaration of a “climate emergency” would make it possible to make really big decisions. …such as making things possible that are necessary but have not been considered realistic.“

This reminds in the diction of 24 March 1933, at that time the law was officially called: “Law to remedy the distress of the people and the Reich” and it served to abolish the Republic. Isn’t anyone suspicious?



Bubonic Plaque -- coming soon to a tooth near you :

https://rense.com/general96/a-lethal-virus-erupts-downstream-from-chinas-three-gorges-dam.php
A Lethal Virus Erupts Downstream From China's Three Gorges Dam
By Yoichi Shimatsu



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xmz1P2vtgoY
Blockchain & Climate Change: A Shocking Report
Dick Algire

How will blockchain technology be rolled out to track and tax you, in order to save us all from climate change.



Clif High again & again...

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NnMnbFCyJxA
Critical Thinking Jan 7 2020 What the PLUCK? David Wilcock & Corey Goode correct? CW & Zenn wrong
Clif High
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JCe0E93fhXU
Clif High Interview with David Morgan



Got Ozone ? Got Cobalt Hexamine ? &c ? &c ? &c ?

https://www.greenmedinfo.com/blog/fda-approves-mercks-new-live-ebola-vaccine-which-it-says-can-shed-and-cause-immun

FDA Approves Merck's New Live Ebola Vaccine Which It Says Can Shed and Cause Immunosuppression

Merck has received the FDA's fast-tracked approval of a live, genetically modified Ebola vaccine which, according to its vaccine insert, can cause a novel new form of Ebola-type infection, resulting in immunosuppression and possible shedding of live virus to others.

On Dec. 20th, 2019, Merck announced it received FDA approval for an Ebola vaccine which contains the virus known as recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus–Zaire Ebola virus (rVSV-ZEBOV), and will be marketed under the name ERVEBO.

The rVSV-ZEBOV is a live, replication-competent virus, produced with the same African green monkey derived Vero cell line Merck used to create the Rotateq vaccine targeting rotavirus infections. The Vero cell line has been previously identified to carry at least two surreptitious simian endogenous retroviruses whose significant risks to human health have not yet been formally evaluated.

VSV-ZEBOV is produced through genetic modification, combining the vesicular stomatitis virus (which on its own can cause flu-like illness in humans) in which the gene for native envelope glycoprotein (P03522) is replaced with that from the Ebola virus (P87666), Kikwit 1995 Zaire strain.

In its recent press release, Merck acknowledged that the vaccine may result in the shedding of RNAs from the live virus in the blood, saliva, urine, and fluid from the skin of the vaccinated, and could result in the theoretical transmission of the vaccine virus to others (based on previous RT-PCR testing). The vaccine insert also states:

    “ Transmission of vaccine virus is a theoretical possibility. Vaccine virus RNA has been detected in blood, saliva, or urine for up to 14 days after vaccination. The duration of shedding is not known; however, samples taken 28 days after vaccination tested negative. Vaccine virus RNA has been detected in fluid from skin vesicles that appeared after vaccination.”

The clinical studies conducted on the vaccine included safety assessments, noting serious adverse effects which included life-threatening anaphylaxis. Another particularly concerning adverse effect of the ERVEBO vaccine was identified after white blood cell counts were assessed in 697 subjects:

    “Decreases in lymphocytes were reported in up to 85% of subjects and decreases in neutrophils were reported in up to 43% of subjects. No associated infections were reported.”

Considering the fact that Ebola virus infection causes the death of lymphocytes1 and neutrophils,2 the vaccine appears to induce the very same type of immunosuppressive effects that are associated with morbidity and mortality from the disease it is attempting to prevent.

Moreover, according to Merck, the vaccine may interfere with laboratory tests intended to identify Ebola infection: 

    “Interference with Laboratory Tests

    Following vaccination with ERVEBO, individuals may test positive for anti-Ebola glycoprotein (GP) antibody and/or Ebola GP nucleic acid or antigens.”

In summary, the vaccine may:

1) produce widespread RNA virus infection within the tissues of those vaccinated

2) may shed and infect others

3) produce immunosuppressive effects consistent with Ebola infection

4) produce immune effects that may prevent laboratory tests from discerning wild-type Ebola infection from vaccine-strain Ebola infection

Additional references

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5897007/

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/05/170524101419.htm



https://www.greenmedinfo.com/blog/alfred-nobel-and-vaccine-apocalypse-1

GreenMedInfo provides access to the documented potential negative impacts of vaccination:

https://www.greenmedinfo.com/anti-therapeutic-action/vaccination-all
1070 Abstracts with Vaccination



http://drbeck.net/
http://drbeck.net/dr-beck-machines-menu/
DR BOB BECK ORGANIZATION

Features: 22 Fixed Programs from Brain Treatment, Disease Treatment and Cleanses
BRAIN TUNER Series: 3.92 Hz, 111 Hz, 1000 Hz, 0.5 Hz, Schumman Earth Frequencies 7.83 Hz, Alpha Wave 8hz to 12hz, Beta Wave 12hz to 30hz, Gamma Wave 25.00hz to 100hz, Delta Wave 0.01hz to 1.5hz, Theta Wave 4hz to 7hz, Lymph Treatment 3.54hz to 3.99hz, Blood Treatment 100Hz to 150Hz, Blood Pulser 3.92Hz, Habit - Addictions Treatment 100Hz, Bacterial Infections 920Hz, Virus Treatments 250Hz, HIV/ Aids 150Hz, Herpes 950Hz, Cold and Flu 850hHz, Cancer Treatment 20Hz to 780Hz, Allergy Treatment 40Hz. to 250Hz, Colloidal Silver Generator 15Hz * Also Use with the Dr Beck Atomizer Machine

https://bobbeckinstruments.com/
Bob Beck Magnetic Pulser / Beck Instruments / Bob Beck Protocol.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_zfMyzXqfI
COSMIC DISASTER | CIA: Classified
 Suspicious0bservers

Cosmic Disaster, Solar Micronova, Superflare, Magnetic Reversal, Crustal Displacement, Ice Age, Tsunamis, Volcanoes... it's all here, it's all been done before and it's all coming again soon.

Science tells us these magnetic events come on a cycle, we are due up again now, and shocker... the magnetic field is shifting and accelerating. This is not a coincidence.



http://gillevin.com/mars.htm
RESEARCH ON MARS – Papers by Gilbert V. Levin, Ph.D.

In 1952, Dr. Gilbert V. Levin invented a rapid, highly sensitive method to detect microbial contamination of water and food. In 1958, he obtained a NASA contract to develop the method to seek extraterrestrial life. The method was selected in 1969 for use on NASA’s 1976 Viking Mission to Mars... At both landing sites, some 4,000 miles apart, the LR returned evidence of living microorganisms...



http://www.naturalenergyworks.net
Newsletter, January 2020 From James DeMeo / Orgone Biophysical Research Lab

A two-part article summarizing key points, with extracts, from the new book by Dr. DeMeo, The Dynamic Ether of Cosmic Space, has been published by Principia Scientific International online:

https://principia-scientific.org/part-1-the-dynamic-ether-of-cosmic-space-correcting-a-major-error-in-modern-science
Part 1: The Dynamic Ether of Cosmic Space Correcting a Major Error in Modern Science
by James DeMeo, PhD

https://principia-scientific.org/part-two-the-dynamic-ether-of-cosmic-space-correcting-a-major-error-in-modern-science/
Part Two: The Dynamic Ether of Cosmic Space Correcting a Major Error in Modern Science



https://www.greenmedinfo.com/blog/five-evidence-based-ways-boost-testosterone
Five Evidence-Based Ways to Boost Testosterone

Low levels of testosterone can come with glaring symptoms such as erectile dysfunction and reduced bone mass. Before opting for hormone replacement therapy and facing the risk of serious side effects, here are five science-backed ways to optimize your testosterone levels naturally...
Zinc ... Magnesium ... Weight Management ... Vitamin D ... Sleep ...



https://www.cymascope.com/cyma_research/musicology.html
Cymatics Research - Musicology

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=30&v=rLs7iMPDSLw&feature=emb_logo
Yantara Jiro voice made visible\

Yantara Jiro voice made visible
 CymaScope

In collaboration with Japanese vocalist, Yantara Jiro, we imaged a short vocal melody to assess how quickly the CymaScope's water membrane is able to follow changes in the pitch of musical sounds. The water has a natural hysteresis, thus, it takes a finite time for the water molecules to take up new wavelet placements in response to a new set of imposed frequencies.

This effect can be seen during the moments of transition as Yantara changes his vocal pitch during progress of the melody. The color was added as an experiment in which each musical note was allocated with a specific color.

Piano notes made visible for the first time
Shannon Novak, a New Zealand-born fine artist, commissioned us to image 12 piano notes as inspiration for a series of 12 musical canvases. We decided to image the notes in video mode because when we observed the 'A1' note we discovered, surprisingly, that the energy envelope changes over time as the string's harmonics mix in the piano's wooden bridge. Instead of the envelope being fairly stable, as we had imagined, the harmonics actually cause the CymaGlyphs to be wonderfully dynamic. Our ears can easily detect the changes in the harmonics and the CymaScope now reveals them--probably a first in acoustic physics.

Capturing the dynamics was only possible with HD video but taming the dynamics of the piano's first strike, followed by the short plateau and long decay phase, was tricky...

http://softwaretonoscope.com/
Software Tonoscope

The software tonoscope is a full featured and mathematically accurate Tonoscope emulator. It lets you create Chladni frequency patterns without the expense of traditional hardware needed for plate vibration research. This program is great for science, art, and spiritual exploration. Explore well known frequencies visually such as ancient Solfeggio tones, OM, notes on the piano, natural earth frequencies, crop circle frequencies, and more.

http://www.janmeinema.com/cymatics/make_rig.html
Create your own Cymatics machine

Here's our guide to building a basic Cymatics rig using commonly available parts. We've built ours using a combination of over-the-counter and custom made components. Where custom parts are used we've sourced suitable alternatives for this guide.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mvWdIHUo9SU
CymaScope MusicMadeVisible app demo

See the actual geometry of music for the first time on iPad  iPhone, Android smartphone or tablet. The CymaScope app is the world’s first app to make the geometry of piano sounds and music visible. The imagery you will see is not a computer simulation; all the beautiful imagery in the app was created on a physical CymaScope then stored in digital memory for you to enjoy.
Keep the CymaScope app in your pocket at all times on iPhone or Android smartphone or if you prefer a larger screen size use iPad or an Android-powered tablet. For more information and links to how you can acquire the CymaScope app follow this link:

https://www.cymascope.com/cyma_research/cyma_app.html
Cymatics App for Mobile
The world’s first app to make the geometry of piano sounds and music visible

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.appums.cymascope
CymaScope - Music Made Visible
https://github.com/kl4yfd/Cymatic3D
Cymatic3D

Software for creating real-time Cymatics in three dimensions. For research, entertainment, and VJ-ing. Cymatic3D is based upon the original software "sndpeek" by Princeton sound labs: http://soundlab.cs.princeton.edu/software/sndpeek . This original software and all modifications are released under the GNU GPL.



Got Prions ?
https://worldwide.espacenet.com/patent/search/family/046130581/publication/KR101180744B1?q=ta%20all%20%22prion%22&queryLang=en

SOME PRION DEACTIVATION PATENTS :
WO2009013506 -- CANNABIDIOL FOR USE IN THE TREATMENT OF TRANSMISSIBLE NEURODEGENERATIVE CONDITIONS
WO2011162805 -- PRION INACTIVATION USING OZONE
WO03066112 -- OZONE STERILIZATION PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR DENATURING PRIONS
KR20130084047A -- NOVEL USE OF MELATONIN
KR20110097100A  -- THE RESVERATROL FOR PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF PRION DISEASE
JP2010120942A  -- NATTOKINASE DECOMPOSING AND REDUCING AMYLOID FIBRIL ASSOCIATED WITH ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE, PRION DISEASE, AND OTHER AMYLOIDOSIS
CN103041032A  -- Application of tobacco in preparation of anti-prion medicament
CN102940712A  -- Application of immature bitter orange in preparation of anti-prion medicament
KR20150110056A  -- COMPOSITION FOR PREVENTING OR TREATING PRION DISEASE COMPRISING SULFORAPHANE
KR20150065364A  -- COMPOSITION FOR PREVENTING OR TREATING PRION DISEASE COMPRISING CAFFEINE
CN102727552A  -- Application of safflower in preparing anti-prion medicines
DE10159972A1  -- Preventing and treating prion diseases and toxoplasmosis in ruminants, involves administration of cobalt compounds, directly or through feed
CA2521438 -- PRION PROTEIN BINDING MATERIALS AND METHODS OF USE
US2002172977 -- Covalent modification of abnormal prion protein
US2006078892 -- Prion protein binding materials and methods of use
NZ513215 -- Method and kit for extracting prion protein
US2005053583A1 --  Method of inhibiting prion protein
TW201808312A  -- Abnormal prion protein infectiousness reduction method and pharmaceutical composition for preventive therapy of prion disease
US2010221745A1  -- ABNORMAL PRION PROTEIN BINDER, AND METHOD FOR DETECTION OF ABNORMAL PRION PROTEIN
US2006280745A1  -- Prion inhibition
KR20070098752A  -- A METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PRION INACTIVATION
US2008027025A1  -- Protection From And Treatment Of Prion Protein Infection
JP2006098342A  -- ELECTROCHEMICAL DETECTING METHOD OF ABNORMAL PRION
US2011044975A1  -- TREATMENT OF PRION PROTEIN RELATED DISEASES
EP1736162A1  -- REMEDY FOR PRION DISEASE AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME
US2017326108A1  -- COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING PRION LEVELS
CA2502954A1  -- PRION DECONTAMINATION
JP2006180826A -- METHOD FOR WASHING NATURAL CASING WITH PRION-SPLITTING ENZYME
CN101316933A -- Method for concentrating, purifying and removing prion protein
JP2004292437A -- METHOD FOR INHIBITING PROPAGATION OF ABNORMAL PRION PROTEIN
WO2005077382A1 -- PRION GROWTH INHIBITOR
CN101049510A -- A method and system for prion inactivation
CN102277356A -- Knockout method of prion gene of goats
WO02093164A2 -- PYRIDYLPYRIMIDINE DERIVATIVES AS EFFECTIVE COMPOUNDS AGAINST PRION DISEASES
JP2007252288A -- COMPOSITION FOR TREATING HUMAN PRION DISEASE
BG105791A -- METHOD AND KIT FOR EXTRACTING PRION PROTEIN
WO2014184317A1 -- METHOD FOR INACTIVATING A PRION PROTEIN
US2010074962A1 -- DEGRADATION OF PRION PROTEIN AND REDUCED PRION INFECTIVITY BY EARTHWORM HOMOGENATES
US6221614B1 -- Removal of prions from blood, plasma and other liquids
JP2001000512A -- PRION INACTIVATING AGENT
WO2011162480A2 -- COMPOSITION FOR TREATING PRION DISEASES COMPRISING HIF-1? AGONIST
CA2620047A1 -- PRION INACTIVATION
JP2008281557A -- PRION DISEASE CURATIVE MEDICINE AND ITS SCREENING METHOD
JP2010209040A -- AGENT FOR PREVENTION AND/OR TREATMENT OF PRION DISEASE AND METHOD FOR SUPPRESSING EXPRESSION OF ABNORMAL PRION PROTEIN
UA32547U -- USE OF PENTOSAN POLYSULPHATE (SP-54) AS INHIBITOR OF PHYSIOLOGICAL PRION-PROTEIN EXPRESSION IN VITRO
CN1494438A -- Prion disinfection
US2009258419A1 -- METHOD FOR REMOVING PRION PROTEIN
JP2014140370A -- METHOD FOR DETECTING PRION INFECTION
US2008248556A1 -- USE OF SONICATION TO ELIMINATE PRIONS
EP2311323A1 -- Methods for degradation of protein deposits and prions
KR101746401B1 -- Composition for the prevention or treatment of bovine spongiform encephalopathy containing E-34-dihydroxystyryl 234-trihydroxybutanoate
US2005255525A1 -- Safe method for isolation of prion protein and diagnosis of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies
JP2003321690A -- METHOD FOR TREATING MEAT AND BONE MEAL OR MEAT TREATMENT WASTE
JP2005120002A -- INHIBITOR AGAINST SPECIFIC STRUCTURE FORMATION OF AMYLOID PRECURSOR
WO2008041134 -- USE OF CHLORINE GUANABENZ DERIVATIVES FOR TREATING PRION-BASED DISEASES
WO2005092114 -- COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR DESTRUCTION OF PRION INFECTIOUS PROTEINS
GB2394663A -- Prion decontamination
JP2005287322A -- METHOD FOR DECOMPOSITION OF PRION WITH WOOD DECAYING BASIDIOMYCETE
R20150065361A C-- OMPOSITION FOR PREVENTING OR TREATING PRION DISEASE COMPRISING CAFFEINE
KR101605522B1 -- Compositions for prevention or treatment of Prion disease containing 2-3-hydroxy-4-4-3-methoxyphenoxy-1H-pyrazol-3-ylphenoxyaceto-hydrazide or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof as an active ingredient
JP2018035099A -- PRION DISEASE PREVENTIVE/THERAPEUTIC AGENT
US2016368885A1 -- MALEATE OF ANTI-PRION COMPOUND, METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME, AND PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITION THEREOF
WO03080665A2 -- TREATMENT OF TSE INFECTION
JP2003040778A -- COMPOSITION FOR INHIBITING PRODUCTION OF PATHOLOGICAL PRION PROTEIN AND METHOD FOR INHIBITING PRODUCTION OF PATHOLOGICAL PRION PROTEIN
WO2006002540A1 -- OLIGONUCLEOTIDES TARGETING PRION DISEASES AND USES
US2011311510A1 -- Compositions and methods for prion decontamination
KR101180744B1 -- Composition for preventing or treating prion disease comprising cholesterol
WO0100235A1 -- PRION PROTEIN BINDING PROTEINS AND USES THEREOF
US6426409B1 -- Nucleic acid molecules that bind prion proteins and processes for the production thereof
WO2017109170A1 -- COMPOSITION AND USES THEREOF
KR101351597B1 -- Method for inhibiting apoptosis caused by PrPsc using lactoferrin from colostrum
AU2005100872A4 -- Prion disinfection
WO2008053764A1 -- ANTI-PRION ACTIVE COMPOUND, ANTI-PRION ACTIVE AGENT, AND METHOD FOR INHIBITION OF THE PRODUCTION OF ABNORMAL PRION PROTEIN
WO2004003505A2 -- METHODS FOR DETECTING AND INACTIVATING A PRION
WO2005025487A2 -- OLIGONUCLEOTIDES TARGETING PRION DISEASES
US2010092447A1 -- METHODS AND COMPOSITIONS FOR THE TREATMENT OF SYMPTOMS OF PRION DISEASES
CA2488502A1 -- REMOVAL OF PRION INFECTIVITY
JP2009203481A -- DECONTAMINATION OF SURFACE CONTAMINATED WITH PRION-INFECTED SUBSTANCE USING OXIDIZING AGENT-BASED FORMULATION
US2014329863A1 -- NOVEL ANTIPRION COMPOUNDS
WO2007137808A1 -- COMPOSITIONS COMPRISING OLIGOSACCHARIDES FOR TREATING PRION DISEASE
JP2008290959A -- ABNORMAL PRION-DECOMPOSING ENZYME INHIBITORY SUBSTANCE AND USE OF THE SAME
AU2013262415A1 -- Oligonucleotide chelate complex methods
US2014377744A1 -- NUCLEIC ACID LIGANDS AGAINST INFECTIOUS PRIONS
CA2911040A1 -- TREATING NEURAL DISEASE WITH TYROSINE KINASE INHIBITORS
CA2446127A1 -- DESTRUCTION OF PRIONS USING VIBRIOLYSIN OR VARIANTS THEREOF
WO03041733A1 -- PRION-DETECTION BUSINESS METHODS
WO03006426A1 -- AROMATIC GUANYLHYDRAZONES AS EFFECTIVE COMPOUNDS AGAINST NEURODISEASES
JP2004083522A -- DEACTIVATION METHOD OF NOXIOUS PROTEIN AND DEACTIVATION METHOD OF INFECTIVE PRION PROTEIN
JP2005192415A -- PEPTIDE FOR TREATING PRION DISEASE AND UTILIZATION THEREOF
CN102366634A -- Sterilization method for prion
US2002150631A1 -- Methods of treating prion disease in mammals
US6365359B1 -- Inhibitors of prion formation
JP4132151B2 -- INACTIVATION OF PRION
WO02092110A1 -- NEW USE OF NATURAL PLANT POLYPHENOL AND MEDICAMENT AND/OR HEALTH CARE PRODUCT CONTAINING NATURAL PLANT POLYPHENOL
JP2016202477A -- METHOD FOR INACTIVATING PRIONS
JP2007175107A -- METHOD FOR INACTIVATING PRION
KR100881636B1 -- Treatment for prion disease
US2003049249A1 -- Agent
WO2019199776A1 -- COMBINATION THERAPIES FOR THE TREATMENT OF AMYOTROPIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS AND RELATED DISORDERS
JP2006043690A -- METHOD FOR TREATING SPECIFIED DANGEROUS REGION CONTAINING ABNORMAL PRION PROTEIN BEING CAUSE OF ONSET OF BSE WITH SUBCRITICAL WATER


https://www.naturalnews.com/2020-01-07-humanity-now-catastrophically-stupid-as-we-enter-the-2020s-global-suicide-mission.html

Humanity now “catastrophically stupid” as we enter the 2020s on a global SUICIDE mission that will only end in collapse
Mike Adams

...The new greenwashed “vegan” food craze — the “Impossible Burger” — is made from genetically modified soy grown in former rainforest areas that were burned to the ground to make way for soy farming. And it’s made with numerous chemicals that are less than healthy, too. It also has less usable protein than regular beef and is rumored to contain high levels of female hormones. Somehow, veganism now means eating processed, genetically modified junk food. And the vegans rejoice!



Patrick Brown, et al. / Impossible Foods
Vege-Meat


US2016340411 -- SECRETION OF HEME-CONTAINING POLYPEPTIDES
Methods and compositions for the expression and secretion of heme-containing polypeptides.

US10039306 -- Methods and compositions for consumables
Production of non-meat consumable products are described herein. A meat substitute is described which is constructed from a muscle analog, a fat analog, and a connective tissue analog.

US2015351435 /
WO2014110532 -- METHODS AND COMPOSITIONS FOR AFFECTING THE FLAVOR AND AROMA PROFILE OF CONSUMABLES
Food products containing highly conjugated heterocyclic rings complexed to an iron ion and one or more flavor precursors, and using such food products to modulate the flavor and/or aroma profile of other foods. The food products described herein can be prepared in various ways and can be formulated to be free of animal products.

TR201802708 -- Tüketim ürünlerinin tat ve aroma profiline etki edilmesine yönelik yöntemler ve bileşimler.
The present invention relates to food products and more particularly to food products comprising a highly conjugated heterocyclic ring complexing with iron, such as heme-cofactor, and two or more taste precursor molecules.

US2015366233 -- Methods And Compositions For Consumables
Generally the cheese replicas are produced by inducing the enzymatic curdling of non-dairy milks.

US2019292555 -- PRODUCING RECOMBINANT PRODUCTS IN CONTAINED SYSTEMS
Methods of making recombinant target products in transgenic plants in a contained system, and more particularly to separating the production of plant biomass from the production of the target product by selectively expressing the target product during germination in a contained system.

US2015305361-- METHODS AND COMPOSITIONS FOR CONSUMABLES
Generally the cheese replicas are produced by inducing the enzymatic curdling of non-dairy milks.

AU2014205122 -- Non-dairy cheese replica comprising a coacervate



http://biosludged.com/
https://www.webseed.com/Files/Biosludged-720p.mp4
BIOSLUDGED
Watch the full film now at BrighteonFilms.com

Biosludged uncovers the astonishing science fraud being carried out by the EPA to legalize the mass pollution of America's farm lands, school playgrounds and city parks with heavily contaminated industrial waste and human sewage.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1&v=h1CGXy_h-iI&feature=emb_logo

15 Most AMAZING Cave Paintings



https://www.popsci.com/science/article/2011-01/chinese-invent-new-method-producing-healthier-light-water/

With New Method, China Can Mass-Produce Light Water For Its Citizens' Thirst

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-01/acs-nmf010511.php

New method for making large quantities of deuterium-depleted drinking water

Scientists in China are reporting development of a less expensive, more eco-friendly method for making deuterium-depleted drinking water, citing studies suggesting that it may be a more healthful form of water. Their report appears in ACS' bi-weekly journal Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research.

Changgong Meng and Feng Huang note that natural water, widely known as H2O, actually is a mixture of H2O and tiny amounts of D2O -- about 150 parts per million (ppm), or a few drops of D2O in every quart of water. Deuterium-depleted water usually contains about 125 ppm. The "D" is deuterium, an isotope or variant form of hydrogen often termed "heavy hydrogen." They cite accumulating evidence that water with high levels of deuterium may have adverse health effects on animals and plants, while deuterium-depleted water may be useful in treatment of certain diseases. Existing ways of removing deuterium from water tend to be expensive, inefficient, or environmentally harmful.

They describe a new method that helps overcome these problems, and could be the basis for the first industrial-scale production of deuterium-depleted water. It involves a platinum catalyst that quickly and efficiently removes deuterium from water using a combination of cold and hot temperatures. In laboratory-scale tests, the new technique reduced the amount of deuterium in water from about 145 parts per million to 125 parts per million. The resulting water is suitable for drinking, the scientists say, and could be produced in large quantities at economical cost.

http://pubs.acs.org/stoken/presspac/presspac/full/10.1021/ie101820f
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2011, 50, 1, 378-381, November 29, 2010
https://doi.org/10.1021/ie101820f
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/ie101820f
Method for the Production of Deuterium-Depleted Potable Water
Feng Huang, Changgong Meng
Abstract
A study of the utilization of dual-temperature catalytic exchange between water and hydrogen for the production of deuterium-depleted water is presented. We use a novel catalyst with excellent physical properties for the hot tower of the isotopic exchange. The deuterium-depleted water obtained from the experiment is in agreement with the theoretical consideration on deuterium content at 80 °C when λ is about 1.5. The deuterium-depleted water with 126.3 ppm D2O is gained when λ is about 2 under 80 °C. This kind of water can be used as ordinary drinking water and in cosmetic and hygiene products.

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/ie101820f
Plant-Scale Method for the Preparation of Deuterium-Depleted Water
László Kótai, et al.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18815148?dopt=Abstract
DOI: 10.1177/1534735408322851
Integr Cancer Ther. 2008 Sep;7(3):172-81.
A retrospective evaluation of the effects of deuterium depleted water consumption on 4 patients with brain metastases from lung cancer.
Krempels K, et al.
CONCLUSIONS: DDW was administered as an oral anticancer agent in addition to conventional therapy, and noticeably prolonged the survival time of all 4 lung cancer patients with brain metastasis. We suggest that DDW treatment, when integrated into other forms of cancer treatment, might provide a new therapeutic option.

DDW Patents:
CN105314597 -- Deuterium depleted water preparation method
CN101088920A -- Prepn process of no-deuterium water
CN110104859A -- Water treatment method for removing deuterium oxide
CN1085191A -- Process for preparing deuterium-free water
CN102205992 -- Preparation method of deuterium-free water and dedicated packed tower thereof
CN105036078 -- Deuterium-depleted water preparation system and implementation method
CN110015791 -- Special device for removing heavy deuterium oxide



http://binaryresearchinstitute.com/bri/introduction/
Binary Companion Theory
 
Researchers at BRI have noticed a number of problems related to the current theory of precession. While VLBI, laser ranging and other related technologies do a good job at determining the earth’s orientation, the sun’s movement through space has not been coordinated with these findings resulting in unintentional bias of precession inputs. In examining the phenomenon of the precession of the equinox (which was the original impetus for the development of lunisolar precession theory) we have found that a moving solar system model is a simpler way to reproduce the same observable without any of the problems associated with current precession theory. Indeed, elliptical orbit equations have been found to be a better predictor of precession rates than Newcomb’s formula, showing far greater accuracy over the last hundred years. Moreover, a moving solar system model appears to solve a number of solar system formation theory problems including the sun’s lack of angular momentum. For these reasons, BRI has concluded our sun is most likely part of a long cycle binary system...

While there is no obvious visible companion star to our Sun, there could be a dark binary, such as a brown dwarf or possibly a relatively small black hole, either of which might be very difficult to detect, without accurate and lengthy analysis.

There is also the possibility that our sun might be in a binary or complex gravitational relationship with one of several nearby “visible” stars. This scenario may require thinking beyond standard Newtonian dynamics to embrace MOND or MOG or some similar theory (that suggests that the constant of G might be stronger between stellar objects than between planetary objects within the solar system). There could be many types of unknown and unidentified masses that might cause our solar system to curve through space, including the local stellar cluster and even the galactic center to some small degree, each producing some small effect within the total precession observable. Consequently, at this point our work is primarily focused on understanding the precession observable and its nuances as the likely signature of our solar system’s angular velocity around some common center of mass. We believe that this approach of analyzing the precession observable (the sun’s motion relative to the fixed stars as seen from earth) will provide valuable and helpful data regarding the sun’s most likely stellar companion (if one exists).

In summary, beyond direct detection – one way to determine if we are in a binary or multiple star system is to see if the Sun is curving through space. To us on Earth that means we should experience a gradual “changing orientation to inertial space.” Such a phenomenon is observed as the precession of the equinox...



https://revolution-green.com/supercharging-tomorrow-australia-first-test-new-lithium-batteries/

Battery market about to be disrupted: 4X greater efficiency with new lithium-sulphur design

Imagine having access to a battery, which has the potential to power your phone for five continuous days, or enable an electric vehicle to drive more than 1000km without needing to “refuel”.

Monash University researchers are on the brink of commercialising the world’s most efficient lithium-sulphur (Li-S) battery, which could outperform current market leaders by more than four times, and power Australia and other global markets well into the future.

Dr Mahdokht Shaibani from Monash University’s Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering led an international research team that developed an ultra-high capacity Li-S battery that has better performance and less environmental impact than current lithium-ion products.

The researchers have an approved filed patent (PCT/AU 2019/051239) for their manufacturing process, and prototype cells have been successfully fabricated by German R&D partners Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology.

Some of the world’s largest manufacturers of lithium batteries in China and Europe have expressed interest in upscaling production, with further testing to take place in Australia in early 2020.

The study was published in Science Advances on Saturday, 4 January 2020 – the first research on Li-S batteries to feature in this prestigious international publication.

Professor Mainak Majumder said this development was a breakthrough for Australian industry and could transform the way phones, cars, computers and solar grids are manufactured in the future.

“Successful fabrication and implementation of Li-S batteries in cars and grids will capture a more significant part of the estimated $213 billion value chain of Australian lithium, and will revolutionise the Australian vehicle market and provide all Australians with a cleaner and more reliable energy market,” Professor Majumder said.

“Our research team has received more than $2.5 million in funding from government and international industry partners to trial this battery technology in cars and grids from this year, which we’re most excited about.”

Using the same materials in standard lithium-ion batteries, researchers reconfigured the design of sulphur cathodes so they could accommodate higher stress loads without a drop in overall capacity or performance.

Inspired by unique bridging architecture first recorded in processing detergent powders in the 1970s, the team engineered a method that created bonds between particles to accommodate stress and deliver a level of stability not seen in any battery to date.

Attractive performance, along with lower manufacturing costs, abundant supply of material, ease of processing and reduced environmental footprint make this new battery design attractive for future real-world applications, according to Associate Professor Matthew Hill.

“This approach not only favours high performance metrics and long cycle life, but is also simple and extremely low-cost to manufacture, using water-based processes, and can lead to significant reductions in environmentally hazardous waste,” Associate Professor Hill said.

https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/6/1/eaay2757
Science Advances, 03 Jan 2020: Vol. 6, no. 1, eaay2757
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aay2757
https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/suppl/2019/12/20/6.1.eaay2757.DC1

Expansion-tolerant architectures for stable cycling of ultrahigh-loading sulfur cathodes in lithium-sulfur batteries
Mahdokht Shaibani, et al.
Abstract
Lithium-sulfur batteries can displace lithium-ion by delivering higher specific energy. Presently, however, the superior energy performance fades rapidly when the sulfur electrode is loaded to the required levels—5 to 10 mg cm−2— due to substantial volume change of lithiation/delithiation and the resultant stresses. Inspired by the classical approaches in particle agglomeration theories, we found an approach that places minimum amounts of a high-modulus binder between neighboring particles, leaving increased space for material expansion and ion diffusion. These expansion-tolerant electrodes with loadings up to 15 mg cm−2 yield high gravimetric (>1200 mA·hour g−1) and areal (19 mA·hour cm−2) capacities. The cells are stable for more than 200 cycles, unprecedented in such thick cathodes, with Coulombic efficiency above 99%...

Fabrication and characterization of thick sulfur cathodes

Inspired by the classical approaches in particle agglomeration process, we report a critically adapted slurry and electrode fabrication approach, which is still in-line with conventional electrode-making processes. We fabricated four types of thick sulfur cathodes with identical compositions [70% colloidal sulfur (Sigma-Aldrich), 20% C, and 10% CMC] yet using different slurry preparation methods as explained in Table 1. For cathodes A and B, we mixed all the ingredients at once for 48 hours, followed by addition of deionized (DI) water to make the slurry. In cathode A, we added water to the mixture in a controlled manner to moderately wet the CMC particles and obtain a castable paste. The required amount of water for this cathode was found to be one-third of the amount required for full solubility of CMC in water at room temperature. For cathode B, we set the amount of water added to the dry mixture of S/C/CMC to be equal to the amount that satisfies the solubility limit of CMC (20 mg ml−1).

On the other hand, we prepared cathodes C and D based on the most common mixing method for fabrication of LIB electrodes, which is also adapted in the literature for Li-S cathodes: mixing of active material and conductive agent, both in powder form, to establish a homogeneous distribution of the conductive agent, followed by blending in the predissolved binder solution to provide the required adhesion between particle/particle and particle/current collector. In cathodes C and D, the predissolved binders are solutions of 20 mgCMC mlwater−1 and 20 mgCMC mlcross-linking solution−1, respectively. The mixtures are continuously mixed for 48 hours to ensure good dispersion...

WO2018094464A1
LITHIUM-SULFUR ENERGY STORAGE CELL AND HYBRID CELL HAVING CAPACITIVE ENERGY STORAGE AND DISCHARGE CAPABILITY

MAJUMDER MAINAK [AU]; SHAIBANI MAHDOKHT [AU]
Abstract
The invention provides a rechargeable energy storage cell, the cell comprising: a lithium anode in an anodic portion of the cell; an oriented cathode in a cathodic portion of the cell, the cathode comprising: a sheet of impermeable material; and a cathodic material disposed on one side of the sheet, the cathodic material comprising sulfur, wherein the cathode is oriented with the sheet positioned between the cathodic material and the anode; and an electrolyte permitting lithium ion transport between the anodic portion and the cathodic portion, wherein the sheet forms a physical barrier that inhibits diffusion of electrolyte-soluble sulfides from the cathodic portion to the anodic portion during discharge and/or recharge of the cell.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=163&v=bIAmsWktckU&feature=emb_logo
Snordster--Rothschilds Want Iran's Banks



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_7enhSOyTWo
Geoengineering Watch Global Alert News, January 4, 2020, #230 ( Dane Wigington )



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H_vpIVABNQI

The Milankovitch Cycles can Produce Sudden Climate Transitions such as Modern Climate Change

When we compare the Milankovitch cycles with durations of between 26 to 100 thousand years To the present flicker of time that is the 168 years spanning modern climate change it is quite logical to conclude that It is not possible for processes, that take thousands of years to complete, to have an influence on the Global Average Temperature increases of Modern Climate Change. However if we bear in mind the saying that When the facts change, I change my mind, this video presents a series of hard scientific facts that may well cause us to change our minds.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pxLVgUeITss
All These Different Cycles Are Converging



Remember Julian Whatshisname ?
https://thefreedomarticles.com/media-deafening-silence-latest-wikileaks-drops-is-its-own-scandal/

There is a another MSM blackout on the latest Wikileaks Drop.

https://wikileaks.org/opcw-douma/#OPCW-DOUMA%20-%20Release%20Part%204
OPCW-DOUMA - Release Part 4

Today WikiLeaks releases more internal documents from the OPCW regarding the investigation into the alleged chemical attack in Douma in April 2018.

One of the documents is an e-mail exchange dated 27 and 28 February between members of the fact finding mission (FFM) deployed to Douma and the senior officials of the OPCW. It includes an e-mail from Sebastien Braha, Chief of Cabinet at the OPCW, where he instructs that an engineering report from Ian Henderson should be removed from the secure registry of the organisation:

“Please get this document out of DRA [Documents Registry Archive]... And please remove all traces, if any, of its delivery/storage/whatever in DRA”.

The main finding of Henderson, who inspected the sites in Douma and two cylinders that were found on the site of the alleged attack, was that they were more likely manually placed there than dropped from a plane or helicopter from considerable heights. His findings were omitted from the official final OPCW report on the Douma incident.

Another document released today is minutes from a meeting on 6 June 2018 where four staff members of the OPCW had discussions with “three Toxicologists/Clinical pharmacologists, one bioanalytical and toxicological chemist” (all specialists in chemical weapons, according to the minutes).

The purpose of this meeting was two-fold. The first objective was

“To solicit expert advice on the value of exhuming suspected victims of the alleged chemical attack in Douma on 7 April 2018”. According to the minutes, the OPCW team was advised by the experts that there would be little use in conducting exhumations. The second point was “To elicit expert opinions from the forensic toxicologists regarding the observed and reported symptoms of the alleged victims.”

More specifically,

“...whether the symptoms observed in victims were consistent with exposure to chlorine or other reactive chlorine gas.”

According to the minutes leaked today: “With respect to the consistency of the observed and reported symptoms of the alleged victims with possible exposure to chlorine gas or similar, the experts were conclusive in their statements that there was no correlation between symptoms and chlorine exposure”.

The OPCW team members wrote that the key “take-away message” from the meeting was

“that the symptoms observed were inconsistent with exposure to chlorine and no other obvious candidate chemical causing the symptoms could be identified”.

The third document is a copy of OPCW e-mail exchanges from 20 to 28 August 2018 discussing the meeting with the toxicologists.

The fourth document is an e-mail exchange from the end of July 2018 where it is stated that the eight OPCW inspectors deployed to Douma during the fact finding mission (except one, a paramedic) should be excluded from discussions on the project.

All Releases:
https://wikileaks.org/opcw-douma/#OPCW-DOUMA%20-%20Release%20Part%204
OPCW-DOUMA - Release Part 4 - 27 December, 2019

https://wikileaks.org/opcw-douma/#OPCW-DOUMA%20-%20Release%20Part%203
OPCW-DOUMA - Release Part 3 - 14 December, 2019

https://wikileaks.org/opcw-douma/#Internal%20OPCW%20E-Mail
Internal OPCW E-Mail - 23 November, 2019

https://wikileaks.org/opcw-douma/#OPCW%20Whistleblower%20Panel%20on%20the%20Douma%20attack%20of%20April%202018
OPCW Whistleblower Panel on the Douma attack of April 2018 - 23 October, 2019



I gotsed a Masters Degree in Stupidity @ UCB !
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_J0aye5nkKE
TRIGGERED: 20 times leftists went berserk on campus in 2019



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IQmlXJVo9LE
Micro Tesla Turbine Mk2 | Part 1 | The Rotor



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KIR7tcS5d8
Making Wireless Energy For The Entire Planet—Nikola Tesla's Wardenclyffe Tower



Got The Rex Research Civilization Kit ?

https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20190218-are-we-on-the-road-to-civilisation-collapse
Are we on the road to civilization collapse?



Inside Fukushima :

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fpfJDFxAZ_E&feature=youtu.be



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zRIDOlnb26k
John McAfee Interview



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BF0CS8aY1CY
Free Energy from the Ground Wire --The Energy of Earth / errant electricity



http://news.mit.edu/2019/tunable-terahertz-laser-laughing-gas-1114
Researchers generate terahertz laser with laughing gas
Device may enable “T-ray vision” and better wireless communication.
by Jennifer Chu

Within the electromagnetic middle ground between microwaves and visible light lies terahertz radiation, and the promise of “T-ray vision.”

Terahertz waves have frequencies higher than microwaves and lower than infrared and visible light. Where optical light is blocked by most materials, terahertz waves can pass straight through, similar to microwaves. If they were fashioned into lasers, terahertz waves might enable “T-ray vision,” with the ability to see through clothing, book covers, and other thin materials. Such technology could produce crisp, higher-resolution images than microwaves, and be far safer than X-rays.

The reason we don’t see T-ray machines in, for instance, airport security lines and medical imaging facilities is that producing terahertz radiation requires very large, bulky setups or devices, many operating at ultracold temperatures, that produce terahertz radiation at a single frequency — not very useful, given that a wide range of frequencies is required to penetrate various materials.

Now researchers from MIT, Harvard University, and the U.S. Army have built a compact device, the size of a shoebox, that works at room temperature to produce a terahertz laser whose frequency they can tune over a wide range. The device is built from commercial, off-the-shelf parts and is designed to generate terahertz waves by spinning up the energy of molecules in nitrous oxide, or, as it’s more commonly known, laughing gas.

Steven Johnson, professor of mathematics at MIT, says that in addition to T-ray vision, terahertz waves can be used as a form of wireless communication, carrying information at a higher bandwidth than radar, for instance, and doing so across distances that scientists can now tune using the group’s device.

“By tuning the terahertz frequency, you can choose how far the waves can travel through air before they are absorbed, from meters to kilometers, which gives precise control over who can ‘hear’ your terahertz communications or ‘see’ your terahertz radar,” Johnson says. “Much like changing the dial on your radio, the ability to easily tune a terahertz source is crucial to opening up new applications in wireless communications, radar, and spectroscopy.”

Johnson and his colleagues have published their results today in the journal Science. Co-authors include MIT postdoc Fan Wang, along with Paul Chevalier, Arman Amirzhan, Marco Piccardo, and Federico Capasso of Harvard University, and Henry Everitt of the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command Aviation and Missile Center...

 in the 1980s, Everitt found that he was able to produce terahertz waves in his laboratory using a gas laser that was much smaller than traditional devices, at pressures far higher than the models said was possible. This discrepancy was never fully explained, and work on terahertz gas lasers fell by the wayside in favor of other approaches.

A few years ago, Everitt mentioned this theoretical mystery to Johnson when the two were collaborating on other work as part of MIT’s Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies. Together with Everitt, Johnson and Wang took up the challenge, and ultimately formulated a new mathematical theory to describe the behavior of a gas in a molecular gas laser cavity. The theory also successfully explained how terahertz waves could be emitted, even from very small, high-pressure cavities.

Johnson says that while gas molecules can vibrate at multiple frequencies and rotational rates in response to an infrared pump, previous theories discounted many of these vibrational states and assumed instead that a handful of vibrations were what ultimately mattered in producing a terahertz wave. If a cavity were too small, previous theories suggested that molecules vibrating in response to an incoming infrared laser would collide more often with each other, releasing their energy rather than building it up further to spin and produce terahertz.

Instead, the new model tracked thousands of relevant vibrational and rotational states among millions of groups of molecules within a single cavity, using new computational tricks to make such a large problem tractable on a laptop computer. It then analyzed how those molecules would react to incoming infrared light, depending on their position and direction within the cavity.

“We found that when you include all these other vibrational states that people had been throwing out, they give you a buffer,” Johnson says. “In simpler models, the molecules are rotating, but when they bang into other molecules they lose everything. Once you include all these other states, that doesn’t happen anymore. These collisions can transfer energy to other vibrational states, and sort of give you more breathing room to keep rotating and keep making terahertz waves.”

Laughing, dialed up
Once the team found that their new model accurately predicted what Everitt observed decades ago, they collaborated with Capasso’s group at Harvard to design a new type of compact terahertz generator by combining the model with new gases and a new type of infrared laser.

For the infrared source, the researchers used a quantum cascade laser, or QCL — a more recent type of laser that is compact and also tunable.

“You can turn a dial, and it changes the frequency of the input laser, and the hope was that we could use that to change the frequency of the terahertz coming out,” Johnson says.

The researchers teamed up with Capasso, a pioneer in the development of QCLs, who provided a laser that produced a range of power that their theory predicted would work with a cavity the size of a pen (about 1/1,000 the size of a conventional cavity). The researchers then looked for a gas to spin up.

The team searched through libraries of gases to identify those that were known to rotate in a certain way in response to infrared light, eventually landing on nitrous oxide, or laughing gas, as an ideal and accessible candidate for their experiment.

They ordered laboratory-grade nitrous oxide, which they pumped into a pen-sized cavity. When they sent infrared light from the QCL into the cavity, they found they could produce a terahertz laser. As they tuned the QCL, the frequency of terahertz waves also shifted, across a wide range.

“These demonstrations confirm the universal concept of a terahertz molecular laser source which can be broadly tunable across its entire rotational states when pumped by a continuously tunable QCL,” Wang says.

Since these initial experiments, the researchers have extended their mathematical model to include a variety of other gas molecules, such as carbon monoxide and ammonia, providing scientists with a menu of different terahertz generation options with different frequencies and tuning ranges, paired with a QCL matched to each gas. The group’s theoretical tools also enable scientists to tailor the cavity design to different applications. They are now pushing toward more focused beams and higher powers, with commercial development on the horizon...

https://www.photonics.com/Articles/Harvard_MIT_Duke_US_Army_Team_Up_on_Terahertz/a65340

Harvard, MIT, Duke, US Army Team Up on Terahertz Technology

BOSTON, Dec. 2, 2019 — Researchers have created a new terahertz radiation emitter with coveted frequency adjustment capability. The compact source could enable the development of futuristic communications, security, biomedical, and astronomical imaging systems...

Everitt, alongside Steven Johnson’s group at MIT, theoretically calculated that terahertz waves could be emitted with high efficiency from gas molecules held within cavities much smaller than those currently used on the optically pumped far-infrared (OPFIR) laser — one of the earliest sources of terahertz radiation. Like all traditional terahertz sources, the OPFIR was inefficient with limited tunability. But, guided by the theoretical calculations, Capasso’s team was able to use the QCL to dramatically increase the terahertz tuning range of a nitrous oxide OPFIR laser.

“The same laser is now widely tunable,” Capasso said. “It’s a fantastic marriage between two existing lasers.”

In initial experiments with the shoebox-size QCL pumped molecular laser (QPML), the researchers demonstrated that the terahertz output could be tuned to produce 29 direct lasing transitions between 0.251 and 0.955 THz...

https://worldwide.espacenet.com/patent/search?q=ta%20all%20%22quantum%20cascade%20laser%22%20AND%20in%20any%20%22Capasso%22&queryLang=en

Capasso's Quantum Cascade Laser Patents



https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3969660/
Pharmacogn Mag. 2014 Jan-Mar; 10(37): 61–65.
doi: 10.4103/0973-1296.126663
Curcumin attenuates neurotoxicity induced by fluoride: An in vivo evidence
Chhavi Sharma, et al.
Abstract
Background: Curcumin (Cur), an active ingredient of turmeric is known to have multiple activities, including an antioxidant property and has been suggested to be useful in treatment of several neurological diseases.
Objective: To investigate the neuroprotective effects of Cur to mitigate the effect of the Fluoride (F) induced neurotoxicity in mice brain using the histological and the biochemical parameters.
Materials and Methods: Exposure of mice (30 days old male) to F (120 ppm) daily for 30 days.
Result and Discussion: Treatment with the F causes an increase in lipid peroxidation (LPO) and also increase in the neurodegenerative cells in the hippocampal sub-regions. Interestingly, co-treatment with Cur (30 mg/kg BW) with F (120 ppm) for 30 days results in significant decreases in LPO with a concomitant decrease in neurodegeneration as compared with those treated with F alone.
Conclusion: Our study reveals that Cur is useful in ameliorating degenerative effects of F in mice brain... Our study thus demonstrate that daily single dose of 120 ppm F result in highly significant increases in the LPO as well as neurodegenerative changes in neuron cell bodies of selected hippocampal regions. Supplementation with curcumin significantly reduce the toxic effect of F to near normal level by augmenting the antioxidant defense through its scavenging property and provide an evidence of having therapeutic role against oxidative stress mediated neurodegeneration.



http://thetruthwins.com/archives/72-types-of-americans-that-are-considered-potential-terrorists-in-official-government-documents
August 26, 2013
72 Types Of Americans That Are Considered “Potential Terrorists” In Official Government Documents
by Michael Snyder







https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=25&v=9wKAyZ15dvU&feature=emb_logo
Slouching Towards Gomorrah: The Prospects for Survival
A Lecture by Robert Bork

Lecture Date: December 10th, 2004



https://scitechdaily.com/strange-new-organelle-that-helps-prevent-cancer-discovered-in-our-cells/
Strange New Organelle That Helps Prevent Cancer Discovered in Our Cells

Could lead to better treatments, spare patients ones that won’t work.

Scientists at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have discovered a strange new organelle inside our cells that helps to prevent cancer by ensuring that genetic material is sorted correctly as cells divide.

The researchers have connected problems with the organelle to a subset of breast cancer tumors that make lots of mistakes when segregating chromosomes. Excitingly, they found their analysis offered a new way for doctors to sort patient tumors as they choose therapies. They hope these insights will allow doctors to better personalize treatments to best benefit patients – sparing up to 40 percent of patients with breast cancer, for example, a taxing treatment that won’t be effective.

“Some percentage of women get chemotherapy drugs for breast cancer that are not very effective. They are poisoned, in pain and their hair falls out, so if it isn’t curing their disease, then that’s tragic,” said researcher P. Todd Stukenberg, PhD, of UVA’s Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics and the UVA Cancer Center. “One of our goals is to develop new tests to determine whether a patient will respond to a chemotherapeutic treatment, so they can find an effective treatment right away.”

The Disappearing Organelle
The organelle Stukenberg and his team have discovered is essential but ephemeral. It forms only when needed to ensure chromosomes are sorted correctly and disappears when its work is done. That’s one reason scientists haven’t discovered it before now. Another reason is its mind-bending nature: Stukenberg likens it to a droplet of liquid that condenses within other liquid. “That was the big wow moment, when I saw that on the microscope,” he said.

These droplets act as mixing bowls, concentrating certain cellular ingredients to allow biochemical reactions to occur in a specific location. “What’s exciting is that cells have this new organelle and certain things will be recruited into it and other things will be excluded,” Stukenberg said. “The cells enrich things inside the droplet and, all of a sudden, new biochemical reactions appear only in that location. It’s amazing.”

It’s tempting to think of the droplet like oil in water, but it’s really the opposite of that. Oil is hydrophobic – it repels water. This new organelle, however, is more sophisticated. “It’s more of a gel, where cellular components can still go in and out but it contains binding sites that concentrate a small set of the cells contents,” Stukenberg explained. “Our data suggests this concentration of proteins is really important. I can get complex biochemical reactions to occur inside a droplet that I’ve been failing to reconstitute in a test tube for years. This is the secret sauce I’ve been missing.”

While it’s been known for about eight years that cells make such droplets for other processes, but it was unknown that they make them on chromosomes during cell division. Stukenberg believes these droplets are very common and more important than previously realized. “I think this is a general paradigm,” he said. “Cells are using these non-membranous organelles to regulate much of their work.”

Better Cancer Treatments
In addition to helping us understand mitosis – how cells divide – Stukenberg’s new discovery also sheds light on cancer and how it occurs. The organelle’s main function is to fix mistakes in tiny “microtubules” that pull apart chromosomes when cells are dividing. That ensures each cell winds up with the correct genetic material. In cancer, though, this repair process is defective, which can drive cancer cells to get more aggressive.

He has also developed tests to measure the amount of chromosome mis-segregation in tumors, and he hopes that this might allow doctors to pick the proper treatment to give cancer patients. “We have a way to identify the tumors where the cells are mis-segregating chromosomes at a higher rate,” he said. “My hope is to identify the patients where treatments such as paclitaxel are going to the most effective.”

Having looked at breast cancer already, he next plans to examine the strange organelle’s role in colorectal cancer.

The research was supported by the National Institutes of Health, grants R01GM124042, R24OD023697 and P41-GM103540; and the National Science Foundation, grant MCB-1615701.

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41556-019-0376-4
Nature Cell Biology,  21, pages1127–1137(2019), 3 September 2019.
DOI: 10.1038/s41556-019-0376-4
The inner centromere is a biomolecular condensate scaffolded by the chromosomal passenger complex”
Prasad Trivedi, et al.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D_YEEuWMu9g

Wayne Jett - Debt Reset Coming in 2020
Greg Hunter

Wayne Jett is an accomplished lawyer who has argued cases in front of the U.S. Supreme Court.  Jett is also an expert on the Federal Reserve.  Jett thinks the globalist-cabal may force a debt reset sooner than later.  Jett says, “I prefer to put it off to 2021 if possible, but those that are desperate, according to the events that are likely going to happen in bringing them to justice, they may be desperate enough to try to force a currency reset on us or a financial crisis that will cause it to be done in the year 2020 as opposed to 2021.”

Jett closes and says, “I think we have a turning point in the last few days of this year and then in 2020.  I think you are not going to see the President of the United States playing rope-a-dope any longer.  I think you are going to see him go from defense to offense.”



https://www.scmp.com/news/china/science/article/3043280/chinas-electrifying-idea-stop-african-swine-fever-high-voltage

China’s electrifying idea to stop African swine fever: a high-voltage pigsty
Researchers to wire up pens for 2,000 pigs and generate an electric field they believe can kill germs
A farm in central China that previously conducted the experiment reported no cases of swine fever
by Stephen Chen

Scientists are planning a high-voltage electricity experiment at a farm in southwestern China to create cleaner conditions for animals and explore whether doing so could help halt the African swine fever
pandemic.

Cables will be installed around pens housing about 2,000 pigs to create an electric field – an invisible force surrounding an electric charge – which the scientists believe will purify the air. They aim to test whether a method already believed to improve animal welfare can restrict the spread of the pandemic, which has decimated China’s hog herd.

The experiment will be conducted at a medium-sized hog farm in Chengdu, in China’s largest pig-rearing province, Sichuan.  Led by Professor Liu Binjiang, a government scientist in northeastern China, it was inspired by Liu’s work on a national “electro culture” programme that has been shown to benefit crops by using a combination of electric field and artificial lighting to stimulate plant growth and reduce diseases.

This time, Liu and collaborators will generate a static electric field of 50 kilovolts – more than 400 times the voltage in a standard US household plug.

They believe the high-voltage discharges could break down chemicals such as ammonia that generate unpleasant odours, reduce biological aerosol by 50 to 90 per cent, kill germs and generate negatively charged particles in the air that bind to air-polluting chemicals and make them harmless.

Despite the high voltage, the volume of electrons in the cable will be extremely low, at about 1 microampere, producing an electric field that would not be harmful to animals or staff, according to the researchers.

“The air quality [for the pigs] should improve when the device is powered up,” Liu said. “Electricity is one of the many ways to improve living conditions for farm animals. We have a long to-do list.”

When the high-voltage electricity was used to improve air quality at a farm in central China’s Hubei – one of the provinces hit worst by African swine fever – none of its pigs died from the virus, according to Liu.

Electrifying pig farms to create force fields that scrub the air of deadly viruses could be the next big breakthrough China needs to restrict the spread of ASF.

It had been deployed to enhance animal welfare and prevent airborne diseases such as foot and mouth, but the lack of African swine fever cases was a surprise. It led the team to hypothesise that the electric field had caused a change in the environment that prevented the virus thriving.

The deadly African swine fever pandemic has tended to spread more easily among pigs living in dirty, unhealthy conditions, according to some studies.

CN2609910
Electric purifying aseptic sterilizing device for animal house
Inventors: LIU BINJIANG [CN]; LIU DONGJIANG
Abstract
The utility model relates to an electric purifying aseptic detoxicating device for a livestock and poultry house, which can purify air and kill pathogenic microorganisms in the air and on the object surfaces in the livestock and poultry house at any time, and is characterized in that the electrode net which consists of a main supporting insulator, an auxiliary supporting insulator, a high voltage electrode wire and an ozone generating assembly, and is suspended above the inner space of the livestock and poultry house is supplied with power through a direct high voltage power supply which is controlled by a time controller. Therefore, a space direct corona electric field is formed by the electrode net, the ground surface of the livestock and poultry house and the building structural surfaces, and meanwhile, the electrode net discharges electric power into the air and produces high energy charged particles and ozone. The space direct corona electric field, the high energy charged particle and ozone simultaneously purify and sterilize the dust carrying germ and virus, flying foam in the air and pathogenic microorganisms on the surfaces of solid and liquid medium in the livestock and poultry house.



https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uob-sgb070318.php
University of Bristol, 5-Jul-2018
Spiders go ballooning on electric fields
by Erica Morley

The aerodynamic capabilities of spiders have intrigued scientists for hundreds of years. Charles Darwin himself mused over how hundreds of the creatures managed to alight on the Beagle on a calm day out at sea and later take-off from the ship with great speeds on windless day.

Scientists have attributed the flying behaviour of these wingless arthropods to 'ballooning', where spiders can be carried thousands of miles by releasing trails of silk that propel them up and out on the wind.

However, the fact that ballooning has been observed when there is no wind to speak of, when skies are overcast and even in rainy conditions, begs the question - how do spiders take off with low levels of aerodynamic drag?

Biologists from the University of Bristol believe they have found the answer.

"Many spiders balloon using multiple strands of silk that splay out in a fan-like shape, which suggests that there must be a repelling electrostatic force involved," explains lead researcher Dr Erica Morley, an expert in sensory biophysics.

"Current theories fail to predict patterns in spider ballooning using wind alone as the driver. Why is it that some days there are large numbers that take to the air, while other days no spiders will attempt to balloon at all? We wanted to find out whether there were other external forces as well as aerodynamic drag that could trigger ballooning and what sensory system they might use to detect this stimulus."

The solution to the mystery could lie in the Atmospheric Potential Gradient (APG), a global electric circuit that is always present in the atmosphere. APGs and the electric fields (e-fields) surrounding all matter can be detected by insects. For example, bumblebees can detect e-fields arising between themselves and flowers, and honeybees can use their charge to communicate with the hive.

Spider silk has long been known as an effective electric insulator, but until now, it wasn't known that spiders could detect and respond to e-fields in a similar way to bees.

In their study, the findings of which appear today in the journal Current Biology, Bristol's researchers exposed Linyphiid spiders to lab-controlled e-fields that were quantitatively equivalent to those found in the atmosphere. They noticed that switching the e-field on and off caused the spider to move upwards (on) or downwards (off), proving that spiders can become airborne in the absence of wind when subjected to electric fields.

Dr Morley added: "Previously, drag forces from wind or thermals were thought responsible for this mode of dispersal, but we show that electric fields, at strengths found in the atmosphere, can trigger ballooning and provide lift in the absence of any air movement. This means that electric fields as well as drag could provide the forces needed for spider ballooning dispersal in nature."

The findings have applications beyond the world of arthropods. Aerial dispersal is a crucial biological process for many caterpillars and spider-mites as well. An improved understanding of the mechanisms behind dispersal are important for global ecology as they can lead to better descriptions of population dynamics, species distributions and ecological resilience.

There is, however, more work to be done. Dr Morley said: "The next step will involve looking to see whether other animals also detect and use electric fields in ballooning. We also hope to carry out further investigations into the physical properties of ballooning silk and carry out ballooning studies in the field."



Got R. NELSON: Hemp Husbandry ?

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6715179/
PLoS One. 2019; 14(8): e0221570. 2019 Aug 29. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221570

Enhanced tolerance of industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) plants on abandoned mine land soil leads to overexpression of cannabinoids
Rabab Husain, et al.
Abstract
Industrial activities have a detrimental impact on the environment and health when high concentrations of pollutants are released. Phytoremediation is a natural method of utilizing plants to remove contaminants from the soil. The goal of this study was to investigate the ability of Cannabis sativa L. to sustainably grow and remediate abandoned coal mine land soils in Pennsylvania. In this study, six different varieties of industrial hemp (Fedora 17, Felina 32, Ferimon, Futura 75, Santhica 27, and USO 31) were grown on two different contaminated soil types and two commercial soils (Miracle-Gro Potting Mix and PRO-MIX HP Mycorrhizae High Porosity Grower Mix). Plants growing in all soil types were exposed to two environmental conditions (outside and in the greenhouse). Seed germination response and plant height indicated no significant differences among all hemp varieties grown in different soils, however on an average, the height of the plants grown in the greenhouse exceeded that of the plants grown outdoors. In addition, heavy metal analysis of Arsenic, Lead, Nickel, Mercury, and Cadmium was performed. The concentration of Nickel was 2.54 times greater in the leaves of hemp grown in mine land soil outdoors when compared to greenhouse conditions. No differences were found between expression of heavy metal transporter genes. Secondary metabolite analysis of floral buds from hemp grown in mine land soil displayed a significant increase in the total Cannabidiol content (2.16%, 2.58%) when compared to Miracle-Gro control soil (1.08%, 1.6%) for outdoors and in the greenhouse, respectively. Molecular analysis using qRT-PCR indicated an 18-fold increase in the expression of the cannabidiolic acid synthase gene in plants grown on mine land soil. The data indicates a high tolerance to heavy metals as indicated from the physiological and metabolites analysis.

Depletion of the ozone layer and global warming are two of the biggest issues at hand due to the release of toxic pollutants into the environment [1]. Inorganic pollutants include heavy metals such as Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Mg, Mo, and Ni, which are necessary for plant growth but are detrimental to the environment at high concentrations in the soil. Leaching of these metals into surrounding areas through rainwater runoff poses a dangerous environmental and health risk [2]. Metals with an unknown biological purpose such as Cd, Cr, Pb, Co, Ag, Se, and Hg can also become accumulated and in high amounts be toxic [3]. Phytoremediation is a natural, cost-effective process in which plants are used to remove unsafe compounds from the soil [4], [5]. Many plants have been studied and deemed effective at removing toxins from the soil. However, only a small number of those plants have numerous beneficial applications outside of phytoremediation. Methods of extraction and disposal of these plants have not been well defined [2], [6].

Industrial hemp has been reported to be a hyperaccumulator [2], [7], [8], [9]. A previous study confirmed metal accumulation in both hemp roots and above ground tissues without noticeable changes in plant growth and morphology. However, the mechanism of accumulation remained unexplained [8]. Significantly, hemp’s short growing cycle, decreased need for pesticides, and low plant maintenance makes it an ideal candidate for phytoremediation studies [10].

The purpose of this study was to explore the potential of industrial hemp as an eco-friendly way to remediate abandoned mine land soils in Pennsylvania. To do that, physiological parameters such as seed germination, plant height, and days-to-flowering were examined. In addition, uptake of heavy metals such as Arsenic, Lead, Nickel, Mercury, and Cadmium, changes in soil pH, and total cannabinoid content were examined in six different varieties of industrial hemp (Fedora 17, Felina 32, Ferimon, Futura 75, Santhica 27, and USO 31) grown on two contaminated soil types and two commercial soil types both outdoors and in the greenhouse. Additionally, this study presents a detailed review on the possible mechanisms of metal uptake...

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3359589/
Genome Biol. 2011; 12(10): R102.
doi: 10.1186/gb-2011-12-10-r102
The draft genome and transcriptome of Cannabis sativa
Harm van Bakel, et al.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29301148
Planta Med. 2018 Mar;84(4):214-220.
doi: 10.1055/s-0043-125087. Epub 2018 Jan 4.
Current Perspectives on Biotechnological Cannabinoid Production in Plants.
Schachtsiek J, et al.
Abstract
The plant Cannabis sativa contains a number of psychoactive chemical compounds, the cannabinoids, which possess a significant pharmaceutical potential. Recently, the usage of Cannabis for medicinal purposes was legalized in many countries. Thus, the study on the influence of different cannabinoids in combination with other Cannabis-derived compounds with respect to the treatment of various diseases becomes increasingly important. Besides the production of distinct cannabinoids in a heterologous host, like tobacco or yeast, transgenic Cannabis plants would be a suitable alternative to modify and therefore optimize the cannabinoid profile. This perspective highlights the current efforts on Cannabis cell culture systems, in vitro propagation, and transformation of the plant and reveals the resulting opportunities concerning biotechnological production of cannabinoids. Furthermore, alternative platform organisms for the heterologous production of cannabinoids, like tobacco, are considered and evaluated.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0926669014004919
New developments in fiber hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) breeding
Elma M.J.Salentijn, et al.
Abstract
Fiber hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is a sustainable and high yielding industrial crop that can help to meet the high global demand for fibers. Hemp can be grown for fiber, seeds, and/or for dual purpose in a wide range of geographic zones and climates. Currently the main hemp producing regions in the world are China, Europe, and Canada. The number of new cultivars developed for each of these regions has gradually increased, with each region producing its own typical hemp cultivars for different purposes. In this article, the state of the art of fiber hemp breeding programs in Europe, China, and Canada are reviewed. The breeding strategies and tools used in the breeding of hemp cultivars are discussed. We also provide an overview of genetic diversity in hemp for different traits. In addition, the current knowledge of the main breeding goals for fiber hemp, which are an improvement of fiber quality and fiber yield, breeding for specific cannabinoid profiles, control of flowering behavior, male flowering control, and breeding of cultivars for specific environments are evaluated. Lastly, we discuss the inestimable value of next generation technologies to breed new hemp cultivars that are suitable for a biobased economy.

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15377880801898691
Flowering Dynamics in Monoecious and Dioecious Hemp Genotypes
Stefano Amaducci , et al.
ABSTRACT
Flowering is a crucial phase in hemp cultivation. It influences both stem and seed yield. A uniform and short flowering duration in hemp is desirable, because it favors uniform crop development. Moreover, flowering is often taken as a reference point for harvesting, and very long durations of flowering might mislead the operator in judging the proper time for mowing. In this article, a large dataset of flowering time and duration for different monoecious and dioecious varieties was studied and the effect of sowing time and genotype on flowering duration is discussed. Minimal flowering duration was observed when the time from emergence to flowering was short. This, was related however, to low yields. Dynamics of flowering was accurately described by a bi-logistic curve that indicates the presence of two underlying logistic processes.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12649-017-0058-z
Landfill Leachate Effects on Germination and Seedling Growth of Hemp Cultivars (Cannabis Sativa L.)
Magdalena Daria Vaverková, et al.
Abstract
Landfill leachate is one of the major sources of pollutions discharged into the environment. It is composed from a complex mixture of chemicals and handling typically involves treatment either on-site or at a wastewater treatment plants but phytoremediation is a promising method. The aim of this work was to evaluate the potential of agronomic plant species with high annual biomass yield (Cannabis sativa L.) for toxicity removal from landfill leachate. Raw leachate collected from the pond of untreated leachate at sanitary landfill in Czech Republic was used in the study. The hemp cultivation experiments were performed in the beginning of 2017 under laboratory conditions using three hemp cultivars registered in the European Union: Tiborszállási (Hungary), Bialobrzeska (Poland) and Monoica (Hungary). The seeds were used for modified standard mustard germination test. The germination of hemp cultivars was tested using the hydroponics medium supplemented with leachate 25, 50, 75, 90 and 100%. The control seeds were growing on untreated nutrient medium under the same condition. The nature of germination of seeds was studied. Based on the obtained results, it can be concluded that the tested samples of leachate were toxic for hemp cultivars (C. sativa L.). Growth inhibition (%) at the studied samples ranged from −6.48 to 75.78%.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0926669002000055
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-6690(02)00005-5

Industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) growing on heavy metal contaminated soil: fibre quality and phytoremediation potential
P.Linger
Abstract
Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) was used to examine its capability as a renewable resource to decontaminate heavy metal polluted soils. The influence of heavy metals on the fibre quality was of special interest. Determination of heavy metal content was carried out by means of atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). Four different parts of the plant were examined: seeds, leaves, fibres and hurds. In each case, the concentration relation was Ni>Pb>Cd. However, the heavy metal accumulation in the different parts of the plant was extremely different. All parts of hemp plants contain heavy metals and this is why their use as a commercially utilisable plant material is limited. We found that the highest concentrations of all examined metals were accumulated in the leaves. In this field trial, hemp showed a phytoremediation potential of 126 g Cd (ha vegetation period)−1. We tested the fibre quality by measuring the pure fibre content of the stems and the fibre properties after mechanical separation. In addition, the fibre fineness was examined using airflow systems and image analysis. The strength was measured by testing single fibre bundles with a free clamping distance of 3.2 mm using a universal testing device. Finally, we compared the results from the stems and fibres from trials on heavy metal polluted ground with hemp stems and fibres from non-polluted ground. Since there was no comparable unpolluted area near the polluted one, reference values were taken from an area quite far away and subsequently with a different soil composition and also exposure to different meteorological conditions. Thus, the observed differences are only partially caused by the heavy metal contamination.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10535-005-0051-4
Biologia Plantarum, December 2005, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 567–576 | Cite as
Cannabis sativa L. growing on heavy metal contaminated soil: growth, cadmium uptake and photosynthesis
P. Linger, et al.
Abstract
The effects of different cadmium concentrations [17 mg(Cd) kg−1(soil) and 72 mg(Cd) kg− 1(soil)] on Cannabis sativa L. growth and photosynthesis were examined. Hemp roots showed a high tolerance to Cd, i.e. more than 800 mg(Cd) kg−1(d.m.) in roots had no major effect on hemp growth, whereas in leaves and stems concentrations of 50 – 100 mg(Cd) kg−1(d.m.) had a strong effect on plant viability and vitality. For control of heavy metal uptake and xylem loading in hemp roots, the soil pH plays a central role. Photosynthetic performance and regulation of light energy consumption were analysed using chlorophyll fluorescence analysis. Seasonal changes in photosynthetic performance were visible in control plants and plants growing on soil with 17 mg(Cd) kg−1(soil). Energy distribution in photosystem 2 is regulated in low and high energy phases that allow optimal use of light and protect photosystem 2 from overexcitation, respectively. Photosynthesis and energy dissipation were negatively influenced by 72 mg(Cd) kg−1(soil). Cd had detrimental effects on chlorophyll synthesis, water splitting apparatus, reaction centre, antenna and energy distribution of PS 2. Under moderate cadmium concentrations, i.e. 17 mg(Cd) kg−1(soil), hemp could preserve growth as well as the photosynthesis apparatus, and long-term acclimation to chronically Cd stress occurred.



https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4062076
https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4062096
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=28XbT11lL24
Tesla Pulsejet Engine [3D Printed]

https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4062063
Tesla Valve Transparent (SLA 3D Printable)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H7NP5Vdc318
Tesla Turbine, "How To Make Your Own Tesla Turbine" for Hydroelectric, Steam, or Wind.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j7YFd4_woxI
New "Tesla Turbine" Design, Full Test And Build. NEW Design Starts Under Load.



US2015330234A1
Expandable Boundary Layer Turbine

Abstract
A boundary layer turbine that uses flat disks that can be precision cut at low cost is more cost-effective to construct and maintain than conventional turbines. Bolt-on hub design significantly decreases breakage and distortion. Delta-wing shaped center spacers and flow enhancing, teardrop-shaped outer spacers further increase durability by providing improved support for the disks while minimizing the disturbance of the natural flow of fluids. Use of endplates with heavy outer rims results in turbines with greater gyroscopic effect and greater mass for kinetic energy storage. A disk-directed inlet valve and focused inlet nozzle system increases efficiency by directing flows to the individual disks valve in a low friction containment case. The directed flow tuned inlet nozzle system further increases efficiency. Coating the inner case of the turbine's enclosure with Teflon or similar materials reduces friction and further improves efficiency.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JWPxP2uuCJ4
Making a 9 Cylinder Radial Solenoid Engine



Got 5Gaga ?

https://www.muckrock.com/news/archives/2018/apr/18/fusion-center-em/
https://cdn.muckrock.com/foia_files/2018/01/17/EM_effects_on_human_body.zip
April 18, 2018
Washington State Fusion Center accidentally releases records on remote mind control
As part of a request for records on Antifa and white supremacist groups, WSFC inadvertently bundles in “EM effects on human body.zip”
 by Curtis Waltman







https://sputniknews.com/science/201912271077881385-russian-scientists-figure-out-way-to-protect-cosmonauts-precious-brains-from-deadly-solar-radiation/
27.12.2019
Russian Scientists Figure Out Way to Protect Cosmonauts’ Precious Brains From Deadly Solar Radiation


...Shurshakov also revealed that scientists from the Institute of Biomedical Problems have come up with a solution to radically improve radiation protection in the living quarters on board the Russian module of the ISS. The ingenious on-the-fly solution features a protective curtain filled with wet wipes.

    “The napkins are saturated to 70-80 percent water, and protect well against radiation. They are used by cosmonauts for hygiene, but since there is a huge supply of them aboard the ISS, we took advantage of this,” he said. According to the official, installing this ‘wet wipe curtain’ reduced radiation doses in one of the Russian module’s cabins by as much as 30-40 percent...



https://rense.com/general96/child-of-chernobyl-greta-thunberg-is-areva-sandviks-tool-of-fukushima-denial.php
2-27-19
Child Of Chernobyl Greta Thunberg Is AREVA-Sandvik's Tool Of Fukushima Denial
By Yoichi Shimatsu
Exclusive to Rense



SAVE THE TARDIGRADES !!!

 



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MWLRbWae3VY&feature=emb_logo

Movement and Phases of Moon Over the Year (12 sec in video ~ 1 month of movement)
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio




https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_KKx42MGTm4&feature=emb_logo
NASA's 4K virtual tour of Earth's moon



The book that got Rex Research started:

https://books.google.com/books?id=pzSi3sU8ABgC&pg=PP19&dq=KROV+steam+engine&hl=en&newbks=1&newbks_redir=0&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwig0Oytp9_mAhWQnp4KHUT_Ct8Q6AEwB3oECAcQAg#v=onepage&q=KROV%20steam%20engine&f=false

Suppressed and Incredible Inventions
By John Freeman



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